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Profile

James S. Allen

Marxist Historian + Journalist + Editor + Political Activist
Male
Born 1906

James S. "Jim" Allen, born Sol Auerbach, was an American Marxist historian, journalist, editor, political activist, and functionary of the Communist Party USA. Allen is best remembered as the author and editor of over two dozen books and pamphlets and as one of the Communist Party's leading experts on African-American history.… Read More

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Timeline

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CHILDHOOD

1906 Birth Sol Auerbach, later known by the pseudonym James S. Allen, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1906, the son of ethnic Jewish parents that arrived in America from the Russian empire in that same year. … Read More

TWENTIES

1927 21 Years Old A committed radical from his collegiate days, Auerbach traveled to the Soviet Union in 1927 as part of the first American student delegation to the Soviet Union. … Read More
1930 24 Years Old During his formative years in Philadelphia Auerbach had developed a strong interest in African American life, which lead to his appointment in 1930 as editor of the Communist Party's first newspaper produced south of the Mason-Dixon line — The Southern Worker. … Read More
1931 25 Years Old Allen's actual time spent in the South was limited, as he was forced by the pressure of underground life to return to New York in 1931. … Read More
1933 27 Years Old At the behest of the Communist International, Allen was sent to Manila, capital of the Philippines (then an American protectorate) on two missions in an attempt to end sectarian squabbling and achieve unity between the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and the rival Socialist Party of the Philippines (SPP), established in 1933. … Read More

THIRTIES

1936 30 Years Old 1 More Event
The first of Allen's trips to the Philippines came in 1936. … Read More
1938 32 Years Old Allen returned to the Philippines in September 1938 on a new mission. … Read More
1939 33 Years Old His mission accomplished, Allen returned to the United States and composed a long and detailed report on his trip, a document dated February 13, 1939. … Read More
1944 38 Years Old Allen was drafted into the United States Army in 1944. … Read More

FORTIES

1952 46 Years Old On February 21, 1952, Allen was called before the Senate Judiciary Committee, chaired by Senator Pat McCarran of Nevada, in conjunction with its investigation of the Institute of Pacific Relations.

FIFTIES

1956 50 Years Old 1 More Event
During the 1956 to 1958 factional crisis in the Communist Party USA, Allen placed his allegiance with the hardline pro-Soviet wing against a dissident faction favoring liberalization of internal party life and a distancing of the American Communist movement from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
1958 52 Years Old When the leader of hardliners, Gus Hall, emerged triumphant and was named General Secretary of the CPUSA in 1958, Allen was elected to the party's governing Central Committee at the same time. … Read More
1962 56 Years Old 1 More Event
From 1962 to 1972 Allen headed International Publishers (IP), the Communist Party's publishing house. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1968 62 Years Old In 1968 Allen was selected as the American editor of the 50-volume Marx-Engels Collected Works project, a joint publishing project between International Publishers, Lawrence and Wishart in the United Kingdom, and Progress Publishers in Moscow. … Read More
1975 69 Years Old The first volume of the edition saw print in 1975 and the 50th and final volume was ultimately published in 2004 — many years after Allen's death.
1986 80 Years Old James S. Allen died in 1986. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_S._Allen.
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