Houari Boumediene

Houari Boumediene


Houari Boumedienne (also known as Mohammed Ben Brahim Boukharouba) served as Algeria's Chairman of the Revolutionary Council from 19 June 1965 until 12 December 1976, and from then on as the second President of Algeria to his death on 27 December 1978.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Houari Boumediene.


1932 Birth Born on August 23, 1932.


1955 22 Years Old Boumédiène was born Mohammed Ben Brahim Boukharouba near Héliopolis in Algeria's Guelma Province and was educated at the Islamic Institute in Constantine. He joined the National Liberation Front (FLN) in the Algerian War of Independence in 1955, adopting Houari Boumédiène as his nom-de-guerre (from Sidi Boumediène, the name of the patron saint of the city of Tlemcen in western Algeria, where he served as an officer during the war, and Sidi El Houari, the patron saint of nearby Oran).
1960 27 Years Old He reached the rank of Colonel, then the highest rank in the FLN forces, and from 1960 he was chief of staff of the ALN, the FLN's military wing. … Read More


1965 32 Years Old He grew increasingly distrustful of Ben Bella's erratic style of government and ideological puritanism, and in June 1965, Boumédiène seized power in a bloodless coup. … Read More
1971 38 Years Old …  Algeria had virtually no advanced production at the time, but in 1971 Boumédiène nationalized the Algerian oil industry, increasing government revenue tremendously (and sparking intense protest from the French government).


1973 40 Years Old He then put the soaring oil and gas resources—enhanced by the oil price shock of 1973—into building heavy industry, hoping to make Algeria the Maghreb's industrial centre. … Read More
1975 42 Years Old A significant regional event was his 1975 pledge of support for an Western Saharan self-determination, admitting Sahrawi refugees and the Polisario Front national liberation movement to Algerian territory, after Morocco and Mauritania claimed control over the territory. … Read More
The constitution reintroduced the office of president, which Boumédiène entered after a single-candidate referendum in 1978. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houari_Boumedienne.
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