James S. Allen
American Marxist historian, journalist, editor, and political activist
James S. Allen
James S. "Jim" Allen, born Sol Auerbach, was an American Marxist historian, journalist, editor, political activist, and functionary of the Communist Party USA. Allen is best remembered as the author and editor of over two dozen books and pamphlets and as one of the Communist Party's leading experts on African-American history.
Biography
James S. Allen's personal information overview.
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Mechanicville's Abby Maiello - Albany Times Union
Google News - over 5 years
By JAMES allen Staff writer MECHANICVILLE -- A dash down the sideline and a quick change of direction set up a prime scoring chance Saturday for Abby Maiello at the 18-yard mark and the Mechancville senior did what she usually does in such a situation
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Tony Fernandes to rename Team Lotus to Caterham F1? - ASEAN Automotive News
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According to James Allen's website, a middle ground has been reached between Tony Fernandes and Proton-owned Group Lotus over the naming conflict. Apparently Fernandes has agreed to give up the Team Lotus name and is currently applying to use the name
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James Allen (AUGUSTA, Ga.) - The Augusta Chronicle
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Mr. James Allen, loving husband of Mrs. Betty J. Allen, of Augusta, died at his home on Tuesday, September 06, 2011. He was 79 years old. The family will receive friends today, Saturday, September 10, 2011 from 11:00 am until 12:00 pm at The Poteet
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Four arrested after brawl outside Johnny's Cathouse in downtown Redding - Record-Searchlight
Google News - over 5 years
Arrested on suspicion of disorderly conduct and public intoxication were James Staich, 30; James Allen Wheeler, 26; Jonathan Boone, 24; and Samantha Taylor, 26; all of Redding. Police also forwarded a copy of the crime report to the state Department of
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James Allen Davis - Aurora Advertiser
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By Anonymous James Allen Davis, 71, of Chilton, Texas, entered into rest Friday, August 26, 2011. Graveside services were held August 31, at Mooreville (Texas) Cemetery with Minister John Sirman officiating. The family received friends on August 30,
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Green still in rhythm as Mustangs beat Missoula, 6-2 - Billings Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
Green pitched six strong innings, giving up two runs on six hits, and Erik Miller and James Allen no-hit the Osprey in relief as the Mustangs beat Missoula 6-2 to the delight of the 2907 fans at Dehler Park. "Green set the tone from the beginning with
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Okla. court rejects condemned killer's appeal - Houston Chronicle
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The court's ruling released Wednesday rejects 39-year-old James Allen Coddington's claims of ineffective counsel. Coddington was convicted of first-degree murder in 2003 and sentenced to death for the 1997 beating death of 73-year-old Albert Hale
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Art and soul of festival - Derbyshire Times
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Featured exhibitions this year are James Allen's 'A World of Impressions' at H's Wine Bar and Tim Haynes' haunting installation 'Pathfinder', originally created at national centre for excellence in the arts, the Level Centre at Rowsley,
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Last Resting Place Of Allentown's Only Allen - WFMZ Allentown
Google News - over 5 years
There is no detailed record of what the funeral of Margaret Elizabeth "Betsey" Allen, the second daughter of James Allen, who died in child birth in 1798 in Allentown was like, but we know enough about that the time to imagine it
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All in for Make-A-Wish - Albany Times Union
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MALTA -- Matt Giannetti believed it was his time to make a splash in the world of poker, and the Shenendehowa High graduate realized that dream last month by advancing to the final table of the 2011 World Series of Poker
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James Allen on EV: Toyota going for Nurburging electric record – are they ... - TheChargingPoint.com
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Toyota has just announced it's attempting to smash the electric vehicle lap record at the infamous Nürburgring Nordschleife, which could indicate the Japanese company is looking to supply EV technology to motorsport's governing body the
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James Allen Jones - Ridgecrest Daily Independent
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By Anonymous James Allen Jones, born July 13, 1953, in Compton, Died July 15, 2011, in Vista Specialty Hospital, Baldwin Park. Parents: Alita and jesse Jones. Sister: Sue (Susie). Children: daughter Jennifer, and James Jones Jr. At the age of 17 He
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of James S. Allen
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1986
    Age 80
    James S. Allen died in 1986.
    More Details Hide Details Allen's papers are held by the Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives at New York University in New York City. The collection includes approximately 1,500 pages of investigative documents dealing with Allen that were written over the years by special agents of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. Also included is the manuscript of an unpublished memoir entitled "Visions and Revisions," part of which was published posthumously as Organizing in the Depression South: A Communist's Memoir in 2001.
  • 1975
    Age 69
    The first volume of the edition saw print in 1975 and the 50th and final volume was ultimately published in 2004 — many years after Allen's death.
    More Details Hide Details In 1975, Lou Diskin took over the firm.
  • 1968
    Age 62
    In 1968 Allen was selected as the American editor of the 50-volume Marx-Engels Collected Works project, a joint publishing project between International Publishers, Lawrence and Wishart in the United Kingdom, and Progress Publishers in Moscow.
    More Details Hide Details The 3-way nature of the project was a product of the fact that the project had been proposed to Moscow more or less simultaneously by the Communist Party of Great Britain and the CPUSA. Whereas interest in the project on the American side outside of Allen was tepid, the British assembled a team of top party intellectuals, headed by Maurice Cornforth, to work with the Soviet publishing agency to make the massive project a reality. Allen and Cornforth were instrumental in the decision to integrate the correspondence between Karl Marx and Frederick Engels with the mass of letters between each of these and other correspondents — a significant change from previously published editions in other languages.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1962
    Age 56
    From 1962 to 1972 Allen headed IP, the Communist Party's publishing house.
    More Details Hide Details Allen recalled that he initially did not wish to permanently enter the world of book publishing, having no background in business affairs and understanding that the occupation would leave little time for research and writing. However, the retiring founder of International Publishers, Alexander Trachtenberg, had prevailed upon Allen to accept the position as chief of the financially troubled firm. At IP, Allen was responsible for introducing the production of a series of inexpensive "New World Paperbacks" which made reissues of classic Marxist canon more readily available to a new generation of political activists and college students. During a cross-country sales trip Allen had been convinced that the book trade was coming to be dominated by the paperback format and that if IP were to survive in the new environment it would need to retool its offerings. Old sets of book sheets not yet bound into covers were gathered up at the bindery, some having laid unused for years, and a new set of cover designs was commissioned. Fifteen titles were thus assembled at minimal cost and launched en masse onto the market, promoted by a special catalog. The inexpensive series gained ready acceptance in the market.
    While Allen had briefly headed International Publishers during Trachtenberg's prosecution in the 1950s under the Smith Act, he found IP in dire financial straits as he began his second stint as a publisher in 1962: When I returned to IP in 1962 as president and editor-in-chief the house faced bankruptcy.
    More Details Hide Details Its publishing program had practically ceased, its debt to the publishers' services was so great without any prospect of payment in sight that the printers refused to undertake new work and the binders refused to release our books in stock. Fortunately, Trachty had some reserve funds that I drew upon immediately. I also arranged small loans from a number of our devoted readers. I also sent out an unprecedented appeal for donations to keep the publishing house going. We were thus able to meet the payroll and office expenses, and also to pay off enough of our debt to resume publishing.
  • 1958
    Age 52
    When the leader of hardliners, Gus Hall, emerged triumphant and was named General Secretary of the CPUSA in 1958, Allen was elected to the party's governing Central Committee at the same time.
    More Details Hide Details Allen was also tapped at that time to serve as secretary of the CPUSA's National Program Committee, in charge of developing programmatic and educational documents for the party, remaining in this position until 1966. In this capacity, Allen helped develop early drafts of the party program.
  • 1956
    Age 50
    While Allen staunchly the Soviet Union during its armed suppression of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, he was critical of similar action in 1968 to down the Prague Spring in Czechoslovakia.
    More Details Hide Details This perspective, expressed internally at closed meetings of the party leadership, put Allen at odds with Gus Hall and other top officials of the CPUSA. Since he did not express his opposition publicly Allen was not expelled from the Communist Party, but at the next National Convention of the organization in 1972 he was quietly removed from the Central Committee, effectively cashiering him from the ranks of top party leadership. From 1951, Allen was working for International Publishers (IP).
    During the 1956 to 1958 factional crisis in the Communist Party USA, Allen placed his allegiance with the hardline pro-Soviet wing against a dissident faction favoring liberalization of internal party life and a distancing of the American Communist movement from the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
    More Details Hide Details
  • FORTIES
  • 1952
    Age 46
    On February 21, 1952, Allen was called before the Senate Judiciary Committee, chaired by Senator Pat McCarran of Nevada, in conjunction with its investigation of the Institute of Pacific Relations.
    More Details Hide Details
  • THIRTIES
  • 1944
    Age 38
    Allen was drafted into the United States Army in 1944.
    More Details Hide Details During the Cold War years Allen was compelled to appear as a witness before the House Un-American Activities Committee.
  • 1939
    Age 33
    His mission accomplished, Allen returned to the United States and composed a long and detailed report on his trip, a document dated February 13, 1939.
    More Details Hide Details Allen was then assigned a position as the foreign editor of the Sunday Worker — a weekly newspaper launched in January 1936 as an effort to reach a broader audience than did the more intense and authoritative Daily Worker. The Sunday Worker was edited by Al Richmond, who later remembered Allen as "a scholarly, serene man who did the serious political commentary and analysis."
  • 1938
    Age 32
    Allen returned to the Philippines in September 1938 on a new mission.
    More Details Hide Details This time Allen sought to expand the conditional pardons granted to Evangelista and his associates to the full restoration of civil rights so that they might better mobilize radical Philippine workers against fascism through public meetings and mass demonstrations. Allen presented President Quezón with petitions gathered by various labor organizations and successfully made the case for a full pardon for the Communist leaders. This absolute pardon was granted on December 24, 1938, in the context of a Christmas amnesty. Next Allen sought to broker actual unity between the Philippine Communist and Socialist Parties, conferring both with the CPP leadership and with Pedro Abad Santos, President of the SPP, on the matter. Allen used the utmost diplomacy in making his case to Santos to bury tactical differences with the Communists and to accept merger in the interest of constructing a stronger organization in opposition to fascism. Unity between the organizations was achieved at the 3rd National Congress of the Communist Party of the Philippines, held from October 29 to 31, 1938.
  • 1936
    Age 30
    Allen was successful in making his case both to the jailed Communists and the Philippine President, and Evangelista and other imprisoned Communist leaders were released on December 31, 1936.
    More Details Hide Details
    The first of Allen's trips to the Philippines came in 1936.
    More Details Hide Details Allen's mission was that of convincing Crisanto Evangelista, General Secretary of the CPP, and his jailed comrades to accept a conditional pardon from Philippine President Manuel L. Quezón and to gain their freedom in order to lead the fight against the rising tide of Japanese militarism. Allen then spoke personally with President Quezón and convinced him of the urgent need for Philippine unity in the face of Japanese expansionism in the region.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1933
    Age 27
    At the behest of the Communist International, Allen was sent to Manila, capital of the Philippines (then an American protectorate) on two missions in an attempt to end sectarian squabbling and achieve unity between the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and the rival Socialist Party of the Philippines (SPP), established in 1933.
    More Details Hide Details In accord with the strategy of the popular front, the Comintern sought to build broad alliances against the rising tide of fascism and was therefore interested in minimizing conflict between Communist and Socialist forces.
  • 1931
    Age 25
    Allen was listening to the radio in his Chattanooga apartment in March 1931 when he heard that police in Paint Rock, Alabama had removed nine young black men from a freight train and charged them with rape.
    More Details Hide Details Auerbach promptly alerted the Communist Party's legal defense mass organization, International Labor Defense, of the situation, which quickly became involved in the defense. The nine defendants in the case, collectively called the "Scottsboro Boys" in the case in a nod to the city in which they were indicted, ranged in age from 13 to 20 and had been traveling aboard a freight train to search for work in Tennessee. They were not traveling as a group and some did not know the others until they met in jail, pulled from the train by a mob of 200 whites following false accusations of rape by two women seeking to avoid prostitution charges. The case was publicized relentlessly by Allen in the pages of the Southern Worker and throughout the Communist Party press, with the story crossing over to mainstream press coverage. "Without the spotlight that Jim Allen quickly focused on the trials it is most likely that the 'Boys' would have been dead by fall, lost among the thousands of unknown southern black men executed legally and illegally," Glenda Gilmore asserts.
  • 1930
    Age 24
    Allen's influence in the Scottsboro case was particularly important, with Yale University historian Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore contending that "we might never have heard of the Scottsboro case if Sol Auerbach, using his Party name, James S. Allen, had not arrived in Chattanooga, Tennessee, in mid-July 1930."
    More Details Hide Details
    During his formative years in Philadelphia Auerbach had developed a strong interest in African American life, which led to his appointment in 1930 as editor of the Communist Party's first newspaper produced south of the Mason-Dixon line — The Southern Worker.
    More Details Hide Details Auerbach adopted the Party name "James S. Allen" at this time and he traveled to Chattanooga, Tennessee with his wife Isabelle Allen to establish and edit the weekly paper. Necessarily produced under clandestine conditions, The Southern Worker bore a false dateline indicating it was produced in Birmingham, Alabama in an effort to confuse local police and the Federal Bureau of Investigation. According to the testimony of Isabelle Allen authorities never were able to identify the shop used to produce the paper, owing in part to the struggling printer's simultaneous production of a newspaper for the Ku Klux Klan — an ideal cover for a secret side-job. The Southern Worker was launched on August 16, 1930, with a print run of 3,000 copies. Although billed as "a paper of and for both the white and black workers and farmers," in fact the content was heavily skewed towards coverage of the daily life and problems of the region's black population.
  • 1927
    Age 21
    A committed radical from his collegiate days, Auerbach traveled to the Soviet Union in 1927 as part of the first American student delegation to the Soviet Union.
    More Details Hide Details Auerbach was expelled from college 1928 for radical activities. He joined the Communist Party and began writing for the party newspaper, The Daily Worker. Auerbach succeeded Whittaker Chambers as "foreign news writer," who had in turn succeeded Harry Freeman. The intelligent Auerbach was soon promoted to the editorship of Labor Defender, official organ of the International Labor Defense — the Communist Party's mass organization dedicated to civil rights and legal aid matters.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1906
    Age 0
    Sol Auerbach, later known by the pseudonym James S. Allen, was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1906, the son of ethnic Jewish parents that arrived in America from the Russian empire in that same year.
    More Details Hide Details Upon completion of high school, Allen enrolled at the University of Pennsylvania, an Ivy League university in Philadelphia, where he studied philosophy.
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