Frank Buchman

Frank Buchman

Evangelical Theologist
Born Jun 4, 1878

Franklin Nathaniel Daniel Buchman, best known as Dr. or Rev. Frank Buchman, was a Protestant Christian evangelist who founded the Oxford Group (known as Moral Re-Armament from 1938 until 2001, and as Initiatives of Change since then). It is claimed that he was decorated by the French and German governments for his contributions to Franco-German reconciliation after World War II, yet there are numerous examples of false claims by Buchman and his followers.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Frank Buchman.


1878 Birth Born on June 4, 1878.


1902 24 Years Old Buchman studied at Muhlenberg College and Mount Airy Seminary and was ordained a Lutheran minister in June 1902. … Read More


1908 30 Years Old Exhausted and depressed, Buchman took his doctor's advice of a long holiday abroad. Still in turmoil over his hospice resignation, Buchman attended the 1908 Keswick Convention hoping to meet the renowned Quaker-influenced, Baptist evangelist F. B. Meyer (1847–1929) who he believed might be able to help him. … Read More
1909 31 Years Old 1 More Event
From 1909 to 1915 Buchman was YMCA secretary at Penn State College. … Read More
1915 37 Years Old In 1915 Buchman's YMCA work took him to India with evangelist Sherwood Eddy. … Read More
1916 38 Years Old From February to August 1916 Buchman worked with the YMCA mission in China, returning to Pennsylvania due to the increasing illness of his father. … Read More


1918 40 Years Old Bishop Logan Roots, deluged with complaints, asked Buchman to leave China in 1918. … Read More
1922 44 Years Old In 1922, after a prolonged spell with students in Cambridge, Buchman resigned his position at Hartford, and thereafter relied on gifts from patrons such as Margaret Tjader. … Read More


1928 50 Years Old In the summer of 1928 six of these Oxford men traveled, without Buchman, to South Africa where the press, at a loss how to describe this new religious movement, coined the term the "Oxford Group." … Read More
1932 54 Years Old In 1932 and again in 1933 he sought, unsuccessfully, to meet with Adolf Hitler, whom he hoped to convert. … Read More
1934 56 Years Old Accepting an invitation from Carl Hambro, he led a team to Norway in 1934. … Read More
1935 57 Years Old Buchman attended the 1935 Nuremberg Rally. In 1936, the Central Security Office of the Gestapo sent out a document warning that the Oxford Group was "a new and dangerous opponent of National Socialism." … Read More


1938 60 Years Old Launching a campaign for "Moral Re-Armament" in East Ham Town Hall in 1938, Buchman said: … Read More
1948 70 Years Old Buchman's willingness to work with people of different religions without demand that they convert to Christianity was often a source of confusion and conflict with other Christians. In a speech in 1948, he said: "MRA is the good road of an ideology inspired by God upon which all can unite. … Read More
1950 72 Years Old 1 More Event
Similarly, MRA facilitated some of the first large delegations of Japanese to travel abroad after the war. In 1950, a delegation of 76, including members of Parliament from all the main parties, seven Governors of Prefectures, the Mayors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and leaders of industry, finance and labor travelled to the MRA center in Caux, and from there to America, where their senior representative, Chorijuo Kurijama, spoke in the Senate apologizing "for Japan's big mistake." In 1957 Prime Minister Kishi made historic apologies in nine of Japan's South-East Asian neighbors, significantly improving relationships. … Read More
1955 77 Years Old In 1955, Buchman suggested to a group of African leaders from several countries meeting in Caux that they put what they had learned of MRA into a play. … Read More
1956 78 Years Old 1 More Event
MRA played an important role in the peaceful decolonization of Morocco and Tunisia. In 1956, King Mohammed V of Morocco wrote to Buchman: "I thank you for all you have done for Morocco, the Moroccans and myself in the course of these last testing years. … Read More
1961 83 Years Old Died on August 7, 1961.
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