Ghulam Azam

Bangladeshi Politician

Ghulam Azam is a retired Bangladeshi Islamist political leader. He was the Ameer of Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh until 2000. Azam opposed the independence of Bangladesh before and during the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War which according to him was out of a desire to maintain a unified Pakistan, and for fear of Indian hegemony.… Read More

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1922 Birth Azam was born on 7 November 1922 in the then Bengal province of British India, the eldest son of Maulana Ghulam Kabir and Sayeda Ashrafunnisa. … Read More


1947 24 Years Old 1 More Event
While studying at the University of Dhaka Azam became active in student politics and was elected as the General Secretary of the Dhaka University Central Students' Union (DUCSU) for two consecutive years between 1947 and 1949.
1950 27 Years Old In 1950, Azam left Dhaka to teach political science at the Government Carmichael College in Rangpur.


1954 31 Years Old During this time, he became influenced by the writings of Abul Ala Maududi and he joined Maududi's party Jamaat-e-Islami in 1954, and was later elected as the Secretary General of Jamaat-e-Islami's East Pakistan branch.


1964 41 Years Old In 1964, the government of Ayub Khan banned Jamaat-e-Islami and its leaders, including Azam, was imprisoned for eight months without trial.
1967 44 Years Old He played a prominent role as the general secretary of the Pakistan Democratic Movement formed in 1967 and later as a member of Democratic Action Committee formed in 1969 to transform the anti-Ayub movement into a popular uprising.
In 1969, he became the Ameer of the Jamaat in East Pakistan.
1970 47 Years Old 1 More Event
In the runup to the 1970 general election, Azam together with leaders of a number of other parties in East Pakistan (including the Pakistan Democratic Party, National Awami Party, Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam and the Pakistan National League) protested at the Awami League approach to electioneering for, accusing them of breaking up public meetings, physical attacks on political opponents and the looting and destruction of party offices.
During the Bangladesh Liberation War, Azam took a political stance in support of unified Pakistan, and repeatedly denounced Awami League and Mukti Bahini secessionists, whose declared aim after 26 March 1971 became the establishment of an independent state of Bangladesh in place of East Pakistan.


1978 55 Years Old 1 More Event
Government of newly independent Bangladesh, banned Jamaat-e-Islami and cancelled Azam's citizenship due to his alleged role during the Bangladesh Liberation War. Azam lived in exile in London until he was allowed to return home in 1978. Jamaat's rehabilitation began when Ziaur Rahman became president after a coup in 1975 and lifted the previous ban on religious parties. … Read More
1981 58 Years Old His stay was however, was unwelcome in Bangladesh, and he was beaten by sandals by an angry mob at the footsteps of the Baitul Mukarram Mosque while attending a funeral in 1981.
1982 59 Years Old In the 1980s, Azam was particularly critical of the military rule of General Ershad after he seized power in a bloodless coup in 1982 and Jamaat-e-Islami took part in demonstrations and strikes as well as other opposition parties such as the Awami League and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).


1990 - 1994 3 More Events
2000 77 Years Old Azam announced his retirement from active politics in late 2000. … Read More
…  Notably, it was at the center of the 2012 ICT Skype controversy. … Read More
2014 91 Years Old 1 More Event
Ghulam Azam died of a stroke on 23 October 2014 at 10:10 pm at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) while serving jail sentences for crimes against humanity during Bangladesh Liberation War. … Read More
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