Harry F. Byrd
American politician
Harry F. Byrd
Harry Flood Byrd, Sr. of Berryville in Clarke County, Virginia, was an American newspaper publisher, farmer and politician. He was a descendant of one of the First Families of Virginia. His ancestors included William Byrd II of Westover Plantation, who established Richmond, Robert "King" Carter of Corotoman, a colonial governor, and Pocahontas, and he was the brother of famed aviator Richard Evelyn Byrd. He was the father of Harry F. Byrd, Jr.
Biography
Harry F. Byrd's personal information overview.
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News
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Connaughton changes his tune on the gas tax - Bacon's Rebellion
Google News - over 5 years
Harry Byrd is dead. It's time to put his road agency in the urn along with him and replace it with one that puts the responsibility for local roads in local hands. * Stop using gas tax money to pay for mass transit. This is a wealth transfer,
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DHEC sponsors meeting on Black Creek pollution - SCNow
Google News - over 5 years
The meeting will be from 4:30 to 6 pm Monday in the magistrate's courtroom at the Courthouse Annex/EMS Building, 1625 Harry Byrd Highway. DHEC has drafted a TMDL (Total Maximum Daily Load) report for fecal coliform (FC) bacteria to submit to the
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Stewart Park plans ignite hopes of revitalization - Spartanburg Herald Journal
Google News - over 5 years
“There are some units in disrepair and have high maintenance costs, so we are working with HUD to phase out and demolish some of those old units,” said Harry Byrd, executive director of the housing authority. “The complex is over 50 years old,
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Political leaders unwilling to address economic fix: stimulus - Los Angeles Times
Google News - over 5 years
Harry Byrd of Virginia condemned the "present orgy of spending" and demanded a balanced budget and a ruthless purge of relief rolls. But it halted the recession in its tracks. Unlike Obama, Roosevelt was not shy about expressing the principles and
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Recent rains have been nice, but the heat is unbearable - Progress Index
Google News - over 5 years
Harry Byrd Jones. She is such an asset to our church. Can she sing and can she play that piano and organ? Tis one thing for certain, tis a marriage made in heaven, and in a few days will be their wedding anniversary. They've been married 55 or more
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Morning Jay: The Left Will Never Abandon Obama - The Weekly Standard (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
While there have been some prominent liberal Republicans (eg Jacob Javits) and conservative Democrats (eg Harry Byrd), these politicians were always the exceptions to the rule (and today they are all but extinct). This has meant, in turn, that liberals
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PICKET: Some lawmakers remain leery of 'Super Congress' - Washington Times (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
It's like the base closing commission that we have or the Harry Byrd committee on spending that was appointed around the time of World War Two. It's appropriate for Congress to select a committee of it's own members—no outside experts nobody from the
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Loudoun County crime report - Washington Post
Google News - over 5 years
Harry Byrd Hwy., 9:10 to 9:21 pm June 30. Two purses were stolen from a vehicle entered by damaging a window. Johnson Rd. N., 100 block, 9 pm July 4 to 6:15 am July 5. An air compressor was stolen from a vehicle. Marigold Cir., 21700 block,
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Crime Report: Bicycles Taken from Yards in Eastern Loudoun - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
Larceny: Two purses were reported taken from a vehicle on the 43800 block of Harry Byrd Highway between 9:10 pm and 9:21 pm June 30. The passenger side window was damaged to gain entry. Destruction of Property: Three vehicles were reported damaged in
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Loudoun County community calendar, - Washington Post
Google News - over 5 years
7:30-9 pm, Christ The Redeemer Church, 46833 Harry Byrd Highway, Sterling. Free. 703-628-2589, www.ymppa.org or info@ymppa.org. Leesburg Senior Center bingo, advanced game, 9 am Wednesdays; slower bingo, 12:30 pm Fridays. 215 Depot Ct. 703-737-8039
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Yellow bags back on Darlington County Council agenda - SCNow
Google News - over 5 years
Council is meeting on the first Tuesday of the month rather than at its usual time on the first Monday because of the July 4 holiday on Monday. The meeting will begin at 6 pm at the Courthouse Annex/EMS Building, 1625 Harry Byrd Highway
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One Big Idea: Dave Weigel on the Reverse Appropriations Committee - The Atlantic
Google News - over 5 years
Harry Byrd used to have a committee that fulfilled the function of finding wasteful programs and putting the power of Congress behind getting rid of them. In fact, we used to have a lot of mechanisms that got rid of government programs
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The great highway program (Fortune, 1958) - Fortune (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
To nail down the pay-as-you-build principle, Congress also accepted an amendment from frugal Senator Harry Byrd, laying down the law that aid paid out could not exceed the cash actually in the Trust Fund. In other words, the fund was not to be allowed
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Arkwright closing moves ahead - Journal Watchdog
Google News - over 5 years
... at the intersection of North Pine Street and Garner Road. Spartanburg Housing Authority Executive Director Harry Byrd told council the agency has paid back about half of the $1.4 million in federal development funds that were used for other projects
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Homecoming weekend for the Athletics | Philadelphia Daily News | 2011-06-22 - Philadelphia Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
Gus Zernial won the RBI and home-run titles in 1951; pitcher Harry Byrd was the 1952 Rookie of the Year. And 1954 featured the promising rookie seasons of third baseman Jim Finigan, second baseman Spook Jacobs, outfielder Vic Power and pitchers Arnie
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Spartanburg Housing Authority plans to help dads - Spartanburg Herald Journal
Google News - over 5 years
“We have a focus of new construction, not just on homes but on building people,” said Spartanburg Housing Authority executive director Harry Byrd during the “Fatherhood Initiative” kickoff luncheon at the Spartanburg County Library Thursday afternoon
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Crime Report: Another Chain of Destruction of Property Cases Hits Eastern ... - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
Destruction of Property: A chemical substance, possibly fire retardant, was sprayed on a trailer on the 47000 block of Harry Byrd Highway between 6 pm June 5 and 7 am June 6. Auto Theft: A green 2009 Kawasaki Ninja was reported taken from the 40 block
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Registration Open for Ringing In Hope 10K/5K Race, Walk & Fun Run - Leesburg Today
Google News - over 5 years
Races Begin at 8 amat the Jefferson Building, located at 44121 Harry Byrd Hwy. in Ashburn. Participants will compete on a flat, scenic, certified race course buffered by the beautiful ponds, fountains and parks of Ashburn. At the finish line,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Harry F. Byrd
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1966
    Age 78
    Died on October 20, 1966.
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  • 1964
    Age 76
    He voted against public works bills, including the Interstate Highway System, and played a key role in the passing of the 1964 Revenue Act.
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  • 1960
    Age 72
    In 1960, he received 15 electoral votes: eight unpledged electors from Mississippi (all of that state's electoral votes), six unpledged electors from Alabama (the other 5 electoral votes from that state went to John F. Kennedy), and a faithless elector from Oklahoma (the other 7 electoral votes from that state went to Richard Nixon). Byrd retired from the Senate for health reasons in November 1965. His son, Harry F. Byrd, Jr., was appointed his successor. Harry F. Byrd, Sr. died of brain cancer in 1966.
    More Details Hide Details He was interred in Mount Hebron Cemetery in Winchester. Edward P. Morgan's assistant visited Byrd's Northern Virginia farm during the apple harvest in the 1950s and was outraged by the conditions of the migrant workers employed there. This prompted Morgan to take up the issue of migrant labor in his CBS Radio Network commentaries. CBS producer Fred W. Friendly then prompted his close associate Edward R. Murrow to produce the television documentary "Harvest of Shame" on this issue. Harry F. Byrd Middle School, a National Blue Ribbon School located in the Richmond area, was slated to be renamed by the local school board on April 28, 2016 in response to a grassroots effort that convinced board members that having a school named after a man who supported school segregation was inappropriate. Specific General
  • 1956
    Age 68
    In 1956 He was nominated for president by the States' Rights Party of Kentucky, receiving 2,657 votes in that state, and was the choice of an independent (i.e. unpledged) slate of electors – endorsed by former governor James Byrnes and Senator Strom Thurmond – in South Carolina, where he received 88,509 votes.
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    Although he never decided to become a candidate for the office, Byrd received a considerable number of votes in the 1956 presidential election and 15 electoral votes in the 1960 presidential election.
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  • 1952
    Age 64
    In 1952, both the Constitution Party and the America First Party nominated him for vice-president, and Douglas MacArthur for president, without the consent of either.
    More Details Hide Details The slate got 17,205 votes.
    He also refused to endorse Adlai Stevenson in 1952.
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  • 1948
    Age 60
    He often broke with the Democratic Party line, going so far as to refuse to endorse the reelection of liberal President Harry S Truman in 1948.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1941
    Age 53
    As war loomed in 1941 Congress approved his proposal for a joint House-Senate committee to look into ways of eliminating nonessential expenditures.
    More Details Hide Details By late September, the Joint Committee on Reduction of Non-essential Federal Expenditures was in operation with Senator Byrd as Chairman; it built his national reputation as an economizer. By the 1950s Byrd was one of the most influential senators, serving on the Armed Services Committee, and later as chairman of the Finance Committee.
  • 1939
    Age 51
    Byrd and his colleague Carter Glass invoked senatorial courtesy to stop Roosevelt's nomination of Floyd H. Roberts to a federal judgeship in Virginia in 1939.
    More Details Hide Details Byrd broke with Roosevelt and became an opponent of the New Deal, but he was an internationalist and strongly supported Roosevelt's foreign policy.
  • FORTIES
  • 1933
    Age 45
    In 1933 Byrd was appointed to fill a vacancy in the United States Senate; he won reelection as a Democrat in 1933, 1934, 1940, 1946, 1952, 1958, and 1964.
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  • 1932
    Age 44
    Byrd himself was an early favorite for the 1932 presidential nomination but he opted to endorse Franklin D. Roosevelt at the right moment and became an official in Roosevelt's successful campaign.
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  • 1928
    Age 40
    In the 1928 U.S. presidential campaign, he supported Al Smith, the Democratic Governor of New York, who would go on to lose to Republican Herbert Hoover.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1925
    Age 37
    The publicity helped him to be elected Governor of Virginia in November 1925, easily defeating Republican Samuel H. Hoge in the general election.
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    He was elected the 50th Governor of Virginia in 1925 and continued to lead a political faction that became known as the Byrd Organization as he represented Virginia as a United States Senator from 1933 until 1965.
    More Details Hide Details Financial conditions in Virginia during his youth conditioned his thinking on fiscal matters throughout his life. He is best remembered for his austere "pay-as-you-go" financial policies. Byrd was also known as a racist and avowed white separatist. Byrd was vehemently opposed to racial desegregation of the public schools, and as such advocated a policy of "massive resistance" that led to closure of some public school systems in Virginia between 1959 and 1964. This policy created a large subset of black students who were denied their education in several Virginia counties. These students, many of whom are still alive, are known as the "lost generation."
  • 1923
    Age 35
    In 1923, he became a member of the Virginia Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.
    More Details Hide Details As governor, serving a term from 1926 to 1930, Byrd pushed through constitutional amendments that streamlined the state government and allowed for more efficient use of tax dollars. He also made property taxes solely a county responsibility. When it was obvious that increased spending on road construction was not enough to "get Virginia out of the mud," he pushed through a secondary roads bill that gave the state responsibility for maintaining county roads. These measures made Byrd seem like a New South progressive at first. However, many of his measures were more to the benefit of rural areas more interested in low taxes than better services. He instituted a "pay as you go" approach to spending, in which no state money was spent until enough taxes and fees came in to pay for it. Highways and tourism were his primary pursuits, says his biographer. "He advocated building roads to state shrines such as Jamestown and Monticello and called for historical markers along roadways, the first of which appeared in Fredericksburg. He held regional meetings to bring about closer cooperation between state and county road officials, prophesying that the road system could be completed within ten years through such cooperation... A tour of the highway system convinced him of the progress being made in extending the arterial network. Indeed, over 2,000 miles would be added to the system during Byrd's governorship, 1,787 of these miles in 1928.
    In 1923, Byrd was sued by the Virginia Highway Contractors Association because he said their activities "by combination and agreements may be very detrimental" to the State.
    More Details Hide Details The court dismissed the suit, stating the criticism was legal, imposing all costs upon the association.
  • 1922
    Age 34
    However, he first came to prominence in 1922, when he led a fight against using bonded indebtedness as a method to pay for new roads.
    More Details Hide Details He feared the state would sacrifice future flexibility by committing too many resources to paying off construction debt.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1915
    Age 27
    In 1915, while still heading the Valley Turnpike Company, at the age of 28, Byrd was elected to the Virginia Senate.
    More Details Hide Details That election was to begin his 50 years of service in various roles in the state and federal government. At the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond, as a new State Senator, Byrd was initially a progressive with an early interest in road improvements. He was a member of the Senate Committee on Roads, the Finance Committee, the Steering Committee, the Committee on Privileges and Elections, and the Committee of Schools and Colleges. He advocated a tax on gasoline as a fair method of raising revenue for road construction.
  • 1913
    Age 25
    Byrd married Anne Douglas Beverley, a childhood friend, on October 7, 1913.
    More Details Hide Details They lived with her parents in Winchester until 1916, when he built a log cabin, named Westwood, in Berryville at a family-owned orchard, and they moved there. The cabin was constructed from chestnut logs and remains one of the few examples of natural chestnut bark existing in the United States due to the chestnut blight. The Byrds had three sons: Harry F. Byrd, Jr., Bradshaw Byrd, and Richard Byrd, and one daughter, Westwood Beverly Byrd. In 1926, Byrd purchased Rosemont, an estate outside Berryville, adjacent to the family apple orchards. The family moved in 1929, at the end of Byrd's term as governor, after some renovations. Byrd was the brother of famed aviator Richard Evelyn Byrd.
  • 1908
    Age 20
    In 1908, at the age of 21, he became president of The Valley Turnpike Company, overseeing the Valley Turnpike, a 93-mile toll road between Winchester and Staunton.
    More Details Hide Details Earning $33 a month, he was required to drive the entire route at least twice a month to inspect it and arrange for repairs. As automobile traffic increased, he saw to it that road conditions were maintained within the revenues available. He served in that capacity until he became elected to state office seven years later. He would maintain an interest in roads and tourism throughout his career, always tempered however, by his pay-as-you-go philosophy.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1907
    Age 19
    In 1907, he founded The Evening Journal in nearby Martinsburg, West Virginia.
    More Details Hide Details He sold the paper in 1912 to associate Max von Schlegell.
  • 1903
    Age 15
    In 1903, he took over his father's newspaper, the Winchester Star.
    More Details Hide Details The newspaper had slipped into debt under his father's ownership. The paper owed $2,500.00 to its newsprint supplier, the Antietam Paper Company. The company refused to ship more newsprint on credit. Harry Byrd cut a deal to make daily cash payments in return for paper. As Byrd would later say, "when you have to hunt for them that way, you get to know how many cents there really are in a dollar." He eventually bought the Harrisonburg Daily News-Record and several other papers in the Shenandoah Valley; his family still owns these papers today. This was the first appearance of Byrd's famous "pay-as-you-go" policy. The experience, combined with other experiences of his youth, gave him a lifelong aversion to borrowing money and to debt of any kind. "I stand for strict economy in governmental affairs," Byrd proclaimed. "The State of Virginia is similar to a great business corporation... and should be conducted with the same efficiency and economy as any private business." In a fifty-year political career, no statement of Byrd's ever more succinctly spelled out his view of government.
  • 1901
    Age 13
    Harry Flood Byrd was the brother of famed aviator Richard Evelyn Byrd. He was a nephew of Henry De La Warr Flood, who served in the House of Representatives in the U.S. Congress from Appomattox County, Virginia from 1901 to 1921 and Joel West Flood, also of Appomattox County.
    More Details Hide Details Joel Flood served as Commonwealth Attorney of Appomattox County from 1919 to 1932, served in the U.S. Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Henry St. George Tucker in 1932. He became a long-time Federal Court Judge of the Fifth Judiciary Circuit (based in Richmond), serving from 1940 to 1964. Young Harry Byrd's father was a wealthy apple grower in the Shenandoah Valley and publisher of the Winchester Star newspaper. He attended the public schools and Shenandoah Valley Academy in Winchester. One of his biographers, Alden Hatch, has noted that, having been born only twenty-two years after the end of the American Civil War, he grew up in an era when "the Shenandoah Valley was still a place of genteel poverty... Harry Byrd never lacked food, but he had no money for luxuries. No one had any money. If a man got into debt, there was small chance of getting out of it."
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1887
    Born
    Harry Flood Byrd was born in Martinsburg, West Virginia in 1887 (just two weeks after fellow Virginia Senator Absalom Willis Robertson was the born in the same community) and moved with his parents, Eleanor Bolling (Flood) and Richard Evelyn Byrd, Sr., to Winchester, Virginia the same year.
    More Details Hide Details Byrd was a descendant of one of the First Families of Virginia; his ancestors included William Byrd II of Westover Plantation, who established Richmond, and Pocahontas.
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