Hattie McDaniel

Born Jun 10, 1895

Hattie McDaniel was an American actress. McDaniel was the first African-American to win an Academy Award. She won the award for Best Supporting Actress for her role of Mammy in Gone with the Wind. In addition to having acted in many films, McDaniel was a professional singer-songwriter, comedian, stage actress, radio performer, and television star; she was the first black woman to sing on the radio in America.… Read More

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1895 Birth McDaniel was born June 10, 1895, in Wichita, Kansas, to former slaves. … Read More


1911 16 Years Old McDaniel married Howard Hickman in January 19, 1911, in Denver, Colorado. … Read More


1916 21 Years Old McDaniel was not only a performer but was also a songwriter. She honed her songwriting skills while working with her brother's minstrel show. After the death of her brother Otis in 1916, the troupe began to lose money, and Hattie did not get her next big break until 1920.
1920 25 Years Old From 1920 to 1925, she appeared with Professor George Morrison's Melody Hounds, a black touring ensemble. … Read More


1926 31 Years Old 1 More Event
From 1926 to 1929, she recorded many of her songs for Okeh Records and Paramount Records in Chicago.
1929 34 Years Old After the stock market crashed in 1929, the only work McDaniel could find was as a washroom attendant and waitress at Club Madrid in Milwaukee. … Read More
1931 36 Years Old In 1931, McDaniel moved to Los Angeles to join her brother Sam and her sisters Etta and Orlena. … Read More
1934 39 Years Old In 1934, McDaniel joined the Screen Actors Guild. … Read More


1935 40 Years Old In 1935, McDaniel had prominent roles, as a slovenly maid in Alice Adams (RKO Pictures); a comic part as Jean Harlow's maid and traveling companion in China Seas (MGM) (McDaniels's first film with Clark Gable); and as the maid Isabella in Murder by Television, with Béla Lugosi. … Read More
1936 41 Years Old McDaniel had a featured role as Queenie in the 1936 film Show Boat (Universal Pictures), starring Allan Jones and Irene Dunne, in which she sang a verse of Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man with Dunne, Helen Morgan, Paul Robeson, and a black chorus. … Read More
Loew's Grand Theater, on Peachtree Street in Atlanta, Georgia, was selected by the studio as the site for the premiere of Gone with the Wind, on Friday, December 15, 1939. … Read More
1940 45 Years Old 1 More Event
The Twelfth Academy Awards took place at the Coconut Grove Restaurant of the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. It was preceded by a banquet in the same room. Louella Parsons, an American gossip columnist, wrote about Oscar night, February 29, 1940: … Read More
1941 46 Years Old She married James Lloyd Crawford, a real estate salesman, on March 21, 1941, in Tucson, Arizona.
1942 47 Years Old 1 More Event
In the 1942 Warner Bros. film In This Our Life, starring Bette Davis and directed by John Huston, McDaniel once again played a domestic, but one who confronts racial issues when her son, a law student, is wrongly accused of manslaughter. … Read More


1945 50 Years Old 1 More Event
According to Donald Bogle, in his book Bright Boulevards, Bold Dreams, McDaniel happily confided to gossip columnist Hedda Hopper in 1945 that she was pregnant. … Read More
1949 54 Years Old She married Larry Williams, an interior decorator, on June 11, 1949, in Yuma, Arizona, but divorced him in 1950 after testifying that their five months together had been marred by "arguing and fussing." … Read More
1951 56 Years Old McDaniel's last will and testament of December 1951 awarded her Oscar to Howard University, where she had been honored by the students with a luncheon after she had won her Oscar. … Read More
1952 57 Years Old 1 More Event
…  By the spring of 1952, she was too ill to work and was replaced by Louise Beavers. … Read More
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