Hosni Mubarak

Hosni Mubarak

President 1981-2011
Born May 4, 1928

Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak is a former Egyptian politician and military commander. He served as the fourth President of Egypt from 1981 to 2011. Mubarak was appointed Vice President of Egypt in 1975, and assumed the presidency on 14 October 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar El Sadat. His almost thirty-year presidency made him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Hosni Mubarak.


1928 Birth Hosni Mubarak was born on 4 May 1928 in Kafr El-Meselha, Monufia Governorate, Egypt.


1949 21 Years Old 1 More Event
After leaving high school, he joined the Egyptian Military Academy where he received a Bachelor's degree in Military Sciences in 1949.


1959 31 Years Old 1 More Event
Mubarak served as an Egyptian Air Force officer in various formations and units; he spent two years in a Spitfire fighter squadron. Some time in the 1950s, he returned to the Air Force Academy as an instructor, remaining there until early 1959.
1964 36 Years Old In 1964 he gained a place at the Frunze Military Academy in Moscow.
1966 38 Years Old On his return to Egypt, he served as a wing commander, then as a base commander; he commanded the Cairo West Air Base in October 1966 then briefly commanded the Beni Suef Air Base.
1967 39 Years Old In November 1967, Mubarak became the Air Force Academy's commander when he was credited with doubling the number of Air Force pilots and navigators during the pre-October War years. … Read More


1972 44 Years Old In 1972, Mubarak became Commander of the Air Force and Egyptian Deputy Minister of Defense. On 6 October 1973, the Egyptian Air Force launched a surprise attack on Israeli soldiers on the east bank of the Suez Canal. … Read More
The next year he was promoted to Air Chief Marshal in recognition of service during the October War of 1973 against Israel. … Read More
In April 1975, Sadat appointed Mubarak Vice President of Egypt. … Read More


1978 50 Years Old During his presidency, Mubarak upheld the U.S. brokered Camp David Accords treaty signed between Egypt and Israel in 1978. … Read More
1981 53 Years Old Mubarak was injured during the assassination of President Sadat in October 1981 by soldiers led by Lieutenant Khalid Islambouli. … Read More
1987 59 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In 1987, Mubarak won an election to a second six-year term. … Read More


1995 67 Years Old Because of his positions against Islamic fundamentalism and his diplomacy towards Israel, Mubarak was the target of repeated assassination attempts. According to the BBC, Mubarak survived six attempts on his life. In June 1995, there was an alleged assassination attempt involving noxious gases and Egyptian Islamic Jihad while Mubarak was in Ethiopia for a conference of the Organization of African Unity.
1999 71 Years Old 1 More Event
Upon his return, Mubarak is said to have authorized bombings on Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya settlements, which by 1999 had seen 20,000 persons placed in detention related to the revolutionary Islamic organizations.
2003 75 Years Old President Mubarak spoke out against the 2003 Iraq War, arguing that the Israeli–Palestinian conflict should have been resolved first. … Read More
After increased domestic and international pressure for democratic reform in Egypt, Mubarak asked Parliament on 26 February 2005 to amend the constitution to allow multi-candidate presidential elections by September 2005. … Read More
2007 - 2010 2 More Events
Mass protests against Mubarak and his regime erupted in Cairo and other Egyptian cities on 25 January 2011. … Read More
…  On 2 June 2012, Mubarak was found guilty of not halting the killing of protesters by the Egyptian security forces; he was sentenced to life imprisonment. … Read More
2013 85 Years Old 1 More Event
On 11 May 2013, he told El-Watan in his first media appearance since his resignation said, "History will judge and I am still certain that the coming generations will view me fairly." … Read More
2014 86 Years Old 1 More Event
In a new development, on 19 June 2014, Mubarak slipped in the bathroom at the military hospital in Cairo where he is being held and broke his left leg, also fracturing his left thighbone, requiring surgery. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hosni_Mubarak.
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