Gary Doer
Canadian politician
Gary Doer
Gary Albert Doer, OM is a Canadian diplomat and politician from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. Since October 19, 2009, he has served as Canada's Ambassador to the United States. Doer previously served as the 20th Premier of Manitoba from 1999 to 2009, leading a New Democratic Party government.
Biography
Gary Doer's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Gary Doer from around the web
Christian 'Elect' Elect Trump !
Huffington Post - 3 months
Independent Voter: 'Good people can be deceived. Jesus plainly predicted that the Christian elect were susceptible to deception (Matthew 24:24), and Jesus was never more right in any of his predictions than this.' Trump Christian Voter: 'Oh, really? Come on. Is there any actual historical instance of the Christian elect being deceived? I can't think of one.' Independent Voter: 'I suppose I could cite the fifteen-hundred-year-long treatment of Jews. The Christian elect were deceived in preventing Jews from holding public office in Christian Europe, and not allowing Jews to marry Christians, and making Jews wear distinctive clothing 700 years ago, and accusing Jews of killing Christian babies to use baby blood to make bread, and accusing Jews of urinating and defecating upon Christian holy objects like crosses and communion bread, and accusing Jews of poisoning Christians in the bubonic plague, and calling Jews Christ Killers and God Killers and Satan's Spawn, and not allowing Jew ...
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Huffington Post article
Canada needs to combat big money in US politics: ambassador - CTV News
Google News - about 1 year
CTV News Canada needs to combat big money in US politics: ambassador CTV News OTTAWA -- Canada's ambassador to the U.S. says this country needs to find a way to combat the influence of big money in American politics, which he says gets in the way of the interests of both countries. Gary Doer told a luncheon in Ottawa on ... Gary Doer says Donald Trump should be taken seriously as candidateCBC.ca Politics 204 for December 2Winnipeg Free Press Canada needs strategy to combat influence of money in US politics: ambassadorTimes Colonist iPolitics.ca (subscription) -Smithers Interior News all 25 news articles »
Article Link:
Google News article
Canadian Ambassador Gary Doer, U.S. Lawmakers Push Keystone Pipeline Approval
Huffington Post - about 3 years
WASHINGTON (AP) — An unusual coalition of lawmakers from both parties, labor and business leaders, veterans groups and Canada's ambassador to the United States joined forces Tuesday to push for quick approval of the Keystone XL oil pipeline. Five Democrats joined Republicans at a Capitol news conference to urge President Barack Obama to approve the pipeline following a State Department report last week that raised no major environmental objections. The $7 billion pipeline would carry oil from tar sands in western Canada to refineries along the Texas Gulf Coast. The project has lingered for more than five years and has become a symbol of the political debate over climate change. Canadian Ambassador Gary Doer also spoke at the news conference, along with labor union officials and a retired Navy admiral. A top oil industry lobbyist attended the event but did not speak. Environmental groups that oppose the pipeline have been making a lot of "noise," Doer said, but polls show a majority ...
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Huffington Post article
Do Politicians Make Good Diplomats? (VIDEO)
Huffington Post - over 3 years
On this week's episode of "Conversations with Nicholas Kralev," meet the Canadian ambassador to the United States, Gary Doer, a longtime politician who was most recently premier of the province of Manitoba. Doer, in Washington since 2009, talks about Ottawa's diplomatic priorities, the role of domestic politics in international diplomacy, and the impact of the recent government shutdown in Washington on the U.S. image abroad. Watch the full episode MORE EPISODES Ep20: Raising a Family in the Foreign Service Ep19: Foreign Service Institute Director Nancy McEldowney Ep18: Asian-Pacific Diplomacy with Kurt Campbell Ep17: Chief U.S. Aviation Negotiator Krishna Urs Ep16: British Ambassador to U.S. Peter Westmacott
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Huffington Post article
Doer: Beyond the Border won't be driven "into ditch" due to Peace Bridge brawl
Yahoo News - over 3 years
WASHINGTON - Canada-U.S. border co-operation under the much-ballyhooed Beyond the Border initiatives will not be derailed by the brawl that's erupted between Canadians and Americans on the 10-member board that oversees the Peace Bridge, Gary Doer said Sunday.
Article Link:
Yahoo News article
Mark Drapeau: 5 Lessons About Social Media Engagement From the Embassy of Canada's Inauguration Tailgate Party
Huffington Post - about 4 years
Seems like forever, but President Obama's second inauguration was just a week or so ago. I was fortunate enough to spend most of Inauguration Day at the Embassy of Canada. If you're not that familiar with the layout of Washington, D.C., there aren't that many private buildings to have an inauguration party near the Capitol or White House or along the parade route. There are a few hotels, the Newseum, the Canadian Embassy, and a few residential apartment buildings. That's it. Otherwise you're on foot, in the cold, where there's not a lot of food and drink to be had. In true Canadian style, the embassy threw a tailgate party for about 1,000 guests. It was terrific fun. But they didn't just engage their audience at the party in the real world; they also had a small team of people engaging the attendees and people who weren't even there in the virtual world. Here are the five secrets to their success. Step One: Throw a remarkable event to get the right people to engage with ...
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Huffington Post article
Gary Doer: Canada And The US Need This Bridge Now. Get The Facts.
The Huffington Post - over 4 years
Ambassador Doer sent the following letter to Connect2Canada members in Michigan and surrounding states on Thursday. Doer is reacting to the Michigan International Initiative Proposal 6, which is on the ballot in Michigan. The proposal would block or at least delay a new, badly needed international crossing between Windsor and Detroit. The proposal was placed on the ballot and extensively lobbied by the private owner of the existing Ambassador Bridge, Matty Moroun, who reportedly spent more than $31 million on TV ads and promotional spending to get this referendum measure passed. Connect2Canada.com, a virtual network for Canadians and friends of Canada in the United States, is a way to exchange news and ideas, and find out what is happening in the U.S. related to Canada. On June 15, Prime Minister Harper and Governor Snyder agreed to build a publicly owned bridge between Windsor and Detroit, the New International Trade Crossing. The rationale for this bridge is clea ...
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The Huffington Post article
First step in Doer portrait -- get him to stand still
Brandon Sun - almost 5 years
IMAGINE painting Gary Doer. Imagine getting him to stand still. That was the challenge faced by artist Andrew Valko when he got the job of painting the former premier's portrait. "The process was waiting for Mr. Doer," Valko said Thursday, shortly after Doer's portrait was unveiled
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Brandon Sun article
Comment on Former Premier Gary Doer Honoured with Portrait by Biff
ChrisD - almost 5 years
The only reason anybody would ever put up a portrait of Selinger would be to throw darts at it.
Article Link:
ChrisD article
Plant sale will put Sacramento gardeners in spring mood
The Sacramento Bee - almost 5 years
Spring is here - and so is spring fever. Gardeners want to get outside and get to work. With rain forecast for Saturday, that gardening urge can find refuge at the 11th annual Vendor Sale, hosted by the Sacramento Perennial Plant Club. To be held from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. Saturday, this huge sale features several vendors with unusual plants including succulents, bamboo, natives and new introductions from Blooms of Bressingham. Shoppers also will find great gardening gear and supplies. Gary Doerr, president of Blooms of Bressingham, will speak at noon about his company's worldwide search for new plants and the people who create them. Many of Bressingham's finds have come from amateur hybridizers or hobbyists. The sale will be held at the Shepard Garden and Arts Center, 3330 McKinley Blvd., Sacramento. Admission is free. For more details, click on www. sacramentoperennialplantclub.com.
Article Link:
The Sacramento Bee article
LETTER; The Keystone XL Pipeline
NYTimes - over 5 years
To the Editor: You published three editorials about the Keystone XL pipeline (''Tar Sands and the Carbon Numbers,'' Aug. 22; ''Wrong Pipeline, Wrong Assessment,'' July 21; ''No to a New Tar Sands Pipeline,'' April 3) that did not mention the findings of a United States Energy Department study that concluded that construction of the pipeline is
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NYTimes article
NDP leader 'vanquished' cynicism' - Winnipeg Free Press
Google News - over 5 years
Right, former federal NDP leader Ed Broadbent, left, and Canada�s ambassador to the US Gary Doer await arrival of the hearse. (POSTMEDIA) TORONTO -- Optimism may indeed be better than despair, but if the last week is any indication, Canadians have
Article Link:
Google News article
Campbell confirmed as UK ambassador - Omenica Express
Google News - over 5 years
Canada's top diplomatic job is ambassador to Washington DC, and in 2009 Prime Minister Stephen Harper appointed former Manitoba premier Gary Doer to that post. Campbell's appointment was leaked to Ottawa reporters in late June, but the federal
Article Link:
Google News article
Selinger joins Doer as pallbearer for Layton - Winnipeg Sun
Google News - over 5 years
Then-premier Gary Doer (left) congratulates then-finance minister Greg Selinger in the legislature in 2004. (Winnipeg Sun files) Manitoba Premier Greg Selinger has been added to the list of honourary pallbearers for Jack ... - -
Article Link:
Google News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Gary Doer
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2012
    Age 63
    The next year, Doer legislated his province's commitment to meet its targets under the Kyoto Protocol by 2012.
    More Details Hide Details Doer announced that Manitoba would increase ethanol production in 2002, and held consultations on a plan requiring Manitoba drivers to use ethanol-blended gasoline. In October 2002, the government instructed its provincial fleet drivers to switch to ethanol fuels. These plans stalled due to limited production, but were revived when a new facility was constructed in late 2005. In March 2004, the government introduced enabling legislation on water protection, allowing for the introduction of specific regulations on water protection zones, water quality standards, and related matters.
  • 2010
    Age 61
    Doer's former constituency assistant Matt Wiebe subsequently won the by-election to succeed Doer as MLA for Concordia on March 2, 2010.
    More Details Hide Details Doer supported a bid to draft former Manitoba Premier Edward Schreyer as a candidate in the federal New Democratic Party's 1989 leadership contest. When Schreyer declined to run, Doer tried to convince Stephen Lewis and then Bob Rae to enter the contest, without success. He eventually supported Audrey McLaughlin, who was elected on the fourth ballot of the party's leadership convention.
  • 2009
    Age 60
    He was formally sworn into that position on October 19, 2009, and on the same day Greg Selinger was sworn in as his replacement as Premier of Manitoba.
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    On August 27, 2009 Doer announced he would not seek re-election in the 2011 election, and on August 28, 2009 he was nominated by Prime Minister Stephen Harper to succeed Michael Wilson as Canadian ambassador to the United States.
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    In 2009, opposition politicians and some journalists pressured Doer to call a public inquiry into a controversy involving expense claims from the 1999 provincial election.
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    In June 2009, Winnipeg Mayor Sam Katz spoke against Doer's plan to ban union and corporate donations from municipal elections.
    More Details Hide Details The Doer government introduced legislation in April 2006 to prevent MLAs from crossing the floor from one party to another. Under the terms of this legislation, MLAs who choose to leave their political party are required to sit as independents until the next election, or to resign and seek re-election for another party. Doer announced plans in early 2008 to create a lobbyist registry for Manitoba, as well as introducing fixed election dates, partial public campaign financing, and restrictions on partisan direct mail flyers sent out by MLAs at public expense. The plan for public campaign financing was later abandoned after public opposition.
    In June 2009, Doer took part in discussions to create a "Western Energy Corridor" to allow an easier flow of both renewable energy and fossil fuels among western American states and Canadian provinces.
    More Details Hide Details Doer has supported Canada's military mission in Afghanistan, despite skepticism about the purpose of the mission from the federal NDP. He called for Canada to ban donations to Hezbollah's charity wing in 2002, and endorsed Jean Chrétien government's decision to remain out of the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003. In 2005, Doer spoke against the American government's plans to require passports at Canada–US border crossings. He argued that the new expense of travel would create a "financial Berlin Wall" for some families, and instead proposed a security protocol centred around drivers' licenses. In 2007, North Dakota Governor John Hoeven announced that he was working with Doer to find an alternative approach.
    Doer met with other western Canadian premiers in June 2009 to introduce a plan for the collective purchase of prescription drugs.
    More Details Hide Details The premiers indicated that the plan could save taxpayers millions of dollars.
    In May 2009, Doer said that Manitoba would invest more than $10 million in drainage improvements if North Dakota would agree to construct a permanent filter on its Devils Lake output.
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    Doer's government tabled legislation in 2009 to provide civilian oversight of police officers in Manitoba, following an inquiry into the death of Crystal Taman.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 2008
    Age 59
    In 2008, Doer argued that Canada should "aggressively" defend the North American Free Trade Agreement against criticism from American Democratic Party presidential candidates.
    More Details Hide Details He later spoke against the United States Congress's planned "Buy American" legislation during a business trip to Illinois and Texas. Doer signed an agreement in Manila in February 2008, to permit an easier flow of immigration from The Philippines to Manitoba.
    Doer asked Manitoba Hydro and the Manitoba Public Utilities Board to provide an analysis of natural gas prices in July 2008, with the intent of limiting price increases during the winter.
    More Details Hide Details He also indicated that his government would intervene to protect consumers from high prices. Finance Minister Greg Selinger later indicated that the government would provide some relief for consumers, but would not use Manitoba Hydro's profits to offset rate increases. The Doer government introduced a number of labour reforms early in its first mandate, making it easier for unions to obtain certification and giving employees increased powers to move disputes to binding arbitration. Business leaders opposed the changes, though Doer argued that the bill was far less contentious than opponents made it out to be. In 2004, Doer rejected a call by party members to introduce legislation that would ban replacement workers in labour disputes. Doer's government increased Manitoba's minimum wage from $6.00 to $6.25 in November 2000, and brought in subsequent increases of 25 cents on an annual basis. By April 2005, the minimum wage had been increased to $7.25. Some argued that this was still short of a living wage. The minimum wage was increased to $8.50 in 2008. In 2005, the Doer government introduced a bill to expand provincial workers' compensation coverage.
    In late 2008, the Doer government introduced legislation to give sixteen bands on the east shore of Lake Winnipeg greater authority over the management of their traditional lands.
    More Details Hide Details The bill requires that plans for development be approved by both the province and the band's chief, and extends the range of influence well beyond the area's small reserves. Some chiefs in the affected area later objected to the bill on procedural grounds, arguing that they were not properly consulted. Following consultations with the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs in 1999, the Doer government established a selection committee to oversee proposals for setting up casinos in Manitoba first nations. The process subsequently became stalled, and only one of the casinos was up and running by 2003. The government subsequently appointed a panel to review the situation and recommend a change in strategy; the panel argued that the province should consider creating one large casino, instead of several small on-reserve casinos. A second casino was opened in 2005, while the larger issue remained unresolved as of 2007.
    In November 2008, Doer announced that his government would ban new logging in provincial parks and phase out existing projects.
    More Details Hide Details He also announced a ban on plastic shopping bags, and on the use of cellphones while driving. Parents were also forbidden to smoke when children were in the car. The opposition Progressive Conservatives indicated that it would support all of these initiatives. In late 2005, the American magazine Business Week listed Doer as one of the top twenty international leaders fighting climate change. In November 1999, Doer appointed a two-person panel to advise his government on implementing the findings of the Aboriginal Justice Inquiry, which had been published eight years earlier. In April 2000, Manitoba took steps to provide indigenous Manitobans with their own child and family-service agencies. Doer convened a provincial summit on aboriginal commerce in November 2004. He indicated that the summit was intended to showcase successful businesses, and to forge greater links between the aboriginal and non-aboriginal communities.
    He also called for an independent review of the Manitoba Clean Environment Commission in 2008, arguing that the renewal process for hydroelectric projects was too long.
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    Doer introduced plans to eliminate coal-burning factories in his 2008 budget.
    More Details Hide Details The budget also included a new program for water conservation, and a $7 million fund directed toward climate change issues.
    In September 2008, Doer and Winnipeg Mayor Sam Katz announced $138 million for a rapid transit plan that will eventually link downtown Winnipeg with the University of Manitoba.
    More Details Hide Details In the same month, Doer designated a piece of land in northwest Winnipeg as the site of a future inland port. The area was given the name CentrePort Canada, and its first directors were chosen in December 2008. Doer announced in February 2009 that his government would spend $1 million on special training for northern Manitoba workers, following a global economic downtown that adversely affected the province's forestry and mining sectors. Two months later, he joined with the federal government to announce a $40 million investment in a cold weather aerospace engine testing and research facility in Thompson. In early May 2009, the federal and provincial governments announced $116 million for infrastructure renewal in rural and northern communities. In early 2005, the labour-managed Crocus Investment Fund stopped trading and entered into financial protection. The Doer government was subsequently accused of having ignored signs of trouble at the fund, and of failing to protect the interests of investors. The opposition Progressive Conservatives argued that the government had neglected warnings of financial impropriety, in part because of ideological links between the New Democratic Party and the labour movement. Doer rejected this charge, observing that the fund had been established by the Filmon government in conjunction with labour leaders. He also rejected calls from the opposition for a formal inquiry, and insisted that the province did nothing wrong in the matter.
    In May 2008, Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko made an official visit to Manitoba and addressed the provincial legislature.
    More Details Hide Details Doer signed an agreement with the American state of Georgia in 2004, for increased co-operation between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta and the National Virology Lab in Winnipeg. In the same year, he signed a memorandum of understanding with Minnesota Governor Tim Pawlenty to create a "biomedical corridor" for the promotion of research, capital investment and technology development. In early 2005, Doer and New Brunswick Premier Bernard Lord traveled on a trade mission to Texas in what was described as an effort to improve relations between Canada and the United States. Later in the year, Doer and Jean Charest traveled on a trade mission to Mexico. In 2006, he appeared at a prominent climate change event with California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger.
    In 2008-09, Charest and Doer helped broker an agreement among the premiers to provide for greater labour mobility within Canada.
    More Details Hide Details In early 2007, Doer said that Manitoba would not enter a free trade deal signed between Alberta and British Columbia. He instead called for a national trade accord.
    Following a global economic downturn in late 2008, Doer called on the federal government to invest in job creation and infrastructure funding.
    More Details Hide Details Prime Minister Harper later said that his government would spend more on roads, bridges and other public works. According to journalist Chantal Hébert, Doer played a vital role in convincing other provincial leaders to accept Quebec Premier Jean Charest's plan to create the Council of the Federation in 2003.
    Notwithstanding this and other criticisms, a May 2008 article in the Globe and Mail newspaper described Doer as one of the few premiers to have a good working relationship with Conservative Prime Minister Stephen Harper.
    More Details Hide Details Manitoba signed on to the federal government's Building Canada Fund in late 2008, receiving about $500 million in new infrastructure monies.
    In late January 2008, he agreed to a blueprint proposal with the premiers of British Columbia, Ontario and Quebec for a market-based trading system to cut greenhouse gas emissions.
    More Details Hide Details He later became an enthusiastic supporter of North American cap and trade programs to reduce energy emissions, while at the same time criticizing the idea of a carbon tax.
  • 2007
    Age 58
    Doer signed the Midwestern Regional Greenhouse Gas Reduction Accord with seven American governors in November 2007.
    More Details Hide Details The following month, he announced that Manitoba would introduce vehicle emission standards similar to those in California.
    In 2007, he announced that Manitoba would pursue a plan with other provinces and states to push greenhouse gas emissions to 15% below 2005 levels by 2020.
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    In 2007, Doer led an all-party task force to Ottawa to seek greater federal penalties for gang-related crime, youth offences and car theft.
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    In response to criticism, Doer withdrew his support for OlyWest in 2007.
    More Details Hide Details The Doer government introduced a temporary ban on new hog farms throughout most of the province in March 2008, following the release of a provincial environmental report. Around the same time, Doer announced new funding for waste-water treatment plants that would allow two existing hog-processing plants to expand their operations. Doer is a vocal opponent of the American Country of Origin Labelling initiative, which would require American producers to separate meat from hogs slaughtered in Canada and increase packing and labelling cost. Doer opposed the Chrétien government's decision to implement a federal gun registry, and his government joined with other provinces to raise a constitutional challenge against the law in 2000. Doer called for the federal government to strengthen its laws against child pornography in 2002, after the Supreme Court of British Columbia ruled that John Robin Sharpe's fictional writings involving children met the legal definition of "artistic merit". Doer was quoted as saying, "We believe that the rights of children should be superior rights in our country to the rights of perverts". The following year, the Manitoba government unveiled a website that included photographs and profiles of high-risk sex offenders.
  • 2006
    Age 57
    At least one Winnipeg journalist has compared the matter with an expenses scandal faced by the Conservative Party of Canada following the 2006 federal election.
    More Details Hide Details Doer has argued that the matter is settled, and that there is no need for an inquiry. Doer's government enjoyed an extended honeymoon with voters after the 1999 election. The NDP consistently led all other parties in public opinion polls from 1999 until 2005, often by wide margins. The party's popularity dipped in late 2005, damaged somewhat by questions resulting from the failure of the Crocus Investment Fund. Polls taken in December 2005 and March 2006 showed the NDP and Progressive Conservatives tied for support. In July 2006, the PCs pulled ahead of the NDP for the first time in seven years. The NDP nevertheless recovered to win a convincing majority in the 2007 election, and in July 2008 held a ten-point lead over the Progressive Conservatives in popular support. The PCs posted a surprise lead over the NDP in a December 2008 poll, although some local journalists questioned its accuracy. By April 2009, the NDP once again held a ten-point lead.
    Doer strongly supports the Canadian Wheat Board's policy of single-desk marketing, and has opposed efforts by some on the political right to weaken its status. In late 2006, Doer accused federal Agriculture Minister Chuck Strahl of interfering in the Wheat Board's elections.
    More Details Hide Details The Doer government has rejected a return to single-desk hog marketing, which was eliminated during the years of the Filmon government. During its second term, the government supported plans to establish an OlyWest hog processing plant in northeast Winnipeg. This measure was extremely controversial among party members, and area NDP MLAs Daryl Reid and Bidhu Jha indicated that they opposed the measure.
    In 2006, the Doer government introduced a proposal for Manitoba university graduates to receive a tuition rebate of up to 60% if they chose to stay and work in the province after graduation.
    More Details Hide Details A 2008 Winnipeg Free Press article indicated that Manitoba and Alberta were investing more money in public education per student than all other provinces of Canada. Teachers' wages in Manitoba were also noted to be healthy in relation to the average national wage. Shortly after being sworn in as premier, Doer led an all-party delegation to Ottawa to seek a $1.3 billion financial bailout for western farmers to help mitigate an economic downturn in the sector. He was joined by Saskatchewan Premier Roy Romanow, Progressive Conservative MLA Larry Maguire, and Manitoba Liberal leader Jon Gerrard. The federal government introduced $170 million in funding shortly thereafter, a figure that Doer and Romanow described as "heartless". In February 2000, Romanow and Doer stood with Chrétien to announce their support for a compromise bailout of $400 million.
    The project was canceled in 2006 by the new Conservative government of Stephen Harper, over Doer's objections.
    More Details Hide Details Unlike some within the NDP, Doer is personally opposed to the decriminalization of marijuana, which he has said could result in economic difficulties with the United States. As premier, Doer encouraged several Manitoba crown corporations to donate money to the Canadian Museum for Human Rights in Winnipeg; Manitoba Public Insurance, Manitoba Hydro, Manitoba Lotteries Corporation and the Manitoba Liquor Control Commission subsequently made donations of one million dollars each. Opposition leader Hugh McFadyen and some journalists questioned Doer's involvement in the matter, arguing that he was effectively directing the corporations to make these donations. Doer's government cut university tuition by 10% during its first term, and later provided universities with a property tax exemption. It also amalgamated several school divisions prior to the 2002 municipal elections, and began to phase out education property taxes in the same period.
    For the first seven years of his administration, Doer was assisted on financial matters by Eugene Kostyra, a cabinet minister from the Pawley government. Kostyra resigned from his position as secretary of Manitoba's Community and Economic Development Committee in late 2006, and Angela Mathieson was appointed as his replacement.
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  • 2005
    Age 56
    In 2005, Gary Doer announced a deal to allow Monsanto to build their 42,000 square foot Canadian head office in Manitoba.
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    In April 2005, Doer signed a $176 million deal with the federal government of Paul Martin to expand the provincial day-care sector.
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  • 2004
    Age 55
    In 2004, the Doer government increased funding for the hiring of police officers and Crown prosecutors. Following increased urban violence in 2005, the province announced funding for 54 more officers.
    More Details Hide Details The government also launched an initiative to hire seven recreational directors for inner-city Winnipeg neighbourhoods in 2008, to provide sports opportunities for youth as an alternative to crime.
    Doer initially declined to express his personal views on the subject, but announced in late 2004 that he supported same-sex marriage as a human right.
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    Doer welcomed Prime Minister Paul Martin's decision to name Winnipeg as the site of Canada's new public health agency in 2004. The Doer government passed a bill granting full adoption rights to gay and lesbian couples in 2002. The NDP and Liberals supported the bill, while the Progressive Conservatives voted against it. In 2004, the federal government announced that it would introduce legislation to permit the legalization of same-sex marriage in Canada.
    More Details Hide Details Federal Justice Minister Irwin Cotler initially indicated that civic officials would be allowed to opt out of performing same-sex marriages if the practice offended their beliefs. Doer criticized this, arguing that provincial employees should not be permitted to discriminate.
    Doer's government introduced a landmark anti-smoking bill in 2004, banning smoking in all indoor public places and workplaces across the province.
    More Details Hide Details Supported by all parties, the legislation was the first of its kind in Canada. It did not cover Manitobans working in federal government buildings or living on First Nations territory, as these were not under provincial jurisdiction.
    In 2004, Doer accused federal Health Minister Ujjal Dosanjh of capitulating to American interests by agreeing to increased restrictions on the industry.
    More Details Hide Details He later argued that the Canadian government could protect its national drug supply and maintain Manitoba's pharmaceutical sector simply by banning bulk exports.
    Health spending continued to increase during Doer's second term; a report in December 2004 indicated that Manitoba's per capita health spending was the highest in Canada for the seventh continuous year.
    More Details Hide Details Doer emerged as a defender of Manitoba's burgeoning internet pharmaceutical industry in the mid-2000s. This industry was very popular among American clients, but nonetheless provoked opposition within both countries.
  • 2003
    Age 54
    Shortly after his re-election in 2003, Doer criticized the federal government for failing to respond to an agriculture crisis caused by the discovery of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy in a Canadian cow and the subsequent closure of the American border to beef products produced in Canada.
    More Details Hide Details The federal and provincial governments subsequently agreed on a $50 million bailout to the industry. The border was reopened to live cattle in December 2004.
  • 2002
    Age 53
    He later called for Svend Robinson to be demoted as Foreign Affairs Critic in 2002, after Robinson announced his support for the Palestinians in their conflict with Israel (official NDP policy was that both sides should seek a peace agreement).
    More Details Hide Details Doer was quoted as saying, "Either he represents the party as a foreign affairs critic or he's removed as foreign affairs critic. And I believe he should be removed". He later expressed disappointment that Robinson was allowed to keep his critic's role, albeit with a ban against speaking on Middle East issues. Doer published a ten-point proposal for the future of the federal NDP in June 2002, calling for a focus on health and education as well as fiscal balance, community safety and election finance reform. Doer is on the centrist wing of the New Democratic Party. He once described his political ideology as follows: Doer endorsed Tony Blair's approach to leading the British Labour Party in 1997, and his own 1999 election platform was frequently compared with Blair's "Third Way" of social democracy. Doer has also been compared with former Premier of Saskatchewan Roy Romanow, who also governed from the centrist wing of the party. Former NDP MLA Cy Gonick wrote a critical essay about Doer in 2007, describing him as a "small-l liberal" without "a socialist bone in his body".
    Doer's government introduced a biotechnology training strategy in October 2002, to address a skilled-worker shortage in the industry.
    More Details Hide Details In early 2003, Doer signed a $160 million deal with the federal government for expansion work on the Red River Floodway. The floodway expansion was described as the largest infrastructure project in Manitoba history, and was started in late 2005. Doer took part in discussions in 2007-08 with media mogul David Asper and officials from other levels of government, regarding the location of a new stadium for the Winnipeg Blue Bombers football team. He was skeptical about Asper's initial plan for a stadium in the Polo Park region of Winnipeg, and was more supportive of an abortive plan to construct the stadium in the economically depressed area of Point Douglas. Asper eventually chose site in Fort Garry, next to the University of Manitoba. The deal was finalized in early 2009, with the province providing $20 million in funding; provincial officials believe that all but $1 million will be recovered before the stadium opens in 2011.
    Also in 2002, Doer argued that persons who kill police officers should spend the rest of their natural lives in jail, without access to Canada's so-called "Faint Hope Clause" for early release.
    More Details Hide Details Three years later, he argued that the provisions of the federal Youth Criminal Justice Act were too lenient.
    At a presentation before the Romanow Commission in 2002, Doer called for the federal government to double its health care commitment.
    More Details Hide Details Two years later, he played a significant role in negotiations that saw the federal government contribute $18 billion in new funding to the provinces over six years. The Doer government's first budget included a $135 million increase in health spending, taking total provincial spending to $2.43 billion. In October 2002, the government announced a long-anticipated $100 million expansion to the Health Sciences Centre in Winnipeg, with new operating rooms and emergency departments. The government was unable to end "hallway medicine" in the six-month period it had promised during the 1999 election, and faced the problem of nursing vacancies in the early 2000s. Nevertheless, most observers agreed that the provincial situation improved significantly between 1999 and 2003.
    Doer has frequently argued in favour of Canada's public health system. He criticized Alberta's plan to introduce more private health provisions in 2002, and defended the public system as efficient and less expensive.
    More Details Hide Details In the same year, he endorsed Roy Romanow's assessment that the federal government must play a stronger role in health care to prevent more encroachments by the private system.
  • 2001
    Age 52
    Doer announced the creation of an all-party task force on security following the attacks of September 11, 2001.
    More Details Hide Details The following month, he announced that he would work with the Governors of Minnesota and North Dakota for a coordinated security strategy.
  • 2000
    Age 51
    Doer's first budget, delivered in 2000, removed 15,000 low-income Manitobans from the tax rolls and introduced $150 million in tax breaks over three years while projecting a $10 million surplus.
    More Details Hide Details His 2003 budget, the last of his first term, reduced provincial taxes by $82.7 million and increased spending by about 5%, mostly in health and education. Despite a series of economic setbacks, the government was able to post a balanced budget in 2004 through increased taxes and drug premiums as well as civil service reduction through attrition. Tobacco and liquor taxes were increased and the provincial sales tax expanded to cover more services, although Doer rejected a panel recommendation to increase the sales tax by 1%. The government was able introduce a more expansive budget in 2005 after an infusion of federal revenues, reducing personal and property taxes, increasing spending by 3.5%, and putting $314 million into a "rainy day" fund. Doer's 2006 and 2007 budgets introduced further tax cuts, and the 2007 budget offered increased education spending and a new child benefit to assist low-income families.
  • 1999
    Age 50
    Doer's government changed the rules of the legislature in 1999, to allow the Speaker of the Assembly to be elected by a secret ballot vote of all members.
    More Details Hide Details Speakers had previously been appointed by the premier. The Doer government announced election spending reforms in June 2000, which were highlighted by a ban on political donations by private corporations and organized labour. This measure was opposed by the opposition Progressive Conservatives, and by the right-wing Canadian Taxpayers Federation. The reforms came into effect in 2001, and were extended to party leadership contests in June 2002. Further restrictions were added in 2006.
    In 1999, the Manitoba government under NDP leadership, began its ongoing relationship with Monsanto, accepting a 12.5 million dollar agreement to bring in its first development centre.
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    More than eleven years after declining the option, Doer was sworn in as Premier of Manitoba on October 5, 1999.
    More Details Hide Details He also took the position of Minister of Federal/Provincial Relations. After governing for just under four years, Doer called a new provincial election for June 2003. He brought forward a five point re-election plan highlighted by promises to reduce property and income taxes, hire more nurses and doctors and make reductions in medical waiting lists, take a cautious approach to managing the economy, and improve the province's education and law enforcement systems. Many journalists noted similarities to the NDP's 1999 platform. The NDP held a massive lead in the polls throughout the campaign, and most observers agreed that its re-election was a foregone conclusion. Even the Winnipeg Free Press, not traditionally supportive of the NDP, urged voters to re-elect Doer's government. The NDP won an increased majority with 49.47% support and 35 of 57 seats, and made inroads into traditionally Progressive Conservative areas of south Winnipeg.
    Doer pledged $13 million to shorten health-care waiting times in the 1999 campaign, and said that he would work to end "hallway medicine" in overcrowded hospitals.
    More Details Hide Details He also pledged an additional $2 million to hire more nurses and provide incentives for rural doctors. In education, he promised to cut college and university tuition fees by 10% and to invest $24 million to the province's three community colleges. On election reform, he promised to ban campaign donations from corporations and unions. Doer also criticized the Filmon government's handling of a contract with Urban Shared Services Corp., which attempted to save the province money by reheating food for hospitals and seniors' homes at a centralized location. The project went well over-budget, and the food was often criticized as inedible. A poll released a week before the election showed the NDP and Progressive Conservatives tied with 42% support, and the election was considered too close to call until the actual day of voting. The NDP ultimately won 32 seats, against 24 for the Progressive Conservatives and only one for the Liberals. A collapse of the Liberal vote worked to the NDP's advantage.
    In the buildup to the 1999 provincial election, Doer unveiled a platform that called for balanced budgets, debt repayment and a freeze on taxes.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1998
    Age 49
    Little was done at the time, but the story emerged as a prominent provincial scandal following an exposé from the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in June 1998.
    More Details Hide Details Doer called for an inquiry, which the Filmon government granted; the presiding officer determined that at least one of the candidates had been illegally induced to run to by a local agents of the Progressive Conservative Party. Despite an improving economy, the Filmon government's 1996 budget introduced further cuts to social assistance, health care, and post-secondary and public school education. Doer argued that the cuts were ideological in nature, and not based on financial necessity. The government also introduced legislation permitting unionized workers to shield their dues from being donated to political parties. Doer suggested that corporate shareholders should also be allowed to opt out of party donations.
    The Tories regained their lead by 1998, but fallout from the vote-splitting scandal gave the NDP an 8% lead in a Probe/Free Press poll issued in March 1999.
    More Details Hide Details In this period, many began to regard the NDP as a possible government-in-waiting. Later polls showed the gap between the parties narrowing to a virtual tie.
  • 1997
    Age 48
    Some New Democrats expressed discontent with Doer's leadership in late 1997.
    More Details Hide Details Most notably, a group led by policy committee chairman Victor Olson issued a statement on party renewal that was generally interpreted as a challenge to his leadership. This came to nothing, but there was general agreement among party members that Doer would need to win the next election to continue as party leader.
  • 1996
    Age 47
    Doer opposed the Filmon government's decision to privatize the Manitoba Telephone System in 1996, arguing that it would cause Manitobans to lose control over a vital part of their economy.
    More Details Hide Details He called for a referendum, which Filmon rejected. Doer nonetheless accepted the finality of the sale, telling party delegates in 1999 that buying back the service would be too expensive and carry too many risks. Doer also opposed the Filmon government's proposal to water-down the single-desk marketing powers of the Canadian Wheat Board. He argued there could be no "middle-of-the-road" position on the Wheat Board, adding that continued single-desk marketing would be "in the economic interests of producers and the economic interests of Winnipeg".
  • 1995
    Age 46
    There was speculation that Doer would seek the federal NDP leadership in 1995, after McLaughlin announced her resignation.
    More Details Hide Details He declined, and instead gave his support to longtime friend Alexa McDonough, whom he nominated at the leadership convention. McDonough was chosen as party leader following the first ballot. Doer opposed the New Politics Initiative in 2001. In 2002, he supported the leadership campaign of Bill Blaikie, whose federal Winnipeg—Transcona riding overlapped with his own provincial division. Blaikie finished second against Jack Layton. Doer has disagreed with the federal NDP on some issues. He defended CanWest Global's takeover of a part of Conrad Black's newspaper empire in 2000, even though the arrangement had been criticized by the federal party.
    Doer focused on health issues in the 1995 provincial election.
    More Details Hide Details He promised that he would replace walk-in clinics with neighbourhood health organizations, to be staffed with salaried doctors, nurses, midwives and social workers. He pledged to negotiate with pharmaceutical companies to reduce prescription drug costs, and to review some of the hundreds of drugs that had been delisted in recent years. He also promised to create a new group of health providers called nurse practitioners, to carry out some doctors' responsibilities. On economic issues, Doer promised a balanced budget with no personal or sales tax increases over four years and indicated that he would cut nearly $119 million from government programs to fund health, education, and job creation. An early poll from the Angus Reid firm showed the Progressive Conservatives with 37% support, the Liberals with 35%, and the NDP with 21%. The Liberal campaign faltered once again, however, and a poll released only days before the election showed the NDP had again surpassed the Liberals for second place. The Progressive Conservatives were re-elected with 31 seats, the NDP increased their total to 23, and the Liberals fell to only three.
  • 1994
    Age 45
    Doer released an election platform in November 1994, highlighted by a ten-point preventive health-care program for children and a six-point Manitoba Works plan to reduce unemployment.
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  • 1992
    Age 43
    Doer announced in late 1992 that his caucus would support the Charlottetown Accord, a comprehensive package on constitutional reform that was introduced by the federal government after the failure of Meech Lake.
    More Details Hide Details The Accord was defeated in a national referendum.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1988
    Age 39
    In November 1988, Doer indicated that his party would not support the accord unless certain amendments were introduced.
    More Details Hide Details He was later appointed to a provincial panel that held a series of public meetings, and recommended significant changes to the deal. The Filmon government also expressed skepticism about the accord, and announced that it too would seek amendments from the federal government. All three Manitoba party leaders agreed to a federally brokered compromise in June 1990, shortly before the accord's official deadline. The accord nonetheless failed to pass in the Manitoba legislature because of a procedural motion from Elijah Harper, a Cree member of the NDP caucus who argued that it did not give fair representation to indigenous Canadians. Doer described Harper's decision as "a fundamental issue of conscience", and blamed Prime Minister Brian Mulroney for delaying negotiations until the deadline had almost expired. One year later, he indicated that he felt "betrayed" by federal negotiators, and described the entire Meech Lake process as "dishonest from start to finish".
    The NDP chose not to defeat Filmon's government during confidence votes in late 1988 and early 1989, as Doer argued the public would not support another election so soon.
    More Details Hide Details The dominant political issue in Manitoba between 1988 and 1990 was the Meech Lake Accord, which recognized Quebec as a "distinct society" in Canada and devolved some powers from the federal government to the provinces. The accord required approval from all ten provincial legislatures to become law. The provincial Liberals initially opposed the accord, which meant that Doer's support was necessary for its passage.
    Doer was the first declared candidate in the Manitoba New Democratic Party's 1988 leadership contest.
    More Details Hide Details He was supported by cabinet ministers Vic Schroeder, Myrna Phillips, Muriel Smith, Leonard Evans, Jerry Storie and Wilson Parasiuk, and by federal Members of Parliament Rod Murphy and David Orlikow. He also received an endorsement from the Manitoba Federation of Labour. Doer emphasized his experience in managing large organizations, and called for pay equity legislation to be introduced within a year of his election. He narrowly defeated rival candidate Len Harapiak on the third ballot of the party's leadership convention in Winnipeg. He was not sworn in as premier, as the legislature had already been dissolved. Doer became leader of the Manitoba NDP when the party was at a low ebb of popularity. An internal poll before the election showed that they had only 6% popular support, and some NDP workers privately worried that they could lose all of their legislative seats. Many believed Doer was their best hope for a recovery. Support for the NDP increased to 19% during the leadership campaign, and to 23% after Doer was chosen as Pawley's successor. The party nevertheless remained in third place, and faced an uphill struggle in the 1988 election.
  • 1987
    Age 38
    Doer was given further responsibilities as Minister of Crown Investments on February 5, 1987, and was later named as Minister responsible for the Accountability of Crown Corporations (August 19, 1987) and Minister responsible for the Liquor Control Act (September 21, 1987).
    More Details Hide Details Seen as a rising star in the party, he was sometimes mentioned as a future leader. The Pawley government was sustained by a narrow legislative majority after the 1986 election, and was defeated on March 8, 1988 when disgruntled backbencher Jim Walding voted with the opposition on a budget non-confidence motion. Pawley resigned as NDP leader the next day, and called a new general election for April 26.
  • 1986
    Age 37
    He joined the government of Premier Howard Pawley on April 17, 1986 as Minister of Urban Affairs, and was given additional responsibilities as Minister responsible for the Manitoba Telephone System on December 2 of the same year.
    More Details Hide Details Doer ordered a Royal Canadian Mounted Police probe of the MTS soon after his appointment, and worked to reform its practices following a failed investment in Saudi Arabia. He soon developed a reputation as a "fixer", working as a trouble-shooter in difficult fields.
    Doer was elected to the Legislative Assembly of Manitoba in the 1986 provincial election for the northeast Winnipeg division of Concordia.
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    He rejoined the NDP in 1986, and was a candidate in that year's provincial election.
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  • 1979
    Age 30
    Doer became president of the Manitoba Government Employees' Association in 1979, and served in this capacity until 1986.
    More Details Hide Details He also held prominent positions with the Manitoba Federation of Labour and the National Union of Public and General Employees, served as a director of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers, and became a governor of the University of Manitoba. In 1983, he negotiated an agreement with the provincial government of Howard Pawley in which civil servants agreed to delay a wage increase in return for a guarantee of no layoffs or wage rollbacks. The following year, he openly criticized Dennis McDermott's leadership of the Canadian Labour Congress.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1975
    Age 26
    He discontinued his membership in 1975 to preserve the neutrality of his union, and was later courted by both the New Democrats and Progressive Conservatives to run for public office.
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  • 1973
    Age 24
    Doer first joined the New Democratic Party in the 1970s, and worked for the party in the 1973 provincial election.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1948
    Born
    Born on March 31, 1948.
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