Francisco I. Madero

Francisco I. Madero


Francisco Indalecio Madero González was a Mexican statesman, writer and revolutionary who served as 33rd President of Mexico from 1911 until his assassination in 1913. A tireless fighter for social justice and democracy, he was instrumental in creating the revolutionary movement in 1910, which led to the fall of the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. He is known to history as the apostle of democracy.… Read More

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1873 Birth Born on October 30, 1873.


1893 19 Years Old In 1893, the 20-year-old Madero returned to Mexico and assumed management of the Madero family's hacienda at San Pedro, Coahuila. … Read More


1899 25 Years Old Already well connected to a wealthy family and now well educated in business, he built a personal fortune of 500,000 by 1899. … Read More
1903 29 Years Old In January 1903, he married Sara Pérez, first in a civil ceremony, and then a Catholic nuptial mass celebrated by the archbishop. From all accounts it was a happy marriage, but they had no children. On 2 April 1903, Bernardo Reyes, governor of Nuevo León, violently crushed a political demonstration, an example of the increasingly authoritarian policies of president Porfirio Díaz. … Read More


1904 30 Years Old Madero founded the Benito Juárez Democratic Club and ran for municipal office in 1904, though he lost the election narrowly. … Read More
1905 31 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1905, Madero became increasingly involved in opposition to the government of Porfirio Díaz. … Read More
1908 34 Years Old 1 More Event
In his 1908 book entitled The Presidential Succession in 1910, Madero called on voters to prevent the sixth reelection of Porfirio Díaz, which Madero considered anti-democratic. … Read More
1909 35 Years Old …  He founded the Anti-Re-election Center in Mexico City in May 1909, and soon thereafter lent his backing to the periodical El Antirreeleccionista, which was run by the young lawyer/philosopher José Vasconcelos and another intellectual, Luis Cabrera Lobato.
…  Madero was notable for having challenged Mexican President Porfirio Díaz for the presidency in 1910 and being instrumental in sparking the Mexican Revolution.
In February 1911, Madero entered Chihuahua and led 130 men in an attack on Casas Grandes, Chihuahua. … Read More
2) In March 1912, Madero's former general Pascual Orozco, who was personally resentful of how Madero had treated him, launched a rebellion in Chihuahua with the financial backing of Luis Terrazas, a former Governor of Chihuahua who was the largest landowner in Mexico. … Read More
Madero was arrested and a short time later assassinated along with his Vice-President, José María Pino Suárez on 22 February 1913, following the series of events known as the Ten Tragic Days (la Decena Trágica). … Read More
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