Frida Kahlo
Mexican artist
Frida Kahlo
Frida Kahlo de Rivera was a Mexican painter, born in Coyoacán, who is best known for her self-portraits. Kahlo's life began and ended in Mexico City, in her home known as the Blue House. She gave her birth date as July 7, 1910, but her birth certificate shows July 6, 1907.
Biography
Frida Kahlo's personal information overview.
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News
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Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera: Masterpieces from the Gelman Collection at the ... - Art Daily
Google News - over 5 years
Pallant House Gallery is presenting 'Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera: Masterpieces from the Gelman Collection'. This major touring exhibition, which is in Chichester for its only UK showing, brings together the iconic paintings of Frida Kahlo (1907
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Sorry, Frida Kahlo. My Chicana Heart Belongs to Another (Cue ABBA!) - Fox News
Google News - over 5 years
(Photo by Sean Gallup/Getty Images) Without fail, around July 6 th (Frida Kahlo's birthday) or near August 26 th (Frida and Diego Rivera's wedding anniversary), I'm invited to at least one or two artsy-like events celebrating the work, the life,
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Latino Heritage Month at San Francisco MoMA - Bloginity (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Iconic Mexican artists Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo are represented along with their contemporaries Jose Clemente Orozco and Rufino Tamayo, all of whose paintings tell a story. Other featured works include a geometric abstract by Uruguayan artist
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Where passion ran riot - Sydney Morning Herald
Google News - over 5 years
But in terms of tourist dollars, marketing and visibility, arguably no couple in history is more celebrated than Mexico's uber-lovers, Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera. From museums to public spaces, from handbags to coffee mugs, posters to motion pictures
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Frida Kahlo & Diego Rivera, at Pallant House, Chichester, Seven magazine review - Telegraph.co.uk
Google News - over 5 years
By Alastair Smart And so to the latest episode of the Frida and Diego telenovela. No matter that both died in the Fifties: they live on through their art and larger-than-life personae, plus the mythology that's built up around them as two tempestuous
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SFMOMA transitions to in-house multimedia tours - San Francisco Chronicle
Google News - over 5 years
A visitor examines a portrait by Frida Kahlo at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. A decade ago two companies, Antenna and Acoustiguide, dominated the marketing of audio tours of museum collections and special exhibitions
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Dead artists paint a different picture - The Media Co-op
Google News - over 5 years
The dead artists, including Frida Kahlo, Salvador Dali, Jackson Pollock, Andy Warhol and Vincent Van Gogh, took exception. Artist after artist pointed to the richness of arts and arts organizations long active in the area. They also renewed calls for
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Tortilla Flats Pays Tribute to Frida Kahlo - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
She's mostly known for for her explicit paintings and tumultuous marriage to Diego Rivera, but it turns out that Frida Kahlo was also quite the cook. In a life punctuated by pain (as a child she survived both polio and a bus crash
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A San Diego Barrio's $58 Million Moment Arrives - New York Times
Google News - over 5 years
The contested site is today Chicano Park, a symbolic center of the community, where the bridge piers are covered in colorful murals depicting Emiliano Zapata, Frida Kahlo and other figures from Mexican history and pop culture. The area has a population
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Kate Middleton's Skid Row Artwork: How Much Would it Sell for? - International Business Times
Google News - over 5 years
Sample The Art History major may not be the next Georgia O'Keeffe or Frida Kahlo, but her simple snail was perfect for the occasion, not outshining any of the childrens artwork, and proved that she has a bit of a playful side
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The art of fashion - The Hindu
Google News - over 5 years
Graceful gowns inspired by the works of Tamara de Lempicka, streamlined looks taken from the Cubist movement, Pop Art in lollipop shades on tees, Op Art with its optical illusion on dresses and Frida Kahlo's melancholic mood translated onto maxi
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Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera offer taste of Mexican modernism at Pallant House - Culture24
Google News - over 5 years
Frida Kahlo, arguably the most famous female artist of the 20th century, has never been shown in the UK alongside her husband, Diego Rivera. In some parts of the world, Rivera is even better known, so this show was always
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Kahlo comes home to Ransom Center - UT The Daily Texan
Google News - over 5 years
Lucy Mears examines a Frida Kahlo painting at the Harry Ransom Center Wednesday afternoon. The painting was installed in the lobby of the Ransom Center last week. A famous Frida Kahlo self-portrait has returned to the Harry Ransom Center after more
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Mexico's Fine Arts Institute celebrates 65th anniversary - Fox News
Google News - over 5 years
Mexico City – The National Fine Arts Institute, or INBA, is celebrating its 65th anniversary with an exhibition in Mexico City showing the best of its treasures, including works by Frida Kahlo, Rufino Tamayo and Saturnino Herran
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The cult of Kahlo - Irish Times
Google News - over 5 years
Frida Kahlo blazed a trail that has outlasted her, leaving behind a legacy of self-expression, individualism and art. This fashion shoot channels her iconic image, writes DEIRDRE MCQUILLAN HEN IT COMES to dressing for effect, there was no better
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Freedom for Frida Kahlo - The Guardian
Google News - over 5 years
Paintings by Frida Kahlo and her husband are being shown side by side in the UK for the first time. But does this add to her greatness – or detract from it? 'My child, my lover, my universe' … Kahlo and Rivera in the 1940s
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Sales Leads: BB&T, Chrysler, AT&T, MasterCard… - Portada Magazine
Google News - over 5 years
The Heineken-owned Mexican brand is expected to announce this week that it has partnered with the Frida Kahlo estate to launch a Limited Edition Frida Kahlo-themed Bohemia packaging in the US featuring the iconic, world renowned Mexican painter
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Dress like Frida, win a $50 Calacas gift certificate - OCRegister
Google News - over 5 years
Artists can submit work in any medium, as long as it has a Frida Kahlo theme. Up to four works will be accepted per artist, and the deadline is June 25. "This is the first contest and first Frida art show we've had," said Jackie Cordova,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Frida Kahlo
    FORTIES
  • 1954
    Age 46
    At approximately 6 a.m. on July 13, 1954, she was found dead in her bed by her nurse.
    More Details Hide Details Kahlo was 47 years old. The official cause of death was pulmonary embolism, although no autopsy was performed. The nurse, who counted Kahlo's painkillers to monitor her drug use, stated that Kahlo had taken an overdose the night she died; she had been prescribed a maximum dose of seven pills, but the morning she was found dead, it was apparent that she had taken eleven. She had also given Rivera a wedding anniversary present that evening, over a month in advance. Due to these details, the lack of autopsy, her previous suicide attempt, and the contents of her diary, Herrera has argued that Kahlo in fact committed suicide. On the evening of July 13, Kahlo's body was taken to the Palacio de Bellas Artes, where it laid in state under a Communist flag. The following day, it was carried to the Panteón Civil de Dolores, where friends and family attended an informal funeral ceremony, while hundreds of admirers stood outside. In accordance to her wishes, Kahlo was cremated. Rivera, who stated that her death was "the most tragic day of my life", died three years later in 1957. He bequeathed La Casa Azul to the people of Mexico, and it was opened as a museum in 1958; her ashes are displayed there in a pre-Columbian urn.
    The demonstration worsened her illness, and on the night of July 12, 1954, Kahlo had high fever and was in pain.
    More Details Hide Details
    In her last days, Kahlo was mostly bedridden with bronchopneumonia, although she made a public appearance on July 2, 1954, participating with Rivera in a demonstration against the CIA invasion of Guatemala.
    More Details Hide Details She seemed to anticipate her death, speaking about it often to visitors and drawing skeletons and angels in her diary. The last drawing was a black angel, which biographer Hayden Herrera interprets as the Angel of Death. It was accompanied by the last words she wrote, "I hope the exit is joyful — and I hope never to return — Frida" ("Espero alegre la salida — y espero no volver jamás").
    She wrote in her diary in February 1954 that "they have given me centuries of torture and at moments I almost lost my reason.
    More Details Hide Details I keep on wanting to kill myself. Diego is what keeps me from it through my vain idea that he would miss me.... But never in my life have I suffered more. I will wait a while " She was again hospitalized in April and May. That spring, she also resumed painting again after a year's interval. Her paintings from this period include the political Marxism Will Give Health to the Sick (c. 1954) and Frida and Stalin (c. 1954), and the still-life Viva La Vida (1954).
  • 1953
    Age 45
    Kahlo's right leg was amputated at the knee due to gangrene in August 1953.
    More Details Hide Details She became severely depressed, and after hearing that Rivera was having yet another affair, attempted suicide by overdose. Her addiction to painkillers escalated, and her mood was often extremely irritable and anxious.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1939
    Age 31
    Both Kahlo and Rivera broke with Trotskyism and openly became supporters of Stalin in 1939.
    More Details Hide Details In 1938, Kahlo travelled alone to New York for her first solo exhibition; she was celebrated "like a movie star". There she met Hungarian photographer Nickolas Muray, with whom she began a 10-year love affair.
    The couple divorced in November 1939, but remarried in December 1940.
    More Details Hide Details
    At the invitation of André Breton, she went to France during 1939 and was featured at an exhibition of her paintings in Paris.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1938
    Age 30
    In 1938, Kahlo had her only solo gallery showing in the United States at the Julien Levy Gallery.
    More Details Hide Details The works were well received and several prominent artists attended the event.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1937
    Age 29
    During 1937, Trotsky lived initially with Rivera and then at Kahlo's home where he and Kahlo had an affair. Trotsky and his wife then relocated to another house in Coyoacán where, in 1940, he was assassinated.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1932
    Age 24
    She painted Henry Ford Hospital right after her miscarriage in 1932.
    More Details Hide Details In this work, Frida depicts herself on a bed bleeding, with the cold and industrial feeling from being far from home in Detroit, shown behind her. She chose to paint on a sheet of metal. Kahlo created at least 140 paintings, along with dozens of drawings and studies. Of her paintings, 55 are self-portraits which often incorporate symbolic portrayals of physical and psychological wounds. She insisted, "I never painted dreams. I painted my own reality." Diego Rivera had a great influence on Kahlo's painting style. Kahlo had always admired Rivera and his work. She first approached him in the Ministry of Public Education, where he had been working on a mural in 1927. She showed him four of her paintings, and asked whether he considered her gifted. Rivera was impressed and said, "You have got talent." After that, he became a frequent welcomed guest at Kahlo's house. He gave her many insights about her artwork while still leaving her space to explore herself. The positive and encouraging comments made by Rivera strengthened Kahlo's wish to pursue a career as an artist.
  • 1929
    Age 21
    They began an intimate relationship and were married in 1929, despite the disapproval of Kahlo's mother.
    More Details Hide Details Their marriage was often troubled. Kahlo and Rivera both had irritable temperaments and numerous extramarital affairs. The bisexual Kahlo had affairs with both men and women, including Isamu Noguchi; rumors of an affair with Josephine Baker, enhanced by scenes from the movie Frida, have not been substantiated. Rivera knew of and tolerated her relationships with women, but her relationships with men made him jealous. For her part, Kahlo was furious when she learned that Rivera had an affair with her younger sister, Cristina.
    Soon after the marriage, in late 1929, Kahlo and Rivera moved to Cuernavaca, where he was commissioned by American ambassador Dwight W. Morrow to paint murals for the Palace of Cortés.
    More Details Hide Details Around the same time, he resigned from the Communist party after being accused of disloyalty, and she also resigned in solidarity. In the late 1920s, Kahlo changed her artistic style, beginning to draw inspiration increasingly from Mexican folk art. Art historian Andrea Kettenmann states that she may have been influenced Adolfo Best Maugard's treatise on the subject, as she incorporated many of the characteristics outlined by him, for example the lack of perspective, and the combining of elements from pre-Columbian and colonial periods of Mexican art. Similarly to many other Mexican women artists and intellectuals at the time, Kahlo also began wearing traditional indigenous Mexican peasant clothing to emphasize her mestiza ancestry: long and colorful skirts, huipils and rebozos, elaborate headdresses and masses of jewelry. She especially favored the dress of women from the allegedly matriarchal society of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, who had come to represent "an authentic and indigenous Mexican cultural heritage" in post-revolutionary Mexico. The Tehuana outfit allowed Kahlo to express her feminist and anti-colonialist ideals, hid her damaged body, and appealed to Rivera, who believed that "Mexican women who do not wear clothing... are mentally and emotionally dependent on a foreign class to which they wish to belong". Her identification with la raza, the people of Mexico, and her profound interest in its culture were to remain important facets of her art throughout the rest of her life.
    They were married in a civil ceremony at the town hall of Coyoacán on August 21, 1929.
    More Details Hide Details Kahlo's parents described the union as a "marriage between an elephant and a dove", referring to the couple's differences in appearance — he was over six feet tall and weighed around 300 pounds, while she was 5'3” and 98 pounds. While her mother was against the marriage, her father approved of it as Rivera would be able to pay for Kahlo's continuing medical expenses. The wedding was reported by both Mexican and international press, and the marriage would be subject to constant media attention in Mexico in the coming years, with articles referring to the couple with the familiar names "Diego and Frida".
  • 1928
    Age 20
    At one of Modotti's parties in June 1928, Kahlo was also introduced to Diego Rivera, one of Mexico's most celebrated artists and a notable figure in the Communist Party.
    More Details Hide Details They had already met briefly in 1922, when he was painting a mural at her school. Shortly after they were introduced, Kahlo approached him to judge whether her paintings showed enough talent for her to pursue a career as an artist. Rivera recalled being impressed by her works, stating that they showed "an unusual energy of expression, precise delineation of character, and true severity... They had a fundamental plastic honesty, and an artistic personality of their own... It was obvious to me that this girl was an authentic artist". Kahlo began a relationship with Rivera, despite the fact that he was 42 years old, had had two common law wives, and was a well-known womanizer.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1927
    Age 19
    Kahlo's confinement was over by late 1927, and she began again socializing with her old school friends, who were now at university and involved in student politics.
    More Details Hide Details She joined the Mexican Communist Party, and was introduced to a circle of political activists and artists, including the exiled Cuban communist Julio Antonio Mella, and the Italian-American photographer Tina Modotti.
  • 1926
    Age 18
    She continued to experience fatigue and back pain throughout 1926, so doctors ordered x-rays which revealed that the accident had also displaced three vertebrae.
    More Details Hide Details Her treatment included wearing a plaster corset and being confined to bed at La Casa Azul for several months. The accident ended Kahlo's dreams of becoming a doctor, and she experienced pain and illness for the rest of her life. To occupy herself during her recovery, she began to paint with the aid of a special easel that made it possible for her to paint in bed, and a mirror that was placed above her so that she could see herself. She started to consider a career as a medical illustrator, which would have allowed her to combine her interests in science and art, and began to use painting to explore questions of identity and existence. Kahlo later stated that the accident and the isolating recovery period made her desire "to begin again, painting things just as I saw them with my own eyes and nothing more."
  • 1925
    Age 17
    On September 17, 1925, Kahlo and Gómez Arias were on their way home from school when the wooden bus they were riding collided with a streetcar.
    More Details Hide Details Several people were killed, and Kahlo suffered nearly fatal injuries--an iron handrail impaled her through her pelvis, fracturing the bone, and she also fractured several ribs, her legs, and a collarbone. She initially spent a month in the hospital and two months recovering at home, before being able to return to work to cover her medical expenses.
    In addition to her other hobbies, Kahlo enjoyed art, attending drawing classes by her father's friend, printmaker Fernando Fernández and filling notebooks with sketches. In 1925, she began to work alongside school to help her family.
    More Details Hide Details After taking classes in typing and shorthand writing and briefly holding positions at a pharmacy, a lumber yard and a factory, she became a paid engraving apprentice for Fernández. Although she did not consider art as a career during this time, he was impressed by her skill she demonstrated when she copied works by Swedish Impressionist painter Anders Zorn.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1910
    Age 2
    The show was touted as a "centennial" exhibition, because of Kahlo's "preferred" birth year in 1910 during the Mexican Revolution.
    More Details Hide Details La Casa Azul (The Blue House) in Coyoacán, Mexico City, also referred to as Museo Frida Kahlo since it became a museum in 1958, is the family home where Frida Kahlo grew up and to which she returned in her final years. Her father, Guillermo Kahlo, built the house in 1907 as the Kahlo family home. Leon Trotsky stayed at this house when he first arrived in Mexico in 1937. Trotsky's final site of residence in Mexico City is located in close proximity to the Casa Azul. Kahlo and Rivera lived together in the Blue House between 1929 and 1954. Diego Rivera donated it upon his death in 1957, three years after that of Kahlo. The house is a museum containing artifacts of her life and is a popular tourist destination.
    To mask the fact that she was older than her school friends, and to declare herself a "daughter of the revolution", she began saying that she had been born on July 7, 1910, the year the Mexican Revolution began, a habit which she would continue throughout her life.
    More Details Hide Details Her first romantic relationship was with a fellow Cachuca, Alejandro Gómez Arias.
  • 1907
    Born
    Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Calderón was born on July 6, 1907 in Coyoacán, a village on the outskirts of Mexico City.
    More Details Hide Details Kahlo always stated that she was born at the family home, La Casa Azul (The Blue House), but according to the official birth registry, the birth took place at the nearby home of her maternal grandmother. Kahlo's parents were photographer Guillermo Kahlo (1871–1941) and Matilde Calderón y González (1876–1932). Originally from Germany, Guillermo had emigrated to Mexico in 1891, after epilepsy caused by an accident ended his university studies. Although Kahlo claimed that her father was Jewish, genealogical research has shown that he came from a Lutheran background. Matilde was born in Oaxaca to an indigenous father and a mother of Spanish descent. In addition to Kahlo, the marriage produced daughters Matilde (c. 1898–1951), Adriana (c. 1902–1968), and Cristina (c. 1908–1964). She also had two half-sisters from Guillermo's first marriage, María Luisa and Margarita, but they were raised in a convent.
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