H. G. Wells
English novelist, teacher, historian and journalist
H. G. Wells
Herbert George "H.G. " Wells was a British author, now best known for his work in the science fiction genre. He was also a prolific writer in many other genres, including contemporary novels, history, politics and social commentary, even writing text books and rules for war games. Together with Jules Verne and Hugo Gernsback, Wells has been referred to as "The Father of Science Fiction".
Biography
H. G. Wells's personal information overview.
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Self-described Mayport 'monster' indicted in prison slaying - Florida Times-Union
Google News - over 5 years
William H. Wells and another inmate at Florida State Prison were indicted Wednesday in Bradford County in the May 17 strangulation and stabbing death of 21-year-old inmate Xavier H. Rodriguez. Prosecutors will seek the death penalty against Wells and
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Theatre review: Chasing Dragons - Edinburgh Festivals
Google News - over 5 years
This is a poignant and resonant piece of student theatre from Nottingham University's New Theatre (they're also putting on Beef at the same venue), thanks in no small part to playwright Adam H Wells' textured and thoughtful script
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Close call between the cattle title contenders at Llandeilo Show - Farmers Guardian
Google News - over 5 years
Lowland breeds: Sup. and fem., A. and R. Davies and Sons, (Charollais); res. sup and male, R. and H. Wells (Lleyn). Group of three: Mr and Mrs K. Earle and family (North Country Cheviots); res., A. and R. Davies and Sons (Charollais)
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Best Workshop Instructors: David H. Wells on Seeing Photographically - Photo District News
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PDN asked photojournalist David Wells and other workshop teachers highlighted in “PDN Reader Survey: The Best Workshop Instructors” to share some of their best lessons for students. Here is Wells's response: New students mistakenly think that because
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THE TEXAS TRIBUNE; Taking a Look at the Governor, Back When He Was a Democrat
NYTimes - over 5 years
Gov. Rick Perry, a no-apologies conservative known for slashing government spending and opposing all tax increases, is about as Republican as you can get. But that was not always the case. Mr. Perry spent his first six years in politics as a Democrat, in a somewhat forgotten history that is sure to be revived and scrutinized by Republican opponents
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Papaya plants play key role in greenhouse whitefly control - Southeast Farm Press
Google News - over 5 years
• The major issues involved with this whitefly are its ability to transmit viruses and to become resistant to most pesticides. • Whiteflies feed on tomato leaves and transmit diseases, including tomato yellow
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Pacheco refugees leave large legacy in San Juan - San Juan Record
Google News - over 5 years
When Hattie accepted Will's proposal of marriage, they traveled for three days in a buggy to the Manti Temple and were married on September 25, 1889 by Apostle Daniel H. Wells. While living in Huntington, Will and Hattie had four children: Ethel
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In-form Barkby Utd secure back-to-back wins - Melton Today
Google News - over 5 years
Frisby: W. Giles 8, R. Wild 21, L. Harrison 8, A. Waddle 5*, H. Wells 6, J. Pinfold 8, B. Bishop 0*, Extras 8. Total: 64-5. BARKBY secured their second successive 10-wicket win on a very dark Wednesday evening. Following a consultation with Old Dalby,
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History behind Blue Bunny name - KTIV
Google News - over 5 years
As the story goes, Fred H. Wells founded the dairy after cholera wiped out his livestock. And, on his way back to Chicago, he ran out of money in Le Mars. Dave Smetter/ Wells Enterprises says, "So Fred H. Well Jr. decided to buy a horse, a wagon,
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Baptist Briefs - Dallas Baptist Standard
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Other SBC officers elected were second vice president, Eric Thomas, pastor of First Baptist Church in Norfolk, Va.; recording secretary, John Yeats, communications director of the Louisiana Baptist Convention; and registration secretary, James H. Wells
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Brewster Teacher Wins PBS Innovation Award - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
A screen shot of Revolutionarynews.com, Henry H. Wells Middle School teacher Mattew Schnitzler's award-winning concept, is shown here with some of the work students have submitted. Schnitzler has been teaching English at WMS for the past four years,
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Top Titans (6/10/2011) - UW Oshkosh Today
Google News - over 5 years
UW Oshkosh Chancellor Richard H. Wells recognized three academic staff members with the 2011 Outstanding Service Award. Shelly Rutz, Lori Develice Collins and Lisa Danielson will be recognized at the opening day activities on Sept. 6, 2011
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ATHLETICS: Veteran Kuester bags treble gold - Bicester Advertiser
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... 91 K French 28.04, 94 L Grolimund 28.17, 101 D Joliffe 28.44, 106 R Cadle 28.54, 137 E Colclough 30.20, 147 S Worfolk 30.59, 155 N Garside 31.24, 165 H Wells 31.37, 202 N Cherry 33.22, 206 D Jamieson 33.32, 220 B Keeble 34.09, 231 N Lambert 34.38,
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Metabolix Appoints Barbara H. Wells to Board of Directors - Business Wire (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
(BUSINESS WIRE)--Metabolix, Inc. (NASDAQ: MBLX), a bioscience company focused on developing clean, sustainable solutions for plastics, chemicals and energy, today announced that Barbara H. Wells, Ph.D., has joined its board of directors, effective June
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Dick H. Wells - Adrian Daily Telegram
Google News - over 5 years
By Anonymous Dick H. Wells, 73, of Delaware, Ohio, passed away Tuesday morning, May 31, 2011, at Grady Memorial Hospital, Delaware. He was born Sept. 16, 1937, in Adrian, Mich., to Floyd and Hazel (Hill) Wells. He was a 1956 graduate of Adrian High
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Pomegranates could become Florida cash crop - Southeast Farm Press
Google News - over 5 years
• If production takes off in the state, consumers could see Florida pomegranates next to California pomegranates in stores as well as the emergence of locally produced pomegranate juice and juice blends
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Video: School Honors Scores of Students, Thanks Parents - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
The celebration extended to family members, as parents and honorees enjoyed breakfast and listened to a few brief remarks from Henry H. Wells Middle School Principal Michelle Gosh and Brewster Board of Education member Roger Gross
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of H. G. Wells
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1946
    Age 79
    He was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium on 16 August 1946, with his ashes scattered at sea near Old Harry Rocks.
    More Details Hide Details A commemorative blue plaque in his honour was installed at his home in Regent's Park. Wells called his political views socialist. He was for a time a member of the socialist Fabian Society, but broke with them as his creative political imagination, matching the originality shown in his fiction, outran theirs. He later grew staunchly critical of them as having a poor understanding of economics and educational reform. He ran as a Labour Party candidate for London University in the 1922 and 1923 general elections after the death of his friend W. H. R. Rivers, but at that point his faith in the party was weak or uncertain. Social class was a theme in Wells's The Time Machine in which the Time Traveller speaks of the future world, with its two races, as having evolved from: "the gradual widening of the present (19th century) merely temporary and social difference between the Capitalist and the Labourer.... Even now, does not an East-end worker live in such artificial conditions as practically to be cut off from the natural surface of the earth? Again, the exclusive tendency of richer people... is already leading to the closing, in their interest, of considerable portions of the surface of the land. About London, for instance, perhaps half the prettier country is shut in against intrusion. "
  • 1943
    Age 76
    In 1943 Wells wrote an article for the Evening Standard, "What a Zulu Thinks of the English", prompted by receiving a letter from a Zulu soldier, Lance Corporal Aaron Hlope.
    More Details Hide Details Wells's article was a strong attack on anti-black discrimination in South Africa. Wells claimed he had "the utmost contempt and indignation for the unfairness of the handicaps put upon men of colour". Wells also denounced the South African government as a "petty white tyranny". Wells had given some moderate, unenthusiastic support for Territorialism before the First World War, but later became a bitter opponent of the Zionist movement in general. He saw Zionism as an exclusive and separatist movement which challenged the collective solidarity he advocated in his vision of a world state. No supporter of Jewish identity in general, Wells had in his utopian writings predicted the ultimate assimilation of the Jewish people. In notes to accompany his biographical novel A Man of Parts David Lodge describes how Wells came to regret his attitudes to the Jews as he became more aware of the extent of the Nazi atrocities. This included a letter of apology written to Chaim Weizmann for earlier statements he had made.
  • 1941
    Age 74
    In his preface to the 1941 edition of The War in the Air, Wells had stated that his epitaph should be: "I told you so.
    More Details Hide Details You damned fools".
  • 1940
    Age 73
    In his later political writing, Wells incorporated into his discussions of the World State a notion of universal human rights that would protect and guarantee the freedom of the individual. His 1940 publication The Rights of Man laid the groundwork for the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
    More Details Hide Details In the end Wells's contemporary political impact was limited, excluding his fiction's positivist stance on the leaps that could be made by physics towards world peace. His efforts regarding the League of Nations became a disappointment as the organization turned out to be a weak one unable to prevent the Second World War, which itself occurred towards the very end of his life and only increased the pessimistic side of his nature. In his last book Mind at the End of Its Tether (1945) he considered the idea that humanity being replaced by another species might not be a bad idea. He also came to refer to the Second World War era as "The Age of Frustration". Wells wrote in his book God the Invisible King (1917) that his idea of God did not draw upon the traditional religions of the world: "This book sets out as forcibly and exactly as possible the religious belief of the writer. Which is a profound belief in a personal and intimate God.... Putting the leading idea of this book very roughly, these two antagonistic typical conceptions of God may be best contrasted by speaking of one of them as God-as-Nature or the Creator, and of the other as God-as-Christ or the Redeemer. One is the great Outward God; the other is the Inmost God. The first idea was perhaps developed most highly and completely in the God of Spinoza.
    In his 1940 book The Rights of Man: Or What Are We Fighting For?
    More Details Hide Details Wells included among the human rights he believed should be available to all people, "a prohibition on mutilation, sterilization, torture, and any bodily punishment". Wells's 1906 book The Future in America, contains a chapter, "The Tragedy of Colour", which discusses the problems facing black Americans. While writing the book, Wells met with Booker T. Washington, who provided him with much of his information for the book. Wells praised the "heroic" resolve of black Americans, stating he doubted if the US could: "show any thing finer than the quality of the resolve, the steadfast effort hundreds of black and coloured men are making to-day to live blamelessly, honourably, and patiently, getting for themselves what scraps of refinement, learning, and beauty they may, keeping their hold on a civilization they are grudged and denied." In his 1916 book What Is Coming? Wells states, "I hate and despise a shrewish suspicion of foreigners and foreign ways; a man who can look me in the face, laugh with me, speak truth and deal fairly, is my brother, though his skin is as black as ink or as yellow as an evening primrose".
    In 1940, Wells published a book called The New World Order that outlined his plan as to how a World Government would be set up.
    More Details Hide Details In The New World Order, Wells admitted that the establishment of such a government could take a long time, and be created in a piecemeal fashion. Some of Wells's early science fiction works reflect his thoughts about the degeneration of humanity. Wells doubted whether human knowledge had advanced sufficiently for eugenics to be successful. In 1904 he discussed a survey paper by Francis Galton, co-founder of eugenics, saying, "I believe that now and always the conscious selection of the best for reproduction will be impossible; that to propose it is to display a fundamental misunderstanding of what individuality implies... It is in the sterilisation of failure, and not in the selection of successes for breeding, that the possibility of an improvement of the human stock lies".
    On 28 October 1940, on the radio station KTSA in San Antonio, Texas, Wells took part in a radio interview with Orson Welles, who two years previously had performed a famous radio adaptation of The War of the Worlds.
    More Details Hide Details During the interview, by Charles C Shaw, a KTSA radio host, Wells admitted his surprise at the widespread panic that resulted from the broadcast, but acknowledged his debt to Welles for increasing sales of one of his "more obscure" titles.
  • 1939
    Age 72
    In 1939 Wells denounced the ideological takeover of science by fascism and communism:
    More Details Hide Details "In Communist circles you may hear the most terrible balderdash about proletarian chemistry or proletarian mathematics. In Germany also it is alleged that some remarkable iniquity attaches to Jewish physics and Einstein is denounced and banned." Wells brought his interest in art and design, and politics together when he and other notables signed a memorandum to the Permanent Secretaries of the Board of Trade, among others. The November 1914 memorandum expressed the signatories concerns about British industrial design in the face of foreign competition. The suggestions were accepted, leading to the foundation of the Design and Industries Association. In the 1920s he was an enthusiastic supporter of rejuvenation attempts by Eugen Steinach and others. He was a patient of Dr Norman Haire (perhaps a rejuvenated one) and in response to Haire's 1924 book Rejuvenation: the Work of Steinach, Voronoff, and Others, Wells prophesied a more mature, graver society with "active and hopeful children" and adults "full of years" where none will be "aged".
  • 1934
    Age 67
    In the course of his visit to the Soviet Union in 1934, he debated the merits of reformist socialism over Marxism-Leninism with Stalin.
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    He did give him some praise saying in an article in the left-leaning New Statesman magazine in 1934, "I have never met a man more fair, candid, and honest" and making it clear that he felt the "sinister" image of Stalin was unfair or false.
    More Details Hide Details Nevertheless, he judged Stalin's rule to be far too rigid, restrictive of independent thought, and blinkered to lead toward the Cosmopolis he hoped for.
    Wells had diabetes, and was a co-founder in 1934 of The Diabetic Association (what is now Diabetes UK, the leading charity for people with diabetes in the UK).
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    Wells, as president of PEN International (Poets, Essayists, Novelists), angered the Nazis by overseeing the expulsion of the German PEN club from the international body in 1934 following the German PEN's refusal to admit non-Aryan writers to its membership.
    More Details Hide Details At a PEN conference in Ragusa, Wells refused to yield to Nazi sympathisers who demanded that the exiled author Ernst Toller be prevented from speaking. Near the end of the World War II, Allied forces discovered that the SS had compiled lists of people slated for immediate arrest during the invasion of Britain in the abandoned Operation Sea Lion, with Wells included in the alphabetical list of "The Black Book". Seeking a more structured way to play war games, Wells also wrote Floor Games (1911) followed by Little Wars (1913). Little Wars is recognised today as the first recreational war game and Wells is regarded by gamers and hobbyists as "the Father of Miniature War Gaming". Wells's literary reputation declined as he spent his later years promoting causes that were rejected by most of his contemporaries as well as by younger authors whom he had previously influenced. In this connection George Orwell described Wells as "too sane to understand the modern world". G. K. Chesterton quipped: "Mr Wells is a born storyteller who has sold his birthright for a pot of message".
  • 1933
    Age 66
    By 1933 he had attracted the attention of German officials because of his criticism of the political situation in Germany, and on 10 May 1933, Wells's books were burned by the Nazi youth in Berlin's Opernplatz, and his works were banned from libraries and bookstores.
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    Prior to 1933, Wells's books were widely read in Germany and Austria, and most of his science fiction works had been translated shortly after publication.
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    In 1933 Wells predicted in The Shape of Things to Come that the world war he feared would begin in January 1940, a prediction which ultimately came true four months early, in September 1939, with the outbreak of World War II.
    More Details Hide Details In 1936, before the Royal Institution, Wells called for the compilation of a constantly growing and changing World Encyclopaedia, to be reviewed by outstanding authorities and made accessible to every human being. In 1938, he published a collection of essays on the future organisation of knowledge and education, World Brain, including the essay, "The Idea of a Permanent World Encyclopaedia".
  • 1927
    Age 60
    In 1927 a Canadian citizen, Florence Deeks (1864–1959), unsuccessfully sued Wells for infringement of copyright and breach of trust, claiming that much of The Outline of History had been plagiarized from her unpublished manuscript, The Web of the World's Romance, which had spent nearly nine months in the hands of Wells's Canadian publisher, Macmillan Canada.
    More Details Hide Details In 2000, A. B. McKillop, a professor of history at Carleton University and a leading Canadian historian, produced a book on the Deeks versus Wells case, called The Spinster & The Prophet: Florence Deeks, H. G. Wells, and the Mystery of the Purloined Past. McKillop had been researching another Canadian historical figure when he came across information relating to this, and intrigued, followed through with this book. According to McKillop, the lawsuit was unsuccessful due to the prejudice against a woman suing a well-known and famous male author; McKillop paints a detailed story based on the circumstantial evidence of the case, and suggests that in a more modern court, she would have been successful. Deeks's manuscript was apparently sent to MacMillan and Company, UK, to check that references to other works did not violate copyright. It appeared to go through the hands of one of the editors in the UK who passed it onto Wells, as he knew Wells was thinking of a similar project. The net result was that Deeks's eventually rejected work came back and when it was eventually opened, it was found "soiled, thumbed, worn and torn, with over a dozen pages turned down at the corners, and many others creased as if having been bent back in use". When she compared her work to The Outline of History in the winter of 1920–21 she found remarkable similarities, exact text similarities, and the same errors and omissions that marred her work, also in Wells's.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1919
    Age 52
    Wells also wrote the preface for the first edition of W. N. P. Barbellion's diaries, The Journal of a Disappointed Man, published in 1919.
    More Details Hide Details Since "Barbellion" was the real author's pen name, many reviewers believed Wells to have been the true author of the Journal; Wells always denied this, despite being full of praise for the diaries, but the rumours persisted until Barbellion's death later that year.
  • FORTIES
  • 1909
    Age 42
    In 1909 he had a daughter, Anna-Jane, with the writer Amber Reeves, whose parents, William and Maud Pember Reeves, he had met through the Fabian Society; and in 1914 a son, Anthony West (1914–1987), by the novelist and feminist Rebecca West, 26 years his junior.
    More Details Hide Details In Experiment in Autobiography (1934), Wells wrote: "I was never a great amorist, though I have loved several people very deeply". David Lodge's novel A Man of Parts (2011) - a 'narrative based on factual sources' (author's note) - gives a convincing and generally sympathetic account of Wells's relations with the women mentioned above, and others. One of the ways that Wells expressed himself was through his drawings and sketches. One common location for these was the endpapers and title pages of his own diaries, and they covered a wide variety of topics, from political commentary to his feelings toward his literary contemporaries and his current romantic interests. During his marriage to Amy Catherine, whom he nicknamed Jane, he drew a considerable number of pictures, many of them being overt comments on their marriage. During this period, he called these pictures "picshuas". These picshuas have been the topic of study by Wells scholars for many years, and in 2006 a book was published on the subject.
    As an alumnus, he later helped to set up the Royal College of Science Association, of which he became the first president in 1909.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1901
    Age 34
    Poor health took him to Sandgate, near Folkestone, where in 1901 he constructed a large family home: Spade House.
    More Details Hide Details He had two sons with Jane: George Philip (known as "Gip") in 1901 (died 1985) and Frank Richard in 1903 (died 1982). With his wife Jane's consent, Wells had affairs with a number of women, including the American birth control activist Margaret Sanger, adventurer and writer Odette Keun, Soviet spy Moura Budberg and novelist Elizabeth von Arnim.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1894
    Age 27
    The couple agreed to separate in 1894 when he fell in love with one of his students, Amy Catherine Robbins (later known as Jane), whom he married in 1895.
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  • 1891
    Age 24
    In 1891, Wells married his cousin Isabel Mary Wells.
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  • 1889
    Age 22
    In 1889–90 he managed to find a post as a teacher at Henley House School, where he taught A. A. Milne.
    More Details Hide Details His first published work was a Text-book of Biology in two volumes - 1893. Upon leaving the Normal School of Science, Wells was left without a source of income. His aunt Mary—his father's sister-in-law—invited him to stay with her for a while, which solved his immediate problem of accommodation. During his stay at his aunt's residence, he grew increasingly interested in her daughter, Isabel. He would later go on to court her.
  • 1888
    Age 21
    During 1888 Wells stayed in Stoke-on-Trent, living in Basford, and also at the Leopard Hotel in Burslem.
    More Details Hide Details The unique environment of The Potteries was certainly an inspiration. He wrote in a letter to a friend from the area that "the district made an immense impression on me." The inspiration for some of his descriptions in The War of the Worlds is thought to have come from his short time spent here, seeing the iron foundry furnaces burn over the city, shooting huge red light into the skies. His stay in The Potteries also resulted in the macabre short story "The Cone" (1895, contemporaneous with his famous The Time Machine), set in the north of the city. After teaching for some time, Wells found it necessary to supplement his knowledge relating to educational principles and methodology and entered the College of Preceptors (College of Teachers). He later received his Licentiate and Fellowship FCP diplomas from the College. It was not until 1890 that Wells earned a Bachelor of Science degree in zoology from the University of London External Programme.
  • 1887
    Age 20
    Wells studied in his new school until 1887 with a weekly allowance of 21 shillings (a guinea) thanks to his scholarship.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1886
    Age 19
    The school year 1886–87 was the last year of his studies.
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  • 1883
    Age 16
    In 1883 Wells persuaded his parents to release him from the apprenticeship, taking an opportunity offered by Midhurst Grammar School again to become a pupil–teacher; his proficiency in Latin and science during his previous, short stay had been remembered.
    More Details Hide Details The years he spent in Southsea had been the most miserable of his life to that point, but his good fortune at securing a position at Midhurst Grammar School meant that Wells could continue his self-education in earnest. The following year, Wells won a scholarship to the Normal School of Science (later the Royal College of Science in South Kensington, now part of Imperial College London) in London, studying biology under Thomas Henry Huxley.
  • 1879
    Age 12
    In October 1879 Wells's mother arranged through a distant relative, Arthur Williams, for him to join the National School at Wookey in Somerset as a pupil–teacher, a senior pupil who acted as a teacher of younger children.
    More Details Hide Details In December that year, however, Williams was dismissed for irregularities in his qualifications and Wells was returned to Uppark. After a short apprenticeship at a chemist in nearby Midhurst, and an even shorter stay as a boarder at Midhurst Grammar School, he signed his apprenticeship papers at Hyde's.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1877
    Age 10
    In 1877, his father, Joseph Wells, fractured his thigh.
    More Details Hide Details The accident effectively put an end to Joseph's career as a cricketer, and his subsequent earnings as a shopkeeper were not enough to compensate for the loss of the primary source of family income. No longer able to support themselves financially, the family instead sought to place their sons as apprentices in various occupations. From 1880 to 1883, Wells had an unhappy apprenticeship as a draper at the Southsea Drapery Emporium, Hyde's. His experiences at Hyde's, where he worked a thirteen-hour day and slept in a dormitory with other apprentices, later inspired his novels The Wheels of Chance and Kipps, which portray the life of a draper's apprentice as well as providing a critique of society's distribution of wealth. Wells's parents had a turbulent marriage, owing primarily to his mother being a Protestant and his father a freethinker. When his mother returned to work as a lady's maid (at Uppark, a country house in Sussex), one of the conditions of work was that she would not be permitted to have living space for her husband and children. Thereafter, she and Joseph lived separate lives, though they never divorced and remained faithful to each other. As a consequence, Herbert's personal troubles increased as he subsequently failed as a draper and also, later, as a chemist's assistant. Fortunately for Herbert, Uppark had a magnificent library in which he immersed himself, reading many classic works, including Plato's Republic, and More's Utopia.
  • 1874
    Age 7
    A defining incident of young Wells's life was an accident in 1874 that left him bedridden with a broken leg.
    More Details Hide Details To pass the time he started reading books from the local library, brought to him by his father. He soon became devoted to the other worlds and lives to which books gave him access; they also stimulated his desire to write. Later that year he entered Thomas Morley's Commercial Academy, a private school founded in 1849 following the bankruptcy of Morley's earlier school. The teaching was erratic, the curriculum mostly focused, Wells later said, on producing copperplate handwriting and doing the sort of sums useful to tradesmen. Wells continued at Morley's Academy until 1880.
  • 1866
    Born
    Herbert George Wells was born at Atlas House, 46 High Street, Bromley, in Kent, on 21 September 1866.
    More Details Hide Details Called "Bertie" in the family, he was the fourth and last child of Joseph Wells (a former domestic gardener, and at the time a shopkeeper and professional cricketer) and his wife, Sarah Neal (a former domestic servant). An inheritance had allowed the family to acquire a shop in which they sold china and sporting goods, although it failed to prosper: the stock was old and worn out, and the location was poor. Joseph Wells managed to earn a meagre income, but little of it came from the shop and he received an unsteady amount of money from playing professional cricket for the Kent county team. Payment for skilled bowlers and batsmen came from voluntary donations afterwards, or from small payments from the clubs where matches were played.
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