Jackson Pollock
American abstract expressionist painter
Jackson Pollock
Paul Jackson Pollock, known as Jackson Pollock, was an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement. He was well known for his uniquely defined style of drip painting. During his lifetime, Pollock enjoyed considerable fame and notoriety. He was regarded as a mostly reclusive artist. He had a volatile personality, and struggled with alcoholism for most of his life.
Biography
Jackson Pollock's personal information overview.
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ARTS | LONG ISLAND; Re-envisioning Pollock, Paint-Spattered Cowboy
NYTimes - over 5 years
Jackson Pollock, the American painter who became famous for pouring and dripping paint on canvases in the mid-20th century, has become a tourist attraction. In Springs, up the road from East Hampton Village, you can visit the house he shared with his wife, the painter Lee Krasner, which also served as the location for the 2000 film ''Pollock,'' and
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All they're cracked up to be - The Age
Google News - over 5 years
The lacy ''net'' is made by drizzling the egg mixture all over the pan, Jackson Pollock style. The list goes on. Try baked eggs in a spicy tomato-based sauce and you can serve them any time of the day, really. Nutritionally, eggs are a great source of
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Watch This: 'Halo 4' Concept Art Video - Ology
Google News - over 5 years
I have the reaction time of a sedated sloth and the accuracy of Jackson Pollock. I've played three games of Halo in my life, and each of them was a painful exercise in getting sahot, teabagged, and laughed at by my friends. So you'll have to forgive me
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Art attack: what's cool (and not-so-cool) about the AGO's abstract ... - Post City
Google News - over 5 years
4, so this is your last chance to soak up the splatter and spill of the abstract expressionist movement before the paintings return to their rightful home in New York's Museum of Modern Art. The exhibit's got some big names: Jackson Pollock,
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Conquering Crohn's - The West Australian
Google News - over 5 years
Flecked in paint and looking like a human version of a Jackson Pollock canvas, sisters Katrina Chambers and Amie Godde turned to the camera laughing and declared they were falling apart. Small wonder. At this point the NSW mums had done seven weeks of
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A question of authenticity in 'Bakersfield Mist' - Boston Globe
Google News - over 5 years
(Jeff Zinn) By Don Aucoin WELLFLEET - There comes a moment in Stephen Sachs's “Bakersfield Mist'' when a hitherto stuffy art expert works himself into a frenzy as he reenacts the convulsive process Jackson Pollock used to create his paintings,
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Richard Prince Covers Jackson Pollock at Guild Hall - Huffington Post
Google News - over 5 years
To imagine Richard Prince doing drip paintings in honor of Jackson Pollock is too linear a concept for what Prince does in Guild Hall's new exhibition, Richard Prince: Covering Pollock. The iconic abstract expressionist is pure subject for Prince's
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Borrowing from Pollock - The Sag Harbor Express
Google News - over 5 years
The show entitled, “Covering Pollock,” uses photographs of the artist Jackson Pollock as both inspiration and canvas, while expressing Prince's unique perspective on how to approach art. Prince, born in Panama in 1949, works in a multi-media format
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AJ Pierzynski sports Larry Bird mustache, makes great catch - Yahoo! Sports (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Bird's face is like one of those Jackson Pollock-esque paintings that seem random, but eventually reveal themselves to be a schooner. Eat your heart out, Bill Simmons. Enter baseball's bad boy, AJ Pierzynski(notes). Known mostly for his competitive
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ANTIQUES; 40s Propaganda Posters: Soviet Morale Boosters
NYTimes - over 5 years
During World War II, Soviet artists stenciled posters to keep up public morale. They drew scenes of Russian heroes overwhelming Nazi cowards under slogans like ''The Time for Vengeance Is Approaching'' and ''Sweep Away the Scum.'' Tass, the Soviet press agency in Moscow, produced the newsprint sheets, up to 10 feet tall, in editions of a few
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Jackson Pollock: Physicist? - Boston magazine's Boston Daily (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
The instantly recognizable works of painter Jackson Pollock can inspire a divergent response. There are those who look at the ragged mix of drips and splashes and see nothing more than an impatient artist,
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The abstract art of Jackson Pollock is a case study in complex physics - io9
Google News - over 5 years
Alasdair Wilkins —The abstract expressionism pioneered by Jackson Pollock may look random, but they actually reveal a surprisingly deep knowledge of fluid dynamics and the relationship between gravity and viscosity. Turns out Pollock had a seriously
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The Arts on TV: Cedar Lake Contemporary Ballet; Keith Haring; Jackson Pollock - Los Angeles Times
Google News - over 5 years
... years to his role as an artist and activist. Movie: "Who the... Is Jackson Pollock?” (2006) 9:40 am Wednesday, Sundance: (PG-13) 73-year-old former trucker battles the art establishment to have a painting she bought at a thrift shop declared authentic
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Jackson Pollock, Physicist? - Science AAAS
Google News - over 5 years
Jackson Pollock (far right) seems to have utilized physics in his abstract artwork. Known as "Jack the Dripper," Jackson Pollock created his signature paintings of overlapping curls and streaks by dipping a stick or trowel into a container of paint and
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Jackson Pollock
    FORTIES
  • 1956
    Age 44
    In December 1956, four months after his death, Pollock was given a memorial retrospective exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) in New York City.
    More Details Hide Details A larger, more comprehensive exhibition of his work was held there in 1967. In 1998 and 1999, his work was honored with large-scale retrospective exhibitions at MoMA and at The Tate in London.
    He did not paint at all in 1956, but was making sculptures at Tony Smith’s home: constructions of wire, gauze, and plaster.
    More Details Hide Details Shaped by sand-casting, they have heavily textured surfaces similar to what Pollock often created in his paintings.
    In 1956, Time magazine dubbed Pollock "Jack the Dripper", due to his painting style.
    More Details Hide Details Pollock observed American Indian sandpainting demonstrations in the 1940s. Referring to his style of painting on the floor, Pollock stated, “I feel nearer, more a part of the painting, since this way I can walk round it, work from the four sides and literally be in the painting. This is akin to the methods of the Indian sand painters of the West.” Other influences on his drip technique include the Mexican muralists and Surrealist automatism. Pollock denied reliance on "the accident"; he usually had an idea of how he wanted a particular piece to appear. His technique combined the movement of his body, over which he had control, the viscous flow of paint, the force of gravity, and the absorption of paint into the canvas. It was a mixture of controllable and uncontrollable factors. Flinging, dripping, pouring, and spattering, he would move energetically around the canvas, almost as if in a dance, and would not stop until he saw what he wanted to see. As another important influence can be cited Wolfgang Paalen´s article on Totem Art of the indigenous people of British Columbia and his Fumage paintings which he had seen at Julien Levy´s exhibition of Paalen´s surrealist paintings in 1940. Pollock owned a signed and dedicated copy of the Amerindian Number of Paalen´s magazine (DYN 4-5, 1943), in which the revolutionary space concept in totemist art from the North-West-Coast is broadly discussed from an artist´s point of view.
  • 1955
    Age 43
    In 1955, Pollock painted Scent and Search, his last two paintings.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1951
    Age 39
    Pollock's work after 1951 was darker in color, including a collection painted in black on unprimed canvases.
    More Details Hide Details These paintings have been referred to as his 'Black pourings' and when he exhibited them at the Betty Parsons Gallery in New York none of them sold. Parsons later sold one to a friend at half the price. The departure from his earlier style wasn't what his collectors wanted. Although these works show Pollock attempting to find a balance between abstraction and depictions of the figure. He later returned to using color and continued with figurative elements. During this period, Pollock had moved to a more commercial gallery; the demand for his work from collectors was great. In response to this pressure, along with personal frustration, his alcoholism deepened. Continuing to evade the viewer's search for figurative elements in his paintings, Pollock abandoned titles and started numbering his works. He said about this: " look passively and try to receive what the painting has to offer and not bring a subject matter or preconceived idea of what they are to be looking for." Pollock's wife, Lee Krasner, said Pollock "used to give his pictures conventional titles... but now he simply numbers them. Numbers are neutral. They make people look at a picture for what it is—pure painting."
  • 1949
    Age 37
    He rocketed to fame following an August 8, 1949 four-page spread in Life magazine that asked, "Is he the greatest living painter in the United States?" At the peak of his fame, Pollock abruptly abandoned the drip style.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1947
    Age 35
    Pollock's most famous paintings were made during the "drip period" between 1947 and 1950.
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  • 1946
    Age 34
    With Jackson Pollock, the critic Clement Greenberg saw Sobel's work there in 1946.
    More Details Hide Details In his essay "American-Type Painting," Greenberg noted those works were the first of all-over painting he had seen, and said, "Pollock admitted that these pictures had made an impression on him". While painting this way, Pollock moved away from figurative representation, and challenged the Western tradition of using easel and brush. He used the force of his whole body to paint, which was expressed on the large canvases.
  • 1945
    Age 33
    In October 1945, Pollock married the American painter Lee Krasner.
    More Details Hide Details In November, they moved out of the city to the Springs area of East Hampton on the south shore of Long Island. With the help of a down-payment loan from Peggy Guggenheim, they bought a wood-frame house and barn at 830 Springs Fireplace Road. Pollock converted the barn into a studio. In that space, he perfected his big "drip" technique of working with paint, with which he would become permanently identified. Pollock was introduced to the use of liquid paint in 1936 at an experimental workshop in New York City by the Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros. He later used paint pouring as one of several techniques on canvases of the early 1940s, such as Male and Female and Composition with Pouring I. After his move to Springs, he began painting with his canvases laid out on the studio floor, and he developed what was later called his "drip" technique.
    In 1945, he married the artist Lee Krasner, who became an important influence on his career and on his legacy.
    More Details Hide Details Pollock died at the age of 44 in an alcohol-related single-car accident when he was driving.
  • 1943
    Age 31
    Pollock signed a gallery contract with Peggy Guggenheim in July 1943.
    More Details Hide Details He received the commission to create Mural (1943), which measures roughly 8 feet tall by 20 feet long, for the entry to her new townhouse. At the suggestion of her friend and advisor Marcel Duchamp, Pollock painted the work on canvas, rather than the wall, so that it would be portable. After seeing the big mural, the art critic Clement Greenberg wrote: "I took one look at it and I thought, 'Now that's great art,' and I knew Jackson was the greatest painter this country had produced." The catalog introducing his first exhibition described Pollock's talent as "volcanic. It has fire. It is unpredictable. It is undisciplined. It spills out of itself in a mineral prodigality, not yet crystallized."
  • TWENTIES
  • 1938
    Age 26
    Trying to deal with his established alcoholism, from 1938 through 1941 Pollock underwent Jungian psychotherapy with Dr. Joseph Henderson and later with Dr. Violet Staub de Laszlo in 1941–42.
    More Details Hide Details Henderson engaged him through his art, encouraging Pollock to make drawings. Jungian concepts and archetypes were expressed in his paintings. Recently, historians have hypothesized that Pollock might have had bipolar disorder.
    From 1938 to 1942, during the Great Depression, Pollock worked for the WPA Federal Art Project.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1930
    Age 18
    In 1930, following his older brother Charles Pollock, he moved to New York City, where they both studied under Thomas Hart Benton at the Art Students League.
    More Details Hide Details Benton's rural American subject matter had little influence on Pollock's work, but his rhythmic use of paint and his fierce independence were more lasting. In the early 1930s, Pollock spent a summer touring the Western United States together with Glen Rounds, a fellow art student, and Benton, their teacher.
  • 1928
    Age 16
    While living in Echo Park, California, he enrolled at Los Angeles' Manual Arts High School, from which he was expelled. He had already been expelled in 1928 from another high school.
    More Details Hide Details During his early life, Pollock explored Native American culture while on surveying trips with his father.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1912
    Age 0
    Pollock was born in Cody, Wyoming, in 1912, the youngest of five sons.
    More Details Hide Details His parents, Stella May (née McClure) and LeRoy Pollock, were born and grew up in Tingley, Iowa and were educated at Tingley High School. Pollock's mother is interred at Tingley Cemetery, Ringgold County, Iowa. His father had been born with the surname McCoy, but took the surname of his adoptive parents, neighbors who adopted him after his own parents had died within a year of each other. Stella and LeRoy Pollock were Presbyterian; they were of Irish and Scots-Irish descent, respectively. LeRoy Pollock was a farmer and later a land surveyor for the government, moving for different jobs. Jackson grew up in Arizona and Chico, California.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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