Henry France
King of France
Henry France
Henry II was a Valois monarch who ruled as King of France from 31 March 1547 until his death in 1559. Second son of Francis I, he became Dauphin from the death of his elder brother in 1536 until 1547, when he succeeded his father. Henry pursued his father's policies in matter of arts, wars and religion.
Biography
Henry II of France's personal information overview.
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News
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Trapattoni bemoans scandal - Teamtalk.com
Google News - over 5 years
Ireland, of course, suffered the misery of World Cup elimination at the hands - quite literally - of Thierry Henry's France, and while that may be a different issue, he believes it is all part of the same problem. Trapattoni said: "We speak about fair
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Google News article
SOCCER; Winner Takes All
NYTimes - over 10 years
Jere Longman breaks down a few matchups in today's World Cup final between Italy and France. Gennaro Gattuso ITALY MIDFIELDER VS. Zin.dine Zidane FRANCE PLAYMAKER Gattuso is a relentless irritant on defense, clogging the middle, tackling fiercely, disrupting the flow of an opponent's offense. Zidane is the French playmaker, clever with the ball and
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NYTimes article
SOCCER REPORT; Opportunity for Last Draft Pick
NYTimes - almost 13 years
When MetroStars Coach Bob Bradley received a package from Drexel Coach Lew Meehl that carried a videotape, he popped the tape into his VCR. ''Lew is a friend of mine and he usually doesn't like to waste my time, so when I got a tape from him, I knew I'd better take a look,'' Bradley said last week. The headliner of the video was Drexel defender
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NYTimes article
BARCELONA; Medalists
NYTimes - over 24 years
This is the complete list of medal winners of the Barcelona Games. Archery MEN 70-Meter Individual G-Sebastien Flute, France S-Chung Jae Hun, South Korea B-Simon Terry, Britain Team G-Spain S-Finland B-Britain WOMEN 70-Meter Individual G-Cho Youn Jeong, South Korea S-Kim Soo Nyung, South Korea B-Natalia Valeeva, Unified Team Team G-South Korea
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Henry II of France
    FORTIES
  • 1559
    Age 39
    Henry II was an avid hunter and a participant in jousts and tournaments. On 30 June 1559, at the Place des Vosges at the Hôtel des Tournelles, during a match to celebrate the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis with his longtime enemies, the Habsburgs of Austria, and to celebrate the marriage of his daughter Elisabeth of Valois to King Philip II of Spain, King Henry was wounded in the eye by a fragment of the splintered lance of Gabriel Montgomery, captain of the King's Scottish Guard. Despite the efforts of royal surgeon Ambroise Paré, the king died of septicemia on 10 July 1559.
    More Details Hide Details He was buried in a cadaver tomb in Saint Denis Basilica. Henry's death was a factor in the end of jousting as a sport. As Henry lay dying, Queen Catherine limited access to his bedside and denied his mistress Diane de Poitiers permission to see him, even though he repeatedly asked for her. Following his death, Catherine sent Diane into exile, where she lived in comfort on her own properties until her death. It was the practice to enclose the heart of the king in an urn. The Monument to the Heart of Henry II is in the collection of the Louvre, but was originally in the Chapel of Orleans beneath a pyramid. The original bronze urn holding the king's heart was destroyed during the French Revolution and a replica was made in the 19th century. The marble sculpture of the Three Graces holding the urn, executed from a single piece of marble by Germain Pilon, the sculptor to Catherine de' Medici, survives.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1559
    Age 39
    The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis was signed between Henry and Elizabeth I of England on 2 April and between Henry and Philip II of Spain on 3 April 1559 at Le Cateau-Cambrésis.
    More Details Hide Details Under its terms, France restored Piedmont and Savoy to the Duke of Savoy, but retained Saluzzo, Calais, and the bishoprics of Metz, Toul, and Verdun. Spain retained Franche-Comté. Emmanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy, married Margaret of France, Duchess of Berry, the sister of Henry II, and Philip II of Spain married Henry's daughter Elizabeth of Valois.
  • 1558
    Age 38
    Henry raised the young Mary, Queen of Scots, at his court, hoping to use her ultimately to establish a dynastic claim to Scotland. On 24 April 1558, Henry's fourteen-year-old son Francis was married to Mary in a union intended to give the future king of France not only the throne of Scotland, but also a claim to the throne of England.
    More Details Hide Details Henry had Mary sign secret documents, illegal in Scottish law, that would ensure Valois rule in Scotland even if she died without an heir. Mary's claim to the English throne quickly became an issue when Mary I of England died later in 1558. Henry II introduced the concept of publishing the description of an invention in the form of a patent. The idea was to require an inventor to disclose his invention in exchange for monopoly rights to the patent. The description is called a patent “specification”. The first patent specification was submitted by the inventor Abel Foullon for "Usaige & Description de l'holmetre" (a type of rangefinder). Publication was delayed until after the patent expired in 1561.
  • 1554
    Age 34
    Henry captured the three episcopal cities of Metz, Toul, and Verdun, and secured them by defeating the Habsburg army at the Battle of Renty in 1554. However the attempted French invasion of Tuscany in 1553 was defeated at the Battle of Marciano. After the abdication of Charles V in 1556, the Habsburg empire was split between Philip II of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I.
    More Details Hide Details The focus of Henry's conflict with the Habsburgs shifted to Flanders, where Phillip, in conjunction with Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy, defeated the French at the Battle of St. Quentin (1557). England's entry into the war later that year led to the French capture of Calais, and French armies plundered Spanish possessions in the Low Countries. Henry was nonetheless forced to accept the Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis, in which he renounced any further claims to territories in Italy.
  • 1552
    Age 32
    Persecution of Protestants at home did not prevent Henry II from becoming allied with German Protestant princes at the Treaty of Chambord in 1552.
    More Details Hide Details Simultaneously, the continuation of his father's Franco-Ottoman alliance allowed Henry II to push for French conquests towards the Rhine while a Franco-Ottoman fleet defended southern France. An early offensive into Lorraine was successful.
  • 1551
    Age 31
    The Eighth Italian War of 1551–1559, sometimes known as the Habsburg–Valois War, began when Henry declared war against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V with the intent of recapturing Italy and ensuring French, rather than Habsburg, domination of European affairs.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1547
    Age 27
    He succeeded his father on his 28th birthday and was crowned King of France on 25 July 1547 at Reims Cathedral.
    More Details Hide Details Henry's reign was marked by wars with Austria and the persecution of Protestants, mainly Calvinists known as Huguenots. Henry II severely punished them, particularly the ministers, for example by burning at the stake or cutting off their tongues for uttering heresies. Even those only suspected of being Huguenots could be imprisoned. The Edict of Châteaubriant (27 June 1551) called upon the civil and ecclesiastical courts to detect and punish all heretics and placed severe restrictions on Huguenots, including the loss of one-third of their property to informers, and confiscations. It also strictly regulated publications by prohibiting the sale, importation or printing of any unapproved book. It was during the reign of Henry II that Huguenot attempts at establishing a colony in Brazil were made, with the short-lived formation of France Antarctique.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1536
    Age 16
    When his elder brother Francis, the Dauphin and Duke of Brittany, died in 1536 after a game of tennis, Henry became heir apparent to the throne.
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  • 1533
    Age 13
    Henry married Catherine de' Medici, a member of the ruling family of Florence, on 28 October 1533, when they were both fourteen years old.
    More Details Hide Details The following year, he became romantically involved with a thirty-five-year-old widow, Diane de Poitiers. They had always been very close: she had publicly embraced him on the day he set off to Spain, and during a jousting tournament, he insisted that his lance carry her ribbon instead of his wife's. Diane became Henry's mistress and most trusted confidante and, for the next twenty-five years, wielded considerable influence behind the scenes, even signing royal documents. Extremely confident, mature and intelligent, she left Catherine powerless to intervene. She did, however, insist that Henry sleep with Catherine in order to produce heirs to the throne.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1525
    Age 5
    His father was captured at the Battle of Pavia in 1525 by the forces of his sworn enemy, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, and held prisoner in Spain.
    More Details Hide Details To obtain his release, it was agreed that Henry and his older brother be sent to Spain in his place. They remained in captivity for over four years.
  • 1519
    Born
    Born on March 31, 1519.
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