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Franz Liszt

Composer + Conductor + Pedagogue + Pianist
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Born Oct 22, 1811

Franz Liszt; Hungarian: Liszt Ferencz, in modern use Liszt Ferenc, from 1859 to 1867 officially Franz Ritter von Liszt was a 19th-century Hungarian composer, pianist, conductor, and teacher. Liszt became renowned in Europe during the nineteenth century for his virtuosic skill as a pianist.… Read More

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Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Franz Liszt.

CHILDHOOD

1811 Birth Franz Liszt was born to Anna Liszt (née Maria Anna Lager) and Adam Liszt on October 22, 1811, in the village of Doborján in Sopron County, in the Kingdom of Hungary. … Read More
1820 9 Years Old He appeared in concerts at Sopron and Pressburg (present-day Bratislava, Slovakia) in October and November 1820 at age 9. … Read More

TEENAGE

1822 11 Years Old His public debut in Vienna on December 1, 1822, at a concert at the "Landständischer Saal," was a great success. … Read More
1823 12 Years Old 1 More Event
In spring 1823, when the one-year leave of absence came to an end, Adam Liszt asked Prince Esterházy in vain for two more years. … Read More
1827 16 Years Old After his father's death in 1827, Liszt moved to Paris; for the next five years he was to live with his mother in a small apartment. … Read More
1830 19 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Nevertheless, the July Revolution of 1830 inspired him to sketch a Revolutionary Symphony based on the events of the "three glorious days," and he took a greater interest in events surrounding him.

TWENTIES

1832 21 Years Old After attending an April 20, 1832, charity concert, for the victims of a Parisian cholera epidemic, by Niccolò Paganini, Liszt became determined to become as great a virtuoso on the piano as Paganini was on the violin. … Read More
1833 22 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1833 he made transcriptions of several works by Berlioz, including the Symphonie fantastique. … Read More
1834 23 Years Old In addition to this, at the end of April 1834 he made the acquaintance of Felicité de Lamennais. … Read More
1835 24 Years Old In 1835 the countess left her husband and family to join Liszt in Geneva; their daughter Blandine was born there on December 18. … Read More
1839 28 Years Old For the next four years, Liszt and the countess lived together, mainly in Switzerland and Italy, where their daughter, Cosima, was born in Como, with occasional visits to Paris. On May 9, 1839, Liszt's and the countess's only son, Daniel, was born, but that autumn relations between them became strained. … Read More

THIRTIES

1841 30 Years Old For the next eight years Liszt continued to tour Europe, spending holidays with the countess and their children on the island of Nonnenwerth on the Rhine in summers 1841 and 1843. … Read More
After 1842, "Lisztomania" swept across Europe. … Read More

FORTIES

1857 46 Years Old He gave lessons to a number of pianists, including the great virtuoso Hans von Bülow, who married Liszt's daughter Cosima in 1857 (years later, she would marry Richard Wagner). … Read More

FIFTIES

1861 - 1863 3 More Events
1865 54 Years Old 1 More Event
On April 25, 1865, he received the tonsure at the hands of Cardinal Hohenlohe.
1866 55 Years Old 1 More Event
On January 4, 1866, Liszt directed the "Stabat mater" of his "Christus-Oratorio", and on February 26, 1866, his "Dante Symphony". … Read More
1867 56 Years Old …  However, other pieces such as the "Marche funèbre, En mémoire de Maximilian I, Empereur du Mexique" ("Funeral march, In memory of Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico") composed in 1867 are without stylistic parallel in the 19th and 20th centuries. … Read More
1869 58 Years Old 1 More Event
Liszt was invited back to Weimar in 1869 to give master classes in piano playing. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

Unfortunately, Olga Janina fell in love with Liszt. They had a short affair, until in spring 1871—on Liszt's initiative—they separated. … Read More
1875 64 Years Old 1 More Event
The National Conservatory, of which the city Budapest was in charge, was until his death in 1875 directed by Baron Prónay. … Read More
1876 65 Years Old 1 More Event
According to his wishes, the Academy should have been opened not earlier than in late autumn 1876. … Read More
1877 66 Years Old The actual abilities Liszt's students at Budapest and the standard of their playing can only be guessed. Liszt's lessons of winter 1877–78 were in letters to Lina Ramann described by Auguste Rennebaum, herself Liszt's student at the Royal Academy. … Read More
Liszt fell down the stairs of a hotel in Weimar on July 2, 1881. … Read More
1883 72 Years Old During this time he also helped raise the profile of the exiled Wagner by conducting the overtures of his operas in concert, Liszt and Wagner would have a profound friendship that lasted until Wagner's death in Venice in 1883.
1884 73 Years Old 1 More Event
…  During a couple of months in summers 1884 and 1885 he studied with Liszt at Weimar. … Read More
1885 74 Years Old Liszt also worked until at least 1885 on a treatise for modern harmony. … Read More
Since Liszt had settled in Weimar, the number of those who received lessons from him was steadily increasing. Until his death in 1886 there would have been several hundred people who in some sense may have been regarded as his students. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franz_Liszt.
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