Jacques Plante
Canadian ice hockey goaltender
Jacques Plante
Joseph Jacques Omer Plante was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender. During a career lasting from 1947–1975, he was considered to be one of the most important innovators in hockey. He played for the Montreal Canadiens from 1953 to 1963; during his tenure, the team won the Stanley Cup six times, including five consecutive wins. Plante retired in 1965 but was persuaded to return to the National Hockey League to play for the expansion St.
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Alouettes boss talks CFL, freezing in the nosebleeds and Carey Price's reflexes - Calgary Herald (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
And Patrick Roy was better than Jacques Plante. And Jacques Plante was better than Georges Vezina, for example. But in those days, those guys were standing up because they had no protection. … Today, you look at the kids like Carey Price – Carey Price
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Hall's summer treat - IIHF
Google News - over 5 years
Those teams included a dozen future Hall of Famers, from goalie Jacques Plante to defenceman Doug Harvey, and legendary forwards such as Rocket Richard, Jean Beliveau, and Bernie “Boom Boom” Geoffrion. Brouillard not only captured great moments on ice;
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5 Reasons the Northeast Division Is Home to the NHL's Best Goaltending - Bleacher Report
Google News - over 5 years
It is inevitable that when one mentions Montreal goaltenders, names such as Jacques Plante, Gump Worsley, Ken Dryden and Patrick Roy are reverently discussed. Carey Price wants to be included with those names, but he needs to duplicate their feat of
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Deeth Williams Wall | Canadian Inventions – The Hockey Goalkeeper Mask - Linex Legal (press release) (registration)
Google News - over 5 years
Jacques Plante, the legendary Montreal Canadiens netminder, is widely recognized as the player that popularized the modern, fibreglass goalie mask. Previously, there had been no widely accepted face protection, and goaltenders often experienced
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Hockey steals sports heritage spotlight - The North Bay Nugget
Google News - over 5 years
His series of goalie mask portraits includes a nod to Jacques Plante, the first NHL goaltender to wear face protection, and Gerry Cheevers who marked up his mask with stitch patterns every time he took a knock the face. It hits close to home
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Best 25 NHL Players over the Last 25 Years - Bleacher Report
Google News - over 5 years
After the 1994/95 season he won the Hart Memorial as the league's most valuable player joining only Roy "Shrimp" Worters of the 1928/29 New York Americans, Chuck Rayner of the 1949/50 New York Rangers and Jacques Plante of the 1961/62 Montreal
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Stolen hockey cards, autographs returned 20 years after theft - Lewiston Sun Journal
Google News - over 5 years
"You can't get this one anymore because Jacques Plante is dead now," he said. Steve Theberge of Lewiston was amazed to get his collection of hockey cards and autographs returned to him after they were stolen 20 years ago. "These were childhood heroes
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Whatever the stats, baseball isn't coming back to Montreal - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
"Let's go to the Bell Centre, son, where we can cheer Carey Price like your grandfather did for Jacques Plante. But we'll boo if Price loses 1-0." When the Conference Board baseball study was posted to Facebook, it drew the predictable demonization of
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Cool Goalie Mask Art: 25 of the Best Designs from the NHL in Recent Memory - Bleacher Report
Google News - over 5 years
Ever since 1959 when Jacques Plante found a way to weasel into a game while wearing a mask, it has (slowly at first) become a mainstay for the game, and one of the coolest things about it. Hockey cards have been dedicated to the piece of equipment,
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POSTED BY: Thomas Bink - TORO Magazine
Google News - over 5 years
She subsequently fashioned a Jacques Plante-like mask for Thursday's game against France, where she took a ball squarely to the face in the late stages of a blow-out loss, but finished out the game anyways. Why? Because that's what Canadians do
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Will Tim Thomas Be in the Hall of Fame? - Bleacher Report
Google News - over 5 years
The first netminder to cross my radar was a man by the name of Jacques Plante. He won six Stanley Cup championships, won the Vezina seven times, had 437 regular season wins, which 82 of them came as shutouts. Plante ended his career with a 2.38 goals
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Ehrhoff gets 10-year deal - Toronto Sun
Google News - over 5 years
Prior to that, it was all Original Six clubs with double dippers, Bobby Orr and Phil Esposito, Bobby Hull and Stan Mikita, Jacques Plante and Jean Beliveau and Beliveau, Plante and Bernie Geoffrion. Anaheim's Teemu Selanne told Sports Blog Nation that
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Avalanche sign Matt Hunwick - Mile High Hockey
Google News - over 5 years
~Jacques Plante by Randy Time on Jun 30, 2011 4:04 PM MDT reply actions “Officially.” It was a QO before. They've signed the contracts today. by Cheryl Bradley on Jun 30, 2011 4:05 PM MDT up reply actions I could have sworn that Hunwick wasn't in that
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Several undrafted Sea Dogs looking into options - Fox News
Google News - over 5 years
DeSerres set team records with a 2.22 goals-against average and four shutouts, winning the Jacques Plante Trophy as the league's best keeper. "They want to meet me and get to know me and I'll work with Sean Burke a bit, the goaltending coach," said
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Bird's Eye View: Markov shows rare quality for today's athlete - CTV.ca
Google News - over 5 years
Jacques Plante as a Toronto Maple Leaf, Serge Savard as a Winnipeg Jet and Guy Lafleur as a Quebec Nordique detract from their otherwise distinguished legacies more than they add to them. Markov is on a course to join Jean Beliveau, Maurice and Henri
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Avalanche Select Dillon Donnelly - Mile High Hockey
Google News - over 5 years
~Jacques Plante by Randy Time on Jun 25, 2011 5:00 PM MDT reply actions I like this pick, a lot. Sounds like he has a lot of potential to grow into a real sleeper winner. by SteveHouse on Jun 25, 2011 5:25 PM MDT reply actions Yeah
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Chara, Thomas up for awards tonight - Boston Globe (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
A total of 20 goaliies have won the Vezina more than once, the field dominated by Jacques Plante (7), Bill Duran (6), Dominik Hasek (6), Ken Dryden (5), Tiny Thompson (4), Terry Sawchuk (4) and Martin Brodeur (4). The Boston winners include Thompson,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Jacques Plante
    FIFTIES
  • 1986
    Age 57
    He died in a Geneva hospital in February 1986 and was buried in Sierre, Switzerland.
    More Details Hide Details When his coffin was carried from the church following the funeral mass, it passed under an arch of hockey sticks held high by a team of young hockey players from Quebec, visiting Switzerland for a tournament. Plante was one of the first goaltenders to skate behind the net to stop the puck. He also was one of the first to raise his arm on an icing call to let his defencemen know what was happening. He perfected a stand-up, positional style, cutting down the angles; he became one of the first goaltenders to write a how-to book about the position. He was a pioneer of stickhandling the puck; before that time, goaltenders passively stood in the net and simply deflected pucks to defencemen or backchecking forwards. Plante was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1978, and into the Quebec Sports Pantheon in 1994. His jersey, #1, was retired in 1995 by the Montreal Canadiens. The Jacques Plante Memorial Trophy was established in his honor as an award to the top goaltender in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League. The Jacques Plante Trophy was established in Switzerland after Plante's death; it is given out annually to the top Swiss goaltender. The main arena in Shawinigan the town he grew up in, was renamed to Aréna Jacques Plante.
  • 1985
    Age 56
    In the fall of 1985, Plante was diagnosed with terminal stomach cancer.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1978
    Age 49
    He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1978.
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  • 1975
    Age 46
    Plante finally retired from hockey in 1975, after the death of his youngest son.
    More Details Hide Details He moved to Switzerland with his second wife, Raymonde Udrisard, but remained active on the North American hockey scene as an analyst, adviser and goaltender trainer.
    Plante retired during the Oilers' training camp in 1975–76 after receiving news that his youngest son had died.
    More Details Hide Details Plante had a well-earned reputation for his ability to analyse the game of hockey. He began shouting directions to his teammates during games in his first stint in the minor leagues (the goaltender usually has the best view of the game). He kept extensive notes on opposing players and teams throughout his career. He made his debut in the broadcasting booth during his first retirement in the 1960s as a colour commentator for broadcasts of Quebec Junior League games alongside Danny Gallivan of Hockey Night in Canada fame. Radio Canada, the French language branch of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, brought Plante aboard as on-air analyst for its television broadcasts of the 1972 Summit Series between the national team of the Soviet Union and a Canadian team made up of professional players from the NHL. Plante was one of the few North American analysts who dissented from the widely held belief in the superiority of the Canadian team.
  • 1974
    Age 45
    Coming out of retirement once more, Plante played 31 games for the Edmonton Oilers of the WHA in the 1974–75 season.
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  • 1973
    Age 44
    He was highly dissatisfied with his and the team's performance and resigned at the end of the 1973–74 season.
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    Plante accepted a $10 million, 10-year contract to become coach and general manager of the Quebec Nordiques of the World Hockey Association in 1973.
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  • 1972
    Age 43
    He continued to play for the Leafs until he was traded to the Boston Bruins late in the 1972–73 season, recording a shutout against the Black Hawks in his debut for the Bruins.
    More Details Hide Details He played eight regular season and two playoff games for the Bruins to finish that season, his last in the NHL.
  • 1970
    Age 41
    That game proved to be his last for the Blues, and he was traded in the summer of 1970 to the Toronto Maple Leafs.
    More Details Hide Details He led the NHL with the lowest goals against average (GAA) during his first season with the Maple Leafs. At season's end, he was named to the NHL's second All-Star team, his seventh such honour.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1968
    Age 39
    In June 1968, Plante was drafted by the St. Louis Blues and signed for $35,000 for the 1968–69 season.
    More Details Hide Details In his first season with the Blues, Plante split the goaltending duties with Glenn Hall. He won the Vezina Trophy that season for the seventh time, surpassing Bill Durnan's record. While playing for the Blues in the 1969–70 playoffs against the Boston Bruins, a shot fired by Fred Stanfield and redirected by Phil Esposito hit Plante in the forehead, knocking him out and breaking his fibreglass mask. The first thing Plante said after he regained consciousness at the hospital was that the mask saved his life.
  • 1967
    Age 38
    At the beginning of the 1967–68 NHL season, Plante received a call from his ex-teammate Bert Olmstead seeking some help coaching the expansion Oakland Seals.
    More Details Hide Details Plante coached mainly by example, and after the three-week training camp he returned home to Montreal. Plante also played an exhibition game with the Seals. Rumours swirled that Plante was planning a comeback.
  • 1965
    Age 36
    Upon retirement, Plante took a job with Molson as a sales representative but remained active in the NHL. In 1965, Scotty Bowman asked Plante to play for the Montreal Jr. Canadiens in a game against the Soviet National Team.
    More Details Hide Details Honoured to represent his country, Plante agreed, and after receiving permission from both the Rangers (who owned his rights) and Molson, he began practicing. The Canadiens won 2–1, and Plante was named first star of the game.
    He retired in 1965 while playing for the minor-league Baltimore Clippers of the American Hockey League.
    More Details Hide Details His wife was ill at the time, and he required surgery on his right knee.
  • 1963
    Age 34
    On June 4, 1963, Plante was traded to the New York Rangers, with Phil Goyette and Don Marshall in exchange for Gump Worsley, Dave Balon, Leon Rochefort, and Len Ronson.
    More Details Hide Details Plante played for the Rangers for one full season and part of a second.
    Growing tension between Plante and Blake because of Plante's inconsistent work ethic and demeanor caused Blake to declare that for the 1963–64 season either he or Plante must go.
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  • 1962
    Age 33
    The 1962–63 season was unsettling for Plante.
    More Details Hide Details His asthma had worsened, and he missed most of the early season. His relationship with his coach, Toe Blake, continued to deteriorate because of Plante's persistent health problems. Later, Plante was at the center of a major controversy when he claimed that net sizes in the NHL were not uniform, thus giving a statistical advantage to goaltenders playing for the Chicago Black Hawks, Boston Bruins, and New York Rangers. His claim was later confirmed as the result of a manufacturing error. After the Canadiens were eliminated for the third straight year in the first playoff round during the spring of 1963, there was mounting pressure for change from their fans and media.
  • 1961
    Age 32
    Torn cartilage was found in his knee, and the knee was surgically repaired during the summer of 1961.
    More Details Hide Details The next season Plante became only the fourth goaltender to win the Hart Memorial Trophy - he also won the Vezina Trophy for the sixth time.
  • 1960
    Age 31
    Hampered by terrible pain in his left knee during the 1960–61 NHL season, Plante was sent down to the minor league Montreal Royals.
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    Plante did not wear the mask, at Blake's request, against Detroit on March 8, 1960; the Canadiens lost 3–0, and the mask returned for good the next night.
    More Details Hide Details That year the Canadiens won their fifth straight Stanley Cup, which was Plante's last. Plante subsequently designed his own and other goaltenders' masks. He was not the first NHL goaltender known to wear a face mask. Montreal Maroons' Clint Benedict wore a crude leather version in 1929 to protect a broken nose, but Plante introduced the mask as everyday equipment, and it is now mandatory equipment for goaltenders.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1959
    Age 30
    However, on November 1, 1959, Plante's nose was broken when he was hit by a shot fired by Andy Bathgate three minutes into a game against the New York Rangers, and he was taken to the dressing room for stitches.
    More Details Hide Details When he returned, he was wearing the crude home-made goaltender mask that he had been using in practices. Blake was livid, but he had no other goaltender to call upon and Plante refused to return to the goal unless he wore the mask. Blake agreed on the condition that Plante discard the mask when the cut healed. The Canadiens won the game 3–1. During the following days Plante refused to discard the mask, and as the Canadiens continued to win, Blake was less vocal about it. The unbeaten streak stretched to 18 games.
    During the 1959–60 NHL season, Plante wore a goaltender mask for the first time in a regular season game.
    More Details Hide Details Although Plante had used his mask in practice since 1956 after missing 13 games because of sinusitis, head coach Toe Blake did not permit him to wear it during regulation play.
  • 1957
    Age 28
    During the 1957–58 NHL season, the Canadiens won their third straight Stanley Cup despite injuries to Plante and other members of the team.
    More Details Hide Details Plante's asthma was getting worse. He sustained a concussion with just a few weeks left in the season and missed three games of the playoffs. In the sixth game of the Stanley Cup finals, Plante's asthma was making him dizzy, and he was having difficulty concentrating; he collapsed at the end of the game after teammate Doug Harvey scored the series-winning goal. The Canadiens went on to win the Stanley Cup again at the close of the 1958–59 season.
  • 1955
    Age 26
    For the 1955–56 season, Plante was the unchallenged starting goaltender of the Canadiens; Gerry McNeil had not played the previous season and was sent to the Montreal Royals.
    More Details Hide Details Charlie Hodge, Plante's backup the previous season, was sent to a Canadiens' farm team in Seattle. Later that season, Montreal won the Stanley Cup—the first of what would be five consecutive Stanley Cup championship seasons. The next season, Plante missed most of November because of chronic bronchitis, a consequence of the asthma that had affected him since childhood.
  • 1954
    Age 25
    Plante was the Canadiens' number one goaltender at the beginning of the 1954–55 NHL season.
    More Details Hide Details On March 13, 1955, with only four games left in the season, an on-ice brawl resulted in the suspension of Montreal's leading scorer, Maurice Richard, for the rest of the season and the playoffs. Four nights later, playing in Montreal in front of an angry crowd, Plante was witness to the riot that followed. It began at the Forum by angry hockey game spectators and spread along Montreal's Ste. Catherine Street, causing injuries to police and fans and extensive damage to businesses and property. The Canadiens subsequently lost to the Detroit Red Wings in the finals.
    On February 12, 1954, Plante was called up to the Canadiens and established himself as their starting goaltender - he did not return to the minor leagues for many years.
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    In the spring of 1954, he underwent surgery to correct his left hand, which he had broken in his childhood.
    More Details Hide Details He could not move the hand well enough to catch high shots and compensated by using the rest of his body. The operation was successful.
  • 1953
    Age 24
    By the end of the 1953–54 NHL season, Plante was well-entrenched within the NHL.
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  • 1952
    Age 23
    Later during the 1952–53 NHL season, Plante played in the playoffs against the Chicago Black Hawks.
    More Details Hide Details He won his first playoff game with a shutout. Montreal won that series and eventually the Stanley Cup. Plante's name was engraved on the Cup for the first time. At the beginning of 1953, McNeil was still the starting goaltender for the Canadiens. Selke assigned Plante to the Buffalo Bisons of the AHL so fans in the United States would get to know him. Plante was instantly successful; Fred Hunt, the general manager of the Bisons, told Kenny Reardon, Montreal's recruiting manager, that, "he's Plante the biggest attraction since the good old days of Terry Sawchuk."
  • TEENAGE
  • 1949
    Age 20
    In 1949, he married Jacqueline Gagné; they had two sons, Michel and Richard.
    More Details Hide Details In January 1953, Plante was called up to play for the Canadiens. Bill Durnan, the goaltender who played for Montreal when Plante first began, had retired, and Gerry McNeil—their top goaltender—had fractured his jaw. Plante played for three games, but in that short time, he generated controversy. Coach Dick Irvin, Sr. did not wish his players to stand out by any addition to their regular uniforms. Plante always wore one of his tuques while playing hockey, and after an argument with Irvin, all of Plante's tuques had vanished from the Montreal locker room. Even without his good luck charm, Plante gave up only four goals in the three games he played, all of them wins.
    On August 17, 1949, Selke offered Plante a contract with the Canadiens' organization.
    More Details Hide Details Plante played for Montreal's affiliate Royal Montreal Hockey Club, earning $4,500 for the season, and an extra $500 for practicing with the Canadiens.
  • 1948
    Age 19
    In 1948, Plante received an invitation to the Canadiens' training camp.
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  • 1947
    Age 18
    He graduated with top honours in 1947.
    More Details Hide Details Upon graduation, he took a job as a clerk in a Shawinigan factory. A few weeks later, the Quebec Citadels offered Plante $85 per week to play for them; he accepted, marking the beginning of his professional career. His nickname was "Jake the Snake". Jacques joined the Quebec Citadelles in 1947. It was while playing for the Citadelles that Plante started to play the puck outside his crease. He developed this technique when he recognized that the team's defense was performing poorly. Fans found Plante's unconventional playing style to be exciting, but it angered his managers. They believed that a goaltender should stay in net and let his players recover the puck. Plante had come to the conclusion that as long as he was in control of the puck, the opponents could not shoot it at him - this is now standard practice for goaltenders. The same season, the Citadelles beat the Montreal Junior Canadiens in the league finals, with Plante being named most valuable player on his team. The Montreal Canadiens' general manager, Frank J. Selke, became interested in acquiring Plante as a member of the team.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1936
    Age 7
    As his playing progressed, Jacques received his first regulation goaltender's stick for Christmas of 1936.
    More Details Hide Details His father made Plante's first pads by stuffing potato sacks and reinforcing them with wooden panels. As a child, Plante played hockey outdoors in the bitterly cold Quebec winters. His mother taught him how to knit his own tuques to protect him from the cold. Plante continued knitting and embroidering throughout his life and wore his hand-knitted tuques while playing and practicing until entering the National Hockey League (NHL). Plante's first foray into organized hockey came at age 12. He was watching his school's team practice, when the coach ordered the goaltender off the ice after a heated argument over his play, and Plante asked to replace him. The coach permitted him to play since there was no other available goaltender; it was quickly apparent that Plante could hold his own, despite the other players being many years older than he was. He impressed the coach and stayed on as the team's number one goaltender.
  • 1932
    Age 3
    In 1932, Plante began to play hockey, skateless and with a tennis ball, using a goaltender's hockey stick his father had carved from a tree root.
    More Details Hide Details When he was five years old, Plante fell off a ladder and broke his hand. The fracture failed to heal properly and affected his playing style during his early hockey career; he underwent successful corrective surgery as an adult. Plante suffered from asthma starting in early childhood. This prevented him from skating for extended periods so he gravitated to playing goaltender.
  • 1929
    Age 0
    Born on January 17, 1929.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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