Grand Russia
Russian grand duchess
Grand Russia
Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia was a daughter of Grand Duke, later Tsar Paul I of Russia and his second wife Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. After marrying the son and heir of the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin she became spouse to the heir and thus dropped her Russian title.
Biography
Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia's personal information overview.
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna of Russia
    TEENAGE
  • 1803
    Age 18
    The following year Elena became pregnant again and in March 1803 produced a daughter whom they named Marie Louise after her grandmothers, the Dowager Tsarina and Duchess Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In September 1803, Elena Pavlovna fell gravely ill and died suddenly on 24 September.
    More Details Hide Details She was buried with great sorrow in the Helena Paulovna Mausoleum in Ludwigslust which was named in her memory. Several members of the Mecklenburg-Schwerin dynasty, including her husband's second and third wife, are buried there. Her great-granddaughter, Princess Elisabeth of Saxe-Altenburg, married Grand Duke Konstantin Konstantinovich of Russia in 1884; another great-granddaughter, Princess Marie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (known as Miechen) married Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich of Russia; her brother Franz Friedrich married Grand Duchess Anastasia Mikhailovna, daughter of Grand Duke Michael Nikolaievich of Russia. His daughter, Duchess Cecilie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was Crown Princess of Germany through marriage, and her older sister Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin became Queen consort of Christian X of Denmark. Elena's widower, Friedrich Ludwig, remarried in 1810 to Caroline Louise of Saxe-Weimar. They had a daughter, Princess Helene Luise Elisabeth (1814–1858), who married Ferdinand Philippe d’Orléans, Duke of Chartres (1810–1842), but Friedrich again became a widower in 1816. In 1818 he married Landgravine Auguste of Hesse-Homburg but he died the following year. He never became Grand Duke because his father outlived him, and he was succeeded by Elena Pavlovna's son, Paul Friedrich, in 1837.
  • 1801
    Age 16
    The year 1801 had been especially hard for Elena, for she lost two close members of her family in just a few days.
    More Details Hide Details On 16 March her sister Alexandra died in Buda after giving birth to a daughter Alexandrine, who died a few days before. Just eight days later her father, the tsar, was assassinated.
  • 1800
    Age 15
    In September 1800 she gave birth to a son, Paul Friedrich, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1837 till 1842, who was named so after his grandfathers, the Tsar of Russia and the Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
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  • 1799
    Age 14
    The formal betrothal between Grand Duchess Elena and the Hereditary Prince of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was celebrated on 5 May 1799. It was customary for European princesses to travel to their husband's homelands to wed; Russian Grand Duchesses were always the exception, as they were all married at home following tradition. On 23 October 1799 Elena Pavlovna and Friedrich Ludwig were married at the palace of Gatchina.
    More Details Hide Details Her sister Alexandra followed her example and married her fiancé in the same place one week later. Elena and Friedrich Ludwig had two children: Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna (now Hereditary Grand Duchess Elena) moved to Schwerin with her husband. There she was introduced to a whole new court, quite different from the opulence of Saint Petersburg. She was quite content with her married life and soon after the wedding she was with child.
  • 1798
    Age 13
    In 1798 the situation in Europe was such that Russia decided for a closer military cooperation with Austria, supported by a consent to the marriage of Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna with Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary.
    More Details Hide Details At the same time, negotiations began on the marriage of Grand Duchess Elena Pavlovna with the heir of a small but politically profitable state, the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. The negotiations went without any complications and ended successfully. The day-of court records of 17 February 1799 wrote: arrived in St. Petersburg their Highnesses Princes Frederick and Carl of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. They received a set of rooms in the Marble Palace and where invited to the imperial table. Hereditary Prince Friedrich Ludwig of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1778–1819), was the eldest son of Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. Count Rostopchin wrote: on Monday 25 February the court go to Pavlovsk, after the 24 will be decided the betrothal of Grand Duchess Elena with the Prince of Mecklenburg, a handsome man but essentially rustic and ignorant, although a good person.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1784
    Born
    Born on December 24, 1784.
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