Janis Joplin
American musician
Janis Joplin
Janis Lyn Joplin was an American singer and songwriter from Port Arthur, Texas. As a youth Joplin was ridiculed by her fellow students due to her unconventional appearance and personal beliefs. She later sang about her experience at school through her song "Ego Rock. " Early in her life, Joplin cultivated a rebellious and unconventional lifestyle, becoming a beatnik poet.
Biography
Janis Joplin's personal information overview.
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HOT DISH: Brad Paisley Conquers Europe During Latest Tour - CMT.com
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Long before Amy Winehouse, Janis Joplin, Kurt Cobain, Jimi Hendrix, Keith Moon (the Who) or Jim Morrison (the Doors), there was Hank Williams, the first major country singer-songwriter. Set for release on Sept. 13, Hank Williams: The Legend Begins is a
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Search for Original 1960s Janis Joplin Concert Posters Announced - News Junky Journal (press release)
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Andrew Hawley, from Vintage Rock Posters, announces his plans to search for Janis Joplin concert posters. Janis Joplin are significant according to Hawley because “Her look and music exemplified the 1960s
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Avid Rock Concert Poster Collector Announces His Search for Original 1960s ... - RedOrbit
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Andrew Hawley announces his search for vintage Janis Joplin concert posters. Janis Joplin was one of the best rock performers. Her look and music exemplified the 1960s. Her rock concert posters are some of the best because she was very photogenic
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Last updated at 7:00 PM on 20th August 2011 - Daily Mail
Google News - over 5 years
But singer-songwriter Leonard Cohen never forgot what he got up to with Janis Joplin in 415. In fact, none of us will, because he wrote a song about it called Chelsea Hotel #2 (and later regretted his indiscretion). Surely no other single building can
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John Till From Janis Joplin's Kozmic Blues Bands Tonight On Visual Radio - TMR Zoo
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42 years ago today Janis Joplin performed at Woodstock with her Kozmic Blues band. Her guitarist in that band, John Till, went on to form the Full Tilt Boogie Band which resulted in the classic lp, Pearl
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Dana Fuchs takes rock 'n' roll church of love to 8 Great Tuesdays - GoErie.com
Google News - over 5 years
She starred as Sadie in "Across the Universe" and played Janis Joplin off Broadway in "Love, Janis." But Dana Fuchs' best role may be as herself. She fronts a hot band in what she calls a rock 'n' roll church of love. Q Did you love Janis before "Love,
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Week in Rock History: Jerry Garcia Dies - RollingStone.com
Google News - over 5 years
This week in rock history, John Lennon apologized for "blasphemy," Janis Joplin performed live for the last time, Simon Le Bon of Duran Duran almost drowned, fans rioted after a disastrous Guns N'Roses/Metallica show and Jerry Garcia
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Living life to the full - News & Star
Google News - over 5 years
Brian Jones, Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix, Jim Morrison and Kurt Cobain all died aged 27. Pete de Freitas, drummer with Echo and the Bunnymen, was 27 when he died in a motorcycle crash, as was Richey Edwards of the Manic Street Preachers,
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Grover Norquist: The man who drew the GOP's 'line in the sand' - CNN
Google News - over 5 years
He loves Janis Joplin, has figures from the adult animation series "South Park" on his shelves and dabbles in improv comedy. But Norquist also has the ear of powerful Republican leaders, many who won't act on sensitive budget issues unless he has
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Missed Masterpieces: Janis Joplin - Salt Lake City Weekly
Google News - over 5 years
To me, Janis Joplin was this kind of woman, so anytime I play her music I almost get weepy. It also creeps me out a little bit that she, Jimi Hendrix, and Jim Morrison all died when they were 27 years old. Janis was a sad, tortured, but extremely
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Live review: Grace Potter & the Nocturnals @ the Ogden Theatre - Reverb
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The medicine that Potter and the Nocturnals brought to the Ogden included a heavy dose of good old fashioned rock 'n' roll that recalls Stevie Nicks, Joni Mitchell and Janis Joplin. Photos below from the band's February performance at the Ogden Theatre
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Photos: Iconic Shots of the Grateful Dead, Janis Joplin, Jimi Hendrix and More - RollingStone.com
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When Jerry Garcia arrived at Baron Wolman's house in the summer of 1969 for a Rolling Stone shoot, the magazine's chief photographer had no idea that Garcia was going to open up. The Grateful Dead guitarist was in a relaxed mood, and he began making
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Janis Joplin
    CHILDHOOD
  • 1970
    Joplin's last performance with Big Brother, not counting two reunions in 1970, was at a Family Dog benefit on December 1, 1968.
    More Details Hide Details After splitting from Big Brother and the Holding Company, Joplin formed a new backup group, the Kozmic Blues Band, composed of session musicians like keyboardist Stephen Ryder and saxophonist Cornelius "Snooky" Flowers, as well as Big Brother and the Holding Company guitarist Sam Andrew and future Full Tilt Boogie Band bassist Brad Campbell. The band was influenced by the Stax-Volt rhythm and blues (R&B) bands of the 1960s, as exemplified by Otis Redding and the Bar-Kays. The Stax-Volt R&B sound was typified by the use of horns and had a more bluesy, funky, soul, pop-oriented sound than most of the hard-rock psychedelic bands of the period.
    At the time of this June 1970 interview, she had already performed in the Bay Area for what turned out to be the last time.
    More Details Hide Details Sam Andrew, the lead guitarist who had left Big Brother with Joplin in December 1968 to form her back-up band, quit in late summer 1969 and returned to Big Brother. At the end of the year, the Kozmic Blues Band broke up. Their final gig with Joplin was the one at Madison Square Garden with Winter and Butterfield.
    Her singing was not included (by her own insistence) in the 1970 documentary film or the soundtrack for Woodstock: Music from the Original Soundtrack and More, although the 25th anniversary director's cut of Woodstock includes her performance of "Work Me, Lord". The documentary film of the festival that was released to theaters in 1970 includes, on the left side of a split screen, 37 seconds of footage of Joplin and Caserta walking toward Joplin's dressing room tent.
    More Details Hide Details Laura Joplin, Janis' younger sister, said in an interview that her sister went straight to her parents' home in Port Arthur, Texas, following Woodstock, was incredibly vibrant and happy after coming home, and really loved the festival. Joplin told her family how great it was, but her mother and father remained distant on the subject as they did not really understand the hippie movement.
    At the same time, Peggy Caserta's memoir, Going Down With Janis (1974), attracted a lot of attention, with its provocative title referring to her performing a sex act with Joplin while they were high on heroin, in September 1970.
    More Details Hide Details Joplin's bandmate Sam Andrew would later describe Caserta as "halfway between a groupie and a friend". According to a statement in the early 1990s by a close friend of Caserta and Joplin's, Caserta's book angered the Los Angeles heroin dealer she described in detail, including the make and model of his car. According to Ellis Amburn, in 1973 a "carful of dope dealers" visited a Los Angeles lesbian bar Caserta had been frequenting since Joplin was alive. Amburn quoted Caserta's friend Kim Chappell, who was in the alley behind the bar: "I was stabbed because, when Peggy's book came out, her dealer, the same one who'd given Janis her last fix, didn't like it that he was referred to and was out to get Peggy. He couldn't find her, so he went for her lover. When they realized who I was, they felt that my death would also hit Peggy, and so they stabbed me." Despite being "stabbed three times in the chest, puncturing both lungs," Chappell eventually recovered.
    Joplin's death in October 1970, at the age of 27, stunned her fans and shocked the music world, especially when coupled with the death just 16 days earlier of another rock icon, Jimi Hendrix, also at age 27.
    More Details Hide Details Music historian Tom Moon wrote that Joplin had "a devastatingly original voice", music columnist Jon Pareles of the New York Times wrote that Joplin as an artist was "overpowering and deeply vulnerable", and author Megan Terry claimed that Joplin was the female version of Elvis Presley in her ability to captivate an audience. A book about Joplin by her publicist Myra Friedman, titled Buried Alive: The Biography of Janis Joplin (1973), was excerpted in many newspapers.
    The party, which took place October 26, 1970, at the Lion's Share in San Anselmo, California, was attended by Joplin's sister Laura, fiancé Seth Morgan, and close friends, including road manager Cooke, Bob Gordon, Jack Penty, and tattoo artist Lyle Tuttle.
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    On Sunday, October 4, 1970, producer Paul Rothchild became concerned when Joplin failed to show up at Sunset Sound Recorders for a recording session.
    More Details Hide Details Full Tilt Boogie's road manager, John Cooke, drove to the Landmark Motor Hotel in Hollywood where Joplin was staying. He saw Joplin's psychedelically painted Porsche 356C Cabriolet in the parking lot. Upon entering Joplin's room (#105), he found her dead on the floor beside her bed. The official cause of death was a heroin overdose, possibly compounded by alcohol. Cooke believes Joplin had accidentally been given heroin that was much more potent than normal, as several of her dealer's other customers also overdosed that week. She was cremated. Peggy Caserta and Seth Morgan had both failed to meet Joplin the Friday immediately prior to her death, October 2, and Joplin had been expecting both of them to keep her company that night. According to Caserta's book Going Down With Janis, Joplin was saddened that neither of her friends visited her at the Landmark Motor Hotel as they had promised. During the 24 hours Joplin lived after this disappointment, Caserta did not phone her to explain why she had failed to show up. Caserta admitted to waiting until late Saturday night to dial the Landmark switchboard, only to learn that Joplin had instructed the desk clerk to get rid of all her incoming phone callers after midnight. Morgan did speak to Joplin via telephone within 24 hours of her death, but it is not known whether he admitted to her that he had broken his promise.
    The last recording Joplin completed was on October 1, 1970—"Mercedes Benz".
    More Details Hide Details On Saturday, October 3, Joplin visited Sunset Sound Recorders to listen to the instrumental track for Nick Gravenites's song "Buried Alive in the Blues", which the band had recorded one week earlier. She and Paul Rothchild agreed she would record the vocal the following day. At some point on Saturday, she learned by telephone, to her dismay, that Seth Morgan had met other women at a Marin County, California restaurant, driven them to her home, and was shooting pool with them using her pool table. People at Sunset Sound Recorders overheard Joplin expressing anger about the state of her relationship with Morgan, as well as joy about the progress of the sessions. She and band member Ken Pearson later left the studio and went to Barney's Beanery for drinks. After midnight, Joplin drove him and a fan back to the Landmark Motor Hotel.
    On September 26, 1970, Joplin recorded vocals for "Half Moon" and "Cry Baby".
    More Details Hide Details Then Full Tilt Boogie recorded the instrumental track for "Buried Alive in the Blues". The session ended with Joplin, organist Ken Pearson, and drummer Clark Pierson making a special one-minute recording as a birthday gift to John Lennon. Joplin was among several singers who had been contacted by Yoko Ono with a request for a taped greeting for Lennon's 30th birthday, on October 9. Joplin, Pearson, and Pierson chose the Dale Evans composition "Happy Trails" as part of the greeting. Lennon told Dick Cavett on-camera the following year that Joplin's recorded birthday wishes arrived at his home after her death.
    During the many long-distance telephone conversations that Joplin and Friedman had in September 1970 and on October 1, Joplin never mentioned Caserta, and Friedman assumed Caserta had been out of Joplin's life for a while.
    More Details Hide Details Friedman, who had more time than Grossman to monitor the situation, never visited California. She thought Joplin sounded on the phone like she was less depressed than she had been over the summer. When Joplin was not at Sunset Sound Recorders, she liked to drive her Porsche over the speed limit "on the winding part of Sunset Blvd.", according to a statement made by her attorney Robert Gordon in 1995 at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame induction ceremony. Friedman wrote that the only Full Tilt Boogie member who rode as her passenger, Ken Pearson, often hesitated to join her, though he did on the night she died. He was not interested in experimenting with hard drugs.
    Joplin's manager, Albert Grossman, and his assistant/publicist, Myra Friedman, had staged an intervention with Joplin the previous winter while Joplin was in New York. In September 1970, Grossman and Friedman, who worked out of a New York office, knew Joplin was staying at a Los Angeles hotel, but they were unaware that it was a haven for drug users and dealers.
    More Details Hide Details Grossman and Friedman knew during that Joplin's lifetime her friend Caserta, whom Friedman met during the New York sessions for Cheap Thrills and on later occasions, used heroin.
    Caserta, a former Delta Air Lines stewardess and owner of one of the first clothing boutiques in the Haight Ashbury, said that by September 1970, she was smuggling cannabis throughout California and had checked into the Landmark Motor Hotel because it attracted drug users.
    More Details Hide Details For approximately the first two weeks of Joplin's stay at the Landmark, she did not know Caserta was in Los Angeles. Joplin learned of Caserta's presence at the Landmark from a heroin dealer who made deliveries there. Joplin begged Caserta for heroin, and when Caserta refused to provide it, Joplin reportedly admonished her by saying, "Don't think if you can get it, I can't get it." Within a few days, Joplin became a regular customer of the same heroin dealer.
    Peggy Caserta claimed in her book, Going Down With Janis (1973), that she and Joplin had decided mutually in April 1970 to stay away from each other to avoid enabling each other's drug use.
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    Joplin checked into the Landmark Motor Hotel in Hollywood on August 24, 1970, near Sunset Sound Recorders, where she began rehearsing and recording her album.
    More Details Hide Details During the sessions, Joplin continued a relationship with Seth Morgan, a 21-year-old UC Berkeley student, cocaine dealer, and future novelist who had visited her new home in Larkspur in July and August. She and Morgan were engaged to be married in early September, even though he visited Sunset Sound Recorders for just eight of Joplin's many rehearsals and sessions. Morgan later told biographer Myra Friedman that, as a non-musician, he had felt excluded while in the studio. Instead, he stayed at Joplin's Larkspur home while she stayed alone at the Landmark, although several times she visited Larkspur to be with him and to check the progress of renovations she was having done on the house. She told her construction crew to design a carport to be shaped like a flying saucer, according to biographer Ellis Amburn, the concrete foundation for which was poured the day before she died.
    During late August, September, and early October 1970, Joplin and her band rehearsed and recorded a new album in Los Angeles, with producer Paul A. Rothchild, who had produced recordings for The Doors.
    More Details Hide Details Joplin died before all the tracks were fully completed, but there was enough usable material to compile an LP. The result of the sessions was the posthumously released Pearl (1971), which became the biggest-selling album of her career and featured her biggest hit single, a cover of Kris Kristofferson's "Me and Bobby McGee". (Kristofferson had been Joplin's lover in the spring of 1970.) The opening track, "Move Over", was written by Joplin, reflecting the way that she felt men treated women in relationships. Also included was the social commentary of the a cappella "Mercedes Benz" song written by Joplin, Bob Neuwirth, and Beat poet Michael McClure. The track on the album features the first and only take that Joplin recorded. The track "Buried Alive in the Blues," to which Joplin had been scheduled to add her vocals on the day she was found dead, was included as an instrumental. In 2003, Pearl was ranked No. 122 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
    Joplin's last public performance with the Full Tilt Boogie Band took place on August 12, 1970, at the Harvard Stadium in Boston.
    More Details Hide Details The Harvard Crimson gave the performance a positive, front-page review, despite the fact that Full Tilt Boogie had performed with makeshift amplifiers after their regular sound equipment was stolen in Boston. Joplin attended her high school reunion on August 14, accompanied by fellow musician and friend Bob Neuwirth, road manager John Cooke, and sister Laura, but it was reportedly an unhappy experience for her. Joplin held a press conference in Port Arthur during her reunion visit. Rolling Stone journalist Chet Flippo reported that she wore enough jewelry for a "Babylonian whore". When asked by a reporter if she ever entertained at Thomas Jefferson High School when she was a student there, Joplin replied, "Only when I walked down the aisles." Joplin denigrated Port Arthur and the classmates who had humiliated her a decade earlier.
    On August 7, 1970, a tombstone—jointly paid for by Joplin and Juanita Green, who as a child had done housework for Bessie Smith—was erected at Smith's previously unmarked grave.
    More Details Hide Details On August 8, Joplin performed at the Capitol Theatre in Port Chester, New York. It was there that she first performed "Mercedes Benz", which song she wrote that day in the bar next door.
    When asked if she had been popular in school, she admitted that when in high school, her schoolmates "laughed me out of class, out of town and out of the state." (During her college years, Joplin had been voted "Ugliest Man on Campus" by frat boys.) In the subsequent Cavett Show broadcast, on August 3, 1970, Joplin discussed her upcoming performance at the Festival for Peace to be held at Shea Stadium in Queens, New York, three days later.
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    Among Joplin's last public appearances were two broadcasts of The Dick Cavett Show. In her June 25, 1970 appearance, she announced that she would attend her ten-year high school class reunion.
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    This was her standard stage costume in the spring and summer of 1970.
    More Details Hide Details She chose the new costumes after her friend and designer, Linda Gravenites (whom Joplin had praised in the May 1968 issue of Vogue), cut ties with Joplin shortly after their return from Brazil, due largely to Joplin's continued use of heroin. During the Festival Express tour, Joplin was accompanied by Rolling Stone writer David Dalton, who later wrote several articles and two books on Joplin. She told Dalton:
    From June 28 to July 4, 1970, Joplin and Full Tilt Boogie joined the all-star Festival Express train tour through Canada, performing alongside Buddy Guy, The Band, Ten Years After, Grateful Dead, Delaney and Bonnie, Eric Andersen, and Ian & Sylvia.
    More Details Hide Details They played concerts in Toronto, Winnipeg, and Calgary. Joplin jammed with the other performers on the train, and her performances on this tour are considered to be among her greatest. Joplin persuaded The Band, who originally did not want to perform, to do so, telling them it was going to be a great party. Joplin headlined the festival on all three nights. At the last stop in Calgary, she took to the stage with Jerry Garcia while her band was tuning up. She told the audience how great the tour was and presented the organisers with a case of tequila. She then burst into a two-hour set, starting with "Tell Mama". Throughout this performance, Joplin engaged in several banters wherein she spoke about her failed love life. She finished the night with long versions of "Get It While You Can" and "Ball and Chain".
    Prior to beginning a summer tour with Full Tilt Boogie, she performed in a reunion with Big Brother at the Fillmore West, in San Francisco, on April 4, 1970.
    More Details Hide Details Recordings from this concert were included in an in-concert album released posthumously in 1972. She again appeared with Big Brother on April 12 at Winterland, where she and Big Brother were reported to be in excellent form. It was around this time that Joplin began wearing multi-coloured feather boas in her hair. By the time she began touring with Full Tilt Boogie, Joplin told people she was drug-free, but her drinking increased.
    In February 1970, Joplin traveled to Brazil, where she stopped her drug and alcohol use.
    More Details Hide Details She was accompanied on vacation there by her friend Linda Gravenites, who had designed the singer's stage costumes from 1967 to 1969. In Brazil, Joplin was romanced by a fellow American tourist named David (George) Niehaus, who was traveling around the world. A Joplin biography written by her sister Laura said, "David was an upper-middle-class Cincinnati kid who had studied communications at Notre Dame.... and had joined the Peace Corps after college and worked in a small village in Turkey.... He tried law school, but when he met Janis he was taking time off." Niehaus and Joplin were photographed by the press at Rio Carnival in Rio de Janeiro. Gravenites also took color photographs of the two during their Brazilian vacation. According to Joplin biographer Ellis Amburn, in Gravenites' snapshots they "look like a carefree, happy, healthy young couple having a tremendously good time."
  • 1969
    In addition to Woodstock, Joplin also had problems at Madison Square Garden, in 1969.
    More Details Hide Details Biographer Myra Friedman said she witnessed a duet Joplin sang with Tina Turner during The Rolling Stones concert at the Garden on Thanksgiving Day. Friedman said Joplin was "so drunk, so stoned, so out of control, that she could have been an institutionalized psychotic rent by mania." During another Garden concert, where she got solo billing on December 19, some observers believed Joplin tried to incite the audience to riot. For part of this concert she was joined onstage by Johnny Winter and Paul Butterfield. Joplin told rock journalist David Dalton that Garden audiences watched and listened to "every note sang with 'Is she gonna make it?' in their eyes." In her interview with Dalton she added that she felt most comfortable performing at small, cheap venues in San Francisco that were associated with the counterculture.
    Joplin appeared at Woodstock starting at approximately 2:00 a.m., on Sunday, August 17, 1969.
    More Details Hide Details She followed Creedence Clearwater Revival. Despite her reportedly not even knowing of the festival's existence until a few days earlier, the Woodstock promoters advertised her as a headliner. She thus became one of the main attractions of the historic concert. Her friend Peggy Caserta claims in her book, Going Down With Janis (1973), that she had encouraged a reluctant Joplin to perform at Woodstock. Joplin informed her band that they would be performing at the concert as if it were just another gig. On Saturday afternoon, when she and the band were flown by helicopter with the pregnant Joan Baez and her mother from a nearby motel to the festival site and Joplin saw the enormous crowd, she instantly became incredibly nervous and giddy. Upon landing and getting off the helicopter, Joplin was approached by reporters asking her questions. She deferred them to Caserta as she was too excited to speak. Initially Joplin was eager to get on the stage and perform, but she kept getting delayed as bands were contractually obliged to perform before her. Faced with a ten-hour wait after arriving at the backstage area, she shot heroin with Caserta and was drinking alcohol, so by the time she hit the stage, she was "three sheets to the wind" (drunk). During her performance, her voice became slightly hoarse and wheezy, and she found it hard to dance.
    Gabriel Mekler, who produced the Kozmic Blues, told publicist-turned-biographer Myra Friedman after Joplin's death that the singer had lived in his house during the June 1969 recording sessions at his insistence so he could keep her away from drugs and her drug-using friends.
    More Details Hide Details Joplin's appearances with the Kozmic Blues Band in Europe were released in cinemas, in multiple documentaries. Janis, which was reviewed by the Washington Post on March 21, 1975, shows Joplin arriving in Frankfurt by plane and waiting inside a bus next to the Frankfurt venue, while an American fan who is visiting Germany expresses enthusiasm to the camera. (No security was used in Frankfurt, so by the end of the concert the stage was so packed with people the band members could not see each other.) Janis also includes interviews with Joplin in Stockholm and from her visit to London, for her gig at Royal Albert Hall. Another film was made of the band's performance in Stockholm, featuring Joplin's interpretation of "Summertime." After appearing on German television, the Kozmic Blues Band performed on several American television shows with Joplin. On This Is Tom Jones, they performed "Little Girl Blue" and "Raise Your Hand," the latter with Jones singing a duet with Joplin.
    By early 1969, Joplin was allegedly shooting at least $200 worth of heroin per day, ($1300 in 2016 dollars) although efforts were made to keep her clean during the recording of I Got Dem Ol' Kozmic Blues Again Mama!
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  • OTHER
  • 1968
    Time magazine called Joplin "probably the most powerful singer to emerge from the white rock movement," and Richard Goldstein wrote for the May 1968 issue of Vogue magazine that Joplin was "the most staggering leading woman in rock... she slinks like tar, scowls like war... clutching the knees of a final stanza, begging it not to leave...
    More Details Hide Details Janis Joplin can sing the chic off any listener." For her first major studio recording, Janis played a major role in the arrangement and production of the recordings that would become Big Brother and the Holding Company's second album, Cheap Thrills. During the recording, Joplin was said to be the first person to enter the studio and the last person to leave. Footage of Joplin and the band in the studio shows Joplin in great form and taking charge during the recording for "Summertime." The album featured a cover design by counterculture cartoonist Robert Crumb. Although Cheap Thrills sounded as if it consisted of concert recordings, like on "Combination of the Two" and "I Need a Man to Love," only "Ball and Chain" was actually recorded in front of a paying audience; the rest of the tracks were studio recordings. The album had a raw quality, including the sound of a cocktail glass breaking and the broken shards being swept away during the song "Turtle Blues." Cheap Thrills produced very popular hits with "Piece of My Heart" and "Summertime." Together with the premiere of the documentary film Monterey Pop at New York's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts on December 26, 1968, the album launched Joplin's successful, albeit short, musical career. Cheap Thrills reached No. 1 on the Billboard 200 album chart eight weeks after its release, remaining for eight (nonconsecutive) weeks.
    By 1968, the band was being billed as "Janis Joplin and Big Brother and the Holding Company," and the media coverage given to Joplin generated resentment within the band.
    More Details Hide Details The other members of Big Brother thought that Joplin was on a "star trip," while others were telling Joplin that Big Brother was a terrible band and that she ought to dump them.
    In early 1968, Joplin and Big Brother made their nationwide television debut on The Dick Cavett Show, an ABC daytime variety show hosted by Dick Cavett.
    More Details Hide Details Shortly thereafter, network employees wiped the videotape. Over the next two years, she made three appearances on the primetime Cavett program, and all were preserved.
    Live at Winterland '68, recorded at the Winterland Ballroom on April 12 and 13, 1968, features Joplin and Big Brother and the Holding Company at the height of their mutual career working through a selection of tracks from their albums.
    More Details Hide Details A recording became available to the public for the first time in 1998 when Sony Music Entertainment released the compact disc. One month later, Owsley Stanley recorded them at the Carousel Ballroom, released as Live at the Carousel Ballroom 1968 in 2012.
    On April 7, 1968, the last day of their East Coast tour, Joplin and Big Brother performed with Jimi Hendrix, Buddy Guy, Joni Mitchell, Richie Havens, Paul Butterfield, and Elvin Bishop at the "Wake for Martin Luther King, Jr." concert in New York.
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  • 1967
    The band's debut studio album, Big Brother & the Holding Company, was released by Mainstream Records in August 1967, shortly after the group's breakthrough appearance in June at the Monterey Pop Festival.
    More Details Hide Details Two tracks, "Coo Coo" and "The Last Time", were released separately as a single, while the tracks from the previous single, "Blindman" and "All Is Loneliness", were added to the remaining eight tracks. When Columbia took over the band's contract and re-released the album, they included "Coo Coo" and "The Last Time", and put "featuring Janis Joplin" on the cover. The debut album spawned four minor hits with the singles "Down on Me," a traditional song arranged by Joplin, "Bye Bye Baby," "Call On Me" and "Coo Coo," on all of which Joplin sang lead vocals. Two songs from the second of Big Brother's two sets at Monterey were filmed. "Combination of the Two" and a version of Big Mama Thornton's "Ball 'n' Chain" appear in the DVD box set of D. A. Pennebaker's documentary Monterey Pop released by The Criterion Collection. The film captured Cass Elliot, of The Mamas & the Papas, seated in the audience silently mouthing "Wow! That's really heavy!" during Joplin's performance of "Ball and Chain." Only "Ball and Chain" was included in the film that was released to theaters nationwide in 1969 and shown on television in the 1970s. Those who did not attend Monterey Pop saw the band's performance of "Combination of the Two" for the first time in 2002 when The Criterion Collection released the box set.
    In early 1967, Joplin met Country Joe McDonald of the group Country Joe and the Fish.
    More Details Hide Details The pair lived together as a couple for a few months. Joplin and Big Brother began playing clubs in San Francisco, at the Fillmore West, Winterland and the Avalon Ballroom. They also played at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, as well as in Seattle, Washington and Vancouver, British Columbia, the Psychedelic Supermarket in Boston, Massachusetts, and the Golden Bear Club in Huntington Beach, California.
    One of Joplin's earliest major performances in 1967 was the Mantra-Rock Dance, a musical event held on January 29 at the Avalon Ballroom by the San Francisco Hare Krishna temple.
    More Details Hide Details Janis Joplin and Big Brother performed there along with the Hare Krishna founder Bhaktivedanta Swami, Allen Ginsberg, Moby Grape, and Grateful Dead, donating proceeds to the Krishna temple.
  • 1966
    The band went to Chicago for a four-week engagement in August 1966, then found themselves stranded after the promoter ran out of money when their concerts did not attract the expected audience levels, and he was unable to pay them.
    More Details Hide Details In the circumstances the band signed to Bob Shad's record label Mainstream Records; recordings for the label took place in Chicago in September, but these were not satisfactory, and the band returned to San Francisco, continuing to perform live, including at the Love Pageant Rally. The band recorded two tracks "Blindman" and "All Is Loneliness" in Los Angeles, and these were released by Mainstream as a single which did not sell well. After playing at a "happening" in Stanford in early December 1966, the band travelled back to Los Angeles to record 10 tracks between December 12 and 14, 1966, produced by Bob Shad, which appeared on the band's debut album in August 1967.
    Helms brought her back to San Francisco and Joplin joined Big Brother on June 4, 1966.
    More Details Hide Details Her first public performance with them was at the Avalon Ballroom in San Francisco. In June, Joplin was photographed at an outdoor concert in San Francisco that celebrated the summer solstice. The image, which was later published in two books by David Dalton, shows her before she relapsed into drugs. Due to persistent persuading by keyboardist and close friend Stephen Ryder, Joplin avoided drug use for several weeks, enjoining bandmate Dave Getz to promise that using needles would not be allowed in their rehearsal space or in her apartment or in the homes of her bandmates whom she visited. When a visitor injected drugs in front of Joplin and Getz, Joplin angrily reminded Getz that he had broken his promise. A San Francisco concert from that summer was recorded and released in the 1984 album Cheaper Thrills. In July, all five bandmates and guitarist James Gurley's wife Nancy moved to a house in Lagunitas, California, where they lived communally. They often partied with the Grateful Dead, who lived less than two miles away. She had a short relationship and longer friendship with founding member Ron "Pigpen" McKernan.
    In 1966, Joplin's bluesy vocal style attracted the attention of the psychedelic rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company, a band that had gained some renown among the nascent hippie community in Haight-Ashbury.
    More Details Hide Details She was recruited to join the group by Chet Helms, a promoter who had known her in Texas and who at the time was managing Big Brother.
  • 1965
    These tracks were later issued as a new album in 1995, entitled This is Janis Joplin 1965 by James Gurley.
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    Just prior to joining Big Brother and the Holding Company, Joplin recorded seven studio tracks in 1965.
    More Details Hide Details Among the songs she recorded was her original composition for the song "Turtle Blues" and an alternate version of "Cod'ine" by Buffy Sainte-Marie.
    Joplin became engaged to Peter de Blanc in the fall of 1965.
    More Details Hide Details She had begun a relationship with him toward the end of her first stint in San Francisco. Now living in New York where he worked with IBM computers, he visited her, wearing a blue serge suit, to ask her father for her hand in marriage. Joplin and her mother began planning the wedding. De Blanc, who traveled frequently, terminated plans for the marriage soon afterward.
    Back in Port Arthur in the spring of 1965, Joplin changed her lifestyle.
    More Details Hide Details She avoided drugs and alcohol, adopted a beehive hairdo, and enrolled as an anthropology major at Lamar University in nearby Beaumont, Texas. During her time at Lamar University, she commuted to Austin to perform solo, accompanying herself on guitar. One of her performances was at a benefit by local musicians for Texas bluesman Mance Lipscomb, who was suffering from major health problems. Another of her performances was reviewed in the Austin American-Statesman.
    In May 1965, Joplin's friends threw her a bus-fare party so she could go back home.
    More Details Hide Details Five years later, Joplin told Rolling Stone magazine writer David Dalton the following about her first stint in San Francisco: "I didn't have many friends and I didn't like the ones I had."
    In early 1965, Joplin's friends in San Francisco, noticing the detrimental effects on her from regularly injecting methamphetamine (she was described as "skeletal" and "emaciated"), persuaded her to return to Port Arthur, Texas.
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  • 1964
    In 1964, Joplin and future Jefferson Airplane guitarist Jorma Kaukonen recorded a number of blues standards, which incidentally featured Margareta Kaukonen using a typewriter in the background.
    More Details Hide Details This session included seven tracks: "Typewriter Talk," "Trouble in Mind," "Kansas City Blues," "Hesitation Blues," "Nobody Knows You When You're Down and Out," "Daddy, Daddy, Daddy", and "Long Black Train Blues," and was later released as the bootleg album The Typewriter Tape. Around this time, Joplin's drug use increased, and she acquired a reputation as a "speed freak" and occasional heroin user. She also used other psychoactive drugs and was a heavy drinker throughout her career; her favorite alcoholic beverage was Southern Comfort.
  • 1963
    She left Texas in January 1963 ("just to get away," she said, "because my head was in a much different place"), moving to North Beach, San Francisco and later Haight-Ashbury.
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  • 1962
    Cultivating a rebellious manner, Joplin styled herself, in part, after her female blues heroines and, in part, after the Beat poets. Her first song recorded on tape, at the home of a fellow University of Texas student in December 1962, was "What Good Can Drinkin' Do."
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    The campus newspaper, The Daily Texan, ran a profile of her in the issue dated July 27, 1962, headlined "She Dares to Be Different."
    More Details Hide Details The article began, "She goes barefooted when she feels like it, wears Levis to class because they're more comfortable, and carries her Autoharp with her everywhere she goes so that in case she gets the urge to break into song, it will be handy. Her name is Janis Joplin."
  • 1960
    Joplin graduated from high school in 1960 and attended Lamar State College of Technology in Beaumont, Texas, during the summer and later the University of Texas at Austin, though she did not complete her college studies.
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  • 1943
    Born on January 19, 1943.
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