Gustav III of Sweden

Gustav III of Sweden

King of Sweden
Born Jan 24, 1746

Gustav III was King of Sweden from 1771 until his death. He was the eldest son of King Adolph Frederick and Louisa Ulrika of Prussia, she a sister of Frederick the Great of Prussia.

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Gustav III of Sweden.


1746 Birth Born in 1746.


1766 20 Years Old Gustav married Princess Sophia Magdalena, daughter of King Frederick V of Denmark, by proxy in Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen, on 1 October 1766 and in person in Stockholm on 4 November 1766. … Read More
1768 22 Years Old Gustav first intervened actively in politics in 1768, when he compelled the dominant Cap faction, which mainly represented the interests of the peasantry and clergy, to summon an extraordinary diet from which he hoped for the reform of the constitution in way that would increase the power of the crown. … Read More
Gustav found greater success abroad. From 4 February to 25 March 1771, Gustav was in Paris, where he carried both the court and the city by storm. … Read More


1776 30 Years Old 1 More Event
…  The dilapidated finances were set in good order by the "currency realization ordinance" of 1776. … Read More
1778 32 Years Old 1 More Event
Gustav even designed and popularized a Swedish national costume, which was in general use among the upper classes from 1778 until his death (and it is still worn by the ladies of the court on state occasions.) The king's one great economic blunder was the attempt to make the sale of alcohol a government monopoly, which clearly infringed upon the privileges of the estates.


1786 40 Years Old 1 More Event
The Riksdag of 1786 marks a turning-point in Gustav's history. … Read More
1788 42 Years Old At the same time, his foreign policy became more adventurous. At first he sought to gain Russian support to acquire Norway from Denmark. When Catherine the Great refused to abandon her ally Denmark, Gustav declared war on Russia in June 1788, while it was deeply engaged in a war with the Ottoman Empire to the south. … Read More
1789 43 Years Old 1 More Event
Returning to Sweden, Gustav aroused popular indignation against the mutinous aristocratic officers. Ultimately, he quelled their rebellion and arrested its leaders. Capitalizing on the powerful anti-aristocratic passions thus aroused, Gustav summoned a Riksdag early in 1789, at which he put through an Act of Union and Security on 17 February 1789 with the backing of the three lower estates. … Read More
1791 45 Years Old 1 More Event
…  A conspiracy to have the king killed and reform the constitution took place within the nobility in the winter of 1791-92. Among those involved were Jacob Johan Anckarström, Adolph Ribbing, Claes Fredrik Horn, Carl Pontus Lilliehorn and Carl Fredrik Pechlin. The assassination of the king took place at a masked ball at the Royal Opera House in Stockholm at midnight on 16 March 1792. … Read More
1792 46 Years Old 1 More Event
Then, after the brief Diet of Gävle on 22 January – 24 February 1792, he fell victim to a widespread political conspiracy among his aristocratic enemies.
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