Gerry Mulligan
American musician
Gerry Mulligan
Gerald Joseph "Gerry" Mulligan was an American jazz saxophonist, clarinetist, composer and arranger. Though Mulligan is primarily known as one of the leading baritone saxophonists in jazz history – playing the instrument with a light and airy tone in the era of cool jazz – he was also a notable arranger, working with Claude Thornhill, Miles Davis, Stan Kenton, and others.
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Twenty-Five Great Jazz Baritone Saxophone Peformances
Huffington Post - about 1 month
Ronnie Cuber The cumbersome and often unwieldy baritone saxophone has long been relegated to the position of a shadowy stepchild to its more grandiloquent brothers, the tenor and alto saxophones, in jazz music. A low register behemoth that requires voluminous breath, careful control and formidable stamina, it has been used primarily in jazz orchestras to produce those low resonant notes that bring the bottom end to life in modern jazz orchestra arrangements. Prominently used in the great jazz orchestras of Duke Ellington and Count Basie, the baritone saxophone was played by the great Harry Carney in the Ellington band and by Jack Washington in the Basie band. Carney, with his incredible use of circular breathing and his pure uncluttered tone, is widely recognized as having been a pioneer on the instrument, bringing the baritone out of the obscurity of the saxophone section and into the limelight of a solo instrument. Using Carney and to a lesser extent Washington as inspiration ...
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Huffington Post article
Top 5 Sizzling Hot Winter Music Festivals in Frigid New York City
Huffington Post - about 2 months
(l. to r.) Andrew Cyrille; photo: Petra Cvelbar; Thelonious Monk (1966); photo: Everett Collection By Dan Ouellette, ZEALnyc Senior Editor, December 28, 2016 Think the brutal cold and sometimes snow or freezing rain of New York in January can keep musicians and crowds off the streets and huddled under blankets at home? Think again. In fact, it seems that the city's annual festivals have found a vital life in one of the darkest and bleakest months of the year. Think of it as the heat factor in the short days of daylight. There is no hibernation season, but rather a sizzling of high-caliber music that has been sprouting to life despite the chill. You'd think summer, with all its green glory, would be the season of choice for music--especially jazz--to swing right into our lives. But the gray, leafless, snowy or icy season of the winter wonderland has in recent years made for a different kind of celebration that eclipses other times of the year. Of course, the cultural impact of ...
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Huffington Post article
Herb Alpert Here and Now By Dave Schroeder
Huffington Post - about 1 year
This year marks the 50th anniversary of the A&M Records release of Whipped Cream and Other Delights by Herb Alpert's Tijuana Brass. The phenomenal success of Alpert's group born from a demo recording he produced in his garage sparked the start of a lifelong journey from bandleader and record producer to expressionist artist and philanthropist. Alpert has led his life combining creativity with problem solving in a never-ending quest to find his own unique voice and to support others to find theirs. Today his contributions to the arts are lauded by multi-million selling records, art installations at major museums and lifetime achievement awards celebrating his positive impact on the world. Recently, I visited Alpert at his Malibu home to discuss his life in the arts for my interview series produced for NYU Jazz Studies. Yes, jazz! Alpert, born and raised in Southern California, began playing trumpet inspired by the burgeoning cool jazz movement of the 50s. Realizing early on t ...
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Huffington Post article
Huffington Post - almost 2 years
Gosh, I'm pleased and flattered that our music is now in the Library of Congress, but it also feels a little weird because we were on Nixon's hit list along with Jane Fonda, Tom Hayden, and other "radicals." Now, we're "cool?" It's definitely cool to be alongside Joan Baez, The Righteous Brothers, Gerry Mulligan and Steve Martin. It reminds me of something Jim (Morrison) said: "It's that old thing like a first novel, they usually give the cat a break, everybody kind of pats him on the back. And the second one, they really chop him up. Then if he does a few more, and shows he has staying power, they say welcome back to the fold, the family embraces you. I think it will be the same way with us. We just have to hold out for a while, and one day everyone will realize: 'They're just like old friends, they've been around for years now -- they're part of our nation's psyche.'" Jim said this around the time he was up on charges in Miami. False charges, by the way. He didn't expos ...
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Huffington Post article
JAZZ MATTERS: Chris Ingham’s weekly round-up of jazz in East Anglia
Bury Free Press - over 3 years
Chris Ingham with his weekly jazz round-up from the Bury Free Press of Friday, September 13. Friday, September 13 – CHRIS BISCOE QUARTET: (Stoke By Nayland Hotel, 8pm, £15. Details: A two-sax tribute to Eric Dolphy led by Brit jazz veteran Chris Biscoe (saxophone) with Tony Kofi (saxophone), Larry Bartley (bass) and Stu Butterfield (drums). Saturday, September 14 – BIG BAND EVENING: (Orwell Hotel, Felixstowe, 7pm, £30. Phone Glenn Hurst 01473 252098) Glenn Miller-style swing with a ‘GI’ big band, dancing, 1940s fancy dress and a fish supper. Sunday, September 15 – LAURA ZAKIAN: (Cherry Tree, Belchamp St Paul, 8pm, £8. Details: Intimate vocalist showcasing material from her latest project, Songs For Modern Lovers, with Simon Brown (piano), Bernie Hodgkins (bass) and Roger Odell (drums). KAREN SHARP SEXTET (California Club, Ipswich, 8pm, £13. Ex-Humphrey Lyttelton sax star returns to her home town with an all-st ...
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Bury Free Press article
Jay Weston: Bert Stern: Original Mad Man Playing at Nuart for One Week!
Huffington Post - almost 4 years
Bert Stern in front of one of his Marilyn Monroe photos. In the 1950s and early 1960s I had a best friend named Bert Stern. He was a brilliant and successful photographer, one of the greatest ever (and I was a less-successful and not-as-brilliant publicist). So on Friday evening I went to the Landmark Nuart Theatre (11272 Santa Monica Blvd. (310) 473-8530, a block west of the 405 Freeway, with plenty of street parking in the adjacent street). It was the opening night of a one-week run of an amazing documentary about Bert by director Shannah Laumeister, who was there for the evening. We met and chatted after the screening; I told her how much I loved the film and was devastated by the memories it evoked. The director of the movie, Shannah Laumister, in front of the Nuart theatre. The film is sometimes funny, breathtaking, poignant, and full of celebrities... it helps an audience who only knows him by repute to understand and appreciate how his work has helped shape a lo ...
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Huffington Post article
Fred Waitzkin: What Is True?
Huffington Post - about 4 years
Here is a dialogue that came out of my kitchen during a family meal. I was recalling an event that had occurred recently in a coffee shop I frequent. I was into the pace and pathos of my anecdote, the sadness of a stranger I had lingered to talk to, when my plucky 26-year-old daughter remarked, "Dad, you made up that dialogue. The woman never said that!" Everyone laughed. I argued that she was wrong. Wrong! I became a little angry. I knew what the woman said, after all. I was there and I could still feel the moment coursing through me. My kids, daughter-in-law and wife, laughed at me -- they all know that I am a "creative" storyteller and they like to poke fun at me -- even the four-month-old baby, captain Jack Waitzkin, laughed at me until I smiled back at him. For me, a good story must be true. By this I mean the emotional connections between characters must be legitimate and hopefully powerful and interesting and inviting, but also surprising. In a story or novel I won't ...
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Huffington Post article
Phil Ramone and Danielle Evin: Dog Ears Music: National Evaluate Your Life Day Playlist
Huffington Post - over 4 years
Joel Hilme & Felix Martinz Song: The Wake Up Call Album: Presspauseplay Original Soundtrack Genre: Soundtrack Buy: Bob Marley Song: Chances Are Album: The Anthology Genre: Reggae Buy: Bob Dylan Song: Life Is Hard Album: Together Through Life Genre: Rock Buy: Idol Fodder Song: Analyse My Life? Album: Bäbytalk-EP Genre: Alternative Buy: Alberta Cross Song: Taking Control Album: Broken Side of Time Genre: Alternative Buy: Scott Joplin Song: Reflection Rag Album: Ragtime Genre: Jazz Buy: Peter Bradley Adams Song: I'll Forget You Album: Leavetaking Genre: Singer/Songwriter Buy: Al Kooper & Shuggie Otis Song: Bury My Body Album: Kooper Session: Al Kooper Introduces Shuggie Otis Genre: Rock Buy: Arthur Crudup Song: Dig Myself a ...
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Huffington Post article
Ralph A. Miriello: The Bellowing Baritone Saxophone of Gary Smulyan
Huffington Post - over 4 years
As you might suspect, not all albums I receive and listen to are wonderful, let alone review worthy. As fate would have it, I recently listened to three separate albums that each, independently, piqued my interest. Curiously they all had the one unifying factor, the gutsy baritone saxophone sound of Gary Smulyan. Capri #74113-2 Smul's Paradise is Gary Smulyan's most recent album as a leader, and a smoking hot representation of one of my favorite formats, the organ trio. This one has the added twist of including Smulyan's brash baritone as a fourth instrument in this proven format, and it works amazingly well. When you enter the door to this imaginary lounge, Smul's Paradise, you are entering a smoke-filled world of dimmed lights and red velvet fabric. A world of pleated leather lined booths, dingy, plush carpeting and a compact bandstand stuffed into a corner opposite the shiny mahogany bar where peroxide ladies wait anxiously for the next song or the next prince charmi ...
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Huffington Post article
Phil Ramone and Danielle Evin: Dog Ears Music: As Summer Drifts Away Playlist
Huffington Post - over 4 years
Charlie Parker Song: Summertime Album: Charlie Parker With Strings: The Master Takes Genre: Jazz Buy: Western Heritage Song: California State of Mind Album: California State of Mind Genre: Pop Buy: Astronautalis Song: 17 Summers Album: Pomegranate Genre: Alternative Buy: Styx Song: Summer in the City Album: Big Bang Theory Genre: Rock Buy: Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66 Song: When Summer Turns to Snow Album: Fool on the Hill (Remastered) Genre: Jazz/Pop Buy: Jonathan Richman Song: That Summer Feeling Album: I, Jonathan Genre: Rock Buy: Pinback Song: Soaked Album: Summer in Abaddon Genre: Alternative Buy: Lady Gaga Song: Summerboy Album: The Fame Genre: Pop Buy: Gerry Mulligan & Judy Holliday Song: Summer's Over Album: Their ...
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Huffington Post article
NJPAC Announces Schedule of Events
Belleville Patch - almost 5 years
The New Jersey Performing Arts Center (NJPAC) has announced its schedule for the 2012-13 season, which is filled with new festivals, curatorial and artistic collaborations, and community partnerships, programs and artist outreach that will take place within and beyond its stages. Throughout the season, NJPAC will continue to add performances. NJPAC is located at 1 Center St. "Our 2012-13 season will be filled with the sounds of surprise" said John Schreiber, NJPAC's president and CEO. "We've consciously scheduled more curtains and added significantly to the artistic mix. In addition to what audiences have come to love and expect from the Arts Center, we're introducing new programs that will be unique to the region. If you already love NJPAC, there's plenty on the roster for you. And if you haven't yet been to the theater or visited in a long time, we think our expanded schedule will offer something to engage everybody." Single tickets are now onsale and may be purchased by calling ...
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Belleville Patch article
THE WEEK AHEAD; Aug. 8 -- Sept. 3
NYTimes - over 5 years
Theater Steven McElroy When MIKE McALARYdied of colon cancer in 1998, at 41, he left in his wake a Pulitzer Prize and a reputation for tenacity. He once skipped a chemotherapy appointment to chase a hot tip. That was in the summer of 1997, when he instead went to meet Abner Louima, who had been brutalized by police officers in Brooklyn. McAlary's
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NYTimes article
Eddie Gomez On Piano Jazz - NPR
Google News - over 5 years
In 1966, he spent a week playing with Gerry Mulligan's small group at the Village Vanguard, and another group happened to be playing there the same week: the Bill Evans Trio. Evans was still seeking the ideal replacement for bassist Scott LaFaro,
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Google News article
Music Box: Larry Graham brings the funk to Rams Head On Stage tomorrow - Annapolis Capital
Google News - over 5 years
His exceptional piano playing skills always were in demand by jazz greats including Stan Getz, Al Cohn, Zoot Sims and Gerry Mulligan. But it is Allison's turn of phrase and sense of wit that endears him to his fans. This Labor Day weekend is rife with
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Google News article
Jerry Leiber appreciation: A songwriter who helped change pop music - Los Angeles Times
Google News - over 5 years
(Stoller got his start gigging with Chet Baker and Gerry Mulligan, and was engendered into Chicano culture through one of his first girlfriends.) One of Leiber's first jobs was as a busboy at the landmark Clifton's Cafeteria downtown,
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Google News article
The Skip Green Quartet featured at Oak Park Arms' Summer Jazz Festival - TribLocal
Google News - over 5 years
The quartet performs works by Charlie Parker, Gerry Mulligan, Miles Davis, John Coltrane, Cole Porter, George Gershwin, Billie Joel, the Beatles and Stevie Wonder. Skip Green is recognized as one of the top jazz performers in Chicagoland
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Google News article
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Gerry Mulligan
  • 1996
    Age 68
    Mulligan died in Darien, Connecticut, on January 20, 1996, at the age of 68, following complications from knee surgery.
    More Details Hide Details His widow Franca – to whom he had been married since 1976 – said he had also been suffering from liver cancer. Upon Mulligan's death, his library and numerous personal effects (including a gold-plated Conn baritone saxophone) were given to the Library of Congress. 'The Gerry Mulligan Collection' is open to registered public researchers in the library's Performing Arts Research Center. The library placed Mulligan's saxophone on permanent exhibit in early 2009. Mulligan's first film appearance was probably with Krupa's orchestra playing alto saxophone in the 1946 RKO short film Follow That Music. Mulligan had small roles in the films I Want to Live! (1958, as a jazz combo member), Jazz on a Summer's Day (1960, 1958 Newport Jazz Festival), The Rat Race (1960, in which he appears as a tenor saxophonist instead of playing his usual baritone sax), The Subterraneans (1960) and Bells Are Ringing (1960). Mulligan also performed numerous times on television in a variety of settings during his career.
  • 1995
    Age 67
    In 1995 the Hal Leonard Corporation released the video tape The Gerry Mulligan Workshop – A Master Class on Jazz and Its Legendary Players.
    More Details Hide Details With Manny Albam With Dave Brubeck With Miles Davis With Duke Ellington With Charles Mingus With Billie Holiday et al. With Sergio Mendes and Pelé With André Previn With Billy Taylor With Mel Tormé and George Shearing
    Mulligan gave his final performance on the 13th Annual Floating Jazz Festival, SS Norway, Caribbean Cruise, November 9, 1995.
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    Mulligan's final recording was a quartet album (with guests), Dragonfly, recorded in the summer of 1995 and released on the Telarc label.
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  • 1991
    Age 63
    Mulligan appeared at the Brecon Jazz Festival 1991.
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    In 1991, Mulligan contacted Miles Davis about revisiting the music from the germane 1949 Birth of the Cool album.
    More Details Hide Details Davis had recently performed some of his Gil Evans collaborations with Quincy Jones at the Montreux Jazz Festival and was enthusiastic. However, Davis died in September and Mulligan continued the recording project and tour with Wallace Roney and Art Farmer subbing for Davis. Re-Birth of the Cool (released in 1992) featured the charts from Birth of the Cool, and a new nonet which included Lewis and Barber from the original Davis band.
  • 1988
    Age 60
    In June 1988, Mulligan was invited to be the first Composer-in-Residence at the Glasgow International Jazz Festival and was commissioned to write a work, which he titled The Flying Scotsman.
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    1988 saw the premier of Mulligan's Octet for Sea Cliff, a chamber work commissioned by the Sea Cliff Chamber Players.
    More Details Hide Details In 1991 the Concordia Orchestra premiered Momo's Clock, a work for orchestra (without saxophone solo) that was inspired by a book by German author Michael Ende. Throughout Mulligan's orchestral work and until the end of his life, Mulligan maintained an active career performing and recording jazz – usually with a quartet that included a piano.
    But in later years their relationship became strained as Mulligan, with considerable effort, would manage to kick his habit, while Baker's addiction bedevilled him professionally and personally almost constantly until his death in 1988.
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  • 1987
    Age 59
    In 1987, Mulligan adapted K-4 Pacific (from his 1971 Age of Steam big band recording) for quartet with orchestra and performed it beside Entente with the Israel Philharmonic in Tel Aviv with Zubin Mehta conducting.
    More Details Hide Details Mulligan's orchestral appearances at the time also included the Houston Symphony, Stockholm Philharmonic and New York Philharmonic.
  • 1984
    Age 56
    In June 1984, Mulligan completed and performed his first orchestral commission, Entente for Baritone Saxophone and Orchestra, with the Filarmonia Venetia.
    More Details Hide Details In October, Mulligan performed Entente and The Sax Chronicles with the London Symphony Orchestra.
    In 1984, Mulligan commissioned Harry Freedman to write The Sax Chronicles, which was an arrangement of some of Mulligan's melodies in pastiche styles.
    More Details Hide Details In April of that year, Mulligan was a soloist with the New American Orchestra in Los Angeles for the premiere of Patrick Williams' Spring Wings.
  • 1982
    Age 54
    In 1982, Zubin Mehta invited Mulligan to play soprano saxophone in a New York Philharmonic performance of Ravel's Bolero.
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  • 1975
    Age 47
    In 1975, Mulligan recorded an album with Italian pianist / composer Enrico Intra, bassist Pino Presti, flutist Giancarlo Barigozzi and drummer Tullio De Piscopo.
    More Details Hide Details Mulligan's more serious work with orchestra began in May 1970 with a performance of Dave Brubeck's oratorio, The Light in the Wilderness with Erich Kunzel and the Cincinnati Symphony. In the 1970s and 1980s, Mulligan worked to build and promote a repertoire of baritone saxophone music for orchestra. In 1973, Mulligan commissioned composer Frank Proto to write a Saxophone Concerto that was premiered with the Cincinnati Symphony. In 1977, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation commissioned Harry Freedman to write the saxophone concerto Celebration, which was performed by Mulligan with the CBC Symphony.
  • 1974
    Age 46
    In 1974 Mulligan collaborated on a musical version of Anita Loos' play Happy Birthday.
    More Details Hide Details Although the creative team had great hopes for the work, it never made it past a workshop production at the University of Alabama. In 1978, Mulligan wrote incidental music for Dale Wasserman's Broadway play Play with Fire.
    In 1974, Mulligan collaborated with Argentine tango musician Ástor Piazzolla.
    More Details Hide Details While in Milan for the recording sessions, Mulligan met his future wife, Countess Franca Rota Borghini Baldovinetti, a freelance photojournalist and reporter.
  • 1971
    Age 43
    In 1971, Mulligan created his most significant work for big band in over a decade, for the album The Age of Steam.
    More Details Hide Details At various times in the 1970s he performed with Charles Mingus. The Concert Jazz Band was "reformed" in 1978 and toured at various times through the 1980s. Mulligan, like many jazz musicians of his era, occasionally recorded with strings. Dates included 1957 recordings with Vinnie Burke's String Jazz Quartet, a 1959 orchestra album with André Previn and a 1965 album of the Gerry Mulligan Quintet and Strings.
  • 1967
    Age 39
    After Dave Brubeck's quartet broke up in 1967, Mulligan began appearing regularly with Brubeck as the "Gerry Mulligan / Dave Brubeck Quartet" through 1973.
    More Details Hide Details Thereafter, Mulligan and Brubeck would work together sporadically until the final year of Mulligan's life.
  • 1966
    Age 38
    She and Mulligan also had a personal relationship from 1966 through 1972.
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  • 1962
    Age 34
    Mulligan resumed work with small groups in 1962 and appeared with other groups sporadically (notably in festival situations).
    More Details Hide Details Mulligan continued to work intermittently in small group settings until the end of his life, although performing dates started to become more infrequent during the mid 1960s.
  • 1961
    Age 33
    The band also recorded an album of songs sung by Mulligan's close friend Judy Holliday in 1961.
    More Details Hide Details The band toured and recorded extensively through the end of 1964, ultimately producing five albums for Verve Records.
  • 1960
    Age 32
    Mulligan formed his first "Concert Jazz Band" in the spring of 1960.
    More Details Hide Details Partly an attempt to revisit the ornate arrangements of big band music in a smaller setting, the band varied in size and personnel, with the core group being six brass, five reeds (including Mulligan) and a pianoless two-piece rhythm section (though as in the earlier quartets Mulligan or Brookmeyer sometimes doubled on piano). The membership included (at various times, among others): trumpeters Conte Candoli, Nick Travis, Clark Terry, Don Ferrara, Al Derisi, Thad Jones and Doc Severinsen, saxophonists Zoot Sims Jim Reider, Gene Allen, Bobby Donovan, Phil Woods and Gene Quill, trombonists Willie Dennis, Alan Raph and Bob Brookmeyer, drummers Mel Lewis and Gus Johnson, and bassists Buddy Clark and Bill Crow.
  • 1958
    Age 30
    Mulligan appeared in Art Kane's A Great Day in Harlem portrait of 57 major jazz musicians taken in August 1958.
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  • 1957
    Age 29
    In 1957, Mulligan and his wife, Arlyne Brown Mulligan (daughter of composer Lew Brown), had a son, Reed Brown Mulligan.
    More Details Hide Details He has since had a granddaughter, Brigid Ruth Mulligan, born to Reed and his wife Rachel in 2012. Mulligan also studied piano with Suezenne Fordham, who was a member of the inner circle of jazz players in New York. She was sought out by jazz musicians of the era to coach them to improve their piano technique.
  • 1953
    Age 25
    This fortuitous collaboration came to an abrupt end with Mulligan's arrest on narcotics charges in mid-1953 that led to six months at Sheriff's Honor Farm.
    More Details Hide Details Both Mulligan and Baker had, like their peers, become heroin addicts. However, while Mulligan was in prison, Baker transformed his lyrical trumpet style, gentle tenor voice and matinee-idol looks into independent stardom. Thus when upon his release Mulligan attempted to rehire Baker, the trumpeter declined the offer for financial reasons. They did briefly reunite at the 1955 Newport Jazz Festival and would occasionally get together for performances and recordings up through a 1974 performance at Carnegie Hall.
    The recordings included singles such as 1953 "Motel" labelled as 'The Gerry Mulligan Quartet Featuring Chet Baker'.
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  • 1952
    Age 24
    In the spring of 1952, seeking better employment opportunities, Mulligan headed west to Los Angeles with his girlfriend, pianist Gail Madden.
    More Details Hide Details Through an acquaintance with arranger Bob Graettinger, Mulligan started writing arrangements for Stan Kenton's Orchestra. While most of Mulligan's work for Kenton were pedestrian arrangements that Kenton needed to fill out money-making dance performances, Mulligan was able to throw in some more substantial original works along the way. His compositions "Walking Shoes" and "Young Blood" stand out as embodiments of the contrapuntal style that became Mulligan's signature. Mulligan's first recording sessions in Los Angeles were produced by Richard Bock of Pacific Jazz Records. These three informal sessions took place in June, July, and August 1952 at the Hollywood Hills cottage of recording engineer Phil Turetsky. At these sessions Mulligan, Chet Baker, and others recorded the material that was released as Pacific Jazz PJ LP-1 and later on PJ-8. While arranging for Kenton, Mulligan began performing on off-nights at The Haig, a small jazz club on Wilshire Boulevard at Kenmore Street. During the Monday night jam sessions, a young trumpeter named Chet Baker began sitting in with Mulligan. Mulligan and Baker began recording together, although they were unsatisfied with the results. Around that time, vibraphonist Red Norvo's trio began headlining at The Haig, thus leaving no need to keep the grand piano that had been brought in for Erroll Garner's stay at the club.
  • 1951
    Age 23
    In September 1951, Mulligan recorded the first album under his own name, Mulligan Plays Mulligan.
    More Details Hide Details By this point, he had mastered a melodic and linear playing style, inspired by Lester Young, that he would retain for the rest of his career.
  • 1949
    Age 21
    During his period of occasional work with the Davis nonet between 1949 and 1951, Mulligan also regularly performed with and arranged for trombonist Kai Winding.
    More Details Hide Details Mulligan's composition "Elevation" and his arrangement of "Between the Devil and the Deep Blue Sea" were recorded by Mulligan's old boss, Elliott Lawrence. This brought Mulligan additional recognition. Mulligan also arranged for and recorded with bands led by Georgie Auld and Chubby Jackson.
  • 1948
    Age 20
    In September 1948, Miles Davis formed a nine-piece band that featured arrangements by Mulligan, Evans and John Lewis.
    More Details Hide Details The band initially consisted of Davis on trumpet, Mulligan on baritone saxophone, trombonist Mike Zwerin, alto saxophonist Lee Konitz, Junior Collins on French horn, tubist Bill Barber, pianist John Lewis, bassist Al McKibbon and drummer Max Roach. The band only played a handful of live performances (a two-week engagement at the Royal Roost jazz club and two nights at the Clique Club). However, over the next couple of years, Davis reformed the nonet on three occasions to record twelve pieces for release as singles. These were eventually compiled on a Capitol Records album, titled Birth of the Cool. Mulligan wrote and arranged three of the tunes recorded ("Rocker", "Venus de Milo", and "Jeru", the last named after himself), and arranged a further three ("Deception", "Godchild", and "Darn That Dream"). He was also (with Davis, Konitz and Barber) one of only four musicians who played on all the recordings. Despite the chilly reception by audiences of 1949, the Davis nonet has been judged by history as one of the most influential groups in jazz history, creating a sound that, despite its East Coast origins, became known as West Coast Jazz.
  • 1946
    Age 18
    Mulligan moved to New York City in January 1946 and joined the arranging staff on Gene Krupa's bebop-tinged band.
    More Details Hide Details Notable arrangements of Mulligan's work with Krupa include "Birdhouse", "Disc Jockey Jump" and an arrangement of "How High the Moon" that quoted Charlie Parker's "Ornithology" as a countermelody. Mulligan next began arranging for the Claude Thornhill Orchestra, occasionally sitting in as a member of the reed section. Thornhill's arranging staff included Gil Evans, whom Mulligan had met while working with the Krupa band. Mulligan eventually began living with Evans, at the time that Evans' apartment on West 55th Street became a regular hangout for a number of jazz musicians working on creating a new jazz idiom.
  • 1927
    Born on April 6, 1927.
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