Frederick William II of Prussia

Frederick William II of Prussia

King + Prince
Born Sep 25, 1744
Hometown Kingdom of Prussia
Died Nov 16, 1797
Death Place Kingdom of Prussia

Frederick William II was the King of Prussia, reigning from 1786 until his death. He was in personal union the Prince-Elector of Brandenburg and the sovereign prince of the Principality of Neuchâtel.

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1744 Birth Born in 1744.


1758 14 Years Old He was born in Berlin and became heir-presumptive to the throne of Prussia on his father's death in 1758, since Frederick II had no children. … Read More


1765 21 Years Old His marriage with Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Lüneburg, daughter of Charles I, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, contracted 14 July 1765 in Charlottenburg, was dissolved in 1769.
1769 25 Years Old He then married Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt, daughter of Ludwig IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt on 14 July 1769 also in Charlottenburg. … Read More


1780 36 Years Old But an artistic temperament was hardly what was required of a king of Prussia on the eve of the French Revolution; and Frederick the Great, who had employed him in various services - notably in an abortive confidential mission to the court of Russia in 1780 - openly expressed his misgivings as to the character of the prince and his surroundings. … Read More
1781 37 Years Old But these reforms were vitiated in their source. In 1781 Frederick William, then prince of Prussia, inclined to mysticism, had joined the Rosicrucians, and had fallen under the influence of Johann Christoph von Wöllner (1732–1800), and by him the royal policy was inspired. … Read More


1788 44 Years Old …  The opposition to Wöllner was, indeed, at the outset strong enough to prevent his being entrusted with the department of religion; but this too in time was overcome, and on 3 July 1788 he was appointed active privy councillor of state and of justice and head of the spiritual department for Lutheran and Catholic affairs. … Read More
1791 47 Years Old Meanwhile, the French Revolution had entered upon alarming phases, and in August 1791 Frederick William, at the meeting at Pillnitz Castle, arranged with Emperor Leopold II to join in supporting the cause of King Louis XVI of France. … Read More
1792 48 Years Old A formal alliance was indeed signed on 7 February 1792, and Frederick William took part personally in the campaigns of 1792 and 1793. … Read More
1793 49 Years Old 1 More Event
A subsidy treaty with the sea powers (19 April 1794) filled his coffers; but the insurrection in Poland that followed the partition of 1793, and the threat of the isolated intervention of Russia, hurried him into the separate Treaty of Basel with the French Republic (5 April 1795), which was regarded by the great monarchies as a betrayal, and left Prussia morally isolated in Europe on the eve of the titanic struggle between the monarchical principle and the new political creed of the Revolution.


1794 50 Years Old In his zeal for orthodoxy, indeed, Frederick William outstripped his minister; he even blamed Wöllner′s "idleness and vanity" for the inevitable failure of the attempt to regulate opinion from above, and in 1794 deprived him of one of his secular offices in order that he might have more time "to devote himself to the things of God"; in edict after edict the king continued to the end of his reign to make regulations "in order to maintain in his states a true and active Christianity, as the path to genuine fear of God." … Read More
1797 54 Years Old Died on November 16, 1797.
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