Hosni Mubarak
Profile

Hosni Mubarak

President 1981-2011
Male
Born May 4, 1928

Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak is a former Egyptian politician and military commander. He served as the fourth President of Egypt from 1981 to 2011. Mubarak was appointed Vice President of Egypt in 1975, and assumed the presidency on 14 October 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar El Sadat. His almost thirty-year presidency made him Egypt's longest-serving ruler since Muhammad Ali Pasha.… Read More

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Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Hosni Mubarak.

CHILDHOOD

1928 Birth Hosni Mubarak was born on 4 May 1928 in Kafr El-Meselha, Monufia Governorate, Egypt.

TWENTIES

1949 21 Years Old 1 More Event
After leaving high school, he joined the Egyptian Military Academy where he received a Bachelor's degree in Military Sciences in 1949.

THIRTIES

1959 31 Years Old 1 More Event
Mubarak served as an Egyptian Air Force officer in various formations and units; he spent two years in a Spitfire fighter squadron. Some time in the 1950s, he returned to the Air Force Academy as an instructor, remaining there until early 1959.
1964 36 Years Old In 1964 he gained a place at the Frunze Military Academy in Moscow.
1966 38 Years Old On his return to Egypt, he served as a wing commander, then as a base commander; he commanded the Cairo West Air Base in October 1966 then briefly commanded the Beni Suef Air Base.
1967 39 Years Old In November 1967, Mubarak became the Air Force Academy's commander when he was credited with doubling the number of Air Force pilots and navigators during the pre-October War years. … Read More

FORTIES

1972 44 Years Old In 1972, Mubarak became Commander of the Air Force and Egyptian Deputy Minister of Defense. On 6 October 1973, the Egyptian Air Force launched a surprise attack on Israeli soldiers on the east bank of the Suez Canal. … Read More
The next year he was promoted to Air Chief Marshal in recognition of service during the October War of 1973 against Israel. … Read More
In April 1975, Sadat appointed Mubarak Vice President of Egypt. … Read More

FIFTIES

1978 50 Years Old During his presidency, Mubarak upheld the U.S. brokered Camp David Accords treaty signed between Egypt and Israel in 1978. … Read More
1981 53 Years Old Mubarak was injured during the assassination of President Sadat in October 1981 by soldiers led by Lieutenant Khalid Islambouli. … Read More
1987 59 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In 1987, Mubarak won an election to a second six-year term. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1995 - 2003 4 More Events
After increased domestic and international pressure for democratic reform in Egypt, Mubarak asked Parliament on 26 February 2005 to amend the constitution to allow multi-candidate presidential elections by September 2005. … Read More
2007 - 2010 2 More Events
Mass protests against Mubarak and his regime erupted in Cairo and other Egyptian cities on 25 January 2011. … Read More
…  On 2 June 2012, Mubarak was found guilty of not halting the killing of protesters by the Egyptian security forces; he was sentenced to life imprisonment. … Read More
2013 85 Years Old 1 More Event
On 11 May 2013, he told El-Watan in his first media appearance since his resignation said, "History will judge and I am still certain that the coming generations will view me fairly." … Read More
Though mostly out of the public eye, Mubarak granted a rare interview in February 2014 with Kuwaiti journalist Fajer al-Saeed, expressing support for military leader Abdel Fatah al-Sisi as the next president of Egypt, recognizing that al-Sisi was working to restore the confidence of the Egyptian people. "The people want Sisi, and the people’s will shall prevail," Mubarak noted. … Read More
On 13 January 2015, Egypt's Court of Cassation overturned Mubarak's and his sons' embezzlement charges, the last remaining conviction against him, and ordered a retrial.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hosni_Mubarak.
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