Henry II of France

Henry II of France

King of France
Born Mar 31, 1519

Henry II was a Valois monarch who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. Second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin from the death of his elder brother in 1536 until 1547, when he succeeded his father. Henry pursued his father's policies in matter of arts, wars and religion.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Henry II of France.


1519 Birth Born on March 31, 1519.
1525 6 Years Old His father was captured at the Battle of Pavia in 1525 by his sworn enemy, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, and held prisoner in Spain. … Read More


1533 14 Years Old Henry married Catherine de' Medici (13 April 1519 – 5 January 1589) on 28 October 1533, when they were both fourteen years old. … Read More
1536 17 Years Old When his elder brother, Francis, died in 1536 after a game of tennis, Henry became heir apparent to the throne.


1547 28 Years Old He succeeded his father on his 28th birthday and was crowned King of France on 25 July 1547 at Reims Cathedral. … Read More


1551 32 Years Old The Italian War of 1551–1559, sometimes known as the Habsburg–Valois War, began when Henry declared war against Charles V with the intent of recapturing Italy and ensuring French, rather than Habsburg, domination of European affairs.
1552 33 Years Old Henry II allied with German Protestant princes at the Treaty of Chambord in 1552. … Read More
1554 35 Years Old An early offensive into Lorraine was successful, with Henry capturing the three episcopal cities of Metz, Toul, and Verdun, and securing them by defeating the Habsburg army at the Battle of Renty in 1554. However the attempted French invasion of Tuscany in 1553 was defeated at the Battle of Marciano. After Charles's abdication in 1556 split the Habsburg empire between Philip II of Spain and Ferdinand I, the focus of the war shifted to Flanders, where Phillip, in conjunction with Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy, defeated the French at St. Quentin. … Read More
1558 39 Years Old 1 More Event
Henry raised the young Mary, Queen of Scots, at his court, hoping to use her ultimately to establish a dynastic claim to Scotland. On 24 April 1558, Henry's fourteen-year-old son Francis was married to Mary in a union intended to give the future king of France not only the throne of Scotland but a claim to the throne of England. … Read More


The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis was signed between Elizabeth I of England and Henry on 2 April and between Henry and Philip II of Spain on 3 April 1559 at Le Cateau-Cambrésis, around twenty kilometers southeast of Cambrai. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_France.
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