Harrison Tweed
American legal scholar
Harrison Tweed
Harrison Tweed, was a New York City lawyer and civic leader.
Biography
Harrison Tweed's personal information overview.
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Barbara Estill; Civic Leader, 93
NYTimes - over 15 years
Barbara Banning Tweed Estill, a New York civic leader, died on Wednesday at her home in Manhattan. She was 93. She served as the president of Big Sisters and for 25 years was on the board of the Federation of Protestant Welfare Agencies, where she focused on programs for the elderly and public social policy. She was a board member of the Leopold
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NYTimes article
Paid Notice: Deaths ESTILL, BARBARA TWEED
NYTimes - over 15 years
ESTILL-Barbara Tweed. Loving mother of Barbette Hunt and sonin-law Peter H. Hunt. Grandmother of Max, Daisy and Amy Hunt. Widow of Harrison Tweed and Holland Estill. Graduate of Smith College, Class of 1930, President Emeritus of the Leopold Schepp Foundation, past-President of the Big Sisters, the Elder Craftsmen, member of the Protestant Welfare
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NYTimes article
William Parsons, 87, Ex-Board Chairman Of Teachers College
NYTimes - about 20 years
William Parsons, a retired senior partner in the law firm of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy and former chairman of the board of Teachers College of Columbia University, died on Dec. 4 at the Maine Medical Center in Portland, Me. He was 87 and lived in his native Kennebunk, Me., where he moved from Manhattan's Upper East Side in 1990. The cause was
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NYTimes article
Bar Group Ready to Name First Black President
NYTimes - about 27 years
LEAD: New York's most prestigious lawyers' organization, the City Bar Association, is preparing to name its first black president. New York's most prestigious lawyers' organization, the City Bar Association, is preparing to name its first black president. The lawyer, Conrad K. Harper, a partner in Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett, heads a slate of
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Harrison Tweed
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1969
    Age 83
    A series of interviews dealing largely with his law practice are in the Columbia Oral History Collection, Tributes to Tweed appear in the 1969 Association of the Bar of the City of New York Yearbook and the 1970 American Law Institute Proceedings.
    More Details Hide Details George Martin, Causes and Conflicts (1970), deals with Tweed's activities in the New York City bar association. General "Harrison Tweed, "Dictionary of American Biography, Supplement 8: 1966-1970. American Council of Learned Societies, 1988. Reproduced in Biography Resource Center. Farmington Hills, Mich.: Thomson Gale. 2005. http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/BioRC Notes
  • 1953
    Age 67
    New York Governor Thomas E. Dewey in 1953 appointed him chairman of the state’s commission to study the reorganization of the judicial branch (courts); many of its recommendations, including the formation of a new judicial conference of the state's judges, were later adopted by the state. In 1963, at the request of US President John F. Kennedy, Tweed became co-chairman of the Lawyers' Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, a position that he held for two years.
    More Details Hide Details Tweed believed that lawyers' training to define complicated issues enabled them to play a special role outside the practice of law: "Even if he contributes nothing more than a sense of orderliness and an ability to organize thought and to pose the right questions, the lawyer will have pulled his weight in the boat." Of his year as president of Sarah Lawrence College, he wrote, "I think that I did manage to bring to the faculty an organization and an understanding of democratic procedures which no one but a lawyer could have done." Tall, erect, and lean, Tweed was "the most democratic of aristocrats."He was the only lawyer to be awarded medals for distinguished service from the New York City, New York State, and American bar associations. The ABA tribute noted that his was "the Horatio Alger story in reverse." "I have a high opinion of lawyers," Tweed said in 1945. "With all their faults, they stack up well against those in every other occupation or profession. They are better to work with or play with or fight with or drink with than most other varieties of mankind." He died in New York City. -- Roger K. Newman
  • 1950
    Age 64
    He also served as an overseer of Harvard University from 1950 to 1956, and from 1951 to 1967 he was a trustee of the Cooper Union Center for the Advancement of Science and Art in New York City.
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  • 1947
    Age 61
    In 1947, Tweed became president of the American Law Institute (ALI).
    More Details Hide Details He was a guiding force in its major labors—the updating of the institute's published Restatements, as well as the preparation of the Uniform Commercial Code, model codes and statutes on penal law and taxation, and the first restatement on the foreign-relations law of the United States. He took a light, subtle approach, usually talking around the matter at hand so as to envelop the object of his attention; only occasionally did he take a direct part in the proceedings over which he smoothly presided. Starting in 1947, Tweed was chairman of the ALI - American Bar Association (ABA) joint committee on continuing legal education. Refreshment of the law, Tweed believed, was a professional responsibility. He wrote articles, spoke to lawyers' groups, buttonholed bar leaders, and organized conferences. For many years, a colleague noted, he "was the committee." The number of administrators of state continuing-legal-education programs increased markedly during his tenure.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1945
    Age 59
    In 1945, Tweed was elected president of the New York City bar association.
    More Details Hide Details To rejuvenate the staid organization, he brought in younger lawyers, established a bulletin, reorganized committees that issued reports, and created the position of executive secretary. All of this was done in a spirit of openness, equality, informality, and fun (a recurring word with Tweed). In this way, Tweed transformed a stuffy club into a strong progressive force for public service. C. C. Burlingham, the doyen of the New York bar, said that Tweed was "the best president the Bar Association has ever had."
  • 1942
    Age 56
    He married Barbara Banning on 21 November 1942; they had one child.
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  • 1940
    Age 54
    His daughter (with Eleanor Roelker) Katharine Winthrop Tweed married Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt, Jr. in 1940 and was divorced in 1950.
    More Details Hide Details She had one son, Tweed Roosevelt, born in 1942. Tweed's history of the Legal Aid Society was published as The Legal Aid Society, New York City, 1876-1951) (1954). See his chapter, "One Lawyer's Life," in Albert Love and James Saxon Childers, eds., Listen to Leaders in Law (1963).
    Educational matters and public service occupied much of Tweed's time. He served as a trustee of Sarah Lawrence College from 1940 to 1965, including eight years as chairman of the board of trustees (1947 to 1955), and was interim president of the college in 1959-1960.
    More Details Hide Details In his term as interim president, he is credited with saving the college from bankruptcy by increasing the number of students.
  • 1936
    Age 50
    He served as president of the Legal Aid Society of New York from 1936 to 1945, later publishing a history of its first seventy-five years, and of the National Legal Aid & Defender Association from 1949 to 1955.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1932
    Age 46
    Tweed's appointment as chairman of the legal aid committee of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York in 1932, led to a continuing involvement in bar organizations.
    More Details Hide Details He became an enthusiastic convert to the necessity of providing competent legal services to all people. Legal aid, he wrote, was "operation equal justice," "an obligation of the bar," and essential to secure the success of the adversary system.
  • 1928
    Age 42
    Following his divorce in 1928, he married Blanche Oelrichs Barrymore, the former wife of John Barrymore who used the name Michael Strange in her acting and writing careers. They were divorced in 1942.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1914
    Age 28
    Tweed was married three times and divorced twice. By his first marriage on June 14, 1914 to Eleanor Roelker, he had two children.
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  • 1910
    Age 24
    At Harvard Law School, he served on the law review and was awarded an LL.B. in 1910.
    More Details Hide Details His career at the bar began with a clerkship in the office of Byrne and Cutcheon in New York City. After service as a captain in World War I, he joined one of the predecessor firms to Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy, where he remained as a partner the remainder of his life. Milbank, Tweed was the outside legal arm of Chase Manhattan Bank and the Rockefeller family. Tweed specialized in drafting wills and trust agreements, for the administering of major estates. He wrote briefs in litigation arising out of them and argued, and won, several notable appeals in the New York courts and the United States Supreme Court. Because he was born partially deaf, he never tried a case. In conferences with other lawyers he usually spoke last, and his views generally became the group's consensus. Imitating Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, he had no desk in his office, instead writing at a lectern.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1891
    Age 5
    His maternal grandfather was William M. Evarts, who served successively from 1868 to 1891 as United States Attorney General, United States Secretary of State, and United States Senator from New York, and was one of the leaders of the American Bar Association.
    More Details Hide Details His maternal great, great, great grandfather was Paul Dudley Sargent Revolutionary war hero, one of the founding overseers of Bowdoin College. Tweed graduated from St. Mark's School in Southborough, Massachusetts, and received a B.A. from Harvard College in 1907.
  • 1885
    Born
    Tweed was born in New York City on October 18, 1885.
    More Details Hide Details He was the son of Charles Harrison Tweed, the general counsel for the Central Pacific Railroad, Chesapeake and Ohio and other affiliated railroad corporations, and his wife, (Helen) Minerva Evarts.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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