Ibrahim of Johor
Ibrahim of Johor
Sultan Ibrahim Iskandar Al-Masyhur ibni Abu Bakar or Sultan Ibrahim II, GCMG, GBE, was the 22nd Sultan of Johor, in Malaysia. He was known as one of the richest men in the world during his reign. An Anglophile, Sultan Ibrahim continued the policy of friendly relations with the crown of the United Kingdom, often manipulating his friendship with the reigning kings of Britain to thwart the expansionist ambitions of the British Colonial Office.
Biography
Ibrahim of Johor's personal information overview.
{{personal_detail.supertitle}}
{{personal_detail.title}}
{{personal_detail.title}}
Photo Albums
Popular photos of Ibrahim of Johor
Relationships
View family, career and love interests for Ibrahim of Johor
Show More Show Less
News
News abour Ibrahim of Johor from around the web
Muhteşem Yüzyıl 26. bölüm son bölüm full HD izle - 21.09.2011 23:02 - Haber Etki
Google News - over 5 years
Muhteşem yüzyıl 26. bölüm full izle muhteşem yüzyıl son bölüm izle muhteşem yüzyılda bu hafta neler oldu muhteşem yüzyılda ibrahim paşa düşüşe mi geçiyor Muhteşem yüzyılda hürrem sultan ile hatce sultan arasında tartışma yaşanıyor hürem sultan ibrahim
Article Link:
Google News article
Islamic heritage - Frontline
Google News - over 5 years
Sultan Ibrahim Adil Shah II ruled Bijapur from 1580 to 1627. He was a contemporary of the Mughal emperor Akbar. A visit to his rauza, or tomb, is a pilgrimage for someone deeply interested in Indian art, for some of the finest miniature paintings ever
Article Link:
Google News article
CPDM congress: over 2000 delegates, observers and invitees in attendance - Cameroon Radio Television
Google News - over 5 years
Sultan Ibrahim Mbombo Njoya and his high power delegation at the Briqueterie neighbourhood; the Littoral where at the residence of the Minister of State Secretary General of the Presidency of the Republic, Laurent Esso and many others spotted at
Article Link:
Google News article
Nurse turned entrepreneur - Malaysia Star
Google News - over 5 years
The former student of Sultan Ibrahim Girls School left her nursing career of six years at the age of 25 to start the business. Hard work was not new to her as she had been helping to supplement her family's income since she was 16 by giving English
Article Link:
Google News article
Johor Sultan To Launch Book On Royal Customs And Traditions - Bernama
Google News - over 5 years
JOHOR BAHARU, Sept 8 (Bernama) -- The Sultan of Johor, Sultan Ibrahim Ismail will launch a book, 'The History of the Royal Customs and Traditions of Johor', which explains the traditions of the Johor Sultanate, on Tuesday. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia
Article Link:
Google News article
Johor assures S'pore of commitment to supply water - AsiaOne
Google News - over 5 years
... hub to be set up in Penggerang," he said during his Hari Raya open house here yesterday. The handing over of the assets, which was witnessed by Sultan of Johor, Sultan Ibrahim Iskandar, took place at the Gunung Pulai water treatment plant on Wednesday
Article Link:
Google News article
Handing over of water treatment plant complete - The Sun Daily
Google News - over 5 years
JOHOR BARU (Aug 31, 2011): The Sultan of Johor, Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Iskandar, today witnessed the handing over of the four water treatment plants under the management of the Singapore Public Utilities Board (PUB), to the Johor Government
Article Link:
Google News article
PUB to hand over Gunong Pulai Waterworks to Johor authorities - Channel News Asia
Google News - over 5 years
The event will be graced by Sultan Ibrahim Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar, the Sultan of Johor; Singapore's Minister for Environment and Water Resources, Dr Vivian Balakrishnan; and the Chief Minister of Johor, YAB Dato' Haji Abdul Ghani bin Othman
Article Link:
Google News article
Kaleye bu bayrak yakışır - Anamur Ekspres
Google News - over 5 years
Kalenin batı tarafındaki kitabede “Karamanoğlu Alaaddin oğlu Mehmet oğlu sultan İbrahim inşa etti. Bu tarih Mükerrem Şevval ayında yazıldı.” gibi bir ifadeye rastlıyoruz. Karamanoğlu İbrahim Bey 1424-1464 yılları arasında hüküm sürdüğüne göre Mamure
Article Link:
Google News article
People of Occupied Syrian Golan Set up Iron Fence around Sultan Ibrahim Tomb - Syrian Arab News Agency
Google News - over 5 years
QUNEITERA, (SANA) – Hundreds of the occupied Syrian Golan people on Sunday set up an iron fence around the tomb of Sultan Ibrahim in the occupied village of Baniyas in response to repeated attempts by Zionist settlers and authorities to storm into the
Article Link:
Google News article
Politics of Katsina Alu / Salami face-off - The Nation Newspaper
Google News - over 5 years
The arrest of the judgment by the CJN was seen as a consequence of a hirewire conspiracy to preserve the stool of Sultan being desecrated again after the infamous deposition of Sultan Ibrahim Dasuki by the late Head of State, Gen. Sani Abacha
Article Link:
Google News article
Thursday, August 18 - eTaiwan News
Google News - over 5 years
1649 - Turkey's Sultan Ibrahim is deposed, assassinated and succeeded by Mohammed IV. 1812 - Russian forces are defeated at Smolensk, which is occupied by French. 1914 - US President Woodrow Wilson proclaims American neutrality in World War I;
Article Link:
Google News article
The past and the present - Vanguard
Google News - over 5 years
The Sultanate of Sokoto which later became a very strong dynasty till today was established by Danfodio's four sons who became Sultans at one time or the other, except Muhammad Buhari, the third son from whom the deposed Sultan Ibrahim Dasuki descended
Article Link:
Google News article
Misguided by textbook, kids scream at Whispering Gallery - Bangalore Mirror
Google News - over 5 years
It is said that Sultan Ibrahim Adil Shah and his queen used to converse at the gallery with whispers. Also, musicians used to sing in the Whispering Gallery so that the sound of their performance reached every corner of the structure
Article Link:
Google News article
Seafront garden project in Johor - Malaysia Star
Google News - over 5 years
“We are taking a cue from the late Sultan Ibrahim's far-sighted vision of opening the 53ha Istana Gardens in the compounds of Istana Besar to the public,” he said. Abdul Ghani said the 90-year-old Istana Gardens is a popular spot among city folk
Article Link:
Google News article
Pakistan junior hockey trials for Egypt series postponed – Hockey News - bettor.com (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Following this tour, the junior side will also feature in the introductory six-nation hockey tournament, the Sultan Ibrahim Cup that is to be held in Johor, Malaysia from November 5 to 12. As reported by the PHF official, “We have confirmed the
Article Link:
Google News article
bits and pieces - The News International
Google News - over 5 years
The PHF would also be sending the junior side for the inaugural Six Nations Sultan Ibrahim Cup Hockey Tournament to be held later this year in Malaysia. The tournament will be played in Johor from November 5-12. “We have confirmed the Malaysian Hockey
Article Link:
Google News article
'Paloh' the baby elephant horror at Johor Zoo - Free Malaysia Today
Google News - over 5 years
The zoo's management has consistently failed Sultan Ibrahim and in so doing they bring shame on Johor and all of Malaysia. “We call upon Perhilitan to prosecute the zoo management for this dreadful act of cruelty. There can be no excuse
Article Link:
Google News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ibrahim of Johor
    OTHER
  • 1959
    The Sultan died on 8 May 1959 at his apartment, with his wife reportedly at his bedside during his last hours.
    More Details Hide Details Tunku Ismail was appointed as the Sultan of Johor in place of his father, and many Malay and British leaders who have worked with him publicly expressed their condolences to the late Sultan within the first two weeks of his death. The Sultan's body was shipped back to Johor Bahru and arrived the following month, whereby he was given a state funeral and his body lay in state between 4–6 June at Istana Besar. At the time of his death, Sultan Ibrahim was the longest reigning Johor sultan in history after having ruled for 64 years. In recent years, efforts have been made by the sultan's heirs to rehabilitate his image and paint him as a benevolent ruler. However, Sultan Ibrahim is largely remembered as an anti-independence figure, a wastrel and a close (almost deferential) ally of the British. The posthumous title of "the Great" (in Malay, mil Masyhur) conferred on him by his grandson Sultan Iskandar, never caught on.
  • 1957
    Four months later in July 1957, Ungku Abdullah made one last call to urge Sultan Ibrahim not to sign the Malayan Federal Constitution.
    More Details Hide Details The Sultan, who was now residing in London, replied to Ungku Abdullah that he had empowered the Tunku Mahkota, Tunku Ismail (later Sultan Ismail) to decide on the matter. Ungku Abdullah then called upon Tunku Ismail not to sign the constitution, but his calls were ignored and Tunku Ismail proceeded to sign the constitution at the ruler's meeting. Following the ordeal, Ungku Abdullah formally disbanded the party a few days before Malaya's Independence day. Sultan Ibrahim spent much of his time residing in England, often dealing with the colonial office in London over state affairs. His relations with England were often strained over both state and personal matters, especially with leading figures from the colonial office. From the mid-1930s onwards, Sultan Ibrahim fostered personal friendship ties with the British monarch, and made a cash donation of £500,000 for the Silver Jubilee of King George V, much of which was used to fund the construction of the Sembawang Naval Base in Singapore. Three years later, Sultan Ibrahim made a detour to Germany during his visit to Europe and met up with Adolf Hitler and was briefly detained by the French police following the visit, whom they mistook him as a spy.
    Meanwhile, at the Conference of Rulers in March 1957, Tunku Abdul Rahman expressed his desire to elect Sultan Ibrahim as the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, but Sultan Ibrahim declined on grounds of his old age and desire to lead his final years in retirement.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1955
    The Sultan voiced public support for PKMJ during a public gathering in mid-December 1955, and PKMJ courted considerable support from the grassroots within the first half of 1956.
    More Details Hide Details The Alliance party reacted strongly to the events which motivated the formation of the PKMJ, and called for the Alliance-dominated Johor state executive council to vet all future state-policy speeches that will be made by the Sultan or members of the royal family. In particular, the Alliance reacted with great hostility to the existence of the PKMJ, and actively attempted to suppress and discredit the party. PKMJ rapidly lost most of its members to UMNO, and by mid-1957 Ungku Abdullah only had ten members left within the party.
    At his Diamond Jubilee celebrations in September 1955, Sultan Ibrahim publicly called for Johor's secession from the Federation.
    More Details Hide Details Sultan Ibrahim's calls for secession inspired the formation of Persatuan Kebangsaan Melayu Johor (PKMJ) the following month, a secessionist movement led by Ungku Abdullah bin Omar, a relative of Sultan Ibrahim who was serving as one of Johor's state executive councillor.
  • 1953
    In a letter which he wrote to The Straits Times in 1953, "Straits Settlement Forever", Sultan Ibrahim expressed a sceptical opinion of Johor's future as part of an independent Malaya, and voiced support for the continuation of British Adviser system in Johor.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1950
    In early 1950, Sultan Ibrahim approached Onn, who was asked to choose between committing his efforts for UMNO and the state.
    More Details Hide Details Onn chose to the latter, and resigned as the Menteri Besar of Johor in May. Sultan Ibrahim became increasingly uncomfortable with the idea of Johor as a state within the Federation of Malaya, particularly when the prospect of an independent Federation free from British interference became increasingly clearer under Tunku Abdul Rahman's leadership.
  • 1946
    Shortly before Sultan Ibrahim left for England in May, he personally donated a lump of $5,000 to UMNO, hoping to improve relations with UMNO leaders and Onn himself, who was appointed the Menteri Besar of Johor in 1946.
    More Details Hide Details The establishment of the Federation did not go down well with the Chinese, whereby favourable conditions for obtaining citizenship for the Chinese and other non-Malays were withdrawn. The Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) was formed in 1949 under the leadership of a Straits Chinese businessman, Tan Cheng Lock who frequently raised grievances over the citizenship terms that were set when the Federation was established. As a result, communal tensions between the Malays and Chinese surfaced, and Onn kept his distance from Tan. Tan encountered initial difficulties with meeting the Sultan, who was not accustomed to working with Chinese businessmen. Sultan Ibrahim also became increasingly disappointed in Onn's work commitment, whom he saw as neglecting state affairs as a result of his commitments towards UMNO.
    The rally was held on 1 February 1946 at the Sultan Abu Bakar State Mosque, and protesters shouted nationalistic slogans and called for the dethronement of Sultan Ibrahim.
    More Details Hide Details Malay nationalistic slogans were raised during the rally, many of whom were directed against the Sultan himself, whom they accused him for committing treason against the Malay race by signing the treaties. News of the rally reached the Sultan Ibrahim on 22 February, who was then residing at Grosvenor House in London. Sultan Ibrahim approached the colonial office and expressed his withdrawal of support for the proposal scheme, but this did not appease the political dissidents and Onn continued to organise more rallies in the other Malay states to muster further support for his calls against the Malayan Union, and formed United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) in May. Sultan Ibrahim returned to Johor in early September 1947 and attended UMNO's second general meeting at Istana Besar, which was led by its youth chief, Hussein Onn. Although many Johor politicians still held a critical opinion of Sultan Ibrahim over the treaties with MacMichael, the UMNO delegates gave him a rousing welcome when he arrived at the palace. Critical opinions against the Sultan waned after the Federation of Malaya was established the following January, which restored the rulers' powers.
    In early February 1946, seven political dissidents led by Awang bin Hassan organised a rally to protest against the Sultan's decision for signing the treaties, and Onn Jaafar, who was then serving as a district officer in Batu Pahat, was invited to attend the rally.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1945
    MacMichael made several visits to the Malay rulers, beginning with Sultan Ibrahim in October 1945.
    More Details Hide Details The Sultan quickly consented to MacMichael's proposal scheme, which was motivated by his strong desire to visit England at the end of the year. MacMichael paid further visits to other Malay rulers over the proposal, and sought their consent over the proposal scheme. Many Malay rulers expressed strong reluctance in signing the treaties with MacMichael, partly because they feared losing their royal status and the prospect of their states falling into Thai political influence. The treaties provided that United Kingdom had full administrative powers over the Malay states except in areas pertaining to Islamic customs. The Malays strongly protested against the treaties, as the treaties had the effect of circumscribing the spiritual and moral authority of the Malay rulers, which the Malays held high esteem over it. Communal tensions between the Malays and Chinese were high, and the prospect of granting citizenship to non-Malays was deemed unacceptable to the Malays. In particular, politicians in Johor were extremely unhappy with the willingness of Sultan Ibrahim to sign the treaties with MacMichael, and voiced out that the Sultan Ibrahim had violated the terms in the Johor state constitution which explicitly forbade any foreign powers to assume legitimate control over the state.
    Shortly before the Japanese surrendered in 1945, Sultan Ibrahim was expelled from his residence at Istana Bukit Serene and was forced to reside at Istana Pasir Pelangi, the crown prince's palace.
    More Details Hide Details The British Military Administration set to task of reviving pre-war plans for centralised control over the Malay states within days after British Allied forces landed in Singapore on 5 September 1945. A former Malayan Civil Service legal officer, H.C. Willan, was ordered to interview the Malay rulers and Willan approached Sultan Ibrahim on 8 September. Sultan Ibrahim was living at Istana Pasir Pelangi with his Romanian wife, and reportedly warmed up to Willan when he first saw him. During the interview with Willan, Sultan Ibrahim spoke bitterly of his experiences during the Japanese occupation years, and offered to serve under the British Military Administration. The Sultan asked Willan's permission to fly the Union Jack on his car to attend the surrender ceremony on 12 September, and the British military government granted his requests. Willan made further interviews with other Malay rulers over the next few days, and made assessments of the political situation in each state. His studies were forwarded to the military administration, and Sir Harold MacMichael, the former high commissioner of Palestine was empowered to sign official treaties with the Malay rulers over the Malayan Union proposal scheme.
  • 1942
    When the Japanese invaded Malaya, Tokugawa accompanied General Yamashita Tomoyuki's troops and was warmly received by Sultan Ibrahim when they reached Johor Bahru at the end of January 1942.
    More Details Hide Details Yamashita and his officers then stationed themselves at the Sultan's residence, Istana Bukit Serene and the state secretariat building, Sultan Ibrahim Building to plan for the invasion of Singapore. The Japanese established a military government in February, shortly after they settled down in Malaya. Tokugawa was appointed as its political adviser at the recommendation of Sultan Ibrahim. Relations between the military government and the monarchy were initially cordial throughout the Japanese occupation years, and Tokugawa briefly envisioned a plan for a united Malay Sultanate over the Malay Peninsula (including Pattani) with Sultan Ibrahim as its figurehead. However, as the Japanese began to experience economic difficulties and military defeats in the Pacific War from 1943 onwards, these plans were dropped and the military government channelled its efforts towards state agriculture. The Japanese continued the British policy of appointing a state adviser in Johor, and Sultan Ibrahim spent most of his time in his leisure activities.
  • 1939
    Sultan Ibrahim's rejected proposals, and made a £250,000 cash gift to George VI of the United Kingdom on his 44th birthday in 1939 during his trip to Europe in 1939.
    More Details Hide Details From 1934 to 1940 the Sultan's name was associated with that of the cabaret dancer Cissie Hill, who was buried in 1940 at Eddington, Kent. Sultan Ibrahim became a personal friend of Tokugawa Yoshichika during the 1920s. Tokugawa was a scion of the Tokugawa clan, and his ancestors were military leaders (Shogun in Japanese) which ruled Japan from the 16th to the 19th centuries.
  • 1936
    Onn became very popular after he continued to cover issues on Malay grievances, and Sultan Ibrahim invited Onn to return to Johor in 1936.
    More Details Hide Details Sultan Ibrahim became an active patron of the state's forestry department around 1930, and encouraged the state forestry department to designate some of the remaining virgin forests in the state as nature reserves, as Johor witnessed a reduction in timber supplies due to extensive logging in the past. Nature reserves covered about 15 per cent of the state's land area by 1934, mainly in the northern regions of the state. Sultan Ibrahim's relations with Clementi's successor, Sir Shenton Thomas did not fare well as Thomas attempted to form a centralised Malayan Union by bringing Johore and other Unfederated Malay States under the direct charge of the Straits Governor. As the Second World War broke out in 1939, Thomas introduced the Pan-Malayan war tax scheme to fund for Britain's war efforts.
  • 1934
    Clementi's proposals apparently angered the Sultan, who boycotted the Durbar in February 1934.
    More Details Hide Details Early Malay nationalism took root in Johor during the 1920s as a Malay aristocrat, Onn Jaafar, whom the Sultan had treated him as an adopted son, became a journalist and wrote articles on the welfare of the Malays. Some of Onn's articles were critical of Sultan Ibrahim's policies, which led to a strained personal relations with the Sultan. In particular, Sultan Ibrahim expelled Onn from Johor after he published an article in the Sunday Mirror, a Singapore-based English tabloid and criticised the Sultan's poor treatment of the Johor Military Forces personnel and the welfare of the Orang Asli.
  • 1928
    He began to take time off to travel abroad from 1928, after he began to suffer from chronic gout and myocardial degeneration.
    More Details Hide Details London was one destination which he often visited, and frequented the Colonial Office whenever he had grievances with the state administration. As a result of his frequent complaints of maladministration of state affairs by the local British government, Sultan Ibrahim's relations with each General Adviser became strained. Sir Cecil Clementi, who served as the Governor of the Straits Settlements as well as the High Commissioner of the Malay States from 1930 to 1934, remarked in December 1932 that Sultan Ibrahim was too independent in state affairs and proposed to the Sultan that he should approach Clementi in future under the capacity of the High Commissioner instead of the Straits Governor.
  • 1918
    Campbell served as its state's General Adviser until his death in June 1918, and between June 1918 until December 1920, five General Advisers were appointed in succession, each of whom only took office for a few months.
    More Details Hide Details As the colonial government lacked a decisiveness in the state administration, Sultan Ibrahim attempted to extend his influence in the state administration. Hayes Marriot was appointed as the state's new General Adviser in December 1920 and reorganised the state administration. Sultan Ibrahim took on the role of a ceremonial monarch from the 1920s onwards, and his duties were largely limited to gracing various opening ceremonies around the state. He occasionally expressed his views on the state administration and economic developments whenever he had grievances, which the British colonial government often took into account as a result of his political influence in the state.
  • 1912
    A political scandal erupted in 1912 after Campbell publicly revealed malpractices of the Johor Bahru Prison.
    More Details Hide Details Campbell was particularly unhappy with the way the prisoners were incarcated and lobbied to the British authorities to take charge of the administrative affairs of the prison, and ignited protest from the Sultan. Grievances between the Sultan's administration and the colonial government over the administrative control of the state railway remain unabated during this period, and the Menteri Besar of Johor, Dato' Abdullah bin Jaafar was delegated to handle these matters. Shortly after his fallout with Campbell, Sultan Ibrahim implemented a state executive council (Malay: Masyurat Kerja) to oversee the administration of state agricultural and mining activities. The Sultan distanced himself from the Campbell and the state's legal adviser, Michael Whitley and took administrative matters into his own hands. This incited worry and unhappiness in Campbell and Whitley, and they submitted a memorandum to the Governor of the Straits Settlements, Sir Arthur Henderson Young to appeal for greater British administrative control over the state. Young gave provisions to Campbell with the power similar to a British Resident-General from other states, but kept the title of "General Adviser" to show protocol deference to the Sultan. Sultan Ibrahim was unhappy with the new proposals as the British adviser would have more direct control over the state affairs, but Young assured the Sultan that he would be available for consultation in the event whereby opinion differences may arise between Campbell and Sultan Ibrahim. A treaty was signed on 12 May 1914, which formalised the powers of the state's General Adviser.
  • 1910
    In 1910, Sultan Ibrahim accepted a British adviser for Johor after immense pressure from the colonial government.
    More Details Hide Details The British were extremely unhappy with the condition of Johor's finances, which was depleted as a result of Sultan Ibrahim's extensive overseas travels. The British-Resident of Negeri Sembilan, Douglas Graham Campbell was appointed the first adviser of Johor. Relations between Sultan Ibrahim and Campbell were excellent within Campbell's first year as an adviser, and Sultan Ibrahim gave him support to improve the state administrative system. However, a tenacious relationship was develop as Campbell proposed numerous administrative reforms which were disproved by the Sultan.
  • 1906
    Sultan Ibrahim was also facing political challenges from the British colonial government, who were ostensibly unhappy his negligence in his state affairs and were seeking to extend greater political influence into the state. The Colonial Secretary of the Straits Settlements, Victor Bruce, Lord Elgin had met Sultan Ibrahim in 1906 and advised him to administer the state in favour of British interests and to cut down on his overseas travels to Europe.
    More Details Hide Details Sultan Ibrahim was adamant to Elgin's advice and was indignant to accept British advice, and was later warned by Lord Elgin two years later on the British possibility to enact constitutional changes in the state administration.
    In 1906, he granted land concessions to English capitalists and financiers for development purposes.
    More Details Hide Details This drew the concern of the Straits Governor, Sir John Anderson, who was not very favourable with Sultan Ibrahim's intents to detach Johor's economic dependence from Singapore. He successfully pressured Sultan Ibrahim to dispense with the services of Abdul Rahman as well as ceding the administrative powers of the railway line to the colonial government the following year after reports of the state's troubled finances were revealed.
  • 1904
    The Sultan did, however, manage to obtain a loan for the construction of the railway and the Johor Railway Convention was signed in July 1904 by his adviser, Abdul Rahman, that gave provisions for an extension of the Malayan railway line to be extended into Johor.
    More Details Hide Details Sultan Ibrahim returned to Johor the following year, and expanded the state's military forces. He instituted the Johor Volunteer Forces (JVF), which consisted of young Malay boys and served as the state's reservist soldiers.
  • 1901
    Sultan Ibrahim then sent his Abdul Rahman the following May to London to negotiate with the Colonial Office, and in April 1901, Sultan Ibrahim made a year-long trip to London to seek private English financers to fund the construction of the railway line and negotiated with the Colonial Office for a railway loan.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1899
    The Resident General of the Federated Malay States, Frank Swettenham proposed to Sultan Ibrahim in November 1899 for the construction of a railway line into Johor, in conjunction with his plan for the North-South Main Trunk Railway line in the Malay Peninsula.
    More Details Hide Details Sultan Ibrahim welcomed Swettenham of the plan but was weary of political British influence in Johor and insisted on financing the construction of the railway linehimself. Swettenham was comfortable with Sultan Ibrahim's prospect of financing the railway line using the state's revenues, and submitted his proposals to the Colonial Office in England. The proposals drew scepticism from the Secretary of State for the Colonies, Joseph Chamberlain, who was aware of Johor's financial difficulties and withheld decision.
  • 1895
    Tunku Ibrahim was proclaimed as the Sultan of Johor on the day of Abu Bakar's burial on 7 September 1895, while his one-year-old son, Tunku Ismail was proclaimed as his heir-apparent. A formal coronation ceremony took place on 2 November 1895.
    More Details Hide Details He took over the state government the following year, and one of his first reports was the financial difficulties which the state was facing. Many of his employees complained of delays in receiving their salaries; which was often paid in instalments. Sultan Ibrahim then took charge of closely supervising the state treasury, and personally witnessed the payment of the state's employees during payment day. In the same year, he also took on the task of appointing the committee members of the Johor Gambier and Pepper Society (also known as Kongkek in Malay). Sultan Ibrahim was inexperienced in public administration skills and heavily relied on his private secretary, Abdul Rahman bin Andak on advice and assistance in running the affairs of the state.
    Tunku Ibrahim acted as one of the three signatories when Sultan Abu Bakar promogulated the Johor state constitution in April 1895.
    More Details Hide Details The following month, Tunku Ibrahim accompanied Abu Bakar to London, who had the intent of seeking further negotiations with the Colonial Office on state affairs. Abu Bakar was by then a very sick man when he reached England, and Tunku Ibrahim spent much of his time by his father's bedside before Abu Bakar died the following month.
  • 1891
    He was appointed a Second Lieutenant of the Johor Military Forces during his teenage years and was formally installed as the first Tunku Mahkota of Johor on 23 May 1891 and was brought to Europe by his father where he was being introduced to the European royal families.
    More Details Hide Details During his term as the Tunku Mahkota, Tunku Ibrahim occasionally acted as the state's regent and was delegated a few state duties whenever the Sultan was travelling overseas. In his free time, Tunku Ibrahim spent most of his time in hunting and horseracing.
  • 1873
    Wan Ibrahim was born 17 September 1873 in Istana Bidadari, Singapore, and received his education at a boarding school in England during his formative years.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
All data offered is derived from public sources. Spokeo does not verify or evaluate each piece of data, and makes no warranties or guarantees about any of the information offered. Spokeo does not possess or have access to secure or private financial information. Spokeo is not a consumer reporting agency and does not offer consumer reports. None of the information offered by Spokeo is to be considered for purposes of determining any entity or person's eligibility for credit, insurance, employment, housing, or for any other purposes covered under the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA)