Gottfried von Cramm
Tennis player
Gottfried von Cramm
Gottfried Alexander Maximilian Walter Kurt Freiherr von Cramm, was a German amateur era tennis champion and twice French Open champion. He was ranked World No. 2 in both 1934 and 1936 and World No. 1 in 1937. The Nazis wanted to exploit his blonde good looks as a symbol of Aryan supremacy, but he refused to identify with Nazism. Probably in revenge, they jailed him for an earlier homosexual relationship with a Jewish actor, and this damaged his career abroad.
Biography
Gottfried von Cramm's personal information overview.
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Strung Together
NYTimes - over 5 years
Rafael Nadal was working his way into a point about tennis rivalries. It was near the end of the third day of the Wimbledon Championships in late June, and Nadal, an hour or so earlier, efficiently dispensed with his second-round opponent, the hard-hitting but chronically inconsistent American Ryan Sweeting, in straight sets. Now, freshly showered,
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Tennis > 800 Zuschauer lassen sich begeistern - 77.am Better Internet (Blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Das Wochenende beim größten niedersächsischen Tennisverein DTV Hannover war in jeder Hinsicht dem einstigen Tennisbaron Gottfried von Cramm gewidmet – und 800 Zuschauer kamen, um sich von der außergewöhnlichen Idee und Atmosphäre des Gottfried von
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Es war einmal ein ungeküsstes Tal . . . - Kölner Stadt-Anzeiger
Google News - over 5 years
In vielen Texten spiegelt sich die „Sehnsucht nach dem verlorenen Paradies“, wird erinnert an den berühmten Tennisspieler Gottfried von Cramm, der im einstigen „Schloss Haniel“, dem heutigen Maria in der Aue, auf dem Aschenplatz stand,
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von Cramm, Gottfried (1909-1976) - Gayworld.be
Google News - over 5 years
De knappe, blonde Gottfried von Cramm paste bovendien binnen de nazi-ideologie van het arische ras. Toch bleef von Cramm steeds weigeren om deel uit te maken van nazipropaganda. Duitsland verloor in 1935 de finale van de Davis Cup tegen de Verenigde
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Das dramatische Leben des Tennisprofis Gottfried von Cramm - Hamburger Szene
Google News - over 5 years
Wie nachhaltig diese Niederlage sein Leben verändern sollte, zeichnet "Sportclub History - Gottfried von Cramm" am Sonntag, 14. August, um 23.30 im NDR Fernsehen nach. Denn kurz darauf verhaften die Nationalsozialisten den damals, neben Max Schmeling,
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El aristócrata alemán que jugó 'el mejor partido de la historia' del tenis - CNN México.com
Google News - over 5 years
El encuentro decisivo de singles en la Ronda de Clasificación de la Copa Davis en 1937, en Wimbledon, enfrentaba al poderoso estadounidense Donald Budge, (número uno del mundo) contra el chico dorado de Alemania, el barón Gottfried von Cramm
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1937 Davis Cup match between Donald Budge and Gottfried von Cramm remembered - CNN International
Google News - over 5 years
The deciding singles rubber in the 1937 Davis Cup Challenge Round match at Wimbledon pitted American powerhouse Donald Budge, the world number one, against Germany's golden boy Baron Gottfried von Cramm. At stake was a place in the final of the
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SVN stellt nur einen Aufsteiger - Derwesten.de
Google News - over 5 years
Zur Eröffnung der vier Platzanlagen spielte die damalige Davis-Cup-Mannschaft mit Gottfried von Cramm, Ernst Buchholz, Horst Herrmann und Rolf Göpfert.. In diesem Jahr spielten zwölf Erwachsenen-Teams auf der inzwischen zehn Platz großen Anlage
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Brainy Power - American Spectator
Google News - over 5 years
People forget that the classic reference in German tennis, Gottfried von Cramm, was not what we would call a power player, and the term does not really apply to the reference of a more recent era, Boris Becker, whose serve-and-volley game was part (and
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LETTERS; Tennis By the Book
NYTimes - over 5 years
To the Editor: Touré gets it mostly right in his tournament of tennis-savvy writers (''Tennis by the Book,'' July 3), but I would have liked to see at least one or two poets in the seedings. Two poems by Gary Fincke were included in my literary anthology ''Tennis and the Meaning of Life,'' and he has proved that he knows his subject outside the
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FROM THE INTERNATIONAL HERALD TRIBUNE; 100, 75, 50 Years Ago
NYTimes - over 5 years
1911 Cholera Kills 3 in New York Both the Federal health authorities and the health officers of New York are showing some concern over the spread of cholera, the first cases of which were brought to this city by Italian immigrants. There have been three deaths within forty-eight hours. There is indeed danger of a cholera epidemic unless strict
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Francia, también en las semifinales - Lanacion.com (Argentina)
Google News - over 5 years
El último triunfo alemán que sirvió para mantenerse en la lucha se produjo en 1953, cuando Gottfried von Cramm consiguió el primer punto de una serie que los franceses terminarían ganando 4-1. A pesar de la aparición de estrellas como Boris Becker o
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Tennis birthdays – July 7, 2011 - Montreal Gazette (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Despite his Grand Slam play, Gottfried von Cramm is most remembered for his match against Don Budge during the 1937 Davis Cup. He was ahead 4–1 in the final set, when Budge launched a comeback, eventually winning 8–6 in a match considered by many as
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Športovci, ktorí odhodili masku 2.časť - SME.sk
Google News - over 5 years
V roku 1936 bol Gottfried von Cramm, šampión z French Open, súdený a väznený za homosexualitu. Nepomerne tvrdší trest postihol jeho krajana Otta Peltzera, bežca a rekordéra na stredné vzdialenosti. Peltzer strávil štyri roky v koncentračnom tábore
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Wimbledon 2011 Results: Will Andy Murray Finally Break Through vs. Rafael Nadal? - Bleacher Report
Google News - over 5 years
... Great Britain's tennis championship to its rightful owners for the first time since 1936, when Fred Perry triumphed over Gottfried von Cramm from then-Nazi Germany for the second year in a row to give Perry his third and final Wimbledon title
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AP Sportlight - NOLA.com
Google News - over 5 years
1937 — Don Budge beats Gottfried von Cramm, 6-3, 6-4, 6-2 to win the men's singles title at Wimbledon. Budge sweeps the championships winning the singles, the men's doubles title with Gene Mako and the mixed doubles crown with Alice Marble
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Wimbledon 2011 diary: BBC faces a question of replacing Sue Barker as ... - Telegraph.co.uk
Google News - over 5 years
The subject matter is Baron Gottfried Von Cramm, a German aristocrat who thrice reached the final but never won Wimbledon. Von Cramm was secretly gay and an opponent of the Nazis, though before the 1937 final he reportedly took a call from Adolf Hitler
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Nadal at home on green grass of Wimbledon - Sydney Morning Herald
Google News - over 5 years
Should he be successful, Murray would become Britain's first champion since Fred Perry beat Germany's Baron Gottfried Von Cramm in 1936. There could not be a harder era for Murray to break through and win a first major. Two of his rivals are arguably
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Gottfried von Cramm
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1976
    Age 66
    While on a business trip, Cramm and his driver were killed in an automobile accident near Cairo, Egypt, in 1976, when the baron's car collided with a truck.
    More Details Hide Details Two roads were named in his honor, the Gottfried-von-Cramm-Weg in Berlin-Wilmersdorf, where the Rot-Weiss Tennis Club is located, and a similarly named road in the small town of Merzig. Gottfried von Cramm was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in Newport, Rhode Island, in 1977. In his 1979 autobiography, Jack Kramer, the long-time tennis promoter and a great player himself, included Gottfried von Cramm in his list of the 21 greatest players of all time. Cramm was the subject of a radio play, entitled Playing for His Life, first broadcast on BBC Radio 4 in June 2011. The play focused on the 1937 Interzone Davis Cup final and also on Cramm's personal life.
  • FORTIES
  • 1953
    Age 43
    He went on playing Davis Cup tennis until retiring after the 1953 season and still holds the record for the most wins by any German team member.
    More Details Hide Details Following his retirement from active competition, Cramm served as an administrator in the German Tennis Federation and became successful in business as a cotton importer. In addition, he managed the landed estate he had inherited from his father in Wispenstein, in Lower Saxony. Gottfried von Cramm married:
  • THIRTIES
  • 1948
    Age 38
    While the war robbed Cramm of some of his best years as a tennis player, he won the German national championship in 1948 and again in 1949, when he was 40 years old.
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  • 1942
    Age 32
    Because of his previous conviction, he was dismissed from military service in 1942.
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  • 1940
    Age 30
    In May 1940, some months after the outbreak of the Second World War, Cramm was conscripted into military service as a member of the Hermann Goering Division.
    More Details Hide Details He saw action on the Eastern Front and was awarded the Iron Cross. Despite his noble background, Cramm was enlisted as a private soldier until being given a company to command. His company faced harsh conditions on the Eastern Front, and Cramm was flown out suffering from frostbite, with much of his company dead.
    A further humiliation was Germany's decision in 1940 to recall Cramm from an international tennis tournament in Rome before he had a chance to play.
    More Details Hide Details The New York Times reported that his abrupt departure "was attributed to the German authorities' desire to prevent the former champion from meeting Henner Henkel, Rolf Goepffert, and other German players Berlin decided it would be embarrassing if Cramm beat his compatriots "
  • TWENTIES
  • 1939
    Age 29
    Cramm's international tennis friends were outraged at his treatment. Don Budge collected the signatures of high-profile athletes and sent a protest letter to Hitler. Cramm was released on parole after six months, and in May 1939 returned to competitive tennis.
    More Details Hide Details The extremely tense political climate caused problems when he went to play in England. Nevertheless, Cramm was allowed to compete at the Queen's Club tournament in London, where he won the event by beating American Bobby Riggs 6–0, 6–1. Officials at Wimbledon reportedly refused to let him play in their tournament, using the excuse that he was a convicted criminal and therefore unfit; The New York Times, however, quoted Wimbledon sources as saying that Cramm would have been welcome to participate, had he submitted an entry. The U.S. rejected Cramm's temporary-visa application that same year, citing his morals-charge conviction, and preventing him from playing at the U.S. Open in September.
  • 1938
    Age 28
    According to a report on the trial in the New York Times of 15 May 1938, the judge stated that "Baron von Cramm had alleged that his wife, during their honeymoon, had become intimate with a French athlete.
    More Details Hide Details The court held that this experience had unsettled the young tennis star and had resulted in his seeking a perverse compensation for an unhappy married life." Although Cramm had confessed to an affair with Herbst once he was arrested, he later changed his confession to one of "mutual masturbation", and his lawyer was able to convince the judge that Cramm had been forced into sending money to Herbst because Herbst was a "sneaky Jew."
    Despite his enormous popularity with the public, on 5 March 1938, Gottfried von Cramm was arrested by the German government and tried on the charge of a homosexual relationship with Manasse Herbst, a young Galician Jewish actor and singer, who had appeared in the 1926 silent film Der Sohn des Hannibal.
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  • 1937
    Age 27
    Despite his Grand Slam play, Gottfried von Cramm is most remembered in England for his deciding match against Don Budge during the 1937 Davis Cup.
    More Details Hide Details He was ahead 4–1 in the final set when Budge launched a comeback, eventually winning 8–6 in a match considered by many as the greatest battle in the annals of Davis Cup play and one of the pre-eminent matches in all of tennis history. In a later interview, Budge said that Cramm had received a phone call from Hitler minutes before the match started and had come out pale and serious and had played each point as though his life depended on winning. Others say that Budge believed a tale invented by Teddy Tinling (at the time the "call boy" who ushered players onto the Centre Court at Wimbledon) that Hitler had telephoned Cramm before the match.
    In an attempt to get Cramm to be more cooperative ideologically, the Nazi government punished his previous unwillingness by not allowing him to compete in the 1937 French championship, even though he was the defending champion.
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  • 1935
    Age 25
    In 1935, he was beaten in the French Open finals by Perry, but turned the tables the following year and defeated Perry, gaining his second French championship.
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    For three straight years Cramm was the men's singles runner-up at the Wimbledon Championships, losing memorable matches in the finals to England's Fred Perry in 1935 and again in 1936.
    More Details Hide Details The following year he lost in the finals to American Don Budge, both at Wimbledon and at the U.S. Open.
    Germany effectively lost its 1935 Davis Cup Interzone Final against the US when Cramm refused to take a match point in the deciding game, by notifying the umpire that the ball had tipped his racket, and thus calling a point against himself, although no one had witnessed the error.
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  • 1934
    Age 24
    He earned his first individual Grand Slam title in 1934, winning the French Open.
    More Details Hide Details His victory made him a national hero in his native Germany; however, it was by chance that he won just after Adolf Hitler had come to power. The handsome, blond Gottfried von Cramm fitted perfectly the Aryan race image of a Nazi ideology that put pressure on all German athletes to be superior. However, Cramm steadfastly refused to be a tool for Nazi propaganda.
  • 1933
    Age 23
    During this time he also teamed up with Hilde Krahwinkel to win the 1933 Mixed Doubles title at Wimbledon.
    More Details Hide Details Noted for his gentlemanly conduct and fair play, he gained the admiration and respect of his fellow tennis players.
  • 1932
    Age 22
    In 1932, Cramm earned a place in the German Davis Cup team and won the first of four straight German national tennis championships.
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  • 1931
    Age 21
    After being hospitalized for a nervous collapse after his arrest, on 14 March he was sentenced to one year's imprisonment Cramm admitted the relationship, which had lasted from 1931 until 1934 and had begun shortly before he married his first wife.
    More Details Hide Details He was additionally charged with sending money to Herbst, who had moved to Palestine in 1936.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1909
    Born
    Born on July 7, 1909.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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