Franco Basaglia
Italian academic
Franco Basaglia
Franco Basaglia was an Italian psychiatrist and neurologist, professor who proposed the dismantling of psychiatric hospitals, pioneer of the modern concept of mental health, Italian psychiatry reformer, charismatic leader in Italian psychiatry, figurehead and founder of Democratic Psychiatry, architect and principal proponent of Law 180 which abolished mental hospitals. He was the most influential Italian psychiatrist of the 20th century.
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Franco Basaglia's personal information overview.
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Aus der Nähe ist keiner normal - Die Lange Nacht über Franco Basaglia und die ... - Deutschlandradio
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Von Cornelia Braun und Susanne König Für die einen war er ein charismatischer Vordenker, für die anderen ein übler Nestbeschmutzer - als "Folterer" bezeichnete der Psychiater Franco Basaglia seine Zunft und prangerte in den 60er-Jahren unermüdlich die
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La Dea del '67 a Trieste - Il Friuli
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... rassegna cinematografica “Road Movies 2000”, curata da La Cappella Underground e Bonawentura in collaborazione con l'Associazione Casa del Cinema prosegue con successo al Foyer Cecchelin, nello spazio esterno del Teatrino Franca e Franco Basaglia
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Trieste, la Mitteleuropa anomala... - L'Espresso
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E' qui che Franco Basaglia si trasferì con la sua équipe da Gorizia per dare avvio a quell'eccezionale esperimento di cura delle persone malate di mente che raggiungerà il suo compimento nella legge 180 e la riforma sanitaria del 1978
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Jeder nach seinen Fähigkeiten - Neues Deutschland
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In Italien wurde die Abschaffung der geschlossenen Psychiatrie und die Rückführung ihrer Insassen in die Gesellschaft 1978 mit dem Gesetz 180 beschlossen, nach Franco Basaglia, dem nationalen Vordenker der Gesetzesreform, auch Basaglia-Gesetz genannt
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Aprì le Porte a Basaglia È un modello e non va cancellata - Corriere della Sera
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Si è tanto discusso anche su questo, l' allora presidente della Provincia, Michele Zanetti, il promotore, e Franco Basaglia, l' ideatore, sono stati contestati e osannati, ma il fatto è che quell' esempio ha modificato l' atteggiamento di tutti nei
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Aria buona. - Paperblog
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Impacchettate le donne fotografate da Carla Cerati nel 1969 quando per Franco Basaglia svolge un lavoro di documentazione fotografica con Gianni Berengo Gardin nei manicomi italiani poi pubblicato in volume da Einaudi "Morire di classe"
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Criminología radical, antipsiquiatría y abolicionismo penal según Zaffaroni - Espectadores
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Por ejemplo el italiano Franco Basaglia, el escocés Ronald Laing, el inglés David Cooper y tantos otros que en 1975 fundaron la Red Internacional de Alternativa a la Psiquiatría en Bruselas. Según estos académicos, la enfermedad mental es una respuesta
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In scena il Magnificat di Alda Merini - Tuscia Web
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Di recente ha girato per RaiUno lo sceneggiato “C'era una volta la città dei matti” sulla figura dello psichiatra Franco Basaglia, con Fabrizio Gifuni e Vittoria Puccini, per la regia di Marco Turco. Attualmente è impegnata nel “Commissario Rex” e nel
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Gifuni va alla guerra. Dall'Ubu ai 'tempi giusti' del teatro - Krapp's Last Post
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... nel 2005 (per l'interpretazione di Alcide De Gasperi), miglior interprete maschile al Roma Fiction Fest, (assegnato dalla Giuria LARA) e al Festival di Montecarlo (2010) per la sua personalissima e commovente interpretazione di Franco Basaglia
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Roberto Durkovic ei Fantasisti del Metrò (Italia/Romania) - politicamentecorretto.com
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Come ha insegnato Franco Basaglia, padre della Legge 180 che chiuse i manicomi tracciando la strada di un'esperienza poi esportata in tutto il mondo, è solo partendo da questi principi che è possibile migliorare la qualità della vita delle persone con
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Teatro: domani al Valle, ancora occupato, arriva Marco Cavallo - Adnkronos/IGN
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... parte vitale di una societa' che non escluda e rinchiuda, ma che accolga e metta in gioco le sue contraddizioni". In collegamento dal San Giovanni di Trieste ci sara' il medico psichiatra Franco Rotelli, collaboratore e successore di Franco Basaglia
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Ad agosto gli incontri tematici per le buone pratiche psicoriabilitative - Monte Gargano (Comunicati Stampa)
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Con la deistituzionalizzazione, voluta da Franco Basaglia e dal movimento “antipsichiatrico” degli anni Sessanta, sono stati superati i “vecchi luoghi” della follia, manicomi ed ospedali psichiatrici, che hanno prodotto tanta incontrollata violenza su
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Una firma contro l'emarginazione della fragilità - Fresco di Web
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È la “Residenzialità sociale senza emarginazione”, elaborata dal Centro “Franco Basaglia” con il sostegno dal Comitato d'iniziativa. Dopo l'approvazione, richiederà alla Regione Toscana e ai comuni di garantire alle persone fragili – grazie ai Piani
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Gorizia celebra Franco Basaglia - PiusaniPiubelli.it
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(ANSA) - GORIZIA, 28 GIU - L'Azienda sanitaria isontina ricordera' con una serie di appuntamenti il cinquantesimo anniversario dell'approdo di Franco Basaglia all'ospedale psichiatrico di Gorizia, avvenuto nel novembre del 1961
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L'Aquila: Vendola e "Marco Cavallo" per la festa della salute mentale - Il Capoluogo.it
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La scelta di tenere la festa a L'Aquila è dovuta in parte al suo legame con l'Ospedale di Trieste e l'esperienza di Franco Basaglia, e in gran parte al fatto che la situazione della città e dei suoi abitanti, dopo il terremoto, richiama il bisogno di
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Lavorare in psichiatria dopo la Legge Basaglia: I profili professionali dell ... - Bianco Lavoro Magazine
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Il 13 maggio del 1978, veniva approvata dal parlamento italiano la legge 180, da tutti conosciuta come Legge Basaglia, dal cognome del suo fautore, Franco Basaglia: psichiatra e docente universitario, ma soprattutto medico e scienziato controcorrente
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Ritorno alle 'assemblee' di Basaglia Viaggio nelle possibilità di cura - La Repubblica
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A Trieste fino a venerdì si discute del disagio psichico e delle esperienze di chi lo vive oggi e l'ha vissuto in passato TRIESTE - Ritorno a Franco Basaglia, psichiatra padre della legge 180 del 1978 che portò alla chiusura dei manicomi come luoghi di
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Franco Basaglia
    CHILDHOOD
  • 1980
    Died on August 29, 1980.
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  • 1978
    The president of the World Phenomenology Institute Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka states that Basaglia managed to pull together substantial revolutionary and reformatory energies around his anti-institutional project and created the conditions which within a few years brought to the reform of mental health legislation in 1978.
    More Details Hide Details This reform was introduced amongst great enthusiasm and bitter criticism, hostility and perplexity, critical and sometimes unconditional support. Basaglia thereby managed to inflict a salutary shock on Italian psychiatry, which had previously been torpid. American psychiatrist Loren Mosher called Basaglia the most innovative and influential European psychiatrist since Freud. Francine Saillant and Serge Genest assert that Basaglia’s reform of psychiatry in Italy, renewed vision on Italian society, and radical critique of public institutions made him one of Italy’s greatest, most progressive intellectuals and a leading figure of the second half of the 20th century. Thomas Szasz had a radically critical opinion about the work of Basaglia. In 1986, in the preface to the book by Giorgio Antonucci 'I pregiudizi e la conoscenza critica alla psichiatria', Szasz write the following words about the misunderstanding of the ideas of Basaglia: 'Basaglia became famous for having abolished the psychiatric hospitals in Italy, statement as absurd as saying that mental diseases are diseases like all the others'. 'Basaglia, never ceased to practice genuine psychiatry, fact that basically meant to reinforce, rather than to weaken, the legitimacy of the psychiatric interventions against the will of the affected persons, having transferred the place in which the commitment occurs from the psychiatric hospital to the civil hospital'.
    Giovanna Russo and Francesco Carelli state that back in 1978 the Basaglia reform perhaps could not be fully implemented because society was unprepared for such an avant-garde and innovative concept of mental health.
    More Details Hide Details Thirty years later, it has become more obvious that this reform reflects a concept of modern health and social care for mental patients. The Italian example originated samples of effective and innovative service models and paved the way for deinstitutionalisation of mental patients. Giovanni de Girolamo with coauthors argues that Basaglia’s contribution was crucial to move psychiatric practice into the realm of health care and give visibility to psychiatry. P. Fusar-Poli with coauthors argues that thanks to the Basaglia law, psychiatry in Italy began to be integrated into the general health services and was no longer sidelined to a peripheral area of medicine. In the 2001 National Mental Health Conference, Italian neurologist and laureate of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Rita Levi-Montalcini expressed her admiration for Franco Basaglia by calling him the founder of the new conception of mental illness, a magnificent scientist and fine human being who really lived the tragic problem of mental illness.
  • OTHER
  • 1968
    In 1968, L’istituzione negata (‘The Institution Denied’), edited by Franco Basaglia, was published.
    More Details Hide Details Widely read all over Italy, this book not only documented and analyzed the changes at Gorizia but also carried anti-institutional debate into other areas: factories, universities and schools. While discussing the process of transformation of mental health care across the European Region, Matt Muijen argues that the influence of professionals has obviously been decisive, mostly psychiatrists who acted as advocates of change, such as Philippe Pinel in France in the 19th century and Franco Basaglia in Italy in the 20th. They offered conceptions of new models of effective and humane care, revolutionary for their times, replacing abusive and inadequate traditional services. Their real accomplishment was the ability to inspire politicians to advocate these conceptions and persuade colleagues to implement them, thereby enabling sustainable and real change.
  • 1964
    The first substantial report by Franco Basaglia was titled The destruction of the Mental Hospital as a place of institutionalisation and presented by him on the First International Congress of Social Psychiatry held in London in 1964.
    More Details Hide Details In this report Basaglia stated that "the psychiatrist of today seems to have discovered, suddenly, that the first step towards the cure of the patient is his return to liberty of which, until now, the psychiatrist himself had deprived him" and that "it is true that the discovery of liberty is the most obvious that Psychiatry could reach." In conclusion Basaglia tried to fix some points in an attempt to form a lever for discovering liberty:
  • 1961
    In 1961, Franco Basaglia started refusing to bind patients to their beds in the Lunatic Asylum of Gorizia.
    More Details Hide Details He also abolished any isolation method. From this initiative started a wide theoretical and practical debate all over Italy. Such a huge debate resulted in the endorsement in 1978 of a national reform bill in 1978 that provided the gradual but radical closure and dismantling of the mental hospitals in the whole country. Basaglia insisted that much in the inveterate stereotypes of madness was actually the consequence of institutional conditions, but not a real danger which the walls of a mental hospital bad been requited to contain. He considered psychiatric hospital as an oppressive, locked and total institution in which prison-like, punitive rules are applied, in order to gradually eliminate its own contents; and patients, doctors and nurses are all subjected (at different levels) to the same process of institutionalism. Basaglia recognized that many of the characteristics of his patients which were believed to be inherent in their mental illness, such as the word salad, the vacant stares, the repetitive gestures and movements, appeared to dissolve as the patients left the confines of the asylum. Basaglia concluded from this that we would not know what mental illnesses were, or what limitations they would inherently put on persons suffering from them, until both staff and patients were freed from the beliefs, attitudes and culture of the asylum. Basaglia was concerned that, without the complete closing of asylums, mental health professionals would unknowingly reconstitute the asylum culture in community facilities.
  • 1949
    After obtaining his medical degree from University of Padova in 1949, he trained in the local school of psychiatry, where he acquainted himself with the philosophical ideas of Karl Jaspers, Ludwig Binswanger and Eugène Minkowski, developed an interest in the study of phenomenological philosophers such as Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, and Jean-Paul Sartre, and analyzed the work of sociological and historical critics of psychiatric institutions such as Erving Goffman and Michel Foucault.
    More Details Hide Details According to Renato Piccione, the intellectual legacy of Franco Basaglia can be divided into three periods: When Basaglia arrived at Gorizia, he was revolted by what he observed as the conventional regime of institutional ‘care’: locked doors only partly successful in muffling the weeping and screams of the patients, many of them lying nude and powerless in their excrement. And Basaglia observed the institutional response to human suffering: physical abuse, strait jackets, ice packs, bed ties, ECT and insulin-coma shock therapies to ‘quiet’ the melancholy and the terrified, and to strike terror in the agitated and the difficult.
  • 1924
    Franco Basaglia was born on 11 March 1924 in Venice.
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