Jacques Chirac

President of France
Died Sep 21, 2011
Political Party Union des Démocra...
Religion Roman Catholicism
Alma Mater Sciences Po (Inst...
Other Names Chirac, Jacques R...

Jacques René Chirac is a French politician who served as President of France from 1995 to 2007. He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988, and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995. Chirac was briefly a Communist in his late teens.… Read More

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1932 Birth Born on November 29, 1932.
1940 7 Years Old Although Chirac was well-situated in de Gaulle's entourage, being related by marriage to the general's sole companion at the time of the Appeal of 18 June 1940, he was more of a "Pompidolian" than a "Gaullist".


1950 17 Years Old …  In 1950, he signed the Soviet-inspired Stockholm Appeal for the abolition of nuclear weapons – which led him to be questioned when he applied for his first visa to the United States.


1953 20 Years Old In 1953, after graduating from the Paris Institute of Political Studies, he attended Harvard University's summer school, before entering the ENA, the Grande école National School of Administration, which trains France's top civil servants, in 1957. … Read More
1956 23 Years Old In 1956, he married Bernadette Chodron de Courcel, with whom he had two daughters: Laurence (born 4 March 1958) and Claude (14 January 1962).
1959 26 Years Old After leaving the ENA in 1959, he became a civil servant in the Court of Auditors.
1962 29 Years Old In April 1962, Chirac was appointed head of the personal staff of Prime Minister Georges Pompidou. … Read More


1967 34 Years Old At Pompidou's suggestion, Chirac ran as a Gaullist for a seat in the National Assembly in 1967. … Read More
1968 35 Years Old When student and worker unrest rocked France in May 1968, Chirac played a central role in negotiating a truce. … Read More
1972 39 Years Old After some months in the ministry of relations with Parliament, Chirac's first high-level post came in 1972 when he became Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development under Pompidou, who had been elected president in 1969, after de Gaulle retired. … Read More


…  He previously served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988, and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995. … Read More
1975 42 Years Old At the invitation of Saddam Hussein (then vice-president of Iraq, but de facto dictator), Chirac made an official visit to Baghdad in 1975. … Read More
1976 43 Years Old 1 More Event
Citing Giscard's unwillingness to give him authority, Chirac resigned as Prime Minister in 1976. … Read More
1977 - 1979 3 More Events
Chirac made his first run for president against Giscard d'Estaing in the 1981 election, thus splitting the centre-right vote. … Read More


When the RPR/UDF right-wing coalition won a slight majority in the National Assembly in the 1986 election, Mitterrand (PS) appointed Chirac prime minister (though many in Mitterrand's inner circle lobbied him to choose Jacques Chaban-Delmas instead). … Read More
1988 55 Years Old Chirac ran against Mitterrand for a second time in the 1988 election. … Read More
1992 59 Years Old In 1992, convinced a man could not become President whilst advocating anti-European policies, he called for a "yes" vote in the referendum on the Maastricht Treaty, against the opinion of Pasqua, Séguin and a majority of the RPR voters, who chose to vote "no". … Read More


Chirac's internal policies included lower tax rates, the removal of price controls, strong punishment for crime and terrorism, and business privatisation. He also argued for more socially responsible economic policies, and was elected in 1995 after campaigning on a platform of healing the "social rift" (fracture sociale). … Read More
1996 - 2000 5 More Events
At the age of 69, Chirac faced his fourth presidential campaign in 2002.
2003 - 2005 5 More Events
On 19 January 2006, Chirac said that France was prepared to launch a nuclear strike against any country that sponsors a terrorist attack against French interests. … Read More
When Nicolas Sarkozy became President in 2007, Juppé was one of the few "chiraquiens" to serve in François Fillon's government.
2008 75 Years Old 1 More Event
On 11 April 2008, Chirac's office announced that he had undergone successful surgery to fit a pacemaker.
2009 76 Years Old 1 More Event
In January 2009, it was reported that Chirac had been hospitalised after being attacked by his pet Maltese poodle. … Read More
2010 77 Years Old Marc Rioufol plays Chirac in Richard Loncraine's 2010 film The Special Relationship. … Read More
On 7 March 2011, he went on trial on charges of diverting public funds, accused of giving fictional city jobs to twenty-eight activists of his political party while serving as the mayor of Paris (1977–1995). Along with Chirac, nine others stood trial in two separate cases, one dealing with fictional jobs for 21 people and the other with jobs for the remaining seven. The President of Union for a Popular Movement, who later served as France's Minister of Foreign Affairs, Alain Juppé, was sentenced to a 14-month suspended prison sentence for the same case in 2004.
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