Eston Hemings
American slave
Eston Hemings
Eston Hemings Jefferson was born a slave at Monticello, the youngest son of Sally Hemings, a mixed-race slave. Most historians believe that his father was Thomas Jefferson, the United States president. Evidence from a 1998 DNA test showed that the Y-DNA of a descendantof Eston matched the haplotype of the Jefferson male line, and historical evidence supports the conclusion that Thomas Jefferson was the father.
Biography
Eston Hemings's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Eston Hemings from around the web
Defending the Integrity of Thomas Jefferson - The Epoch Times
Google News - over 5 years
... including DNA results from a 1998 study, and concluded in a report in 2000 that there was “a high probability that Thomas Jefferson was the father of [Sally Hemings last child] Eston Hemings, and that he was perhaps the father of all six of Sally
Article Link:
Google News article
New book disputes claim Jefferson fathered children of slave Hemings : 2011-08-30 - Washington Times
Google News - over 5 years
... and had fathered “several children” with her. Hemings' children, Madison and Eston, kept the story alive. In November 1998, results of DNA testing were released and showed a genetic link between descendants of the Jefferson family and of Eston Hemings
Article Link:
Google News article
Experto cuestiona el ADN de Osama Bin Laden - Aporrea.org
Google News - almost 6 years
Pero todo lo que el ADN indicó al final fue que los descendientes del tío paterno de Jefferson tienen el mismo cromosoma Y como una línea masculina descendiente de Eston Hemings, el hijo menor de Sally Hemings. 
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Google News article
Obama's Rabbi
NYTimes - almost 8 years
Rabbi Capers Funnye celebrated Martin Luther King Day this year in New York City at the Stephen Wise Free Synagogue, a mainstream Reform congregation, in the company of about 700 fellow Jews -- many of them black. The organizers of the event had reached out to four of New York's Black Jewish synagogues in the hope of promoting Jewish diversity, and
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NYTimes article
The Master and the Mistress
NYTimes - over 8 years
THE HEMINGSES OF MONTICELLO An American Family By Annette Gordon-Reed Illustrated. 798 pp. W. W. Norton & Company. $35 Sometime around 1800, an anonymous American artist produced an arresting painting entitled ''Virginian Luxuries.'' It depicts a slave owner exercising two kinds of power over his human property. On the right, a white man raises his
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NYTimes article
Study Raises Possibility Of Jewish Tie For Jefferson
NYTimes - almost 10 years
Was Thomas Jefferson the first Jewish president? Researchers studying Jefferson's Y chromosome have found it belongs to a lineage that is rare in Europe but common in the Middle East, raising the possibility that the third president of the United States had a Jewish ancestor many generations ago. No biological samples of Jefferson remain, but his Y
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NYTimes article
Jefferson's Family
NYTimes - over 13 years
To the Editor: I am fortunate to trace my lineage to Thomas Jefferson. Lucian K. Truscott IV (''The Reunion Upon a Hill,'' Op-Ed, July 10) assails our family by imputing racist motives to our decision not to admit the descendants of Sally Hemings into the Monticello Association, which consists of lineal descendants of President Jefferson. The 1998
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NYTimes article
A Family Get-Together Of Historic Proportions
NYTimes - over 13 years
When they were young, their parents told them they were related to a famous man, a slave owner who became president. They called it a family secret, since outsiders would never believe that black children could be descendants of a president. But some did talk about that distant ancestor, Thomas Jefferson, and were laughed at or called liars by
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NYTimes article
Editorial Observer; A Hemings Family Turns From Black, to White, to Black
NYTimes - about 15 years
The Census Bureau is poking and prodding the nearly seven million people who described themselves as belonging to more than one race in the 2000 census. A survey due out next year will offer a more expansive portrait of this group but will not tell us all we wish to know about those who view themselves as multiracial. Are some of them about to quit
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NYTimes article
Jefferson Table Extended for Hemingses
NYTimes - almost 18 years
If descendants of Thomas Jefferson ever accept as their relatives people who claim as forebears Jefferson and Sally Hemings, one of his slaves, the first steps were taken this weekend, however small they were. As part of the Jefferson family's 86th reunion this weekend, his descendants, a group known as the Monticello Association, for the first
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NYTimes article
Defenders of Jefferson Renew Attack on DNA Data Linking Him to Slave Child
NYTimes - about 18 years
DNA evidence of Thomas Jefferson's presumed affair with his slave Sally Hemings continues to reverberate, with defenders of Jefferson arguing that others in his family could have fathered her children. A DNA analysis of living descendants of Jefferson, reported last November, was interpreted to show that Jefferson had fathered at least one child
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NYTimes article
Beethoven's Hair Tells All!
NYTimes - about 18 years
Dr. Alfredo Guevara is a urologist who practices in Nogales, Ariz., right on the Mexican border. In his office there are two busts of Ludwig van Beethoven and one of Abraham Lincoln, along with pictures of both men. I was looking at a bronze death mask of Beethoven balanced on a stack of issues of The Journal of Urology one afternoon last month
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NYTimes article
In Jefferson-Hemings Tie, a Family's Pride; Tenable Conclusions
NYTimes - over 18 years
To the Editor: Thomas R. Moore (letter, Nov. 6) is perfectly correct when he says that the genetic findings my collaborators and I reported in the scientific journal Nature do not prove that Thomas Jefferson was the father of one of Sally Hemings's children. We never made that claim. Nor do we believe that the Y-chromosome type we found in a
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NYTimes article
Word for Word/The History Books; The Content of Jefferson's Character Is Revealed at Last, Or Is It?
NYTimes - over 18 years
AS voters reaffirmed democracy last week, a report was released that seemed like lab results on a 200-year-old paternity suit against one of the Founding Fathers. DNA tests matched descendants of Thomas Jefferson with those of his beautiful slave, Sally Hemings. This turned Jefferson scholarship on its ear; from the 19th century on, most historians
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NYTimes article
Tour Guides at Monticello Field New Questions About Jefferson
NYTimes - over 18 years
In the office of Daniel P. Jordan, president of the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation at mountaintop Monticello here, a stark black and white drawing of Jefferson stares from the wall. The nose is thin, aristocratic, the eyes dark, enigmatic, the mouth sealed in a thin line, offering nothing. ''We have 200 people trying to keep up with one man
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NYTimes article
CLOSE TO HOME; Time for Monticello To Open the Gate
NYTimes - over 18 years
ACCORDING to recent news reports, I have a cousin by the name of Julia Jefferson Westerinen who lives on Staten Island. Next year, when the Monticello Association has its annual meeting, I'm going to invite Julia and her family to be my guests. We'll be welcomed to the main house late in the afternoon for a family reception. We'll be able to go
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NYTimes article
DNA Test Finds Evidence Of Jefferson Child by Slave
NYTimes - over 18 years
DNA tests on the descendants of Thomas Jefferson's family and of Jefferson's young slave, Sally Hemings, offer compelling evidence that the nation's third President fathered at least one of her children, according to an article in the scientific journal Nature. The report is based on blood samples collected by Eugene A. Foster of Charlottesville,
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Eston Hemings
    FORTIES
  • 1856
    Age 48
    Eston Hemings Jefferson died in 1856.
    More Details Hide Details Their eldest son John Wayles Jefferson served as a white officer in the regular United States Army during the American Civil War, achieving the rank of colonel. John W. Jefferson led the Wisconsin 8th Infantry. He was wounded twice in battle. During the war, he published letters home, and after the war, published articles about his experiences. Before the war, John Jefferson ran the American House hotel in Madison, which was taken over by his younger brother Beverley. After the war and the end of slavery in the U.S., John Jefferson moved to Memphis, Tennessee. He became a successful cotton broker, supported his mother, and left a considerable estate at his death in 1892. He never married or had known children. Both Anna and Beverley Jefferson married white spouses, and their descendants have identified as white. Anna married Albert T. Pearson, a carpenter who was a captain during the Civil War. Their son Walter Beverly Pearson became a wealthy industrialist in Chicago.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1837
    Age 29
    About 1837 Hemings moved with his family to Chillicothe, a town in southwest Ohio (a free state) with a thriving community.
    More Details Hide Details Numerous free blacks and white abolitionists had support stations linked to the Underground Railroad to aid escaping slaves. There Hemings became a professional musician, playing the violin or fiddle and leading a successful dance band. The children were educated in integrated schools. Anna for a time attended the Manual Labor School at Albany, Ohio. A former classmate later wrote that she was introduced as "Miss Anna (or Ann) Hemings sic, the grand daughter of Thomas Jefferson". In a 1902 article of the Scioto Gazette, a correspondent wrote that while Hemings lived in Ohio in the 1840s, it was widely said that he and his brother Madison were the sons of Thomas Jefferson. In addition, several neighbors of Eston had traveled together to Washington, DC, where they saw a statue of Jefferson; they commented on how much Hemings resembled him. The correspondent also recollected:
  • 1835
    Age 27
    Jefferson freed Eston and his older brother Madison Hemings in his will, as they had not yet come of age at his death. They each married and lived with their families and mother Sally in Charlottesville, Virginia, until her death in 1835.
    More Details Hide Details Both brothers and their young families moved to Chillicothe, Ohio, to live in a free state, where Eston Hemings earned a living as a musician and entertainer. In 1852 Eston moved with his wife and three children to Madison, Wisconsin, where they changed their surname to Jefferson and entered the white community. Their sons both served in the Union Army, and the older one, John Wayles Jefferson, achieved the rank of colonel. He moved to Memphis, Tennessee, becoming a wealthy cotton broker and never married. Eston's other children, Beverly and Anna Jefferson, married into the white community, and their descendants have identified as white. Beverley Jefferson's five sons were educated and three entered the professional class as a physician, attorney, and manager at the railroad. One of their male-line descendants was tested in the 1998 DNA study.
  • 1830
    Age 22
    Upon gaining freedom, Hemings initially pursued a career in woodworking and carpentry in Charlottesville, Virginia. In 1830, Eston Hemings purchased property and built a house on Main Street, where his mother lived with him until her death in 1835. In 1832, Eston married a free woman of color, Julia Ann Isaacs (1814–1889).
    More Details Hide Details She was the daughter of the successful Jewish merchant David Isaacs, from Germany, and Ann (Nancy) West, a free woman of mixed race. Nancy West was the daughter of Priscilla, a former slave, and Thomas West, her white master. Thomas West left property to his children Nancy and James West in his will. Prohibited by law from marrying, Isaacs and West maintained separate households and businesses for years (she was a successful baker.) They had seven children together, and later in their lives shared a household. Eston and Julia Ann Hemings had three children: John Wayles Jefferson (1835–1892), Anne Wayles Jefferson (1836–1866), and Beverly Frederick Jefferson (1838–1908) (their surname was changed from Hemings to Jefferson as the family moved to Wisconsin after 1850). The first two were born in Charlottesville.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1826
    Age 18
    Madison and Eston were freed in 1826, in accordance with President Jefferson’s will. (Madison was 21; Eston was "given his time" and freed before he reached 21.) Additionally, Jefferson's will petitioned the legislature to allow the Hemingses to stay in Virginia after being freed, unlike most freed slaves.
    More Details Hide Details In his 1873 memoir, Madison said the Hemings children were freed as a result of a promise Jefferson made to Sally Hemings. After Jefferson's death, Sally Hemings was "given her time" by his daughter (who was also Sally's niece). The older woman lived freely with her two sons in Charlottesville. In the 1830 census, the census taker in Charlottesville classified all three Hemings as white, showing how others perceived them by appearance because of their overwhelming European ancestry. Sally was of three-quarters white ancestry. Her children were seven-eighths white and thus legally white under the Virginia law of the time. It was not until 1924 that Virginia passed the Racial Integrity Act, which classified anyone as black who had any known African ancestry, under the "one drop rule".
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1808
    Age 0
    Born in 1808.
    More Details Hide Details
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