Hamida Banu Begum
Profile

Hamida Banu Begum

Mughal Empress
Female
Hometown (Amarkot)
Died Aug 29, 1604

Hamida Banu Begam, 'Maryam Makani' was a wife of the second Mughal Emperor, Humayun, and the mother of Mughal Emperor, Akbar. Her important architectural legacy is the Humayun's Tomb, Delhi, which she commissioned in 1562 CE, and saw through its construction over the next eight years.… Read More

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News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Hamida Banu Begum.

  • Facts About Humayun Dawn.Com
    Google News - Aug 30, 2011
  • Protecting Child Rights Obligatory For Competent Future Leadership Financial Express Bangladesh
    Google News - Jul 20, 2011
  • 2 Killed, 75 Hurt As Storm Hits Several Districts The Daily Star
    Google News - May 19, 2011
  • India Disaster: Chronicle Of A Nightmare
    NYTimes - Dec 10, 1984

Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Hamida Banu Begum.

CHILDHOOD

1527 Birth Hamida Banu Begum was born in 1527 to Shaikh Ali Akbar Jami, a Persian Shia, and a friend and preceptor to Mirza Hindal, the youngest son of first Mughal Emperor and Humayun's father Babur. … Read More

TEENAGE

1541 14 Years Old The marriage took place on a day chosen by the Emperor, an avid astrologer, himself employing his astrolabe, at mid-day on a Monday in September, 1541 (Jumada al-awwal 948 AH) at Patr. … Read More
1542 15 Years Old 1 More Event
Two years later, after a perilous journey through the desert, on 22 August 1542, she and Emperor Humayun reached at the Umerkot ruled by Rana Prasad, a Hindu Sodha Rajput, at a small desert town, and the Rana gave them asylum.
1543 16 Years Old Then in 1543, she made the perilous journey from Sindh, which had Qandahar for its goal, but in course of which Humayun had to take hasty flight from Shal-mastan, ‘through a desert and waterless waste.’ Leaving her little son behind, she accompanied her husband to Persia, here they visited the shrines of her ancestor, Ahmad-e Jami and Shiites shrine, of Ardabil in Iran, the place of origin of Safavid dynasty which helped them immensely in the following years.
1544 17 Years Old In 1544, at a camp at Sabzawar, 93 miles south of Herat, she gave birth to a daughter, thereafter she returned from Persia with the army given to Humayun by Shah of Iran, Tahmasp I, and at Qandahar met Dildar Begum, and her son, Mirza Hindal.
1545 18 Years Old Thus, it was not until 15 November 1545 (Ramdan 10th, 952 AH) that she saw her son Akbar again, the scene of young Akbar recognizing his mother amongst a group of women has been keenly illustrated in Akbar's biography, Akbarnama.

TWENTIES

1548 21 Years Old In 1548, she and Akbar accompanied Humayun to Kabul. … Read More
1554 27 Years Old In November 1554, when Humayun set out for India, she stayed back in Kabul. Though he took control of Delhi in 1555, he died within a year of his return, from a fall down the steps of his library at Purana Qila, Delhi, in 1556 at the age of 47, leaving behind a thirteen year old heir, Akbar, who was to become one of greatest emperors of the empire.

THIRTIES

1557 30 Years Old Hamida Banu joined Akbar from Kabul, only during his second year of reign, 1557 CE, and stayed with him thereafter, she even intervened into politics on various occasions, most notable during the ouster of Mughal minister, Bairam Khan, when Akbar came of age in 1560. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1604 77 Years Old Over the next eight years she personally supervised the construction of the tomb, where she too was buried after her death on 29 August 1604 (19th Shahriyar, 1013 AH) in Agra, just a year before the death of her son Akbar and almost half a century after death of her husband, Humayun. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamida_Banu_Begum.
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