Franco Basaglia

Italian Academic
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Died Aug 29, 1980
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Alma Mater Universitas Studi...

Franco Basaglia was an Italian psychiatrist and neurologist, professor who proposed the dismantling of psychiatric hospitals, pioneer of the modern concept of mental health, Italian psychiatry reformer, charismatic leader in Italian psychiatry, figurehead and founder of Democratic Psychiatry, architect and principal proponent of Law 180 which abolished mental hospitals. He was the most influential Italian psychiatrist of the 20th century.… Read More

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1924 Birth Franco Basaglia was born on 11 March 1924 in Venice.


1949 25 Years Old After obtaining his medical degree from University of Padova in 1949, he trained in the local school of psychiatry, where he acquainted himself with the philosophical ideas of Karl Jaspers, Ludwig Binswanger and Eugène Minkowski, developed an interest in the study of phenomenological philosophers, such as Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Jean-Paul Sartre, and then he analyzed the work of sociological and historical critics of psychiatric institutions, such as Erving Goffman and Michel Foucault. … Read More


1961 37 Years Old In 1961, Franco Basaglia started refusing binding patients at their beds in the Lunatic Asylum of Gorizia. … Read More


1964 40 Years Old A first considerable report by Franco Basaglia was titled The destruction of the Mental Hospital as a place of institutionalisation and presented by him on the First International Congress of Social Psychiatry held in London in 1964. … Read More
1968 44 Years Old In 1968, L’istituzione negata (‘The Institution Denied’), edited by Franco Basaglia, came out of press. … Read More


1978 54 Years Old 1 More Event
Giovanna Russo and Francesco Carelli state that back in 1978 the Basaglia reform perhaps could not be fully implemented because society was unprepared for such an avant-garde and innovative concept of mental health. … Read More
1980 57 Years Old Died on August 29, 1980.
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