Jean Metzinger

Born Jun 24, 1883

Jean Metzinger (June 24, 1883 – November 3, 1956) was a French painter, theorist, writer, critic and poet, born in Nantes, France. His earliest works, from 1900 to 1904, appear to have been influenced by the Neo-Impressionism of Georges Seurat and Henri Edmond Cross. Between 1904 and 1907 Metzinger worked in the Divisionist and Fauvism styles. From 1908 he was directly involved with Cubism, both as an artist and principle theorist of the movement.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Jean Metzinger.


1883 Birth Born on June 24, 1883.


1900 17 Years Old His earliest works, from 1900 to 1904, were influenced by the Neo-impressionism of Georges Seurat and Henri-Edmond Cross. … Read More


1903 20 Years Old 1 More Event
Metzinger sent three paintings to the Salon des Indépendants in 1903, and subsequently moved to Paris with the proceeds from their sale. … Read More
1904 21 Years Old In 1904 Metzinger exhibited six paintings in the Divisionist style at the Salon des Indépendants and the Salon d’Automne (where he would show regularly throughout the crucial years of Cubism). … Read More
In 1906 Metzinger exhibits at the Salon des Indépendants. … Read More
…  In 1908 Metzinger frequented the Bateau Lavoir and exhibited with Georges Braque at Berthe Weill's gallery.
1909 26 Years Old A critique wrote of Metzinger's work exhibited during the spring of 1909: … Read More
1910 27 Years Old 1 More Event
Metzinger's early 1910 style had transited to a robust form of analytical Cubism. … Read More
Metzinger, Gleizes, Le Fauconnier, Delaunay, Léger and Marie Laurencin were shown together in Room 41 of the 1911 Salon des Indépendants, which provoked the 'involuntary scandal' out of which Cubism emerged and spread in Paris, in France and throughout the world. … Read More
1912 29 Years Old But his monochromatic tonalities would last only until 1912, when both color and form would boldly combine to produce such works as Dancer in a café (Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo New York). "The works of Jean Metzinger" Apollinaire writes in 1912 "have purity. … Read More


1914 31 Years Old Metzinger's evolution toward synthesis in 1914–15 has its origins in the configuration of flat squares, trapezoidal and rectangular planes that overlap and interweave, a "new perspective" in accord with the "laws of displacement". … Read More
1918 35 Years Old 1 More Event
Metzinger's departure from Cubism circa 1918 would leave open the 'spatial' susceptibility to classical observation, but the 'form' could only be grasped by the 'intelligence' of the observer, something that escaped classical observation. … Read More
His exhibition at l'Effort Moderne at the outset of 1921 was exclusively of landscapes: his formal vocabulary remained rhythmic, linear perspective was avoided. … Read More
1922 39 Years Old Metzinger himself, writing in 1922 by Montparnasse could claim quite confidently that this was not at all a betrayal of Cubism but a development within it. 'I know works,' he said, 'whose thoroughly classical appearance conveys the most personal most original the newest conceptions... … Read More


1923 40 Years Old In 1923 Metzinger moved away from Cubism towards realism, while still retaining elements of his earlier Cubist style.
1924 41 Years Old In subsequent stages of his career another important change is noticeable, from 1924 to 1930: a development that paralleled the 'mechanical world' of Fernand Léger. … Read More
1929 46 Years Old The two were married in 1929.
1930 47 Years Old After 1930, until his death in 1956, Metzinger turned towards a more classical or decorative approach to painting with elements of Surrealism, still concerned with questions of form, volume, dimension, relative position and relationship of figures, along with visible geometric properties of space.


1937 54 Years Old Metzinger was commissioned to paint a large mural, Mystique of Travel, which he executed for the Salle de Cinema in the railway pavilion of the Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne, Paris 1937. … Read More


1943 60 Years Old He later moved to Bandol in Provence where he lived until 1943 and then returned to Paris where he was given a teaching post for three years at the Académie Frochot in 1950. … Read More
1956 73 Years Old The artist died in Paris on November 3, 1956. … Read More
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