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Harry S. Truman

Thirty-third President of the United States

Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the United States. The final running mate of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944, Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when Roosevelt died after months of declining health. Under Truman, the U.S. successfully concluded World War II; in the aftermath of the conflict, tensions with the Soviet Union increased, marking the start of the Cold War. Truman was born in Missouri, and spent most of his youth on his family's farm.… Read More

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1884 Birth Harry S. Truman was born on May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri, the oldest child of John Anderson Truman (1851–1914) and Martha Ellen Young Truman (1852–1947). … Read More
1887 3 Years Old John Truman was a farmer and livestock dealer. The family lived in Lamar until Harry was ten months old, when they moved to a farm near Harrisonville. The family next moved to Belton, and in 1887 to his grandparents' 600-acre (240-ha) farm in Grandview. … Read More


1900 16 Years Old Truman worked as a page at the 1900 Democratic National Convention at Convention Hall in Kansas City; his father had many friends who were active in the Democratic Party and helped young Harry to gain his first political position.
1901 17 Years Old 1 More Event
After graduating from Independence High School (now William Chrisman High School) in 1901, Truman worked as a timekeeper on the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway, sleeping in hobo camps near the rail lines. … Read More


1905 21 Years Old Truman had dreamed of going to the United States Military Academy at West Point, but he was refused an appointment because of poor eyesight. He enlisted in the Missouri Army National Guard in 1905, serving until 1911 in a Kansas City-based artillery battery. … Read More


Promoted to captain, Truman in July 1918 became battery commander in an artillery battery in France. … Read More
1919 35 Years Old At the war's conclusion, Truman was mustered out as a captain. He returned to Independence, where he married Bess Wallace on June 28, 1919. … Read More
1922 38 Years Old With the help of the Kansas City Democratic machine led by Tom Pendergast, Truman was elected in 1922 as a County Court judge of Jackson County's eastern district—this was an administrative rather than judicial position, somewhat similar to county commissioners elsewhere.


1924 40 Years Old Truman was not re-elected in 1924, losing in a Republican wave led by President Calvin Coolidge. … Read More
1926 42 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1926, Truman was elected as the presiding judge for the county court (similar to a county commission) with the support of the Pendergast machine, and was re-elected in 1930. … Read More
1933 49 Years Old In 1933, Truman was named Missouri's director for the Federal Re-Employment program (part of the Civil Works Administration) at the request of Postmaster General James Farley. This was payback to Pendergast for delivering the Kansas City vote to Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1932 presidential election. … Read More


1934 50 Years Old After four other men turned him down, Pendergast reluctantly backed Truman as a Democratic candidate for the 1934 U.S. Senate election for Missouri. … Read More
1935 51 Years Old …  Truman was first elected to public office as a county official and became a U.S. Senator in 1935. … Read More
1940 56 Years Old 1 More Event
During the US Senate election in 1940, United States Attorney Maurice Milligan and former governor Lloyd Stark both challenged Truman in the Democratic primary. … Read More


1944 60 Years Old …  As the final running mate of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944, Truman succeeded to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when Roosevelt died after months of declining health.
…  Truman was sworn in as vice president on January 20, 1945. … Read More
1946 - 1947 3 More Events
…  Truman's 1948 election upset to win a full term as president is routinely invoked by underdog candidates.
…  He retired in March 1949; soon after, he was hospitalized but he committed suicide in May. … Read More
…  Although Hiss denied the allegations, he was convicted in January 1950 for perjury for his denials under oath. … Read More
1951 67 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1951, William M. Boyle, Truman's long-time friend and chairman of the Democratic National Committee, was forced to resign after being charged with financial corruption. A 1947 report by the Truman administration titled To Secure These Rights presented a detailed ten-point agenda of civil rights reforms. In February 1948, the president submitted a civil rights agenda to Congress that proposed creating several federal offices devoted to issues such as voting rights and fair employment practices. … Read More
…  Corruption in Truman's administration, which was linked to certain members in the cabinet and senior White House staff, was brought up as a central issue in the 1952 presidential campaign.
The war remained a frustrating stalemate for two years, with over 30,000 Americans killed, until an armistice ended the fighting in 1953. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_S._Truman.
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