Ethan Allen
American general
Ethan Allen
Ethan Allen was a farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, and American Revolutionary War patriot, hero, and politician. He is best known as one of the founders of the U.S. state of Vermont, and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the American Revolutionary War. Born in rural Connecticut, Allen had a frontier upbringing but also received an education that included some philosophical teachings.
Biography
Ethan Allen's personal information overview.
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Ethan Allen's 'Signature Style Workshop' to be held Sept. 10 - SILive.com
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By Staten Island Advance If not, mark your calendar for Ethan Allen's “Signature Style Workshop,” Sept. 10, from 11 am to 1 pm at the Ethan Allen Design Center in the South Shore Commons Shopping Center, 2935 Veterans Road West, Charleston
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RELATIVELY GOOD PERFORMANCE DETECTED IN SHARES OF ETHAN ALLEN INTERIORS IN THE ... - Zacks.com
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Ethan Allen Interiors (NYSE:ETH - Snapshot Report) ranks first with a gain of 8.55%; Leggett & Platt (NYSE:LEG - Analyst Report) ranks second with a gain of 3.92%; and Mohawk Industries (NYSE:MHK - Snapshot Report) ranks third with a gain of 2.39%
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Vermont: Ethan Allen's Sketchy Real Estate Deal - WBUR
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A statue of Ethan Allen sits outside the Vermont State House in Montpelier, Vt. (jimmywayne/Flickr) According to Willard Sterne Randall's new biography, Vermont's founding father Ethan Allen was, among other things: a real
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Founding Father (Of Vermont) - Wall Street Journal
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Robert Landers reviews "Ethan Allen." By ROBERT K. LANDERS By 1771, a conflict over frontier settlements in what is today Vermont had begun to turn violent. Colonial officials in New York, eager to profit from making land grants in the territory
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Courtyard Burlington Taft Corners Partners with Spirit of Ethan Allen Cruises - DigitalJournal.com (press release)
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Courtyard Burlington Taft Corners is partnering with popular Burlington attraction the Spirit of Ethan Allen cruises to create two Burlington hotel packages offered until October 15, 2011. The Burlington hotel's location close to downtown Burlington
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Myth, Hero, Legend: Ethan Allen's Founding Legacy - Vermont Public Radio
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Ethan Allen is a towering figure in early Vermont history, with stories of revolutionary campaigns and political deals. Now Allen's complicated and compelling biography is told in the new book, “Ethan Allen:
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Sales, profits up as Ethan Allen wraps fiscal year - Furniture Today
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Manufacturer and retailer Ethan Allen said sales rose 9% in the quarter ended June 30, and the company recorded a profit of $7.18 million. The quarterly profit, which equals 25 cents per share, reversed a net loss of $26.5 million, or 91 cents per
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Ethan Allen hires Arne Borrey to develop international markets - Furniture Today
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Ethan Allen Interiors has hired Arne Borrey as vice president, international business development, a new position aimed at leading the company's aggressive expansion plans in China and other markets. Borrey, who reports to Ethan Allen Chairman and CEO ... -
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Table of Unusual NYSE Stock Moves From RealTick - Wall Street Journal
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... 8 VMWARE INC CL A COM VMW 100.12 -2.01 -1.97 9 ETHAN ALLEN INTERIOR ETH 19.22 -1.02 -5.04 10 NORTHEAST UTILS NU 35.35 0.46 1.32 RealTick provides a real-time service that measures unusual movements in stocks relative to their prior trading history
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7 months later, Union City awaits cleanup at former Ethan Allen plant - GoErie.com
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The Ethan Allen plant served as one of the most recognizable landmarks in the borough, a staple of what Union City was all about. Then, in 2003, Ethan Allen Inc. packed up and left, a crushing blow to the community. "Any time a business is lost,
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House Hunt: July 8 – Elm, Ethan Allen and Aspen Avenues - Patch.com
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Looking to move into Takoma Park? Or maybe you're already here and just need a change of scenery? Check out these open house events in our community. By Ben Gross | Email the author | July 8, 2011 Each Friday, Patch brings you this list of upcoming
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RELATIVELY HIGH PROJECTED EARNINGS GROWTH DETECTED IN SHARES OF ETHAN ALLEN ... - Zacks.com
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Ethan Allen Interiors (NYSE:ETH - Snapshot Report) has the highest projected earnings growth of 288.7%; La-Z-Boy (NYSE:LZB - Snapshot Report) is next with projected earnings growth of 50.4%; and Tempur-Pedic International (NYSE:TPX - Snapshot Report)
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Ethan Allen Stock To Go Ex-dividend Tomorrow (ETH) - TheStreet.com (blog)
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By TheStreet Wire 07/06/11 - 09:57 AM EDT NEW YORK (TheStreet) -- The ex-dividend date for Ethan Allen Interiors (NYSE:ETH) is tomorrow, July 7, 2011. Owners of shares as of market close today will be eligible for a dividend of 7 cents per share
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My Turn: Vermont's major role in our independence - BurlingtonFreePress.com
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In his "History of Vermont," Walter Crockett made reference to Ethan Allen and the capture of Fort Ticonderoga in 1775. Crockett wrote, "The first surrender of a British fortress in the long struggle for American Independence was made to Ethan Allen
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Ethan Allen Announces Fourth Quarter Earnings Release & Conference Call - MarketWatch (press release)
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A live webcast and replay available at http://ethanallen.com/investors Ethan Allen Interiors Inc. is a leading interior design company and manufacturer and retailer of quality home furnishings. The Company offers free interior design service to its
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Ethan Allen Contract Strengthens Management Team - MarketWatch (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
Farooq Kathwari, Chairman and CEO of Ethan Allen, stated, "We are pleased that Norman and his team have joined Ethan Allen Contract to assist us in building this very important initiative. He understands the needs and scope of the contract business
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ethan Allen
    FIFTIES
  • 1789
    Age 51
    Allen's widow Fanny gave birth to a son, Ethan Alphonso, on October 24, 1789.
    More Details Hide Details She eventually remarried. Allen's two youngest sons went on to graduate from West Point and serve in the United States Army. His daughter Fanny achieved notice when she converted to Roman Catholicism and entered a convent. His grandson, Ethan Allen Hitchcock, served as a Union Army general in the American Civil War, and was claimed by his mother to bear a strong resemblance to her father. Disappearance of his grave marker Sometime in the early 1850s, the original plaque marking Allen's grave disappeared; its original text was preserved by early war historian Benson Lossing in the 1840s. In 1858, the Vermont Legislature authorized the placement of a 42-foot (13 m) column of Vermont granite in the cemetery, with the following inscription: The exact location within the cemetery of his remains is unknown. While there is a vault beneath the 1858 cenotaph, it contains a time capsule from the time of the monument's erection.
    On February 11, 1789, Allen traveled to South Hero, Vermont with one of his workers to visit his cousin, Ebenezer Allen, and to collect a load of hay.
    More Details Hide Details After an evening spent with friends and acquaintances, he spent the night there, and set out the next morning for home. While accounts of the return journey are not entirely consistent, Allen apparently suffered an apoplectic fit en route, and was unconscious by the time they returned home. Allen died at home several hours later, without ever regaining consciousness. He was buried four days later in the Green Mount Cemetery in Burlington. The funeral was attended by dignitaries from the Vermont government, and by large numbers of common folk who turned out to pay respects to a man many considered their champion. Allen's death made nationwide headlines. The Bennington Gazette wrote of the local hero, "the patriotism and strong attachment which ever appeared uniform in the breast of this Great Man, was worth of his exalted character; the public have to lament the loss of a man who has rendered them great service". Although most obituaries were positive, a number of clergymen expressed different sentiments. "Allen was an ignorant and profane Deist, who died with a mind replete with horror and despair" was the opinion of Newark, New Jersey's Reverend Uzal Ogden. Yale's Timothy Dwight expressed satisfaction that the world no longer had to deal with a man of "peremptoriness and effrontery, rudeness and ribaldry". It is not recorded what New York Governor Clinton's reaction was to the news.
  • FORTIES
  • 1787
    Age 49
    Allen and his family moved to Burlington in 1787, which was no longer a small frontier settlement but a small town, and much more to Allen's liking than the larger community that Bennington had become.
    More Details Hide Details He frequented the tavern there, and began work on An Essay on the Universal Plenitude of Being, which he characterized as an appendix to Reason. This essay was less polemic than many of his earlier writings. He affirmed the perfection of God and His creation, and credited intuition as well as reason as a way to bring Man closer to the universe. The work was not published until long after his death, and is primarily of interest to students of Transcendentalism, a movement the work foreshadows.
  • 1786
    Age 48
    Allen was also approached by Daniel Shays in 1786 for support in what became the Shays's Rebellion in western Massachusetts.
    More Details Hide Details He was unsupportive of the cause, in spite of Shays's offer to crown him "king of Massachusetts"; he felt that Shays was just trying to erase unpayable debts. In his later years, independent Vermont continued to experience rapid population growth, and Allen sold a great deal of his land, but also reinvested much the proceeds in more land. A lack of cash, complicated by Vermont's currency problems, placed a strain on Fanny's relatively free hand on spending, which was further exacerbated by the cost of publishing Reason, and of the construction of a new home near the mouth of the Onion River. He was threatened with debtors' prison on at least one occasion, and was at times reduced to borrowing money and calling in old debts to make ends meet.
  • 1784
    Age 46
    Allen met his second wife, a young widow named Frances "Fanny" Montresor Brush Buchanan, early in 1784; and after a brief courtship, they wed on February 16, 1784.
    More Details Hide Details Fanny came from a notably Loyalist background (including Crean Brush, notorious for acts during the Siege of Boston, from whom she inherited land in Vermont), but they were both smitten, and the marriage was a happy one. They had three children: Fanny (1784–1819), Hannibal Montresor (1786–1813), and Ethan Alphonso (1789–1855). Fanny had a settling effect on Allen; for the remainder of his years he did not embark on many great adventures. The notable exception to this was when land claims by the Connecticut-based owners of the Susquehanna Company, who had been granted titles to land claimed by Connecticut in the Wyoming Valley, in an area that is now Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. The area was also claimed by Pennsylvania, which refused to recognize the Connecticut titles. Allen, after being promised land, traveled to the area and began stirring up not just Pennsylvania authorities but also his long-time nemesis, Governor Clinton of New York, by proposing that a new state be carved out of the disputed area and several counties of New York. The entire affair was more bluster than anything else, and was resolved amicably when Pennsylvania agreed to honor the Connecticut titles.
  • 1783
    Age 45
    Allen's wife Mary died in June 1783 of consumption, to be followed several months later by their first-born daughter Loraine.
    More Details Hide Details While they had not always been close, and Allen's marriage had often been strained, Allen felt these losses deeply. A poem he wrote memorializing Mary was published in the Bennington Gazette. In these years he recovered the manuscript that he and Thomas Young had worked in his youth from Young's widow, who was living in Albany, and began to develop it into the work that was published in 1785 as Reason: the Only Oracle of Man. The work was a typical Allen polemic, but its target was religious, not political. Specifically targeted against Christianity, it was an unbridled attack against the Bible, established churches, and the powers of the priesthood. As a replacement for organized religion, he espoused a mixture of deism, Spinoza's naturalist views, and precursors of Transcendentalism, with man acting as a free agent within the natural world. While historians disagree over the exact authorship of the work, the writing contains clear indications of Allen's style.
    In spite of these differences the marriage survived until Mary's death in 1783.
    More Details Hide Details Allen and Mary had five children together, only two of whom reached adulthood. Allen's exploits in those years introduced him to the wrong side of the justice system, which would become a recurring feature of his life. In one incident, he and his brother Heman went to the farm of a neighbor, some of whose pigs had escaped onto their land, and seized the pigs. The neighbor sued to have the animals returned to him; Allen pleaded his own case, and lost. Allen and Heman were fined ten shillings, and the neighbor was awarded another five shillings in damages. He was also called to court in Salisbury for inoculating himself against smallpox, a procedure that at the time required the sanction of the town selectmen.
  • 1782
    Age 44
    In 1782, Allen's brother Heber died at the relatively young age of 38.
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  • 1780
    Age 42
    Between 1780 and 1783 Allen participated, along with his brother Ira, Vermont Governor Thomas Chittenden, and others, in negotiations with Frederick Haldimand, the governor of Quebec, that were ostensibly about prisoner exchanges, but were really about establishing Vermont as a new British province and gaining military protection for its residents.
    More Details Hide Details The negotiations, once details of them were published, were often described by opponents of Vermont statehood as treasonous, but no such formal charges were ever laid against anyone involved. As the war had ended with the 1783 Treaty of Paris, and the United States, operating under the Articles of Confederation, resisted any significant action with respect to Vermont, Allen's historic role as an agitator became less important, and his public role in Vermont's affairs declined. Vermont's government had also become more than a clique dominated by the Allen and Chittenden families due to the territory's rapid population growth.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1778
    Age 40
    Allen appeared before the Continental Congress as early as September 1778 on behalf of Vermont, seeking recognition as an independent state.
    More Details Hide Details He reported that due to Vermont's expansion to include border towns from New Hampshire, Congress was reluctant to grant independent statehood to Vermont.
    Following his visit to Valley Forge, Allen traveled to Salisbury, arriving on May 25, 1778.
    More Details Hide Details There he learned that his brother Heman had died just the previous week, and that his brother Zimri, who had been caring for Allen's family and farm, had died in the spring following his capture. The death of Heman, with whom Allen had been quite close, hit him quite hard. He then set out for Bennington, where news of his impending return preceded him, and he was met with all of the honor due a military war hero. There he learned that the Vermont Republic had declared independence in 1777, that a constitution had been drawn up, and that elections had been held. Allen wrote of this homecoming that "we passed the flowing bowl, and rural felicity, sweetened with friendship, glowed in every countenance". The next day he went to Arlington to see his family and his brother Ira, whose prominence in Vermont politics had risen considerably during Allen's captivity.
    On May 3, 1778 he was transferred to Staten Island.
    More Details Hide Details He was admitted to General John Campbell's quarters, where he was invited to eat and drink with the general and several other British field officers. Allen stayed there for two days and was treated politely. On the third day Allen was exchanged for Colonel Archibald Campbell, who was conducted to the exchange by Colonel Elias Boudinot, the American commissary general of prisoners appointed by General George Washington. Following the exchange, Allen reported to Washington at Valley Forge. On May 14, he was breveted a colonel in the Continental Army in "reward of his fortitude, firmness and zeal in the cause of his country, manifested during his long and cruel captivity, as well as on former occasions," and given military pay of $75 per month. The brevet rank, however, meant that there was no active role, until called, for Allen. Allen's services were never requested, and eventually the payments stopped.
  • 1777
    Age 39
    According to another prisoner's account, Allen wandered off after learning of his son's death. He was arrested for violating his parole, and placed in solitary confinement. There he remained while Vermont declared independence, and John Burgoyne's campaign for the Hudson River met a stumbling block near Bennington in August 1777.
    More Details Hide Details
    With the financial assistance of his brother Ira, he lived comfortably, if out of action, until August 1777.
    More Details Hide Details He then learned of the death of his young son Joseph due to smallpox.
  • 1776
    Age 38
    In August 1776, Allen and other prisoners were temporarily put ashore in Halifax, owing to extremely poor conditions aboard ship; due to food scarcity, both crew and prisoners were on short rations, and scurvy was rampant.
    More Details Hide Details By the end of October, Allen was again off New York, where the British, having secured the city, moved the prisoners on-shore, and, as he was considered an officer, gave Allen limited parole.
    In January 1776, Allen and his men were put on board HMS Soledad, which sailed for Cork, Ireland.
    More Details Hide Details The people of Cork, when they learned that the famous Ethan Allen was in port, took up a collection to provide him and his men with clothing and other supplies. Much of the following year was spent on prison ships off the American coast. At one point, while aboard HMS Mercury, she anchored off New York, where, among other visitors, the captain entertained William Tryon; Allen reports that Tryon glanced at him without any sign of recognition, although it is likely the New York governor knew who he was.
  • 1775
    Age 37
    Allen traveled into the northern parts of the Grants early in 1775, as was his custom, for solitude and to hunt for game and land opportunities.
    More Details Hide Details A few days after his return, news came that blood had finally been shed over the land disputes. Most of the resistance activity had until then taken place on the west side of the Green Mountains; on March 13, a small riot in the shire town of Westminster, on the east side of the mountains, resulted in the death of two men. Allen and a troop of Boys traveled to Westminster where, under Allen's influence, the town's convention adopted a strongly worded resolution authorizing the drafting of a plea to the King to remove them "out of so oppressive a jurisdiction". The preparation of the petition was assigned to a committee which included Allen. Less than a week after the Westminster convention ended, while Allen and the committee worked on their petition, the American Revolutionary War began. In late April, following the battles of Lexington and Concord, Allen received a message from members of an irregular Connecticut militia that they were planning to capture Fort Ticonderoga, requesting his assistance in the effort. Allen, whether motivated by patriotic impulses (as he describes in his account of the events), or by the realization that the action might improve the political position of his side in the grants disputes, agreed to help, and began rounding up the Green Mountain Boys. On May 2, 60 men from Massachusetts and Connecticut met with Allen in Bennington, where they discussed the logistics of the expedition.
    Allen had the work, which historian Charles Jellison describes as "rebellion in print", printed in Connecticut, and began selling and giving away copies in early 1775.
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  • 1774
    Age 36
    Allen spent much of the summer of 1774 writing a "pamphlet" entitled A Brief Narrative of the Proceedings of the Government of New York Relative to Their Obtaining the Jurisdiction of that Large District of Land to the Westward of the Connecticut River.
    More Details Hide Details The length of the name was justified; it was a 200-page polemic arguing the position of the Wentworth proprietors.
  • 1772
    Age 34
    Allen persisted with actions against the New York-issued grantholders and their tenants even though a number of the Wentworth proprietors were tiring of the business. In 1772 he, his cousin Remember Baker; and his brothers Ira, Heman, and Zimri formed the Onion River Company, which was basically a land-speculation organization devoted to purchasing land in and around the Winooski River (known then as the Onion River).
    More Details Hide Details The success of this business depended on the successful defense of the Wentworth grants. Early purchases of the company included about of land from Edward Burling and his partners; land was sold at a profit to Thomas Chittenden among others, and the settlements on the company's land have grown to become the city of Burlington. The outrage of the Wentworth proprietors was renewed in 1774 when Governor Tryon passed a law containing harsh provisions clearly targeted at the actions of the "Bennington Mob". Vermont historian Samuel Williams called it "an act which for its savage barbarity is probably without parallel in the legislation of any civilized country". Its provisions included the penalty of death for interfering with a magistrate, and the criminalization of meetings of more than three people "for unlawful purposes" in the Grants. The Boys countered with rules of their own, forbidding anyone in the Grants from holding "any office of honor or profit under the colony of N. York".
  • 1771
    Age 33
    Friction with the provincial government rose notably when, in October 1771, Allen and a company of Boys drove off a group of Scottish settlers near Rupert.
    More Details Hide Details Allen detained two of the settlers and forced them to watch the torching of their newly constructed cabins. He then ordered them to leave, saying, "Go your way now, and complain to that damned scoundrel your Governor, God damn your Governor, Laws, King, Council, and Assembly". When the settlers protested his language Allen continued the tirade, threatening to send any troops from New York to Hell. In response, New York's governor, William Tryon, issued warrants for the arrests of those responsible, and eventually put a price of £20 on the heads of six participants, including Allen. Over the next few years the situation deteriorated further. Governor Tryon and the Boys exchanged threats, truce offers, and other writings, which were frequently written by Allen in florid and didactic language, while the Boys continued to drive surveyors and incoming tenants on New York-granted lands away. Most of these incidents did not involve bloodshed, although individuals were at times manhandled, and the Boys sometimes did extensive property damage when driving tenants out. By March 1774, the harsh treatment of settlers and their property by Allen and the Boys prompted Tryon to increase some of the rewards to £100.
  • 1770
    Age 32
    The trial, for which Allen hired Jared Ingersoll to represent the grantholder interest, began in July 1770, pitting Allen against politically powerful New York grant-holders, including New York's Lieutenant Governor Colden, James Duane (who was prosecuting the case), and Robert Livingston, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (who was presiding over the case).
    More Details Hide Details
    A few of the holders of Wentworth grants were originally from northwestern Connecticut; and some of them, including Remember Baker and Seth Warner, were relatives of Allen. In 1770, a group of Wentworth grant holders asked Allen to defend their case before New York's Supreme Court, a move that presented Allen with his first big stage.
    More Details Hide Details This move to leadership was not unusual; he was known among his contemporaries to be willing to step forward and take control.
    Between May 1770, when he first began working on the defense, and the trial in July, he acquired, for the price of $50, grants from Wentworth to about of land in Poultney and Castleton.
    More Details Hide Details On Allen's return to Bennington, the settlers met at the Catamount Tavern to discuss their options. These discussions resulted in the formation of the Green Mountain Boys, with local militia companies in each of the surrounding towns. Allen was named their Colonel Commandant, and cousins Seth Warner and Remember Baker were captains of two of the companies. Further meetings resulted in the creation of committees of safety, and laid down rules by which to resist attempts by the New York provincial government to establish its authority. These included denying surveyors sent by the province the ability to survey any land in the Grants, not just land owned through the Wentworth grants. While Allen participated in some of the actions to drive surveyors away, he also spent much time exploring the entire territory, probably ranging as far north as the site of Burlington in his wanderings. After selling off some of his Connecticut properties, he began buying wild lands further north in the territory, which he sold at a profit as the southern settlements grew and people began to move further north.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1767
    Age 29
    He was asked to leave Northampton in July 1767 by the authorities; while no official reason is known, biographer Michael Bellesiles suggests that religious differences and Allen's tendency to be disruptive may have played a role in his departure.
    More Details Hide Details He then briefly returned to Salisbury before settling in nearby Sheffield, Massachusetts with his younger brother Zimri. It is likely that his first visits to the New Hampshire Grants occurred during these years. While Sheffield would be the family home for ten years, Allen was often absent for extended periods. As early as 1749, Benning Wentworth, New Hampshire's governor, was selling land grants in the area west of the Connecticut River, to which New Hampshire had always laid somewhat dubious claim. Many of these grants were sold at relatively low prices to land speculators, with some land kicked back to Wentworth. In 1764, King George issued an order resolving the competing claims of New York and New Hampshire in favor of New York. New York, which had also issued land grants that overlapped some of those sold by Wentworth, insisted that holders of the Wentworth grants pay a fee to New York to have their grants validated. As this fee approached the original purchase price, and many of the holders were land-rich and cash-poor, there was a great deal of resistance to this demand. By 1769 the situation in the Grants had deteriorated to the point where surveyors and other figures of New York authority were being physically threatened and driven from the area.
  • 1766
    Age 28
    He is known to have been living in Northampton, Massachusetts in the spring of 1766, where his son Joseph was born, and where he invested in a lead mine.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1765
    Age 27
    The Allen brothers sold their interest in the iron works in October 1765.
    More Details Hide Details By most accounts Allen's first marriage was an unhappy one. His wife was rigidly religious, prone to criticizing him, and barely able to read and write. In contrast, Allen's behavior was sometimes quite flamboyant; and he maintained an interest in learning.
  • 1762
    Age 24
    He also married Mary Brownson, a woman five years his senior, from the nearby town of Roxbury, in July 1762.
    More Details Hide Details They first settled in Cornwall, but moved the following year to Salisbury with their infant daughter Loraine. Allen bought a small farm and proceeded to develop the iron works. The expansion of the iron works was apparently costly to Allen; he was forced to sell off portions of the Cornwall property to raise funds, and eventually sold half of his interest in the works to his brother Heman.
    Even though the French and Indian War continued over the next several years, Allen did not apparently participate in any further military activities, and is presumed to have tended his farm, at least until 1762.
    More Details Hide Details In that year, he became part owner of an iron furnace in Salisbury.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1757
    Age 19
    Allen was forced to end his studies upon his father's death. While he volunteered for militia service in 1757 in response to French movements resulting in the siege of Fort William Henry, his unit received word while en route that the fort had fallen, and turned back.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1755
    Age 17
    Joseph Allen died in 1755; at the time of his death he was one of the wealthier landowners in the area, ran a successful farm, and had previously served as town selectman.
    More Details Hide Details Allen had, before his father's death, begun studies under a minister in the nearby town of Salisbury with the goal of gaining admission to Yale College. Allen's brother Ira recalled that, even at a young age, Allen was curious and interested in learning.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1738
    Age 0
    Born on January 21, 1738.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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