Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia

Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia

Grand Duchess
Born Oct 17, 1853

Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia was a daughter of Alexander II of Russia and Empress Maria Alexandrovna. Maria became the wife of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia.


1853 Birth Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna was born 17 October 1853 at the Alexander Palace in Tsarskoye Selo. … Read More
1855 1 Year Old In 1855, when Maria Alexandrovna was seventeen months old, Nicholas I died and her father became the new Russian Emperor. … Read More


1867 13 Years Old …  In August 1867, while the Imperial family was at Livadia Palace, in Crimea, Mark Twain met Maria Alexandrovna and her parents. … Read More
1868 14 Years Old During a visit to her maternal relatives at Jugenheim in the summer of 1868, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna, then fifteen years old, met Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh. … Read More
1871 17 Years Old 1 More Event
Maria and Prince Alfred saw each other again in the summer 1871, when Alexander II and his wife visited relatives at Schloss Heiligenberg. … Read More
The Queen was dismayed, therefore, when she heard that official negotiations had restarted in January 1873. … Read More


In 1874, Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna married Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, the second son of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; she was the first and only Romanov to marry into the British royal family. … Read More
1876 22 Years Old While the Duchess was in Malta accompanied her husband, who was stationed there as an officer in the Royal Navy, Maria Alexandrovna gave birth to a second daughter, Victoria Melita, on 25 November 1876. … Read More
1877 23 Years Old After the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878, for a long while, Maria Alexandrovna resided in Coburg, as her husband was expected to succeed his aging uncle. While in Germany, a third daughter, Alexandra, was born on 1 September 1878 at Rosenau Castle, in Coburg. On 13 October 1879 the Duchess gave birth prematurely to a stillborn son at Eastwell Park.
1880 26 Years Old 1 More Event
On 17 February 1880, Maria was back in Russia, during the 25th anniversary celebration of her father's coronation. … Read More
1881 27 Years Old Maria Alexandrovna had to rush back to Russia to attend her father's funeral in Saint Petersburg in March 1881.
1883 29 Years Old The Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh were present at the coronation of her brother, Tsar Alexander III, in Moscow in May 1883. Their family was completed with the birth of a fourth daughter, Princess Beatrice, born at Eastwell on 20 April 1884. … Read More


1884 30 Years Old In July 1884, they traveled to Ilinskoe, outside Moscow, to visit Maria’s younger brother Grand Duke Sergei, who had married Queen Victoria’s granddaughter Elisabeth of Hesse. … Read More
1893 39 Years Old 1 More Event
…  From 1893 until her death, she had the distinction of being a Russian grand duchess (by birth), a British princess and royal duchess (by marriage), and the consort (and later widow) of a German sovereign duke. … Read More


1894 - 1896 3 More Events
1897 43 Years Old In June 1897, the Duchess and her husband went back to London to take part in Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee. … Read More
1899 45 Years Old On 23 January 1899 Maria Alexandrovna and her husband celebrated their 25th wedding anniversary at Schloss Friedestein, the Duke's official residence in Gotha. … Read More
1901 47 Years Old Although she was critical of her daughters, she supported them during their personal crisis. In 1901, her second daughter Victoria Melita divorced her husband and came to live with her.


1905 51 Years Old 1 More Event
Maria Alexandrovna lamented that, after working hard for the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg, and clearing its finances, the duchy passed to Charles Edward who took control of the Duchy at his majority in July 1905.
1909 55 Years Old Relations with the new Duke were initially tense, but improved when Charles Edward provided his full support to the marriage of Maria Alexandrovna's youngest daughter, Princess Beatrice to Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón, Infante of Spain on 15 July 1909. … Read More


1914 60 Years Old The last one of her trips took place in May 1914. … Read More
1917 63 Years Old In August 1917 she wrote: "At the age of 63, I am very fresh in mind, if not in body, and I can support with patience and resignation a sad and perhaps miserable end of life which is in store for my old age... … Read More
1920 66 Years Old 1 More Event
In July 1920, she wrote: "I am too utterly disgusted with the present state of the world and mankind in general... … Read More
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