Harun al-Rashid
Abbasid caliph
Harun al-Rashid
Hārūn al-Rashīd was the fifth Arab Abbasid Caliph that encompassed modern Iraq. His birth date remains a point of discussion, though, as various sources give the dates from 763 to 766). He ruled from 786 to 809, and his time was marked by scientific, cultural and religious prosperity. Art and music Hamd o Na'at also flourished significantly during his reign. He established the legendary library Bayt al-Hikma ("House of Wisdom").
Biography
Harun al-Rashid's personal information overview.
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News
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Mad Max in Tripolis - Tages-Anzeiger Online
Google News - over 5 years
Ghadhafi geriert sich bei alledem nach Art des Kalifen Harun al-Rashid. Der mittelalterliche Herrscher war alleine und als einfacher Mann verkleidet durch seine Hauptstadt Bagdad gewandert, um inkognito die Stimmung der Untertanen auszuloten
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Ibn Sina's financial record called - Bangladesh News 24 hours
Google News - over 5 years
They are Trustee Board members Shah Abdul Hannan, a former secretary, ANMA Zaheer, chairman of Islami Bank, Mir Kashem Ali, Prof Chowdhury Mahmud Hasan, Prof AKM Sadrul Islam, Qazi Harun Al Rashid, Dr Ayub Mia and physicians Syeda Sultana and Anwarul
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A major mistake may cost work permits - The Daily Star
Google News - over 5 years
Harun Al Rashid, coordinator of regional migrants' rights body Caram Asia in Kuala Lumpur, said many Bangladeshi workers are getting registered through outsourcing agents as they did not find employers. Meanwhile, the Bureau of Manpower Employment and
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Bom Irak 7 Tewas 60 Terluka - WartaNews
Google News - over 5 years
... menewaskan setidaknya empat dan melukai 24 lainnya. Sebuah sumber polisi lokal melaporkan bahwa bom meledak saat jamaah akan meninggalkan Masjid Harun Al-Rashid di pusat kota Ramadi, setelah shalat tarawih pada Kamis malam (11/8). (*/abi)
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Of Islam and civilisation - DAWN.com
Google News - over 5 years
We not only had philosophers but philosopher-kings like Mamunibn Harun al-Rashid. I, for one, was intrigued that not only petrol but the idea of the first aerial flight, the glider, came from a Muslim, Abbas ibn Firnas, contrary to what I had heard
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Boyd Tonkin: Marathon authors run for their lives - The Independent
Google News - over 5 years
Yarn-spinners at the court of Harun al-Rashid in Baghdad might have cast their spell for decades, or perhaps failed the Scheherazade test of audience satisfaction after a flat night or two. Once modern publishing got under way, it became possible for
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„Waxworks” se urmăreşte live - Time Out Bucuresti
Google News - over 5 years
În prima poveste, apare un brutar care a fost executat de Harun Al-Rashid (1001 nopţi) deoarece mirusul de brutărie ajungea până la castelul acestuia. A doua poveste este despre ţarul ivan Teribilul, căruia îi plăcea să urmărească,
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A History of Exploration - The News International
Google News - over 5 years
From this city to Baghdad the pilgrim route, thanks to the generosity of Zubayda, wife of Harun-al-Rashid, was provided with reservoirs wherever there was water and its stages are given by Hamdani, who calculates the distance between Medina and Faid at
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Phantom Time - Fortean Times
Google News - over 5 years
The history of the dynasty of Harun al-Rashid, greatest of the Abassid caliphs, with all the expeditions he led and the diplomatic gifts he gave to Charlemagne (including a clock that dropped bronze balls into a bowl, and two albino elephants) were
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Wahba Crater: Saudi Arabia's Natural Wonder - Arab News
Google News - over 5 years
Birkat Al-Akeek is an important archeological site, as it used to be a principal stop on the Hajj route from Alkoufa in Iraq to Makkah, built around 800 AD by the orders of Zubaida, the wife of the fifth Abbasid Caliph in Iraq, Harun Al-Rashid
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Interview: Konkona enjoys motherhood - indiablooms
Google News - over 5 years
Again, Harun al-Rashid was a very famous king of Baghdad centuries ago. In the Old Testament, there's a derivative of the name. So, actually it's a panel of names. Ranvir is very excited about the baby. He is such a good dad…he is changing diapers,
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Letter from America: Bashar al-Assad Must Be Brought Down - Asian Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
One time, Ibn Semaak Waa'iz (R) was in the presence of Caliph Harun Al-Rashid. During the course of the discussion, the caliph became thirsty. He asked for water. When water was brought and he was about to drink it, Ibn Semaak (R) said,
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Politisi Perempuan Kuwait Kampanyekan Perbudakan Seks Perempuan - Republika Online
Google News - over 5 years
Salwa pun mencontohkan Harun al-Rashid sebagai salah satu contohnya. Harun Al-Rashid, pemimpin Islam abad 8 Masehi yang menguasai daratan Iran, Irak dan Suriah, dikabarkan memiliki selir sebanyak 2000 orang. Salwa merekomendasikan agar Kuwait memiliki
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'Baghdad Arts Deco' - Arab News
Google News - over 5 years
The name alone of Baghdad conveys the exotic splendor of the Thousand and One Nights and the glorious rule of the Abbasids (762-1258) under the reign of Caliph Al-Mansur and Harun Al-Rashid known as Aaron the Upright. The arrival of the Mongols
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Muslim Woman Seeks to Revitalize the Institution of Sex-Slavery - FrontPage Magazine
Google News - over 5 years
“And the greatest example we have is Harun al-Rashid: when he died, he had 2000 sex slaves—so it's okay, nothing wrong with it.” Her rationale is apparently guided by a sense of efficiency, a desire for the good of society: legalizing sex-slaves
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Baba keeps media on tenterhooks - Express Buzz
Google News - over 5 years
NEW DELHI: Most charismatic mass leaders down the ages, at a particular point of their upward curve of popularity, have borrowed a page from the life of Harun Al Rashid. Like the mythical fifth Caliph of Baghdad, part of their aura emanates from their
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70 år sedan bortglömd massaker i Irak - Svenska Dagbladet
Google News - over 5 years
Redan år 807 införde kalifen Harun al-Rashid lagen om gula tygmärken för judar och blå för kristna. Antisemitismen i arabvärlden har ändrat karaktär. Traditionellt sågs judar som underlägsna och harmlösa, men i dag har den europeiska stereotypa bilden
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Harun al-Rashid
    CHILDHOOD
  • 8090
    Died in 809.
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  • 8020
    When the Byzantine empress Irene was deposed in 802, Nikephoros I became emperor and refused to pay tribute to Harun, saying that Irene should have been receiving the tribute the whole time.
    More Details Hide Details News of this angered Harun, who wrote a message on the back of the Roman emperor's letter and said "In the name of God the most merciful, From Amir al-Mu'minin Harun ar-Rashid, commander of the faithful, to Nikephoros, dog of the Romans. Thou shalt not hear, thou shalt behold my reply". After campaigns in Asia Minor, Nikephoros was forced to conclude a treaty, with humiliating terms. An alliance was established with the Chinese Tang dynasty by Ar-Rashid after he sent embassies to China. He was called "A-lun" in the Chinese Tang Annals. The alliance was aimed against the Tibetans. Because of the Thousand and One Nights tales, Harun ar-Rashid turned into a legendary figure obscuring his true historic personality. In fact, his reign initiated the political disintegration of the Abbasid caliphate. Syria was inhabited by tribes with Umayyad sympathies and remained the bitter enemy of the Abbasids, while Egypt witnessed uprisings against Abbasids due to maladministration and arbitrary taxation. The Umayyads had been established in Spain in 755, the Idrisids in Morocco in 788, and the Aghlabids in Ifriqiya (modern Tunisia) in 800. Besides, unrest flared up in Yemen, and the Kharijites rose in rebellion in Daylam, Kerman, Fars and Sistan. Revolts also broke out in Khorasan, and ar-Rashid waged many campaigns against the Byzantines.
    In 802 Harun sent Charlemagne a present consisting of silks, brass candelabra, perfume, balsam, ivory chessmen, a colossal tent with many-colored curtains, an elephant named Abul-Abbas, and a water clock that marked the hours by dropping bronze balls into a bowl, as mechanical knights—one for each hour—emerged from little doors which shut behind them.
    More Details Hide Details The presents were unprecedented in Western Europe and may have influenced Carolingian art.
  • 7890
    Hārūn was influenced by the will of his mother in the governance of the empire until her death in 789.
    More Details Hide Details His vizier (chief minister) Yahya the Barmakid, Yahya's sons (especially Ja'far ibn Yahya), and other Barmakids generally controlled the administration. The Barmakids were a Persian family (from Balkh) that dated back to the Barmak a hereditary Buddhist priest of Nava Vihara, who converted after the Islamic conquest of Balkh and became very powerful under al-Mahdi. Yahya had helped Hārūn in obtaining the caliphate, and he and his sons were in high favor until 798, when the caliph threw them in prison and confiscated their land. Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari dates this in 803 and lists various accounts for the cause: Yahya's entering the Caliph's presence without permission; Yahya's opposition to Muhammad ibn al Layth, who later gained Harun's favour; and Ja'far's release of Yahya ibn Abdallah ibn Hasan, whom Harun had imprisoned. The fall of the Barmakids is far more likely due to their behaving in a manner that Harun found disrespectful (such as entering his court unannounced) and making decisions in matters of state without first consulting him. Al-Fadl ibn al-Rabi succeeded Yahya the Barmakid as Harun's chief minister.
  • 7860
    Hārūn became caliph in 786 when he was in his early twenties.
    More Details Hide Details On the day of accession, his son al-Ma'mun was born, and al-Amin some little time later: the latter was the son of Zubaida, a granddaughter of al-Mansur (founder of the city of Baghdad); so he took precedence over the former, whose mother was a Persian. He began his reign by appointing very able ministers, who carried on the work of the government so well that they greatly improved the condition of the people. It was under Hārūn ar-Rashīd that Baghdad flourished into the most splendid city of its period. Tribute was paid by many rulers to the caliph, and these funds were used on architecture, the arts and a luxurious life at court. In 796, Hārūn decided to move his court and the government to Ar Raqqah at the middle Euphrates. Here he spent 12 years, most of his reign. Only once did he return to Baghdad for a short visit. Several reasons might have influenced the decision to move to ar-Raqqa. It was close to the Byzantine border. The communication lines via the Euphrates to Baghdad and via the Balikh river to the north and via Palmyra to Damascus were excellent. The agriculture was flourishing to support the new Imperial center. And from Raqqa any rebellion in Syria and the middle Euphrates area could be controlled. Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani pictures in his anthology of poems the splendid life in his court.
  • 7630
    Born in 763.
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