Hortense de Beauharnais

Hortense de Beauharnais

Queen Consort of Holland

Hortense Eugénie Cécile Bonaparte, Queen Consort of Holland, was the stepdaughter of Emperor Napoleon I, being the daughter of his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais. She later became the wife of the former's brother, Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland, and the mother of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French. She had also an illegitimate son, Charles Auguste Louis Joseph, duc de Morny by her lover Charles Joseph, comte de Flahaut.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Hortense de Beauharnais.


1783 Birth Hortense was born in Paris, France on 10 April 1783, the daughter of Alexandre, Vicomte de Beauharnais and Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie. … Read More


1794 11 Years Old 1 More Event
Her father was executed on 23 July 1794, at the time of the French Revolution, a few days before the end of the Reign of Terror.
1802 19 Years Old In 1802, at Napoleon's request, Hortense married his brother Louis Bonaparte. … Read More


1806 23 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1806, Napoleon appointed his brother Louis to be the King of Holland, and Hortense accompanied her husband to The Hague. … Read More
1810 27 Years Old 1 More Event
She remained in France, again pleased by her status as queen at the French court, until 1810, when Napoleon forced her to return to the Netherlands at his new wedding—he did not consider it suitable to have the daughter of his former spouse at court.
1811 28 Years Old In 1811, at an unspecified inn in Switzerland, close to Lake Geneva, Hortense secretly gave birth to a son by de Flahaut, … Read More


1814 31 Years Old 1 More Event
At the Bourbon Restoration in 1814, Hortense received the protection of Alexander I of Russia.
1817 34 Years Old She traveled in Germany and Italy before purchasing the Château of Arenenberg in the Swiss canton of Thurgau in 1817.


1837 54 Years Old She lived there until her death on 5 October 1837, at the age of fifty-four. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hortense_de_Beauharnais.
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