Franz Liszt

Composer + Conductor + Pedagogue + Pianist
Born Oct 22, 1811

Franz Liszt; in Hungarian: Liszt Ferencz, in modern use Liszt Ferenc; from 1859 to 1867 officially Franz Ritter von Liszt was a 19th-century Hungarian composer, pianist, conductor and teacher. Liszt became renowned in Europe during the nineteenth century for his virtuosic skill as a pianist. He was said by his contemporaries to have been the most technically advanced pianist of his age, and in the 1840s he was considered by some to be perhaps the greatest pianist of all time.… Read More

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1811 Birth Franz Liszt was born to Anna Liszt (née Maria Anna Lager) and Adam Liszt on October 22, 1811, in the village of Doborján (German: Raiding) in Sopron County, in the Kingdom of Hungary. … Read More
1820 9 Years Old He appeared in concerts at Sopron and Pressburg (Hungarian: Pozsony, present-day Bratislava, Slovakia) in October and November 1820 at age 9. … Read More


1822 11 Years Old Liszt's public debut in Vienna on December 1, 1822, at a concert at the "Landständischer Saal", was a great success. … Read More
1823 12 Years Old 1 More Event
In spring 1823, when his one-year leave of absence came to an end, Adam Liszt asked Prince Esterházy in vain for two more years. … Read More
1827 16 Years Old After his father's death in 1827, Liszt moved to Paris; for the next five years he was to live with his mother in a small apartment. … Read More
1830 19 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Nevertheless, the July Revolution of 1830 inspired him to sketch a Revolutionary Symphony based on the events of the "three glorious days," and he took a greater interest in events surrounding him.


1832 21 Years Old After attending an April 20, 1832, charity concert, for the victims of a Parisian cholera epidemic, organised by Niccolò Paganini, Liszt became determined to become as great a virtuoso on the piano as Paganini was on the violin. … Read More
1833 22 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1833 he made transcriptions of several works by Berlioz, including the Symphonie fantastique. … Read More
1834 23 Years Old In addition to this, at the end of April 1834 he made the acquaintance of Felicité de Lamennais. … Read More
1835 24 Years Old In 1835 the countess left her husband and family to join Liszt in Geneva; their daughter Blandine was born there on December 18. … Read More
1839 28 Years Old For the next four years, Liszt and the countess lived together, mainly in Switzerland and Italy, where their daughter, Cosima, was born in Como, with occasional visits to Paris. On May 9, 1839, Liszt's and the countess's only son, Daniel, was born, but that autumn relations between them became strained. … Read More


For the next eight years Liszt continued to tour Europe, spending holidays with the countess and their children on the island of Nonnenwerth on the Rhine in summers 1841 and 1843. … Read More
After 1842, "Lisztomania" - coined by 19th Century German poet and Liszt’s contemporary, Heinrich Heine - swept across Europe. … Read More


1856 45 Years Old …  Wagner held strong value towards Liszt and his musicality, once rhetorically stating "Do you know a musician who is more musical than Liszt?", and in 1856 stating "I feel thoroughly contemptible as a musician, whereas you, as I have now convinced myself, are the greatest musician of all times." … Read More
1857 46 Years Old He gave lessons to a number of pianists, including the great virtuoso Hans von Bülow, who married Liszt's daughter Cosima in 1857 (years later, she would marry Richard Wagner).


1861 - 1863 2 More Events
1865 54 Years Old 1 More Event
On April 25, 1865, he received the tonsure at the hands of Cardinal Hohenlohe.
1866 55 Years Old 1 More Event
On January 4, 1866, Liszt directed the "Stabat mater" of his "Christus-Oratorio", and on February 26, 1866, his "Dante Symphony". … Read More
1867 56 Years Old …  Other pieces such as the "Marche funèbre, En mémoire de Maximilian I, Empereur du Mexique" ("Funeral march, In memory of Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico") composed in 1867 are, however, without stylistic parallel in the 19th and 20th centuries. … Read More
1869 58 Years Old Liszt was invited back to Weimar in 1869 to give master classes in piano playing. … Read More


1871 60 Years Old …  They had a short affair, until in spring 1871—on Liszt's initiative—they separated. … Read More
1875 64 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In March 1875 Liszt was nominated as President.
1881 70 Years Old Liszt fell down the stairs of a hotel in Weimar on July 2, 1881. … Read More
1884 73 Years Old During a couple of months in summers 1884 and 1885 he studied with Liszt at Weimar. … Read More
…  His last stay was from January 30 to March 12, 1886. … Read More
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