James L. Farmer, Jr.

James L. Farmer, Jr.

African Americans' Rights Activist
Born Jan 12, 1920

James Leonard Farmer, Jr. was a civil rights activist and leader in the American Civil Rights Movement. He was the initiator and organizer of the 1961 Freedom Ride, which eventually led to the desegregation of inter-state transportation in the United States.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of James L. Farmer, Jr..


1920 Birth Born on January 12, 1920.


1942 22 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1942, Farmer co-founded the Committee of Racial Equality, which later became the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), an organization that sought to bring an end to racial segregation in the United States through nonviolence.


1959 39 Years Old …  After an unfortunate miscarriage, they finally had a little girl, Tami Lynn Farmer, born on February 14, 1959. … Read More


1961 41 Years Old In 1961 Farmer, who was working for the NAACP, was reelected as the national director of CORE, at a time when the civil rights movement was gaining power. … Read More
1963 43 Years Old …  He was arrested in August 1963 for disturbing the peace. … Read More
1966 46 Years Old Growing disenchanted with emerging militancy and black nationalist sentiments in CORE, Farmer resigned as director in 1966. … Read More
1968 48 Years Old In 1968 Farmer ran for U.S. Congress as a Liberal Party candidate backed by the Republican Party, but lost to Shirley Chisholm.
1969 49 Years Old His defeat was not total; in 1969 the newly elected President Richard Nixon offered him the position of Assistant Secretary of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (now Health and Human Services). … Read More


1971 51 Years Old Farmer retired from politics in 1971 but remained active, lecturing and serving on various boards and committees.
1973 53 Years Old He was one of the signers of the Humanist Manifesto II in 1973.
1975 55 Years Old In 1975 he co-founded Fund for an Open Society. … Read More


1984 64 Years Old …  From 1984 through 1998, Farmer taught at Mary Washington College (now The University of Mary Washington) in Fredericksburg, Virginia, where a bust of him now stands on campus and the multicultural center is named after him. They also named a program after him that encouraged minority students to enroll and enter college. It is the James Farmer Scholars program. In 1998 President Bill Clinton awarded him the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
1992 72 Years Old Several issues of Fellowship magazine of the Fellowship of Reconciliation in 1992 (Spring, Summer and Winter issues) contained discussions by Farmer and George Houser about the founding of CORE. … Read More
1999 79 Years Old 1 More Event
He led this organization until 1999.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_L._Farmer,_Jr..
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