Gabriele d'Annunzio

Gabriele d'Annunzio

Italian Poet + Essayist + Soldier
Born Mar 12, 1863

Gabriele D'Annunzio, Principe di Montenevoso, sometimes spelled d'Annunzio was an Italian writer, poet, journalist, playwright and soldier during World War I. He occupied a prominent place in Italian literature from 1889 to 1910 and after that political life from 1914 to 1924. He was nicknamed Il Vate (The Poet) and Il Profeta (The Prophet).… Read More

related links

News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Gabriele d'Annunzio.


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Gabriele d'Annunzio.


1863 Birth Born on March 12, 1863.


1881 18 Years Old In 1881 D'Annunzio entered the University of Rome La Sapienza, where he became a member of various literary groups, including Cronaca Bizantina and wrote articles and criticism for local newspapers. … Read More


1883 20 Years Old In 1883 D'Annunzio married Maria Hardouin di Gallese, and had three sons, but the marriage ended in 1891.


1894 31 Years Old In 1894 he began a love affair with the famous actress Eleonora Duse which became a cause célèbre.
1897 34 Years Old In 1897 D'Annunzio was elected to the Chamber of Deputies for a three-year term, where he sat as an independent.
1900 37 Years Old …  One of D'Annunzio's most significant novels, scandalous in its day, is Il fuoco (The Flame of Life) of 1900, in which he portrays himself as the Nietzschean Superman Stelio Effrena, in a fictionalized account of his love affair with Eleonora Duse. … Read More


1903 40 Years Old After meeting the Marchesa (Luisa) Casati in 1903, he began a life long turbulent on again off again affair with Luisa, that lasted until a few years before his death.
1910 47 Years Old 1 More Event
He provided leading roles for her in his plays of the time such as La città morta (The Dead City) (1898) and Francesca da Rimini (1901), but the tempestuous relationship finally ended in 1910.
1911 48 Years Old There he collaborated with composer Claude Debussy on a musical play Le martyre de Saint Sébastien (The Martyrdom of St Sebastian), 1911, written for Ida Rubinstein. … Read More
1912 49 Years Old In 1912 and 1913, D'Annunzio worked with opera composer Mascagni on his opera Parisina, staying sometimes in a house rented by the composer in Bellevue, near Paris. … Read More


1918 55 Years Old 1 More Event
In February 1918 he took part in a daring, if militarily irrelevant, raid on the harbour of Bakar (known in Italy as La beffa di Buccari, lit. the Bakar Mockery), helping to raise the spirits of the Italian public, still battered by the Caporetto disaster.
1919 56 Years Old 1 More Event
The War strengthened his ultra-nationalist and irredentist views, and he campaigned widely for Italy to assume a role alongside her wartime Allies as a first-rate European power. Angered by the proposed handing over of the city of Fiume (now Rijeka in Croatia) which had an Italian majority population, at the Paris Peace Conference, on 12 September 1919, he led the seizure by 2,000 Italian nationalist irregulars of the city, forcing the withdrawal of the inter-Allied (American, British and French) occupying forces. … Read More
1920 57 Years Old One historian had rightly described him as the 'First Duce' and Mussolini must have heaved a sigh of relief when he was driven from Fiume in December 1920 and his followers were dispersed.
1921 58 Years Old But he remained a threat to Mussolini and in 1921 Fascists like Balbo seriously considered turning to him for leadership. … Read More
1922 59 Years Old D'Annunzio was seriously injured when he fell out of a window on 13 August 1922; subsequently the planned "meeting for national pacification" with Francesco Saverio Nitti and Mussolini was cancelled. … Read More


1933 70 Years Old He wrote to Mussolini in 1933 to try to convince him not to take part in the Axis pact with Hitler.
1934 71 Years Old In 1934, he tried to disrupt the relationship between Hitler and Mussolini after their meeting, even writing a satirical pamphlet about Hitler. … Read More
1937 74 Years Old …  In 1937 he was made president of the Royal Academy of Italy.
1938 75 Years Old 1 More Event
Nonetheless, D'Annunzio kept attempting to intervene in politics almost until his death in 1938.
Original Authors of this text are noted on'Annunzio.
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.