Gottfried von Cramm

Gottfried von Cramm

Tennis Player
Born Jul 7, 1909

Gottfried Alexander Maximilian Walter Kurt Freiherr von Cramm, was a German amateur era tennis champion and twice French Open champion. He was ranked World No. 2 in both 1934 and 1936 and World No. 1 in 1937. The Nazis wanted to exploit his blonde good looks as a symbol of Aryan supremacy, but he refused to identify with Nazism. Probably in revenge, they jailed him for an earlier homosexual relationship with a Jewish actor, and this damaged his career abroad.… Read More

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  • Strung Together
    NYTimes - Aug 28, 2011
  • Tennis > 800 Zuschauer Lassen Sich Begeistern 77.Am Better Internet (Blog)
    Google News - Aug 22, 2011
  • Es War Einmal Ein Ungeküsstes Tal . . . Kölner Stadt Anzeiger
    Google News - Aug 21, 2011
  • Von Cramm, Gottfried (1909 1976) Gayworld.Be
    Google News - Aug 17, 2011


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Gottfried von Cramm.


1909 Birth Born on July 7, 1909.


1931 22 Years Old After being hospitalized for a nervous collapse after his arrest, on 14 March he was sentenced to one year's imprisonment Cramm admitted the relationship, which had lasted from 1931 until 1934 and had begun shortly before he married his first wife. … Read More
1932 23 Years Old In 1932, Cramm earned a place in the German Davis Cup team and won the first of four straight German national tennis championships.
1933 24 Years Old During this time he also teamed up with Hilde Krahwinkel to win the 1933 Mixed Doubles title at Wimbledon. … Read More
1934 25 Years Old He earned his first individual Grand Slam title in 1934, winning the French Open. … Read More
Germany effectively lost its 1935 Davis Cup Interzone Final against the US when Cramm refused to take a match point in the deciding game, by notifying the umpire that the ball had tipped his racket, and thus calling a point against himself, although no one had witnessed the error.
1937 28 Years Old 1 More Event
In an attempt to get Cramm to be more cooperative ideologically, the Nazi government punished his previous unwillingness by not allowing him to compete in the 1937 French championship, even though he was the defending champion.
1938 29 Years Old 1 More Event
Despite his enormous popularity with the public, on 5 March 1938, Gottfried von Cramm was arrested by the German government and tried on the charge of a homosexual relationship with Manasse Herbst, a young Galician Jewish actor and singer, who had appeared in the 1926 silent film Der Sohn des Hannibal.


1939 30 Years Old Cramm's international tennis friends were outraged at his treatment. Don Budge collected the signatures of high-profile athletes and sent a protest letter to Hitler. Cramm was released on parole after six months, and in May 1939 returned to competitive tennis. … Read More
1940 31 Years Old 1 More Event
A further humiliation was Germany's decision in 1940 to recall Cramm from an international tennis tournament in Rome before he had a chance to play. … Read More
1942 33 Years Old Because of his previous conviction, he was dismissed from military service in 1942.
1948 39 Years Old While the war robbed Cramm of some of his best years as a tennis player, he won the German national championship in 1948 and again in 1949, when he was 40 years old.


1953 44 Years Old He went on playing Davis Cup tennis until retiring after the 1953 season and still holds the record for the most wins by any German team member. … Read More


1976 67 Years Old 1 More Event
While on a business trip, Cramm and his driver were killed in an automobile accident near Cairo, Egypt, in 1976, when the baron's car collided with a truck. … Read More
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