Ferdinand Magellan
Sea explorer
Ferdinand Magellan
Ferdinand Magellan was a Portuguese explorer. He was born in Sabrosa, in northern Portugal, and served King Charles I of Spain in search of a westward route to the "Spice Islands" (modern Maluku Islands in Indonesia). Magellan's expedition of 1519–1522 became the first expedition to sail from the Atlantic Ocean into the Pacific Ocean (then named "peaceful sea" by Magellan; the passage being made via the Strait of Magellan), and the first to cross the Pacific.
Biography
Ferdinand Magellan's personal information overview.
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News
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LATIN AMERICA 2011 | EXPLORER; In Argentina, Glaciers by Way of Patagonia
NYTimes - over 5 years
THE boat slid across the teal waters of Lago Argentino, and soon we were 900 feet from the Perito Moreno Glacier. Through the morning rain, the glacier loomed above us — a jagged wonder glowing with colors: aquamarine, pure white, pale gray and an otherworldly, nearly fluorescent blue. Every few seconds there was a thunderous crack, and a
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Macau exhibit features Cebu's 'famous Magellan's cross' - GMANews.TV
Google News - over 5 years
The famous Cross of Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, a landmark in Cebu province in the Philippines, is featured in an ongoing exhibit by a Portuguese foundation in Macau, the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) said on Wednesday
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Tiger Woods & David Shaw Took Portuguese Studies At Stanford Together - SB Nation (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
The other one grew up to be Tiger Woods. What does one learn in Portuguese studies? How to be overtaken by the Dutch? Also, can you name the most impressive person Portugal has produced in between Ferdinand Magellan and Cristiano Ronaldo?
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Exxon Fights Regulatory Pirates - Investor's Business Daily
Google News - over 5 years
Make no mistake about it: American oil companies are operating in a great age of exploration comparable to the uncharted waters that Henry the Navigator, Christopher Columbus and Ferdinand Magellan sailed. Five hundred years after the Caribbean was
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American History: Truman Wins the Election of 1948 - Voice of America
Google News - over 5 years
Truman gave speeches from the back of his campaign train, the Ferdinand Magellan. He spoke to farmers in Iowa. He visited a children's home in Texas. And he discussed issues with small groups of people who came to visit his train when it stopped in
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Humabon's Jesus icon returning to Cebu - Inquirer.net
Google News - over 5 years
The wooden sculpture that Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan gave to Cebu's Rajah Humabon will be enthroned in the basilica on Saturday afternoon. “The Ecce Homo is a reminder of Jesus' love and suffering for us,” Cebu Archbishop Jose Palma told
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On the buses: Presidential hopefuls hit the roads - The Independent
Google News - over 5 years
The most famous carriage, its back platform festooned in bunting, was the Ferdinand Magellan, especially for presidents seeking re-election. It was from the back of the Magellan that Truman famously held up the erroneous cover of the Chicago Daily
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Preparing for the quincentenary - Inquirer.net
Google News - over 5 years
10, 1519, Ferdinand Magellan's fleet of five small ships left Seville, Spain and travelled through the Guadalquivir River, reaching its mouth at San Lucar de Barrameda, there to stay for five weeks. On Sept. 20, the fleet set sail and on March 16,
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Malaysian SCORE Renewable Energy Project Generating Controversy - GreenAnswers
Google News - over 5 years
The timeline of struggle between the “bumiputera” or indigenous people, and “non-bumiputera” or non-indigenous people, begins as early as 1517 with the arrival of Ferdinand Magellan and continues to this very moment with the Malaysian plans to develop
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Punta Arenas, seaside city at the 'end of the world' (Includes first-hand account) - DigitalJournal.com
Google News - over 5 years
The city of about 120000 inhabitants is on the shores of the Strait of Magellan, named after Ferdinand Magellan (Fernão de Magalhães), the Portuguese explorer sailing for Spain in search of a westward route to the Moluccas (the Spice Islands)
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Seattle Times Bombs on Climate Change - The Daily Score
Google News - over 5 years
The issue really is about having harsh climate instead of the gentle climate experienced by Ferdinand Magellan, who upon crossing the biggest ocean for over a year declared that it was Pacific. Regularly recurring harsh climate started in the 1800′s
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Top 5 manliest ways to go out ... - Fort Worth Star Telegram (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
The men of Magellan's trip around the world Ferdinand Magellan's trip around the world remains one of the greatest feats of nautical navigation in recorded history. It had never been done before, and it wasn't repeated for several years after the
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Golf, Art Are Weapons in Portugal Debt Battle: A. Craig Copetas - Bloomberg
Google News - over 5 years
“Ferdinand Magellan sailed past here in 1522 to chart a new course into the future,” Balaguer says after a round of golf with a coterie of like-minded businessmen and politicians gathered at the Onyria Palmares Beach & Golf Resort to explore the
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The price of paradise - Herald Scotland
Google News - over 5 years
It's hard to imagine how it would have looked when Ferdinand Magellan stepped ashore with his troops all those years ago, but today Cebu City has all the drawbacks of a major conurbation, without much character as compensation
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ferdinand Magellan
    FORTIES
  • 1521
    Age 41
    On the morning of 27 April 1521, Magellan sailed to Mactan with a small attack force.
    More Details Hide Details During the resulting battle against Lapu-Lapu's troops, Magellan was struck by a bamboo spear, and later surrounded and finished off with other weapons. Pigafetta and Ginés de Mafra provided written documents of the events culminating in Magellan's death: Magellan provided in his will that Enrique, his interpreter, was to be freed upon his death. But after the battle, the remaining ships' masters refused to free the Malay. Enrique escaped his indenture on 1 May with the aid of Rajah Humabon, amid the deaths of almost 30 crewmen. Pigafetta had been jotting down words in both Butuanon and Cebuano languages – which he started at Mazaua on 29 March and his list grew to a total of 145 words. He continued communications with indigenous peoples during the rest of the voyage. "Nothing of Magellan's body survived, that afternoon the grieving rajah-king, hoping to recover his remains, offered Mactan's victorious chief a handsome ransom of copper and iron for them but Datu Lapulapu refused. He intended to keep the body as a war trophy. Since his wife and child died in Seville before any member of the expedition could return to Spain, it seemed that every evidence of Ferdinand Magellan's existence had vanished from the earth."
    Magellan did not complete the entire voyage, as he was killed during the Battle of Mactan in the Philippines in 1521.
    More Details Hide Details The Magellanic penguin is named after him, as he was the first European to note it. Magellan's navigational skills have also been acknowledged in the naming of objects associated with the stars, including the Magellanic Clouds, now known to be two nearby dwarf galaxies; the twin lunar craters of Magelhaens and Magelhaens A; and the Martian crater of Magelhaens.
  • 1520
    Age 40
    For overwintering, Magellan established a temporary settlement called Puerto San Julian on March 30, 1520.
    More Details Hide Details On Easter (April 1 and 2), a mutiny broke out involving three of the five ship captains. Magellan took quick and decisive action. Luis de Mendoza, the captain of Victoria, was killed by a party sent by Magellan, and the ship was recovered. After Concepción's anchor cable had been secretly cut by his forces, the ship drifted towards the well-armed Trinidad, and Concepcion's captain de Quesada and his inner circle surrendered. Juan de Cartagena, the head of the mutineers on the San Antonio, subsequently gave up. Antonio Pigafetta reported that Gaspar Quesada, the captain of Concepción, and other mutineers were executed, while Juan de Cartagena, the captain of San Antonio, and a priest named Padre Sanchez de la Reina were marooned on the coast. Most of the men, including Juan Sebastián Elcano, were needed and forgiven. Reportedly those killed were drawn and quartered and impaled on the coast; years later, their bones were found by Sir Francis Drake.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1519
    Age 39
    On 10 August 1519, the five ships under Magellan's command left Seville and descended the Guadalquivir River to Sanlúcar de Barrameda, at the mouth of the river.
    More Details Hide Details There they remained more than five weeks. Finally they set sail on 20 September 1519 and left Spain. King Manuel I ordered a Portuguese naval detachment to pursue Magellan, but the explorer evaded them. After stopping at the Canary Islands, Magellan arrived at Cape Verde, where he set course for Cape St. Augustine in Brazil. On 27 November the expedition crossed the equator; on 6 December the crew sighted South America. As Brazil was Portuguese territory, Magellan avoided it and on 13 December anchored near present-day Rio de Janeiro. There the crew was resupplied, but bad conditions caused them to delay. Afterwards, they continued to sail south along South America's east coast, looking for the strait that Magellan believed would lead to the Spice Islands. The fleet reached Río de la Plata in early February, 1520.
  • 1518
    Age 38
    On 22 March 1518 the king named Magellan and Faleiro captains so that they could travel in search of the Spice Islands in July.
    More Details Hide Details He raised them to the rank of Commander of the Order of Santiago. The king granted them: The expedition was funded largely by the Spanish Crown, which provided ships carrying supplies for two years of travel. Expert cartographer Jorge Reinel and Diogo Ribeiro, a Portuguese who had started working for Charles V in 1518 as a cartographer at the Casa de Contratación, took part in the development of the maps to be used in the travel. Several problems arose during the preparation of the trip, including lack of money, the king of Portugal trying to stop them, Magellan and other Portuguese incurring suspicion from the Spanish, and the difficult nature of Faleiro. Finally, thanks to the tenacity of Magellan, the expedition was ready. Through the bishop Juan Rodríguez de Fonseca they obtained the participation of merchant Christopher de Haro, who provided a quarter of the funds and goods to barter.
  • 1517
    Age 37
    In October 1517 in Seville, Magellan contacted Juan de Aranda, Factor of the Casa de Contratación.
    More Details Hide Details Following the arrival of his partner Rui Faleiro, and with the support of Aranda, they presented their project to the Spanish king, Charles I, future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. Magellan's project, if successful, would realize Columbus' plan of a spice route by sailing west without damaging relations with the Portuguese. The idea was in tune with the times and had already been discussed after Balboa's discovery of the Pacific.
    In 1517 after a quarrel with King Manuel I, who denied his persistent demands to lead an expedition to reach the spice islands from the east (i.e., while sailing westwards, seeking to avoid the need to sail around the tip of Africa), he left for Spain.
    More Details Hide Details In Seville he befriended his countryman Diogo Barbosa and soon married his daughter by his second wife María Caldera Beatriz Barbosa. They had two children: Rodrigo de Magalhães and Carlos de Magalhães, both of whom died at a young age.
  • 1515
    Age 35
    Later on in 1515, he got an employment offer as a crew member on a Portuguese ship, but rejected this.
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  • 1514
    Age 34
    The accusations were proved false, but he received no further offers of employment after 15 May 1514.
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  • 1512
    Age 32
    After the conquest their ways parted: Magellan was promoted, with a rich plunder and, in the company of a Malay he had indentured and baptized Enrique of Malacca, he returned to Portugal in 1512.
    More Details Hide Details Serrão departed in the first expedition sent to find the "Spice Islands" in the Moluccas, where he remained. He married a woman from Amboina and became a military advisor to the Sultan of Ternate, Bayan Sirrullah. His letters to Magellan would prove decisive, giving information about the spice-producing territories. After taking a leave without permission, Magellan fell out of favour. Serving in Morocco, he was wounded, resulting in a permanent limp. He was accused of trading illegally with the Moors.
  • 1511
    Age 31
    In 1511, under the new governor Afonso de Albuquerque, Magellan and Serrão participated in the conquest of Malacca.
    More Details Hide Details
  • TWENTIES
  • 1509
    Age 29
    In 1509 he fought in the battle of Diu.
    More Details Hide Details He later sailed under Diogo Lopes de Sequeira in the first Portuguese embassy to Malacca, with Francisco Serrão, his friend and possibly cousin. In September, after arriving at Malacca, the expedition fell victim to a conspiracy ending in retreat. Magellan had a crucial role, warning Sequeira and saving Francisco Serrão, who had landed.
  • 1506
    Age 26
    He participated in several battles, including the battle of Cannanore in 1506, where he was wounded.
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  • 1505
    Age 25
    In March 1505 at the age of 25, Magellan enlisted in the fleet of 22 ships sent to host D. Francisco de Almeida as the first viceroy of Portuguese India.
    More Details Hide Details Although his name does not appear in the chronicles, it is known that he remained there eight years, in Goa, Cochin and Quilon.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1480
    Age 0
    Born into a Portuguese noble family in around 1480, Magellan became a skilled sailor and naval officer and was eventually selected by King Charles I of Spain to search for a westward route to the Maluku Islands (the "Spice Islands").
    More Details Hide Details Commanding a fleet of five vessels, he headed south through the Atlantic Ocean to Patagonia, passing through the Strait of Magellan into a body of water he named the "peaceful sea" (the modern Pacific Ocean). Despite a series of storms and mutinies, the expedition reached the Spice Islands in 1521 and returned home via the Indian Ocean to complete the first circuit of the globe.
    Magellan was born in northern Portugal in around 1480, either at Vila Nova de Gaia, near Porto, in Douro Litoral Province, or at Sabrosa, near Vila Real, in Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro Province.
    More Details Hide Details He was the son of Rodrigo de Magalhães, Alcaide-Mor of Aveiro (1433–1500, son of Pedro Afonso de Magalhães and wife Quinta de Sousa) and wife Alda de Mesquita and brother of Leonor or Genebra de Magalhães, wife with issue of João Fernandes Barbosa.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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