Frederick Chiluba
President of Zambia
Frederick Chiluba
Frederick Jacob Titus Chiluba was a Zambian politician who was the second President of Zambia from 1991 to 2002. Chiluba, a trade union leader, won the country's multi-party presidential election in 1991 as the candidate of the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD), defeating long-time President Kenneth Kaunda. He was re-elected in 1996.
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Frederick Chiluba's personal information overview.
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The Current parentage Clause in the Constitution Should Stand
LusakaTimes.com - almost 5 years
By Elisha K Musoma: The current parentage clause which forbids Zambians with foreign parents to stand for president in Zambia should not be tempered with as it didn’t come from late president Dr Fredrick Chiluba, but from the majority Zambians at large which included Sata himself, and Dr Kaunda just happened to be a victim. [...] No related posts.
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LusakaTimes.com article
RB to grace Kulamba - ZNBC
Google News - over 5 years
At the start of the ceremony, a minute of silence was observed for over 35 people who died in a road accident in Nyimba district, chiefs and second republican president Frederick Chiluba. Chewa chiefs from Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique will pay homage
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Constitution-making in Zambia - Mmegi Online
Google News - over 5 years
In 1981, the late second president Frederick Chiluba, who was then leader of ZCTU, was together with others detained without trial for resisting the interference of UNIP in its affairs. A decade later Chiluba asked Kaunda's government to revert Zambia
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2011 elections:Die is cast - Times of Zambia
Google News - over 5 years
FDD and HP were breakaway parties from the MMD formed after Dr Frederick Chiluba's failed third-term bid. Alliance for Democracy and Development, (ADD) Charles Milupi is among a group of new political parties that include Elias Chipimo's National
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Rupiah says he resisted pressure to jail Chiluba - postzambia.com
Google News - over 5 years
PRESIDENT Rupiah Banda says he has respect for the Zambian judicial system and this is why he resisted pressure to register the London High Court judgment against the late second Republican president Frederick Chiluba
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Down Memory Lane with By Austin Kaluba - UKZAMBIANS
Google News - over 5 years
I will look at items in the 90's and 2000 shortly after Frederick Chiluba had taken over power from Kenneth Kaunda. Come with me in the Police Arrow vehicle as we listen to Grand Funk Railroad Iam your Captain. 1. In the late 80's, a historic meeting
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Injunction to restrain Regina from Administering Late Chiluba's Easte Granted - Lusaka Times
Google News - over 5 years
The high court has granted an injunction against late former republican president, Frederick Chiluba's widow, Regina from administering his estate. The court granted the ex-parte injunction to the late Dr Chiluba's children on 5th August 2011
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Chiluba's children and his widow in row over former leader's wealth - Daily Nation
Google News - over 5 years
Former Zambian second President Frederick Chiluba (R) and his wife Regina at the swearing in ceremony of Rupiah Banda as Zambia's fourth president in Lusaka on November 2, 2008. ALEXANDER JOE/AFP/FILE/ By ELIAS MBAO NATION Correspondent The children of
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Chiluba never left a will-Regina - Lusaka Times
Google News - over 5 years
Late second Republican President, Dr. Frederick Chiluba's widow Regina has disclosed that her late husband never left a will. In a statement through, second Republican President's spokesperson, Emmanuel Mwamba, Mrs. Chiluba says all of Dr Chiluba's
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How did Rupiah free Chiluba from corruption charges? - postzambia.com
Google News - over 5 years
By The Post Ben Mwila says it will be abominable if the people of Luapula refuse to vote for Rupiah Banda because he freed the late Frederick Chiluba from corruption charges. Mwila says: “That's why PF became strong. Twalefwaya yapususha ba Chiluba. ... - -
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Fally urges youths to ensure peace during polls - postzambia.com
Google News - over 5 years
And Fally has said youths in the Democratic Republic of Congo are saddened by the demise of second Republican president Frederick Chiluba a fortnight ago. Fally made the appeal for peaceful elections in an interview shortly after expressing his
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Kabila, Tsvangirai, Mkapa attend Chiluba burial - Mmegi Online
Google News - over 5 years
LUSAKA: Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) President Joseph Kabila and Zimbabwean Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai were among foreign dignitaries who attended former president Frederick Chiluba's burial in Lusaka. Chiluba, who became Zambia's
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Chiluba's acquittal - postzambia.com
Google News - over 5 years
By Sishuwa Sishuwa, Oxford University President Rupiah Banda's claim that late president Levy Mwanawasa felt, towards the end of his tenure, that something had to be done to remove Frederick Chiluba from the 'persecution' he was facing in courts of law
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The mixed legacy of Frederick Chiluba - The Citizen Daily
Google News - over 5 years
On June 18, the second president of the Republic of Zambia, Frederick Chiluba, 68, died of heart complications that had been troubling him for a while since he retired from his historic presidency, which was marked by political and economic reforms but
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Zambia's Diseased Conscience: When Bereavement and Sickness Become Political ... - Lusaka Times
Google News - over 5 years
In contravention of this ban from Lubinda it was indeed quite embarrassing that Michael Sata went to Mulungushi Conference Center to view the body of Frederick Chiluba. What had happened to the ban that had been put just five days before?
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Zambia: US Envoy Praises Frederick Chiluba - AllAfrica.com
Google News - over 5 years
UNITED States (US) assistant secretary of State for African affairs, Johnnie Carson has said second president of the Republic of Zambia, Frederick Chiluba played an essential role in re-establishing multi-party democracy in Zambia. ... - -
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Michael Sata bids farewell to Frederick Chiluba - postzambia.com
Google News - over 5 years
MICHAEL Sata yesterday joined mourners in viewing the body of second Republican president Frederick Chiluba at Lusaka's Mulungushi International Conference Centre. Sata, who was in the company of PF chairperson for finance and former
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Chiluba's children want postmortem - postzambia.com
Google News - over 5 years
THE family of the late former president Frederick Chiluba is divided over the need for a postmortem to ascertain the cause of his death. And the Zambia Medical Association (ZMA) has said ... -
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Frederick Chiluba
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2011
    Age 67
    Chiluba died on June 18, 2011, shortly after midnight.
    More Details Hide Details His spokesman, Emmanuel Mwamba, announced his death. Mwamba stated that Chiluba had a normal day on June 17, and even had time to meet some of his lawyers. He later complained of stomach ache.
  • 2010
    Age 66
    Chiluba announced in January 2010 that he was supporting Banda for re-election in 2011, while also criticizing the main opposition leaders.
    More Details Hide Details Transparency International argued that Chiluba was endorsing Banda "so that he can be guaranteed his freedom", and Sata was similarly critical: "Chiluba will do anything possible to ensure that his friend remains in power."
  • 2009
    Age 65
    Chiluba was acquitted in 2009 - a decision that Sata alleged was "engineered" by Banda - and President Banda refused to allow the state to appeal the verdict or pursue the matter further.
    More Details Hide Details
    After leaving office, Chiluba was the subject of a long investigation and trial regarding alleged corruption; he was eventually acquitted in 2009.
    More Details Hide Details He was born to Jacob Titus Chiluba Nkonde and Diana Kaimba and grew up in Kitwe, Zambia. Chiluba has married twice. Frederick Chiluba did his secondary school of education at Kawambwa Secondary School in Kawambwa, where he was expelled in the second year for political activities. He became a bus conductor, and later a politician due to his charismatic personality. He worked as city councilor before becoming an accounts assistant at Atlas Copco, and rose in his rankings, in Ndola where he joined the National Union of Building.
  • 2008
    Age 64
    After Mwanawasa's death in 2008, Vice-President Rupiah Banda succeeded him and Chiluba's fortunes improved markedly.
    More Details Hide Details
    In May 2008, the government announced that it had recovered nearly 60 million dollars in money and assets allegedly stolen during Chiluba's presidency.
    More Details Hide Details Having long suffered from health problems, Mwanawasa died later in 2008. Chiluba was acquitted on all charges on 17 August 2009.
  • 2007
    Age 63
    Chiluba collapsed on 24 May 2007 due to heart trouble and was hospitalized.
    More Details Hide Details He was released from the hospital on 29 May, and on 30 May doctors judged him to be fit to stand trial on the embezzlement charges following an examination. On 31 May, a court ruled that his trial should proceed, although his lawyers argued that it should not due to his poor health. The judge rejected arguments from Chiluba’s lawyers and doctors that the former president is too sick to face prosecution over graft charges. On 27 July he was flown to South Africa to be treated for heart trouble; this had been approved by the government earlier in the month. He was scheduled to appear in court for his trial on 14 August, and he returned to Zambia on 11 August, saying in an interview that he was "surviving on God's will". His spokesman said that his illness made it uncertain whether he would appear in court; in July, it was ruled that, if necessary, Chiluba would participate in the trial through video or a judge would go to his home. On 14 August, Chiluba rejected the idea of participating in the trial through video, saying that it would be illegal.
    On 4 May 2007 he was found guilty of stealing $46m (£23m) in a civil case by a UK court.
    More Details Hide Details London high court judge Peter Smith accused Chiluba of shamelessly defrauding his people and flaunting his wealth with an expensive wardrobe of "stupendous proportions". He also castigated his lawyer, Iqbal Meer, saying "I am satisfied that no honest solicitor in his position would have done what he did." His unquestioning acceptance of the money - transferred to a London bank account by the Zambian intelligence service - was "classic blind eye dishonesty". An appeal against the ruling was allowed by the court of appeal in 2008. Chiluba, however, continued to plead innocence and refused to recognise the verdict of the Judge Peter Smith who he accused of having been bribed by the Mwanawasa government. It is yet to be seen what effect the civil ruling in the UK will have on the criminal proceedings in the Zambian courts. Chiluba indicated at the time that the judgement in the UK had rendered the criminal proceedings in Zambia academic by heavily prejudicing his case.
  • 2006
    Age 62
    Chiluba's relationship with President Mwanawasa and the MMD soured badly after he was charged with corruption. He backed Mwanawasa's main opponent, Michael Sata, in the 2006 presidential election.
    More Details Hide Details
    In early 2006, Chiluba was flown to South Africa for medical attention for a heart condition.
    More Details Hide Details After resisting the government's call for him to return to Zambia for what they termed as long-term treatment, he returned on July 15.
  • FIFTIES
  • 2003
    Age 59
    After leaving office, Chiluba was a target of Mwanawasa's campaign against corruption: in February 2003, he was charged along with his former intelligence chief, Xavier Chungu, and several former ministers and senior officials, with 168 counts of theft totalling more than $40m.
    More Details Hide Details It was alleged that money was diverted from the Ministry of Finance into an account held at the London branch of the Zambia National Commercial Bank (Zanaco). Chiluba said the account was used by the country's intelligence services to fund operations abroad. Investigators said it was a slush fund, used to meet Chiluba and Chungu's private and personal expenses. Most of the charges that were made against him were later dropped, but others remained. In addition, his wife Regina was arrested for receiving stolen goods.
  • 2002
    Age 58
    On May 6, 2002, Chiluba married his third wife, Regina Mwanza, the former chairperson of women's affairs for the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy (MMD), in Lusaka.
    More Details Hide Details Chiluba's personal appearance and dapper dress as well as his short stature (Chiluba stood just 1.5 m (5 ft) tall) was taken notice of both by his supporters and opponents throughout his career. In connection to European corruption allegations against him in the late 2000s, it was revealed that a Swiss shop had produced over 100 pairs of size 6 shoes for him with two inch heels, many monogrammed. His careful appearance and taste for fine suits became a trademark, and was noted during his corruption trial. In a particularly harsh example, Zambian Post writer Roy Clarke ran a recurring column which lampooned the President during his time in office as "a vain, cross-dressing, high-heel wearing, adulterous, dwarf thief". Political opponents make reference to these charges and traits in their criticisms of Chiluba's rule. Candidate Michael Sata, for instance, has played on this popular stereotype of Chiluba, charging that "Chiluba's thinking is as tall as he is... We are not going to steal money, we are not going to plunder, we are not going to buy suits, we are not going to buy shoes. We are not going to give girls houses " President Kaunda famously referred to Chiluba as the "Four-foot Dwarf" during Chiluba's rise in opposition politics. Chiluba was acquitted of all corruption charges in August 2009. Mr Chiluba had also been described by the BBC as "a fervent born-again Christian " whose " private life was the subject of much gossip."
    He stepped down at the end of his term on January 2, 2002, and was replaced by Levy Mwanawasa, his one-time vice-president.
    More Details Hide Details Chiluba started out as a socialist, but accepted some economic reforms. Chiluba can be said to have left both an economic and a political legacy. Economically he started the process of ending Zambia's socialist command economy. He presided over various economic reforms. There are mixed feelings in Zambia on the effectiveness of the economic transformation initiated by the Chiluba government. He helped broker a peace agreement to end the war in the neighbouring Democratic Republic of the Congo, but failed to stop the escalating crime and poverty in Zambia. Chiluba opposed international economic institutions. His successor Levy Mwanawasa re-established relations with IMF and World Bank which had been abolished during Chiluba's government.
  • 2001
    Age 57
    In late 2001, Chiluba divorced his second wife, Vera, with whom he had nine children, namely Helen, Miko, Hortensia, Castro, Chongo, Kaindu, Huldah, Frederick Jr and Verocia.
    More Details Hide Details With his first wife he had Tito and Nikombe. He later married the MMD Women's Chairperson, Regina Mwanza a divorcee. Despite his party's overwhelming majority in parliament, he failed to win support in his bid to amend the constitution allowing him to run for a third term. No member of parliament ever moved the motion in the house to amend the national constitution, the government never presented any paper on the matter nor was there any referendum to amend the national constitution. The third term debate was between different groups within and outside the MMD. Chiluba himself was quiet about it.
    As he was unable to run for a third term in 2001, former Vice President Levy Mwanawasa instead ran as the MMD candidate and succeeded him.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 2000
    Age 56
    Frederick Chiluba and his second wife, former First Lady of Zambia Vera Tembo, with whom he has nine children, divorced in 2000 after thirty-three years of marriage. Tembo has gone on to pursue a political career of her own, becoming MMD Chairperson for Women's Affairs, being elected to the Zambian Parliament, and becoming deputy Minister of the Environment in 2006.
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  • 1997
    Age 53
    In 1997 his government survived a coup attempt.
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  • 1996
    Age 52
    Some candidates in the 1996 presidential elections challenged his eligibility on these grounds, claiming that he or his real father was born in Zaire.
    More Details Hide Details There is, however, no doubt that he was raised in the Copperbelt of Zambia and this contributed to his taking up of unionism.
    He won re-election to a second five-year term in 1996 despite a lawsuit questioning his birthplace and hence his eligibility for the post.
    More Details Hide Details Chiluba attempted to deport Kaunda on the grounds that he was a Malawian. He amended the constitution in order to stop citizens with foreign parentage from standing for the presidency, aimed at disqualifying Kaunda.
    He was re-elected in 1996.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1991
    Age 47
    Chiluba, a trade union leader, won the country's multi-party presidential election in 1991 as the candidate of the Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD), defeating long-time President Kenneth Kaunda.
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  • 1990
    Age 46
    In 1990 he helped form the Movement for Multiparty Democracy (MMD), a party that, with Chiluba as its presidential candidate, went on to successfully challenge Kaunda's rule in the 1991 elections.
    More Details Hide Details Chiluba was a powerful speaker with a natural charm and charisma. Chiluba took office on November 2 of that year.
  • 1987
    Age 43
    In 1987, he successfully withstood challenge to his chairmanship of NUBEGW that would have put his ZCTU position in jeopardy.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1981
    Age 37
    Chiluba went on to win the chairmanship of the Zambia Congress of Trade Unions (ZCTU). He and several leaders in ZCTU were detained in 1981 by President Kenneth Kaunda for calling a wildcat strike that paralyzed most of the Zambian economy.
    More Details Hide Details The union leaders were released after a judge ruled their detention as unconstitutional.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1943
    Born
    Born on April 30, 1943.
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