Federico García Lorca
Playwright and poet
Federico García Lorca
Federico del Sagrado Corazón de Jesús García Lorca was a Spanish poet, dramatist and theatre director. García Lorca achieved international recognition as an emblematic member of the Generation of '27. He was shot by anti-communist forces during the Spanish Civil War. In 2008, a Spanish judge opened an investigation into Lorca's death. The Garcia Lorca family eventually dropped objections to the excavation of a potential gravesite near Alfacar.
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Federico García Lorca's personal information overview.
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10 things to say if you've never seen an Almodóvar film - Den Of Geek
Google News - over 5 years
Like Spanish playwright Federico Lorca before him, Almodóvar's female characters (some of them transsexuals) are always independent and well written. 2. On historical context: “What would Franco make of that!” When he was eighteen, Pedro ran away to
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Río Negro ganó el clásico y el pase - rionegro.com.ar
Google News - over 5 years
Río Negro: Lucas Tabach 6, Franco Bazani 4, Miguel Galván 0, Rodrigo Serizuela 0, Lautaro Cévoli 9; Rodrigo Pérez 20, Sebastián Vidal 3, Yamil Solaiman 4, Federico Lorca 12 y Emanuel Fernández 9. DT: Sebastián Falcón. Neuquén: Lucas Bezzi 12,
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Básquet: mañana comienza el regional U-15 - NoticiasNet
Google News - over 5 years
... Federico Grun, Miguel Galván (Atenas), Simón Iribarren (Jorge Newbery), Rodrigo Pérez, Franco Bazani, Lautaro Cévoli (Villa Congreso), Lucas Tabasch (Cipolletti), Federico Lorca, Emanuel Fernández (Cinco Saltos), Sebastián Vidal y Rodrigo Serizuela
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Los U-15 rionegrinos convocados en Viedma - rionegro.com.ar
Google News - over 5 years
... Franco Basani, Juan Aguirre, Lautaro Cevoli y Martín Alcoleas (Villa Congreso de Viedma); Juan Licardi Escuer (San Martín de Viedma); Lucas Tabach (Cipolletti); Federico Lorca y Emanuel Fernández (Cinco Saltos); y Sebastián Vidal (Del Progreso)
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Eva Yerbabuena clausura este martes el Festival de Música y Danza con ... - Europa Press
Google News - over 5 years
La bailaora granadina Eva Yerbabuena será la encargada de clausurar este martes la sesenta edición del Festival Internacional de Música y Danza de Granada con el estreno del espectáculo 'Federico según Lorca', en el que la artista muestra su particular
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Atenas campeón - rionegro.com.ar
Google News - over 5 years
El goleador del partido fue Damián Schatmann con 23 puntos del campeón mientras que Federico Lorca alcanzó las 20 unidades para Cinco Saltos. Atenas logró el "1" en la zona A al derrotar a Cipolletti 85-65, a Del Progreso 76-57 ya Villa Congreso por
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Salen a la venta las entradas para el espectáculo 'Federico según Lorca' con ... - Europa Press
Google News - over 5 years
La Consejería de Cultura ha puesto a la venta las entradas para disfrutar del espectáculo 'Federico según Lorca', dirigido e interpretado por la bailaora y coreógrafa Eva Yerbabuena, que estará en cartel del 20 de julio al 27 de agosto en los Jardines
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Teatro La Tea & Core Creative Productions Present DIA DE LOS MUERTOS - Broadway World
Google News - over 5 years
Paula D'Alessandris), Lorca Federico Lorca (dir. Luis Caballero), Passion, Threepenny Opera, The Wiz, Man of La Mancha, and Ruandi (Latino International Theater Festival of NY). TV: Guiding Light, Psyshosis (Telemundo). Also an accomplished journalist,
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Vallecas, punto clave para el inicio de la última semana de campaña para PP y PSOE - La Vanguardia
Google News - almost 6 years
El alcalde hará un recorrido por el distrito comenzando en la avenida del Ensanche de Vallecas, continuará por Pico de la Cierva y el paseo Federico Lorca para terminar en la plaza Juan de Malasaña. En el PSOE han elegido Puente de Vallecas para uno de
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Heroine of folk thrills with lilting Welsh purr - Bristol Evening Post
Google News - almost 6 years
It sees her revisit several centuries-old tunes from Wales, Ireland and even Spain, with a number based on the verse of poet Federico Lorca. But there are also bluesy new songs which draw on her unique confessional style – like new single Sweet
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Títeres en Los Olmos - El Diario del Sur de Córdoba
Google News - almost 6 years
Desde sus inicios ha desempeñado su función en el auditorio municipal Federico Lorca, en centros vecinales, en el centro para discapacitados visuales, en sede de la Universidad Popular, en escuelas primarias y jardines de infantes de nuestra ciudad
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Athol Fugard's The Bird Watchers Premieres 10 May; and Save the Date for the ... - BOOK Southern Africa (blog)
Google News - almost 6 years
She has directed A Midsummer Night's Dream, Antony and Cleopatra and Julius Caesar as well as numerous modern plays by Tom Stoppard, Peter Weis, David Hare and Federico Lorca, amongst others. Other highlights in her career include leading roles in
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Federico García Lorca
    THIRTIES
  • 1936
    Age 37
    Close to the olive tree indicated by some as marking the location of the grave, there is a stone memorial to Federico García Lorca and all other victims of the Civil War, 1936–39.
    More Details Hide Details Flowers are laid at the memorial every year on the anniversary of his death, and a commemorative event including music and readings of the poet's works is held every year in the park to mark the anniversary. On 17 August 2011, to remember the 75th anniversary of Lorca's assassination and to celebrate his life and legacy, this event included dance, song, poetry and dramatic readings and attracted hundreds of spectators. At the Barranco de Viznar, between Viznar and Alfacar, there is a memorial stone bearing the words "Lorca eran todos, 18-8-2002" ("We all were Lorca"). The Barranco de Viznar is the site of mass graves and has been proposed as another possible location of the poet's remains. García Lorca is honored by a statue prominently located in Madrid's Plaza de Santa Ana. Political philosopher David Crocker reports that "the statue, at least, is still an emblem of the contested past: each day, the Left puts a red kerchief on the neck of the statue, and someone from the Right comes later to take it off."
    Lorca read this manifesto out loud at a banquet in honour of fellow poet Rafael Alberti on 9 February 1936.
    More Details Hide Details Many anti-communists were sympathetic to Lorca or assisted him. In the days before his arrest he found shelter in the house of the artist and leading Falange member Luis Rosales. Indeed, evidence suggests that Rosales was very nearly shot as well for helping García Lorca by the Civil Governor Valdés. Poet Gabriel Celaya wrote in his memoirs that he once found García Lorca in the company of Falangist José Maria Aizpurua. Celaya further wrote that Lorca dined every Friday with Falangist founder and leader José Antonio Primo de Rivera. On 11 March 1937 an article appeared in the Falangist press denouncing the murder and lionizing García Lorca; the article opened: "The finest poet of Imperial Spain has been assassinated." Jean-Louis Schonberg also put forward the 'homosexual jealousy' theory. The dossier on the murder, compiled at Franco's request and referred to by Gibson and others, has yet to surface. The first published account of an attempt to locate Lorca's grave can be found in British traveller and Hispanist Gerald Brenan's book 'The Face of Spain'. Despite early attempts such as Brenan's in 1949, the site remained undiscovered throughout the Franco era.
    It is thought that García Lorca was shot and killed by Nationalist militia on 19 August 1936.
    More Details Hide Details The author Ian Gibson in his book The Assassination of García Lorca alleges that he was shot with three others (Joaquín Arcollas Cabezas, Francisco Galadí Melgar and Dióscoro Galindo González) at a place known as the Fuente Grande ('Great Fountain') which is on the road between Víznar and Alfacar. Police reports released by radio station Cadena Ser in April 2015 conclude that Lorca was executed by fascist forces. Significant controversy exists about the motives and details of Lorca's murder. Personal, non-political motives have been suggested. García Lorca's biographer, Stainton, states that his killers made remarks about his sexual orientation, suggesting that it played a role in his death. Ian Gibson suggests that García Lorca's assassination was part of a campaign of mass killings intended to eliminate supporters of the Marxist Popular Front. However, Gibson proposes that rivalry between the right-wing Spanish Confederation of the Autonomous Right (CEDA) and the fascist Falange was a major factor in Lorca's death. They looked for me in cafes, cemeteries and churches. but they did not find me. They never found me? No. They never found me.
    The poet lived in the Huerta de San Vicente in the days just before his arrest and assassination in August 1936.
    More Details Hide Details Although García Lorca's drawings don't often receive attention, he was also a talented artist. Political and social tensions had greatly intensified after the murder of prominent monarchist and anti-Popular Front spokesman José Calvo Sotelo by Republican Assault Guards (Guardias de Asalto). García Lorca knew that he would be suspect to the rising right wing for his outspoken socialist views. Granada was so tumultuous that it had had no mayor for months; no one dared accept the job. When Lorca's brother-in-law, Manuel Fernández-Montesinos, agreed to accept the position, he was assassinated within a week. On the same day he was shot, 18 August, Lorca was arrested.
    García Lorca wrote little poetry in this last period of his life, declaring in 1936, “theatre is poetry that rises from the book and becomes human enough to talk and shout, weep and despair.” Travelling to Buenos Aires in 1933 to give lectures and direct the Argentine premiere of Blood Wedding, García Lorca spoke of his distilled theories on artistic creation and performance in the famous lecture Play and Theory of the Duende.
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  • 1934
    Age 35
    La Barraca's subsidy was cut in half by the rightist government elected in 1934, and its last performance was given in April 1936.
    More Details Hide Details Lorca spent summers at the Huerta de San Vicente from 1926 to 1936. Here he wrote, totally or in part, some of his major works, among them When Five Years Pass (Así que pasen cinco años) (1931), Blood Wedding (1932), Yerma (1934) and Diván del Tamarit (1931–1936).
  • 1931
    Age 32
    In 1931, García Lorca was appointed director of a student theatre company, Teatro Universitario La Barraca (The Shack).
    More Details Hide Details It was funded by the Second Republic's Ministry of Education, and it was charged with touring Spain's rural areas in order to introduce audiences to radically modern interpretations of classic Spanish theatre free of charge. With a portable stage and little equipment, they sought to bring theatre to people who had never seen any, with García Lorca directing as well as acting. He commented: "Outside of Madrid, the theatre, which is in its very essence a part of the life of the people, is almost dead, and the people suffer accordingly, as they would if they had lost their two eyes, or ears, or a sense of taste. We Barraca are going to give it back to them". His experiences traveling through impoverished rural Spain and New York (particularly amongst the disenfranchised African American population), transformed him into a passionate advocate of the theatre of social action. He wrote "The theatre is a school of weeping and of laughter, a free forum, where men can question norms that are outmoded or mistaken and explain with living example the eternal norms of the human heart".
  • 1930
    Age 31
    García Lorca's return to Spain in 1930 coincided with the fall of the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera and the establishment of the Second Spanish Republic.
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  • 1929
    Age 30
    In June 1929, García Lorca travelled to America with Fernando de los Rios on the RMS Olympic, a sister liner to the RMS Titanic.
    More Details Hide Details They stayed mostly in New York City, where Rios started a lecture tour and García Lorca enrolled at Columbia University School of General Studies, funded by his parents. He studied English but, as before, was more absorbed by writing than study. He also spent time in Vermont and later in Havana, Cuba. His collection Poeta en Nueva York (A Poet in New York, published posthumously in 1942) explores alienation and isolation through some graphically experimental poetic techniques and was influenced by the Wall Street crash which he personally witnessed. This condemnation of urban capitalist society and materialistic modernity was a sharp departure from his earlier work and label as a folklorist. His play of this time, El Público (The Public), was not published until the late 1970s and has never been published in its entirety, the manuscript lost. However, the Hispanic Society of America in New York City retains several of his personal letters.
    Growing estrangement between García Lorca and his closest friends reached its climax when surrealists Dalí and Luis Buñuel collaborated on their 1929 film Un Chien Andalou (An Andalusian Dog).
    More Details Hide Details García Lorca interpreted it, perhaps erroneously, as a vicious attack upon himself. At this time Dalí also met his future wife Gala. Green branches. The ship out on the sea and the horse on the mountain. With the shadow at the waist she dreams on her balcony, green flesh, green hair, with eyes of cold silver.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1925
    Age 26
    From 1925 to 1928 he was passionately involved with Dalí.
    More Details Hide Details The friendship with Lorca had a strong element of mutual passion, but Dalí rejected the erotic advances of the poet. With the success of "Gypsy Ballads", came an estrangement from Dalí and the breakdown of a love affair with sculptor Emilio Soriano Aladrén. These brought on an increasing depression, a situation exacerbated by his anguish over his homosexuality. He felt he was trapped between the persona of the successful author, which he was forced to maintain in public, and the tortured, authentic self, which he could only acknowledge in private. He also had the sense that he was being pigeon-holed as a "gypsy poet". He wrote: "The gypsies are a theme. And nothing more. I could just as well be a poet of sewing needles or hydraulic landscapes. Besides, this gypsyism gives me the appearance of an uncultured, ignorant and primitive poet that you know very well I'm not. I don't want to be typecast".
  • 1922
    Age 23
    Early in 1922 at Granada García Lorca joined the composer Manuel de Falla in order to promote the Concurso de Cante Jondo, a festival dedicated to enhance flamenco performance.
    More Details Hide Details The year before Lorca had begun to write his Poema del cante jondo ("Poem of the Deep Song", not published until 1931), so he naturally composed an essay on the art of flamenco, and began to speak publicly in support of the Concurso. At the music festival in June he met the celebrated Manuel Torre, a flamenco cantador. The next year in Granada he also collaborated with Falla and others on the musical production of a play for children, adapted by Lorca from an Andalucian story. Inspired by the same structural form of sequence as "Deep song", his collection Suites (1923) was never finished and not published until 1983. Over the next few years García Lorca became increasingly involved in Spain's avant-garde. He published poetry collections including Canciones (Songs) and Romancero Gitano (Gypsy Ballads, 1928), which became his best known book of poetry. It was a highly stylised imitation of the ballads and poems that were still being told throughout the Spanish countryside. García Lorca describes the work as a "carved altar piece" of Andalusia with "gypsies, horses, archangels, planets, its Jewish and Roman breezes, rivers, crimes, the everyday touch of the smuggler and the celestial note of the naked children of Córdoba. A book that hardly expresses visible Andalusia at all, but where the hidden Andalusia trembles". In 1928, the book brought him fame across Spain and the Hispanic world, and he only gained notability as a playwright much later.
  • 1921
    Age 22
    García Lorca's first book of poems was published in 1921, collecting work written from 1918 and selected with the help of his brother Francisco (nicknamed Paquito).
    More Details Hide Details They concern the themes of religious faith, isolation and nature that had filled his prose reflections.
  • 1919
    Age 20
    In 1919–20, at Sierra's invitation, he wrote and staged his first play, The Butterfly's Evil Spell.
    More Details Hide Details It was a verse play dramatising the impossible love between a cockroach and a butterfly, with a supporting cast of other insects; it was laughed off the stage by an unappreciative public after only four performances and influenced García Lorca's attitude to the theatre-going public for the rest of his career. He would later claim that Mariana Pineda, written in 1927, was, in fact, his first play. During the time at the Residencia de Estudiantes he pursued degrees in law and philosophy, though he had more interest in writing than study.
    Don Fernando de los Rios persuaded García Lorca's parents to let him move to the progressive, Oxbridge-inspired Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid in 1919, while nominally attending classes at the University of Madrid.
    More Details Hide Details At the Residencia de Estudiantes in Madrid García Lorca befriended Luis Buñuel and Salvador Dalí and many other creative artists who were, or would become, influential across Spain. He was taken under the wing of the poet Juan Ramón Jiménez, becoming close to playwright Eduardo Marquina and Gregorio Martínez Sierra, the Director of Madrid's Teatro Eslava.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1916
    Age 17
    During 1916 and 1917, García Lorca traveled throughout Castile, León, and Galicia, in northern Spain, with a professor of his university, who also encouraged him to write his first book, (Impressions and Landscapes – printed at his father's expense in 1918).
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    García Lorca did not begin a career in writing until Segura died in 1916, and his first prose works such as "Nocturne", "Ballade" and "Sonata" drew on musical forms.
    More Details Hide Details His milieu of young artists gathered in El Rinconcillo at the cafe Alameda in Granada.
  • 1915
    Age 16
    In 1915, after graduating from secondary school, García Lorca attended the University of Granada.
    More Details Hide Details During this time his studies included law, literature and composition. Throughout his adolescence he felt a deeper affinity for music than for literature. When he was 11 years old, he began six years of piano lessons with Antonio Segura Mesa, a harmony teacher in the local conservatory and a composer. It was Mesa who inspired Federico's dream of developing a career in music. His first artistic inspirations arose from the scores of Claude Debussy, Frédéric Chopin and Ludwig van Beethoven. Later, with his friendship with composer Manuel de Falla Spanish folklore became his muse.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1909
    Age 10
    In 1909, when the boy was 11, his family moved to the regional capital of Granada; their best known residence there is the summer home known as the Huerta de San Vicente, on what was then the outskirts of the city of Granada.
    More Details Hide Details For the rest of his life, he maintained the importance of living close to the natural world, praising his upbringing in the country. All three of these homes - Fuente Vaqueros, Valderrubio, and Huerta de San Vicente - are today museums.
  • 1898
    Born
    García Lorca was born on 5 June 1898, in Fuente Vaqueros, a small town a few miles west of Granada, southern Spain.
    More Details Hide Details His father, Federico García Rodríguez, was a prosperous landowner with a farm in the fertile vega (valley) surrounding Granada and a comfortable villa in the heart of the city. García Rodríguez saw his fortunes rise with a boom in the sugar industry. García Lorca's mother, Vicenta Lorca Romero, was a teacher. After Fuente Vaqueros, the family moved in 1905 to the nearby town of Valderrubio (at the time named Asquerosa).
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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