Grand Najafi
Grand Najafi
Grand Ayatollah Allama Shaikh Muhammad Hussain Najafi was the first Twelver Shi'a alim from Pakistan to be elevated to the status of marjiyyat, and the next in the line of Marjas of South Asia after Seyyed Ali Naqi Naqvi of Lucknow, India. At present, there are two Marjas of Pakistani descent, the other one Ayatollah Sheikh Basheer Hussain Najafi.
Biography
Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Hussain Najafi's personal information overview.
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    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2010
    Age 77
    He was included in the lists "The 500 Most Influential Muslims" for the years 2010 and 2011.
    More Details Hide Details Muhammad Hussain was born in Jahanian Shah in district Sargodha (Punjab, Pakistan), in April 1932. He belongs to the Dhakku branch of Jat people. He had two paternal uncles, both of whom were Shia ulema: Maulana Imam Bakhsh was a religious teacher in Jahanian Shah, while Maulana Sohrab Ali Khan was a reputed alim of Uch Sharif. His father Rana Tajuddin was not an alim, but he had the wish of making his son a great alim. However, he died in 1944 when Muhammad Hussain was 12 years old, after which the family members persuaded the widow that Muhammad Hussain should look after the family lands, but she kept up the wish of her dead husband.
  • 2008
    Age 75
    On the invitation of the Iranian Supreme Leader Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, he attended the 21st Islamic Unity Conference in Tehran, Iran in May 2008, along with Allama Sajid Naqvi, Shaikh Mohsin Najafi, Hafiz Riaz Hussain Najafi and Maulana Sami ul Haq.
    More Details Hide Details He also visited Hawza Elmiye Qom, where he had meetings with Ayatollah Jafar Subhani, Grand Ayatollah Mohammad Shahroudi, Grand Ayatollah Mousa Shubairi Zanjani, Grand Ayatollah Qorban Ali Kaboli, Ayatollah Ahmed Mobalighi and Grand Ayatollah Naser Makarem Shirazi. He also addressed a gathering arranged in memory of Shaikh Aktar Abbas Najafi and Shaheed Ghulam Hussain Najafi in Madrasah Hojatieh, Hawza Elmiye Qom. For past thirty years, he has been addressing majalis in almost all parts of Punjab, Pakistan. For the last five years he has been addressing majalis in Imambargah Shah Gardez, Multan where all the major Shia ulema address majalis before him, including Allama Akhter Abbas Naseem, Principal of Madrasah Jamia tus-Saqlain, Multan. Last year the famous Ayatollah Syed Aqeel-ul-Gharavi also addressed majalis at the same place. He has also been addressing post-Muharram majalis in Islamabad and Birmingham, England for many years.
  • 2004
    Age 71
    On the invitation of the Iranian Supreme Leader Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, he attended the 17th Islamic Unity Conference in Tehran, Iran in May 2004.
    More Details Hide Details He also visited Hawza Elmiye Qom, where he had meetings with Ayatollah Morteza Moghtadai, Grand Ayatollah Hossein Noori Hamedani and Grand Ayatollah Naser Makarem Shirazi. He was interviewed by the state television and the Hawza Elmiye Qom's official magazine Hawza.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1983
    Age 50
    After the publication of "Tajalliat-e-Sadaqat", which was written in response to the anti-Shia book "Aftab-e-Hidayat", his family library was set ablaze by the opposite sect in Muharram 1983.
    More Details Hide Details He was in Quetta for reciting majalis of Muharram.
  • FORTIES
  • 1978
    Age 45
    In 1978, Raja Mumtaz Ali Khan gifted land to Ayatollah Najafi for madrasah, on which Jamia Ilmia Sultan ul-Madaris al-Islamia was constructed.
    More Details Hide Details In 2004, he founded Jamia Aqeela bani Hashim for the religious education of women. He is also the patron of the following madrasahs:
  • THIRTIES
  • 1970
    Age 37
    He married the daughter of Haji Muhammad Shafi (Faisalabad) in 1970.
    More Details Hide Details He had three daughters from this marriage. His first wife died in 1996.
  • 1965
    Age 32
    In 1965, a high-level organization of Shia ulema Mautamar Ulemae Shia Pakistan (Conference of Shia Ulema of Pakistan) was formed with Ayatollah Najafi as its president. and Mufti Jafar Hussain as its patron.
    More Details Hide Details Other members included Allama Gulab Ali Shah, Allama Akhtar Abbas, Allama Hussain Bakhsh Jarra, Hafiz Saifullah Jafari, Allama Syed Safdar Hussain Najafi, Mufti Inayat Ali Shah, Allama Muhib Hussain, Allama Riaz Hussain Najafi and Allama Ghulam Hassan Jarra.
  • 1964
    Age 31
    In 1964, Ayatollah Muhammad Hussain Najafi played a pivotal role in gathering about 250 Shia ulema and leaders in Imam Bargah Rizvia, Karachi, where "Shia Mutalbat Committee" was formed with Syed Muhammad Dehlavi as its president.
    More Details Hide Details In 1978, after Zia ul Haq's announcement of promulgating Hanafi fiqh, Shia ulema and leaders gathered in Bhakkar and founded Tehrik-e-Nifaz-e-Fiqh-e-Jafaria (later called Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan) with Mufti Jafar Hussain as its president. Ayatollah Najafi was a part of this organization's supreme council. After Mufti Jafar's demise, it was upon Ayatollah Najafi's recommendation that Allama Arif Hussain Hussaini was elected the new president of the organization.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1960
    Age 27
    After returning to Pakistan in 1960, Pir Fazal Shah (Parhezgar) asked him to become the principal of Dar-ul-Uloom Muhammadia, Sargodha, which he eagerly accepted. In 1971, due to increased involvement in majalis and Shia political movements it became impossible for him to run the affairs of Dar-ul-Uloom Muhammadia, therefore he stepped down from this post.
    More Details Hide Details In 1963, the principals of Shia madrasahs from all over Pakistan gathered in Karbala Gamey Shah, Lahore, and founded Tanzeeme Madarise Arabia Shia Pakistan (Organization of Shia Madrasahs of Pakistan). Ayatollah Najafi was elected its president.
    He received ijazah's of ijtihad from following marjas of Hawza Elmiye Najaf, in 1960 AD (1379 AH):
    More Details Hide Details He published his Tawzih ul Masail named "Qawaneen ush-Sharia fi Fiqh-e-Jafariya" in 1980 AD (1400 AH). He is being followed by a number of Shia Muslims in matters of fiqh from Pakistan and abroad.
  • 1954
    Age 21
    In 1954, he moved to Hawza Elmiye Najaf to finalize his religious education.
    More Details Hide Details He attended the lectures of the following marjas: In an interview to the Hawza Elmiye Qom's monthly magazine "Hawza", he was asked: He wrote the following books during his stay at Najaf: Grand Ayatollah Bazurg Tehrani has mentioned these books in his famous book Az-Zariya ila Tasaneef ush-Shia (A list of Shia Books), and Aalulbayt Global information Center has mentioned these books in their Musannifat-ush-Shia (Shia Books). Najafi is fluent in Arabic, Persian, Punjabi and Urdu languages.
    In 1954, his only son Muhammad Sibtain was born.
    More Details Hide Details At the age of five, he got seriously ill and died, as Muhammad Hussain did not have enough money for his treatment. (Muhammad Hussain used to spend his stipend money on household and buying books.) After Sibtain's death, Ayatollah Najafi did not have children for next eleven years.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1952
    Age 19
    Before going to Najaf for higher religious education, he was married to his maternal cousin in 1952.
    More Details Hide Details His teacher Allama Yar Shah had links with ulema of Najaf, and he wanted Muhammad Hussain to get married in a scholarly family of Najaf, but Muhammad Hussain declined this proposal due to cultural differences.
  • 1947
    Age 14
    After secondary school education, he got admission in Madrasah Muhammadia in Jalalpur Nankiana, Sargodha, where one of his prominent teachers was Ayatollah Allama Hussain Bakhsh Jarra. In 1947, he studied the courses of Dars-i-Nizami from Ayatollah Allama Muhammad Baqir Naqvi in Jhang.
    More Details Hide Details Allama Baqir Naqvi had migrated from Iraq to spread Shia formal education in Pakistan. Since (the First Biggest prominent Shia scholar in Pakistan Ustad ul ulama)Grand Ayatollah Allama Syed Muhammad Yar Shah naqvi Najfi, the most prominent disciple of Allama Baqir Naqvi, had moved from his ancestral city Alipur to Jalalpur, Muhammad Hussain moved to Jalalpur to complete Dars-i-Nizami for the next five years. In 1953, he passed the examination of Molvi Fazil from Punjab University, and moved to Najaf in 1954 for higher education.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1932
    Born
    Born on April 10, 1932.
    More Details Hide Details
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