Frank Ryan
Frank Ryan
Frank Ryan was a prominent member of the Irish Republican Army, editor of An Phoblacht, leftist activist and leader of Irish volunteers on the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War.
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Frank Ryan's personal information overview.
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Big Mile For Define The World - Standardbred Canada
Google News - over 5 years
Fresh off a disappointing finish in the Frank Ryan Memorial at Rideau Carleton Raceway, Define The World got his act together and rebounded with an eye-catching victory for the loyal tandem of driver Paul MacDonell and trainer John Bax
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In-game Browns blog by David S. Glasier (with photos and video) - News-Herald.com
Google News - over 5 years
The kid is evoking memories of Otto Graham, Frank Ryan, Bill Nelson, Brian Sipe, Bernie Kosar and Tim Couch. Hey, the Couch thing was a throwaway. Couldn't resist. What to think of the Browns' second straight impressive preseason showing?
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Frank Ryan: Cartoon insults people with mental illness - Madison.com
Google News - over 5 years
Dear Editor: First, I usually can't wait for the Cap Times to arrive each week. Straight stuff. However, I have a real problem with the language in the Ed Stein cartoon last week: “AAA Psycho Loony Bin” over the national Capitol
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Frank Ryan trot results in good night at track for Baillargeon brothers - Ottawa Citizen
Google News - over 5 years
The Baillargeon brothers are no strangers to success at the Rideau Carleton Raceway and the Frank Ryan Memorial Trot, in particular. With Ben Baillargeon as trainer and Mario Baillargeon as driver,
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Mr. President, It's 3AM! - American Thinker
Google News - over 5 years
During the 2008 presidential campaign, then-candidate Hilary Clinton ridiculed Barack Obama's inexperience with the famous ad asking who you wanted to answer the phone during a crisis at 3AM. Today, it is apparent that our nation
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Dr. Frank Ryan, Plastic Surgeon for Hollywood, Died in Car Crash - ThirdAge
Google News - over 5 years
Dr. Frank Ryan, famed plastic surgeon based in Beverly Hills, California, was killed in a car crash on Monday afternoon. He was known for doing plastic surgery makeovers, most recently for performing 10 plastic surgery procedures in one day on Heidi
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A motivated public best cure for US - Lebanon Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
I have never been as optimistic about the future of our great nation as I am today, despite significant leadership shortfalls in our elected leaders. The solutions to our crisis are so apparent and so easy to enact once our Congress
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Frank Ryan: My 'uncovery' regarding mental illness is ongoing - Madison.com
Google News - over 5 years
Dear Editor: I know it's not sophisticated literary usage, but I've become hooked on the word “uncovery.” The “y” isn'ta misprint. “Uncovery” entered my aging mind recently while I was reading NAMI Wisconsin and NAMI Dane County newletter articles
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Ireland bouncing back - UPI.com
Google News - over 5 years
Enterprise Ireland Chief Executive Officer Frank Ryan claims the economy is seeing "a strong rebound" in key sectors like the food business, life sciences, electronics, engineering, software and consumer retail. Employment in the export sector is
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Ireland will be 'comeback economy of Europe' - The Guardian (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Entreprise Ireland's chief executive, Frank Ryan, is ebullient about the figures. "All the focus has been on the property sector and we've forgotten about the economy that we have built," he told me. He says there has been a strong rebound in EI
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Enterprise Ireland firms enjoy exports rise - Irish Times
Google News - over 5 years
Enterprise Ireland chief executive Frank Ryan said yesterday that employment levels in its client companies had started to grow again in the past three months. “That has not happened since the start of the recession. We are coming out of the trough
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Economic Slavery: Modern-Day Indentured Servitude - American Thinker
Google News - over 5 years
The "tax the rich" hysteria gripping this nation is absolute insanity. Cries to raise taxes on those with incomes over $250000 or some other magical number are unbelievable. As a CPA, I find the "tax the rich" schemes to be pure junk
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ROLL CALL: When Heidi Montag Met 'Bachelor' Jake Pavelka & 'Real Housewife ... - Access Hollywood
Google News - over 5 years
Janice Dickinson: 'Heidi Montag Should Have Kept Her Big Mouth Shut' About Her Surgery With Dr. Frank Ryan Janice Dickinson is clearly bereaved over the recent death of her close friend, plastic surgeon Dr. Frank Ryan, and goes on an irate tirade about
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Five Other TV Stars Killed in Car Crashes - E! Online (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Dr. Frank Ryan: A go-to expert on plastic surgery, Ryan was frequently seen on E!, CNN and other outlets. Last summer, just months after turning 50, the doctor rolled his Jeep Wrangler during a drive along Malibu's Pacific Coast Highway
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Liberals Outsourcing Morality - American Thinker
Google News - over 5 years
In the Book of Matthew in the New Testament, Pontius Pilate symbolically washes his hands of the responsibility for the crucifixion of Jesus. This symbolism has carried on through the centuries as the mark of someone who is complicit in
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The Visitors That Came to Stay - Wall Street Journal
Google News - over 5 years
As Frank Ryan explains in "Virolution," these pieces of virus DNA ended up in our genome through a peculiar kind of infection. From time to time, viruses slipped their DNA into the eggs and sperm of our ancestors. Parents then passed down the virus DNA
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Frank Ryan
    FORTIES
  • 1944
    Age 42
    He died in June 1944 at a hospital in Loschwitz in Dresden.
    More Details Hide Details His funeral in Dresden was attended by Elizabeth Clissmann and Francis Stuart. Clissmann eventually forwarded details of Ryan's fate to Leopold Kerney in Madrid. According to Stuart and Clissmann, the cause of death was pleurisy and pneumonia. In 1963, historian Enno Stephan located Ryan's grave in Dresden, German Democratic Republic. Three volunteers of the International Brigades, Frank Edwards, Peter O'Connor and Michael O'Riordan travelled to East Germany as a guard of honour to repatriate Ryan's remains in 1979. On 21 June his remains arrived in Whitefriar St. church – his local church when he was in Dublin. The church was packed with all shades of Republican and left-wing opinion, as well as those from his past such as the Stuarts, the Clissmanns, Peadar O'Donnell (who spoke at the service), George Gilmore, and ex-comrades and sympathizers from all over the world. The cortege on its way to Glasnevin Cemetery halted at the GPO in memory of the dead of 1916. His coffin was borne to the grave in Glasnevin Cemetery by Irish veterans of the Spanish Civil War, Frank Edwards, Peter O'Connor, Michael O'Riordan and Terry Flanagan. Con Lehane delivered the funeral oration while a piper played "Limerick's Lamentation".
    Ryan was given the cover name "Richard II" (Russell had been "Richard I"), and he was listed in the Abwehr (Intelligence) files as "Frank Richard". This protected him from the Gestapo, who might have been very interested in a former officer of the International Brigades, but they had no access to the Intelligence files until 1944.
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  • 1943
    Age 41
    He was approached late 1943 for his opinion on the feasibility of a "Geheimsender" (secret transmitter) propaganda operation in Ireland for broadcast to the United States, but the plan never reached fruition.
    More Details Hide Details It is also known that he discussed Francis Stuart's radio broadcasts with him prior to their commencement.
  • 1942
    Age 40
    Once a feared invasion of Éire by US Troops stationed in Northern Ireland in 1942 failed to materialise, Ryan was dropped as a possible mission specialist in further covert Abwehr and Foreign Ministry plans and operations.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1941
    Age 39
    In November 1941 he wrote that he was treated as a "distinguished guest", a "non-party neutral", in Germany, and added:
    More Details Hide Details There might also be a situation (I was always a pessimist) in which I might be asked to do something I don't like. Such a situation is – soberly speaking – highly improbable. But if the unlikely were ever to happen I won't do the dirty. And when you plant my tombstone, let it be of granite (like my stubborn cranium) contents. (Not for nothing did I earn the nickname of "The Mule" in my schooldays!)
    In 1941 Ryan wrote a number of letters to Irish Minister Leopold Kerney in Madrid.
    More Details Hide Details This was facilitated by the Germans to monitor events in Ireland and understand Ryan's position, as after the invasion of the Soviet Union the need to keep Ireland neutral grew, and Ryan was becoming increasingly important in their eyes (ironically, this invasion made Ryan even more suspicious of German intentions). In most, if not all, these letters he expressed his desire to return to Ireland.
    After the Summer of 1941 he was concerned with defending Ireland's neutrality and he sided with De Valera on that point.
    More Details Hide Details There was also the shortage of arms in Ireland to defend itself – Churchill had prevented any supplies of arms to the Republic because Ireland would not give up the ports, and the Americans would not contravene the embargo. Churchill had also hinted at an invasion of the south of Ireland should it be required – there was a lot for all concerned to ponder about in those troubled times.
    Although Operation Sea Eagle was first postponed after being shown to Hitler on 6 September 1941 and then ultimately cancelled, Ryan's part in planning continued up to its cancellation.
    More Details Hide Details Ryan had also been nominated for inclusion in Operation Osprey "Unternehmen Fischadler", an Abwehr plan to engineer resistance and sabotage amongst the Irish in the event of a feared American invasion. Osprey was planned to work in conjunction with a suite of German Intelligence operations devised by then Brigadeführer Walter Schellenberg, Director of Office VI, Foreign Political Information Service, Reichs Security HQ. using No.1 SS. Special Service Troop. Ryan's role in the plan was to get De Valera and the IRA to work together. There was little realism in that part of the plan (as Ryan realised), but Ryan's main objective, after being four years out of Ireland and in increasingly bad health, was to get home. The IRA under its new Chief of Staff, Stephen Hayes, now regarded Ryan as its "representative" in Germany. Ryan felt that, through circumstances beyond his control, he was the only European representative of the IRA. However, "he had no illusions about his old friends or his new friends". In a coded letter that was smuggled to Gerald O'Reilly, a member of Clan na Gael in the Bronx, New York, in May 1941, the writer (which O'Reilly understood was Ryan) explained the situation: despite their differences over the previous six years, he had been happy to meet Sean Russell; before his death, Russell had entrusted him with important papers that should be returned to the IRA; that he had a "free hand and was fully trusted"; that success (for the IRA) would depend on the left wing of the IRA working with the leadership, and that if this happened the IRA would emerge stronger after the war.
  • 1940
    Age 38
    Abwehr II's war diary records that the Government of the Irish Free State was made aware of Ryan's whereabouts between 11 and 19 December 1940 by Elizabeth ("Budge") Clissmann, who hand-delivered the letter on Ryan's behalf.
    More Details Hide Details Ryan instructed Clissmann not to tell Kerney that Russell had died on board U-65, although this information appears to have already been leaked. In May 1941 Abwehr Operation Whale ("Unternehmen Walfisch" in German), a plan to land a seaplane on a lake in Ireland, was expanded to include resupply of the IRA with money and a transmitter. Ryan was to contact the IRA. After changes to the plan it became known as Operation Sea Eagle ("Unternehmen Seeadler" in German). Ryan was asked for his co-operation in the planning for Operation Sea Eagle. The written proposal for Operation Sea Eagle gives some supposedly biographical details for Ryan composed by Veesenmayer. It is not known whether Ryan led Veesenmayer to include these statements in the proposal or whether Veesenmayer added them to increase the chances of Operation Sea Eagle being sponsored; either way Veesenmayer did not stress Ryan's Communist sympathies and included a number of inaccuracies and embellishments:
    Around the end of 1940, a "Where is Frank Ryan?" campaign began in the Irish Press.
    More Details Hide Details In response, Frank Ryan wrote a letter to Leopold Kerney, Irish Minister in Madrid, explaining his whereabouts.
    After the failure of Operation Dove, Ryan remained in Berlin. Between Autumn 1940 and January 1943 he lived in a "large gloomy flat" in Berlin with an acquaintance from Ireland, Helmut Clissmann, and Hans Ritter, both of whom were Abwehr assets.
    More Details Hide Details Clissmann was married to Elizabeth "Budge" Mulcahy of Sligo, a friend of both Ryan and Leopold Kerney. As an exchange student in Dublin in the 1930s Clissmann had known Ryan and other republicans and socialists well; before Hitler came to power, he had been a member of a left-wing student organisation. Ryan was not in good health as a result of his wound and treatment in the Spanish prison, and at one stage he had a stroke, but he remained convivial and drew around him a small circle of friends. He had to remain incognito and in general did not discuss politics. He grew increasingly deaf (though his friends suggested that he sometimes feigned deafness to avoid uncomfortable conversations with the German authorities) so that he could not be left alone at night – he could not hear the anti-aircraft sirens. He later had to spend his days outdoors or in cafés (where he became friendly with Francis Stuart, whom he had known from Dublin) so that people could see him if the sirens sounded. He took Irish newspapers to Stuart and, being in a position to get extra rations, shared them generously with his friends. In return, Stuart took Ryan, who had a lot of time on his hands, on trips to the countryside and on outings with his students. Stephen Hayes, Chief of Staff of the IRA, claimed that Ryan and Stuart were carrying out propaganda work among Irish prisoners of war.
    Although Ryan had not been involved in the training or preparation for Dove, both he and Russell departed aboard U-65 on 8 August 1940.
    More Details Hide Details When Russell became ill and died during the journey (of a perforated ulcer), Ryan asked the Captain of U-65, Hans-Gerrit von Stockhausen, to cable Germany and ask for fresh instructions before proceeding. The mission was subsequently aborted and Ryan returned to Germany via Bordeaux.
    On his arrival in Berlin, Ryan was introduced to SS Colonel Dr. Edmund Veesenmayer. Veesenmayer, as part of his roving SS and German Foreign Ministry brief, was intimately involved in the planning of all Abwehr operations in Ireland during 1940 – 1943, particularly those involving Russell and Ryan.
    More Details Hide Details The day after arriving, Ryan was asked by Russell to accompany him to Ireland as part of Operation Dove ("Unternehmen Taube" in German).
    He was then transported to Berlin, and met up with Seán Russell on 4 August 1940.
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  • 1938
    Age 36
    In October 1938 Ryan was visited in Burgos Prison by the Irish Minister to Spain, Leopold Kerney.
    More Details Hide Details Kerney hired a lawyer for Ryan (Jaime Michel de Champourcin, paid for by the Irish government) but, in spite of all his efforts, he could not secure Ryan's release. It was through de Champourcin's contacts with Abwehr (a German military intelligence organisation) chief Wilhelm Canaris, and within the Franco Government that saw Ryan released into Abwehr hands on 15 July 1940. The handover took place on the Spanish border at Irun-Hendaye. A cover story that Ryan had "escaped" was released at the time. Ryan was taken to the Spanish border by Madrid-based Abwehr agent Wolfgang Blaum and handed over to Sonderführer Kurt Haller. From the border, Ryan was first taken to the resort town of Biarritz then on to Paris where he received several days' hospitality courtesy of the Abwehr.
    He was accused of murder, court-martialled, and sentenced to death before being incarcerated in Burgos Prison in 1938.
    More Details Hide Details He was under the death sentence for 16 months. During this time he expressed his disagreement with the IRA bombing campaign in England. His sentence was later commuted to thirty years hard labour in January 1940.
    On his return to Spain, he again served in the war until he was captured by Italian troops fighting for the Nationalists in March 1938.
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  • 1937
    Age 35
    He was seriously wounded in March 1937, and returned to Ireland to recover.
    More Details Hide Details He took advantage of the opportunity of his return to launch another left-republican newspaper, entitled The Irish Democrat.
  • 1936
    Age 34
    O'Donnell due to his age and Gilmore with a broken leg were not in a position to return to Spain to fight. Despite his deafness in late 1936 Ryan travelled to Spain with about 80 men he had succeeded in recruiting to fight in the International Brigades on the Republican side.
    More Details Hide Details Ryan's men are sometimes referred to as the "Connolly Column". He served in the Lincoln-Washington Brigade, rising to Brigadier. He was attached to the staff of the 15th International Brigade in charge of publicity – writing, broadcasting and visiting the front line to see conditions first-hand. He fought in a number of engagements – at the Battle of Jarama (February 1937) he took over command of the British Battalion (the Irish were split between this and the Lincoln Battalion) after it suffered heavy losses.
  • 1935
    Age 33
    In 1935, Ryan established two publishing concerns, the Cooperative Press and Liberty Press, to circumvent the difficulties in publishing left-wing material.
    More Details Hide Details During strikes in the first half of that year (butchers' shops in January, a tram and bus strike in March) and agitations for release of IRA prisoners which was still torn between a left-wing and a conservative faction and under tremendous pressure from the Government. The Republican Congress continued to work in close co-operation with other left-wing groups. From June onwards disputes arose between the IRA and the Congress, which the following year ran into debt due to election expenses, causing it to fold. With the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Peadar O'Donnell and then George Gilmore went to Spain on behalf of the Congress to report on proceedings, and returned enthusiastic supporters of the Spanish Republicans. Ryan was incensed at quasi-Fascist Blueshirt leader Eoin O'Duffy organising an Irish Brigade to fight with the Fascists, and in open letters to the papers criticised Cardinal McRory for raising funds at church collections to support Franco. The Congress started publicising the Spanish Republican cause in public meetings. This was no easy task, given the strength of pro-Franco feeling at the time, which was whipped up by sections of the Catholic Church and the Irish Independent. Pro-Republican meetings were frequently challenged, and on one occasion Ryan had to climb up a lamp-post to escape from a crowd which attacked a meeting he was addressing in York Street.
  • 1933
    Age 31
    In 1933, Ryan, along with George Gilmore and Peadar O'Donnell, proposed the establishment of a new left-republican organisation to be called the Republican Congress.
    More Details Hide Details This would form the basis of a mass revolutionary movement appealing to the working class and small farmers. At an IRA Army Convention, they narrowly failed to gain approval for the proposal. Ryan and his allies left the IRA to set it up, with Ryan becoming editor of its eponymous newspaper. The IRA leadership reacted by suspending them to await courtmartial, while IRA volunteers who supported the Congress were stood down. For months arguments raged both within the IRA and between the IRA and various left-wing organisations on how to deal with Government pressure, the growing Fascist tendency of Fine Gael, and whether to participate in elections. The IRA leadership managed to keep to its traditional path, though it did actively confront the Blueshirts.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1931
    Age 29
    In 1931 he was imprisoned for publishing seditious articles in An Phoblacht.
    More Details Hide Details Later that year, he was again imprisoned for contempt of court.
  • 1930
    Age 28
    In May 1930 Ryan spent several weeks in the US, addressing Irish conventions, where he witnessed the start of the Great Depression, and the ravages of unemployment.
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  • 1929
    Age 27
    "In 1929 the British Secret Service carried out an unsuccessful assassination attempt against him and he has often been in jail since."
    More Details Hide Details "He has extensive connections with the Irish republican circles up to de Valera's closest entourage and with de Valera himself, as well as to the Irish regular army, the nationalist Irishmen in Northern Ireland and especially the leading Irishmen in America."
    In 1929 Ryan was appointed editor of the Republican newspaper An Phoblacht, where he worked alongside Geoffrey Coulter, his assistant.
    More Details Hide Details Together they turned it into a lively political paper boosting the readership substantially. In this year he was elected to the Army Executive, a body one below the IRA Army Council.
  • 1927
    Age 25
    Ryan was always an anti-imperialist, and Peadar O'Donnell believes the biggest influence on Ryan's thinking in those days was the Congress of the League against Imperialism in Brussels, which he attended with Donal O'Donoghue, as delegates of the IRA, in February 1927.
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  • 1926
    Age 24
    In 1926, he was appointed adjutant of the Dublin Brigade and given the job of reorganisation.
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  • 1925
    Age 23
    He formed the University Republican Club and led it on demonstrations before graduation in 1925.
    More Details Hide Details After university he taught Irish at Mountjoy School (a Protestant school in Dublin), but journalism was his vocation. His day job was editing Irish Travel for the Tourist Board, while he also edited An tÓglach for the IRA. Evenings were devoted to teaching Irish at Conradh na Gaeilge, lecturing in history and literature, and leading the occasional céilidh.
  • 1924
    Age 22
    He was active in a number of Irish-language societies winning in 1924 the Cumann Gaedhealach's gold medal for oratory in Irish.
    More Details Hide Details During the Gaelic Revival era he was commissioned to write for Irish-language publications – he briefly edited An Reult.
  • 1923
    Age 21
    In November 1923 he was released and returned to University College Dublin.
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  • 1922
    Age 20
    He left before graduating to join the IRA's East Limerick Brigade in 1922.
    More Details Hide Details He fought on the Republican side in the Irish Civil War, and was wounded and interned.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1902
    Age 0
    Born in 1902.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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