George II of Great Britain

George II of Great Britain

King of Great Britain and Ireland + Elector of Hanover
Born Oct 30, 1683

George II was King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Archtreasurer and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death. George was the last British monarch born outside Great Britain: he was born and brought up in Northern Germany.… Read More

related links


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of George II of Great Britain.


1683 Birth Born in 1683.


1694 11 Years Old Both of George's parents committed adultery, and in 1694 their marriage was dissolved on the pretext that Sophia had abandoned her husband. … Read More
1701 18 Years Old She had no surviving children, and by the Act of Settlement 1701 the English Parliament designated Anne's closest Protestant blood relations, George's grandmother Sophia and her descendants, as Anne's heirs in England and Ireland. … Read More


He was naturalized as an English subject in 1705 by the Sophia Naturalization Act, and in 1706 he was made a Knight of the Garter and created Duke and Marquess of Cambridge, Earl of Milford Haven, Viscount Northallerton and Baron Tewkesbury in the Peerage of England. … Read More
1707 24 Years Old In early 1707, George's hopes were fulfilled when Caroline gave birth to a son, Frederick. … Read More
1708 25 Years Old In 1708, George participated in the Battle of Oudenarde in the vanguard of the Hanoverian cavalry; his horse and a colonel immediately beside him were killed, but George survived unharmed. … Read More
1709 26 Years Old Between 1709 and 1713, George and Caroline had three more children, all girls: Anne, Amelia, and Caroline. … Read More


1714 31 Years Old George and his father sailed for England from The Hague on 16/27 September 1714 and arrived at Greenwich two days later. … Read More
1716 33 Years Old In July 1716, the king returned to Hanover for six months, and George was given limited powers, as "Guardian and Lieutenant of the Realm", to govern in his father's absence. … Read More
1717 34 Years Old 1 More Event
His father distrusted or was jealous of George's popularity, which contributed to the development of a poor relationship between them. The birth in 1717 of George's second son, Prince George William, proved to be a catalyst for a family quarrel; the king, supposedly following custom, appointed the Lord Chamberlain, the Duke of Newcastle, as one of the baptismal sponsors of the child. … Read More
1720 37 Years Old In 1720, Walpole encouraged the king and his son to reconcile, for the sake of public unity, which they did half-heartedly. … Read More


1727 44 Years Old 1 More Event
George I died on 11/22 June 1727 during one of his visits to Hanover, and George II succeeded him as king and elector at the age of 43. … Read More
1728 45 Years Old …  In 1728, he was brought to England, and swiftly became a figurehead of the political opposition.
1729 46 Years Old When George visited Hanover in the summers of 1729, 1732 and 1735, he left his wife to chair the regency council in Britain rather than his son. … Read More
1730 47 Years Old Walpole directed domestic policy, and after the resignation of his brother-in-law Townshend in 1730 also controlled George's foreign policy.


1736 53 Years Old 1 More Event
Instead, the prince married Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha in April 1736.
Eventually, in January 1737, he arrived back in England. … Read More
1739 - 1740 2 More Events
1742 59 Years Old With his support eroded, Walpole retired in 1742 after over 20 years in office. … Read More


1743 60 Years Old An allied force of Austrian, British, Dutch, Hanoverian and Hessian troops engaged the French at the Battle of Dettingen on 16/27 June 1743. … Read More
1744 61 Years Old Carteret lost support, and to George's dismay resigned in 1744. … Read More
1746 63 Years Old 1 More Event
In February 1746, Pelham and his followers resigned. … Read More
1751 68 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Frederick died unexpectedly in 1751, nine years before his father, and so George II was ultimately succeeded by his grandson, George III. … Read More
1757 74 Years Old 1 More Event
George's son the Duke of Cumberland commanded the king's troops in northern Germany. In 1757, Hanover was invaded and George gave Cumberland full powers to conclude a separate peace. … Read More
1760 77 Years Old 1 More Event
By October 1760, George II was blind in one eye, and hard of hearing. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.