Jacques Gaillot
French bishop
Jacques Gaillot
The Most Reverend Dr. Jacques Jean Edmond Georges Monseigneur Gaillot, Titular Bishop of Partenia, is a French Catholic clergyman and social activist. He was from 1982 to 1995 Bishop of Évreux in France. In 1995, he was demoted to being Titular Bishop of Partenia, an extinct diocese, for having expressed too loudly, liberal positions on political and social matters; and heterodox opinions on religious matters.
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Jacques Gaillot's personal information overview.
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La planète bouge pour Achraf - Iran Manifestation
Google News - over 5 years
On ya rencontré notamment Mgr Jacques Gaillot, l'éditeur parisien Jean Picollec, le recteur de la mosquée d'Evry Khalil Meroun très en verve, des dizaines d'imam des mosquées d'Ile de France, et Abdolrahman Dahmane le président des musulmans démocrates
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Mgr Gaillot et Albert Jacquard aux côtés des sans-logis - Le Parisien
Google News - over 5 years
Mgr Jacques Gaillot, évêque de Partenia, et le professeur Albert Jacquard ont pris part à la manifestation qui s'est dirigée vers le square Boucicaut (VIIIe), où 200 personnes campent depuis le 16 juillet
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Würzburger Kirchennacht ohne Willigis Jäger - Main Post
Google News - over 5 years
Damals hatte Breitenbach den französischen Bischof Jacques Gaillot zu einem Gottesdienst mit Lesung in Schweinfurt eingeladen. Gaillot, der den Zölibat und die Haltung der Kirche zu Homosexualität und Geburtenkontrolle kritisiert, sagte seinen
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Marche des salariés du Samu social de Paris contre les coupes budgétaires - AFP
Google News - over 5 years
Un appel à la mobilisation lancé par le Samu social de Paris a été signé par de nombreuses associations (Droit au logement, Fondation Abbé Pierre, collectif des Morts de la rue, etc) et des personnalités comme Albert Jacquard et Mgr Jacques Gaillot
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Fin lundi du procès pour séquestration d'Olivier Besancenot - AFP
Google News - over 5 years
Près de 200 personnes, dont Arlette Laguiller (Lutte ouvrière), monseigneur Jacques Gaillot, Benoît Hamon (PS) et Nicolas Hulot (Europe Ecologie-Les Verts), s'étaient rassemblées lundi devant le tribunal pour réclamer la relaxe des prévenus
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BDS en procès - NPA
Google News - over 5 years
Mais comme pour tout meeting unitaire, la défense a fait intervenir tour à tour, la main droite levée à défaut du poing : Hajo Meyer (survivant juif d'Auschwitz), Omar Soumi (Génération Palestine), Éric Hazan (éditions La Fabrique), Jacques Gaillot,
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Au procès d'Olivia Zémor : la procureure refuse de requérir la condamnation - Altermonde-sans-frontières
Google News - over 5 years
Enfin, Mgr Jacques Gaillot, 75 ans (« je suis né en 1935, un 11 septembre si vous voulez tout savoir ») réaffirma son soutien à la campagne de boycott, et plus généralement son propre combat pour que le peuple palestinien obtienne justice et liberté
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Theologians' meeting sets tone of reconciliation - National Catholic Reporter
Google News - over 5 years
The Vatican deals with bishops inside the church -- she named Archbishop Raymond Hunthausen of Seattle, Bishop Jacques Gaillot of Évreux, France, and Bishop William Morris of Toowoomba, Australia -- more harshly than with bishops outside the church,
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Saint-Michou de Montmartre fête ses 80 ans : "Quelle belle soirée!" - AFP
Google News - over 5 years
... avaient pris place les fidèles: de Nana Mouskouri au couturier Jean-Paul Gaultier, du maire (PS) du 18ème arrondissement de Paris, Daniel Vaillant, aux chanteurs et compositeurs Jean-Jacques Debout et Alice Dona, ou encore Mgr Jacques Gaillot,
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Colonna, deux mois d'un procès corsé - Libération
Google News - over 5 years
Et aussi M gr Jacques Gaillot, qui soutient Yvan Colonna depuis 2006, et le réalisateur Erick Zonca, qui prépare une fiction sur l'histoire. Il est beaucoup question de traite de chèvres, de fabrication de brocciu. Stéphane Colonna : «Un matin,
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Une militante pro-palestinienne jugée pour une vidéo incitant au boycott d'Israël - Le Point
Google News - over 5 years
Une centaine de manifestants, dont le leader trotskiste Alain Krivine et l'ancien évêque d'Evreux Mgr Jacques Gaillot - cités comme témoins de la défense au procès - s'étaient réunis devant le tribunal avant l'audience pour soutenir Mme Zemor
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Too Late for Apologies: Three Steps the US Bishops Should Take to Prevent ... - Religion Dispatches
Google News - over 5 years
It is loath to seem cavalier about usurping a bishop's authority in his own diocese; although there have been notable exceptions involving bishops with a liberal streak, such as Bishop Jacques Gaillot of Évreux, France, and Archbishop Raymond
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Jacques Gaillot in visita alle Piagge. Martedì 14 incontro pubblico con il ... - l'Altracittà
Google News - over 5 years
Jacques Gaillot,Vescovo di Partenia. Mons. Gaillot è un “vecchio amico” della Comunità, che ha conosciuto tanti anni fa, mantenendo poi i contatti grazie a internet. Nel periodo di esilio di don Santoro, non ha mai fatto mancare il suo sostegno
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PARTENIA AU DELA DE TOUTES FRONTIERES - Le Post
Google News - over 5 years
Ce blog doit nous permettre de nous dire ce que nous faisons avec Jacques Gaillot. Wir über uns ? Qui sommes nous ? ¿Quiénes somos? Quem somos nós? Who are we? L'aventure continue. « Partenia au-delà des frontières » prend son envol
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Beruf Seelsorger: «Kirche, die nicht dient, dient zu nichts» - Aachener Zeitung
Google News - almost 6 years
«Eine Kirche, die nicht dient, dient zu nichts», zitiert Raymund Schreinemacher den französischen Bischof Jacques Gaillot. Und der Dienst an den Menschen sei zentraler Gedanke des Diakonats. Diakone können die Taufe spenden, Trauungen und Beerdigungen
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Sans-papiers, immigrés : ils sont pourtant d'ici - Témoignage Chrétien
Google News - almost 6 years
Depuis, des dizaines d'autres structures, ainsi que des élus, chercheurs, intellectuels, ecclésiastiques parmi lesquels Mgr Jacques Gaillot, des réalisateurs, des artistes, des musiciens... ont également signé le texte. Plus de 7 000 personnes au total
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Le pape, un dictateur… - Chrétienté.info
Google News - almost 6 years
En son temps (1995) j'avais réagi auprès des évêques de la région lorsque j'avais appris la révocation de Mgr Jacques Gaillot. (voir fichier ci-joint). Je crois qu'il ne faut pas laisser passer cet acte. Il est important qu'Evêques, prêtres, diacres,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Jacques Gaillot
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2015
    Age 79
    In September 2015, Pope Francis welcomed French Bishop Jacques Gaillot to his Vatican residence.
    More Details Hide Details They talked for 45 minutes. Gaillot said the pontiff encouraged him to continue his activism on behalf of migrants and refugees. After the meeting, Gaillot said he was “in love” with Francis.
  • 2007
    Age 71
    In 2007 Gaillot expanded his use of the internet by posting a video interview on the website Google Video, attempting to bring attention to the escalating violence occurring in Darfur.
    More Details Hide Details Bishop Gaillot has written over a dozen books; one of them, A cry on Exclusion (Coup de gueule contre l'exclusion) got much media attention. The book criticized the French laws on immigration proposed by the then-minister of the Interior, Charles Pasqua. This book was the justification for his demotion by the Catholic hierarchy. Another book released shortly after his demotion was Voice From the Desert: A Bishop's Cry for a New Church. This book was mainly an autobiographical text discussing events surrounding his demotion. He has expressed his publical support for euthanasia and same-sex marriage, when it was legalized in France.
  • 2004
    Age 68
    Also in 2004 Bishop Gaillot met with Maryam Rajavi, a controversial Iranian political activist.
    More Details Hide Details Gaillot strongly criticised the actions of some extremist religious leaders in Iran, going on to comment that “One must not forget that the strength of truth will make it Iranian resistance triumphant. Darkness will give way and truth will prevail despite all the lies and ruses”. Rajavi publicly thanked the bishop and expressed that his support had been very effective in promoting the cause of the Iran resistance. Furthermore, Gaillot has also taken position as a well-known public figure in France, fighting for a number of causes; Gaillot serves as the co-chairman of one of France's foremost Human Rights activist groups, (Rights First), among other groups.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1995
    Age 59
    The removal of his responsibility over a specific geographical diocese permitted Gaillot to be even more daring in his activism. Indeed, in 1995 following his removal, Bishop Gaillot engaged in protests regarding the policy of French nuclear testing at Mururoa Atoll in the Tuamotu Archipelago of French Polynesia.
    More Details Hide Details Gaillot went with a fleet of protest ships, being on the Greenpeace vessel Rainbow Warrior himself, he was subsequently removed from the ship by French commandos, given that Rainbow Warrior had sailed within the exclusion zone, and escorted back to the atoll. Gaillot has been so active in his beliefs that he has had to be stopped by the Vatican on numerous occasions, including one time when he was given a direct order by Pope John Paul II to avoid a conference in Italy about homosexuality. On World Youth Day, in Bonn, 2004, Cardinal Joachim Meisner of Cologne invoked Canon 763, which allows a bishop for some grave reason to prevent another bishop speaking in his diocese, to ban Gaillot from addressing a session of the event on the topic of Being a Christian in the Third Millennium: A Faith which has Hope.
    In 1995, after his removal as Bishop of Évreux, Gaillot attended a Call to Action conference in Detroit as one of the keynote speakers.
    More Details Hide Details He held three sessions, proving to be very popular despite speaking through a translator. He hosted the conference alongside other controversial Catholic Theologians including Professor Hans Küng and Bishop Thomas Gumbleton.
    On 13 January 1995, Jacques Gaillot was summoned to a meeting with Bernardin Cardinal Gantin, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops at the Vatican City.
    More Details Hide Details He was offered the choice of resigning his see and becoming bishop emeritus of Évreux, or being removed from the see. In the latter case, he would be assigned to the titular see of Parthenia. Gaillot chose not to resign; instead, he left the Vatican and returned to France to give a press conference, providing one short press release to explain the events: The threats that were hanging over me for a while came into effect. I had met the deadline. I was told that I had been removed from my function as bishop and that the See of Évreux would be declared vacant starting tomorrow from noon onwards. The See of Parthenia, now located in the desert of Algeria, has not existed in reality since the 5th century when it was in the Roman province of Mauritania. This function is a kind of sinecure with no pastoral responsibilities. Gaillot still continues to reach out however, this time on the internet, as a "virtual bishop".
    In 1995, by decision of Pope John Paul II, he was demoted to be Titular Bishop of Partenia, an extinct diocese, for having expressed too controversial and heterodox positions on religious, political and social matters.
    More Details Hide Details In reason of these views he earned the popular nickname of The Red Cleric. Jacques Gaillot was born in Saint-Dizier, Haute-Marne. As a teenager, he already desired to become a priest. After his secondary studies, he entered the seminary in Langres.
  • 1994
    Age 58
    By 1994, Archbishop Joseph Duval of Rouen, the President of the French Bishops' Conference was attempting to convince Gaillot to cease in his actions; Gaillot however responded by withdrawing his offer of resignation, desiring that the scenario not be reduced to the same response given by the Vatican in the case of Archbishop Raymond Hunthausen.
    More Details Hide Details At the height of the controversy that Bishop Gaillot caused during his tenure as Ordinary of Évreux, he was the target of a bitter campaign to disparage his name. Unsubstantiated allegations of homosexuality, racism, anti-Semitism, and psychosis and neurosis were all made by highly placed authorities in the French clergy. Bishop Gaillot countered in kind. He branded Archbishop Duval an "ayatollah" seeking to impose "ideological uniformity" within the French Bishops' Conference. Further, he also compared the leadership style of Cardinal Gantin to those of the East German political police the Stasi. Testament to Gaillot's strong yearning to reach out to the 'exiled' is the fact that by the time he left office at the Diocese of Évreux he had visited more prisons than any bishop in France's history.
    The last drop that made the cup run over was a conversation Bishop Gaillot had with the prolific dissident Catholic theologian Eugen Drewermann in the show "Transit" on the French channel ARTE on April 12, 1994.
    More Details Hide Details Two days after this widely seen show, archbishop Joseph Duval, the President of the French Bishops' Conference, wrote to Gaillot: "For all to see you are in solidarity with Drewermann. But how do you show your solidarity with us, your fellow episcopal brothers and the Pope? Are you aware that your position is unsustainable? The distance from your brothers in the episcopate that you emphasize makes us suffer and has become a scandal for many Catholics".
  • 1991
    Age 55
    By the end of 1991, the French Bishops' Conference had censured Gaillot three times, most recently for his intervention in Haiti, rousing support for Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
    More Details Hide Details Bishop Gaillot also caused controversy with a number of other actions. He was frequently condemned by others for his numerous television appearances, but justified them by claiming that if people still found a Bishop interesting, then they clearly still found the church interesting. As well as this, Bishop Gaillot also took a lenient stance with regard women who have had abortions, claiming he was not qualified to judge a woman who found herself in such a scenario.
    In 1991, he opposed the Gulf War, publishing a book called Open letter to those who preach war, but let it be waged by others.
    More Details Hide Details He also condemned the embargo on Iraq.
  • 1989
    Age 53
    Toward late 1989, he attempted concilatory movements, signing an agreement in which he promised "loyalty" and "docility" to the pope.
    More Details Hide Details This agreement did not last long however; within a week, Gaillot had distanced himself from the majority of other bishops by appearing on television to criticise the "feeble state of internal debate in the church" and express his feelings of grief that progress had not been made since the Second Vatican Council.
    Throughout 1989, Gaillot continued to cause considerable tension within the French Bishops' Conference, to the extent that the members of the episcopate voted to censure him.
    More Details Hide Details This disciplinary action came after Gaillot gave an interview to the publication Lui, the French equivalent of Playboy. Furthermore, he also gave interviews to leading gay magazines and lambasted the incompetence of the Roman Catholic hierarchy to judge the circumstances of homosexuality. At this point, the bishop offered his resignation to the Pope, should he feel it necessary to remove him; no such action was taken however.
    In 1989, he participated in a trip to French Polynesia organized by the peace movement, asking for the end to French nuclear testing.
    More Details Hide Details He also participated in the ceremony of the transfer of the ashes of the late bishop Baptiste-Henri Grégoire (1750–1831) to the Panthéon, a necropolis for the great men of France. Grégoire had been instrumental in the first abolition of slavery, and the end of discrimination against the Blacks and the Jews during the French Revolution. The hierarchy of the Catholic Church had refused to give him the last sacraments because of Grégoire's acceptance of the Civil Constitution of the Clergy. Gaillot was the only French bishop participating in this ceremony. By this stage in his career, Bishop Gaillot had earned an impressive reputation, both positive and negative. The French journalist wrote in Le Monde that "Gaillot has the merit of saying out loud what many people in authority in the church think down deep."
  • 1988
    Age 52
    In 1988, during a closed-door session of the assembly in Lourdes, he advocated the ordination of married men to the priesthood.
    More Details Hide Details After the proceedings had finished Gaillot spoke to the press about the discussions held and also promoted his own viewpoints. By promoting a revision of clerical celibacy and the use of condoms, he caused considerable tension with the French bishops' conference, the situation being exacerbated by the fact that in speaking to the media about the session, Gaillot had violated convention regarding assembly conclaves. He later defended his previous actions, remarking that "I never broke the vow of celibacy... I only questioned it. But that's worse." Also that year, Gaillot took the unprecedented step for a Roman Catholic bishop of blessing a homosexual union in a "service of welcoming", after the couple requested it in view of their imminent death from AIDS.
  • 1987
    Age 51
    Also in 1987 Gaillot traveled to Athens to show solidarity with a boatload of Palestinian refugees.
    More Details Hide Details
    In 1987, he went to South Africa to meet a young anti-apartheid militant from Évreux sentenced to 4 years in prison by the South African régime.
    More Details Hide Details There he also appeared at a demonstration where some Communist militants were also demonstrating. In order to accomplish this trip, he had to renounce going with the diocesan pilgrimage to Lourdes, a move that attracted criticism. Further, in the same year he also announced that the French Bishops "remain too preoccupied by the correct functioning of the church and its structures." This only ensured that the responses to Gaillot when he later attacked the right wing French political party, the National Front, were even stronger.
  • FORTIES
  • 1985
    Age 49
    The first amount of considerable media attention paid to Gaillot came in January 1985 when he signed an appeal on behalf of underpaid Catholic school teachers; also signing the appeal was Georges Marchais, the head of the French Communist Party.
    More Details Hide Details This proved to be highly controversial, bringing about the start of a right-wing campaign against Bishop Gaillot. Within his own diocese, Le Figaro spearheaded the campaign. At this point Bishop Gaillot was described as being "a tool of the church's worst enemies".
    In 1985, he supported the First Intifada in the West Bank and Gaza Strip and met Yasser Arafat in Tunis, being embraced by the future Nobel Peace Prize Laureate in a private audience.
    More Details Hide Details Perhaps the most notable event he performed in 1987 was attending, by invitation, a special session of the United Nations in New York to speak out for disarmament.
  • 1984
    Age 48
    In 1984 he angered numerous Catholic authorities by refusing to support the movement in defence of French parochial schools.
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  • 1983
    Age 47
    In 1983, he supported a conscientious objector before the court in Évreux.
    More Details Hide Details During the yearly assembly of the episcopate, he was one of the two bishops (of a total of 110) voting against the episcopate's text on nuclear deterrence, which supported having nuclear arms as a legitimate deterrent.
  • 1982
    Age 46
    In May 1982, he was appointed bishop of Évreux, being consecrated into the position on 20 June.
    More Details Hide Details As soon as Bishop Gaillot had taken his place in Évreux he began to engage in activities that may be said to have cost him his position. During his first Easter message he wrote: "Christ died outside the walls as he was born outside the walls. If we are to see the light, the sun, of Easter, we ourselves must go outside the walls." Following this he then stated that: "I'm not here to convince the convinced or take care of the well. I'm here to support the ill and offer a hand to the lost. Does a bishop remain in his cathedral or does he go into the street? I made my choice." Within months Gaillot had begun to act on his word.
  • 1981
    Age 45
    In 1981, he was elected vicar capitular.
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  • 1977
    Age 41
    In 1977, he was appointed vicar general of the diocese of Langres.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1973
    Age 37
    In 1973, he was appointed to the parish of St Dizier, his hometown, while becoming co-manager of the institute for the training of the educators of the clergy (IFEC) in Paris.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1965
    Age 29
    From 1965, he was a Professor at the regional seminary of Reims.
    More Details Hide Details He chaired many sessions to implement the orientations of the Second Vatican Council.
  • 1962
    Age 26
    From 1962 to 1964, he was sent to the Higher Institute for Liturgy in Paris, while teaching at the major seminary in Châlons-en-Champagne.
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  • 1961
    Age 25
    He was ordained a priest in 1961.
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  • 1960
    Age 24
    From 1960 to 1962 he was sent to Rome to complete his studies in theology and get his bachelor's degree.
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  • 1957
    Age 21
    From 1957 to 1959, he carried out his compulsory military service in Algeria during the war of independence.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1935
    Born
    Born on September 11, 1935.
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