Gottfried von Cramm

Gottfried von Cramm

Tennis Player
Born Jul 7, 1909

Gottfried Alexander Maximilian Walter Kurt Freiherr von Cramm, was a German amateur era tennis champion and twice French Open champion. He was ranked World No. 2 in both 1934 and 1936 and World No. 1 in 1937. The Nazis wanted to exploit his blonde good looks as a symbol of Aryan supremacy, but he refused to identify with Nazism. Probably in revenge, they jailed him for an earlier homosexual relationship with a Jewish actor, and this damaged his career abroad.… Read More

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Browse recent news and stories about Gottfried von Cramm.

  • Strung Together
    NYTimes - Aug 28, 2011
  • Tennis > 800 Zuschauer Lassen Sich Begeistern 77.Am Better Internet (Blog)
    Google News - Aug 22, 2011
  • Es War Einmal Ein Ungeküsstes Tal . . . Kölner Stadt Anzeiger
    Google News - Aug 21, 2011
  • Von Cramm, Gottfried (1909 1976) Gayworld.Be
    Google News - Aug 17, 2011


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Gottfried von Cramm.


1909 Birth Born on July 7, 1909.


1926 16 Years Old After being hospitalized for a nervous collapse after his arrest, he was sentenced to 1 year imprisonment on 14 March for his relationship with Manasse Herbst, a young Galician Jewish actor and singer, who had appeared in the 1926 silent film Der Sohn des Hannibal.


1931 22 Years Old Von Cramm admitted that the relationship, which lasted from 1931 until 1934, began shortly before he married his first wife. … Read More
1932 23 Years Old In 1932, von Cramm earned a berth as a Davis Cup competitor for his country and immediately won the first of four straight German national championships.
1933 24 Years Old During this time he also teamed up with Hilde Krahwinkel to win the 1933 Mixed Doubles title at Wimbledon. … Read More
1934 25 Years Old He earned his first individual Grand Slam title in 1934, winning the French Open. … Read More
Germany effectively lost its 1935 Davis Cup Interzone Final against the US, when von Cramm refused to take match point in the deciding game, by notifying the umpire that the ball had tipped his racket, and thus calling a point against himself, though no one had witnessed the error.
1937 28 Years Old 1 More Event
In an attempt to get von Cramm on side, the Nazi regime punished his insubordination by not allowing him to compete in the 1937 French championship even though he was the defending champion.
Despite his enormous popularity with the public, on 5 March 1938, von Cramm was arrested by the German government and tried for homosexuality.


1940 31 Years Old 1 More Event
A further humiliation was Germany's 1940 decision to recall von Cramm from an international tennis tournament in Rome before he had a chance to play. … Read More
1942 33 Years Old Because of his previous conviction he was dismissed from military service in 1942.
1948 39 Years Old While war robbed von Cramm of some of his best years for tennis, he still won another German national championship in 1948 and was already forty years old when he won it for the last time in 1949.


1953 44 Years Old He played Davis Cup tennis until retiring after the 1953 season and still holds the record for most wins by any German team member. … Read More


1976 67 Years Old 1 More Event
While on a business trip, Von Cramm and his driver were killed in an automobile accident near Cairo, Egypt in 1976 when the baron's car collided with a truck. … Read More
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