Jean Kambanda
Jean Kambanda
Jean Kambanda was the Prime Minister in the caretaker government of Rwanda from the start of the 1994 Rwandan Genocide. He is the only head of government to plead guilty to genocide, in the first group of such convictions since the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide came into effect in 1951.
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Jean Kambanda's personal information overview.
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The Charles Taylor Syndrome - Leaders Beware!!
Sri Lanka Guardian - almost 5 years
The first leader to be arrested under this regime was Slobodan Milosevic in former Yugoslavia. However, he died in prison in The Hague during his trial, which effectively precluded the Court from convicting him. Jean Kambanda was the first non-leader to be imprisoned for life for his role in the Rwanda genocide of 1994. He was a former prime minister, not the head of State. l by Dr. Ruwantissa Abeyratne (May 01, 2012, Montreal, Sri Lanka Guardian) Last week, the Special Court for Sierra Leone – an international tribunal established in 2002 sitting in the Hague - convicted former President of Liberia, Charles Taylor, of terrorism, murder, rape, sexual slavery, the use of child soldiers, enslavement and pillage, all of which according to the Court amounted to war crimes and crimes against humanity. The significance of this decision is that it is the first time that a leader – in this case the President of a country - has been convicted in an international tribunal, ...
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Sri Lanka Guardian article
Pentagon Produces Satellite Photos of 1994 Rwanda Genocide
Dissident Voice - almost 5 years
Eighteen years after the historic ’100 days of genocide’ in Rwanda the United States Government has suddenly produced never-before-seen satellite images to support the genocide extradition trial of a former Rwandan now U.S. citizen in New Hampshire (USA). The existence of satellite imagery from 1994 would enable the ‘international community’ to further explore heretofore hidden facts about the double presidential assassinations of April 6 or massacres committed before, during, and after 1994.  As the world commemorates the official Rwanda genocide story on the 18th anniversary of the Rwanda genocide, the people of Central Africa continue to suffer under the brutal terrorism of the Kagame military regime.  Instead of celebrating, we should be asking: who are the real victims and who are the real criminals, and what really happened in Rwanda? In his opening statements in a Concord, New Hampshire (USA) courthouse on February 23, 2012, federal prosecutor John Capin launched the U.S. gove ...
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Dissident Voice article
Réconciliation au Rwanda : une question de générations - Le Monde
Google News - over 5 years
... l'incapacité du TPIR à mettre au jour l'existence ou non d'un plan systématique d'extermination des Tutsis, le tribunal a pu condamner de nombreux hauts responsables : comme le premier ministre de l'époque Jean Kambanda, condamné à la prison à vie
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Google News article
Today in History - Sept. 4 - mysask.com (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
In 1998, in the first genocide sentence by an international court, a United Nations tribunal sentenced former Rwandan prime minister Jean Kambanda to life in prison for the slaughter of more than 500000 Rwandans in 1994. In 1999, Palestinian President
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Google News article
Rwanda: ICTR - Convicted Priest Transferred to Mali - AllAfrica.com
Google News - over 5 years
... former editor of the extremist Kangura newspaper, Hassan Ngeze, Ferdinand Nahimana, a historian and co-founder of the extremist radio station Radio Télévision Libre des Mille Collines (RTLM) and former Rwanda Prime Minister, Jean Kambanda
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Google News article
26.08.11 - TPIR/MALI - TRANSFERT AU MALI D'UN PRETRE CATHOLIQUE CONDAMNE PAR ... - Hirondelles
Google News - over 5 years
L'homme d'église rejoint au Mali 14 autres condamnés du TPIR parmi lesquels l'ancien Premier ministre Jean Kambanda. Le Bénin abrite 7 condamnés, dont un autre prêtre catholique, l'abbé Athanase Seromba condamné à la prison à vie
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Google News article
To claim Tutsis caused Rwanda's genocide is pure revisionism - The Guardian
Google News - over 5 years
In fact, Jean Kambanda, then prime minister, confessed before the UN International Tribunal for Rwanda and accepted responsibility for the genocide. Herman and Peterson's far-fetched allegations are deplorable and an insult to the dead
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Google News article
Rwanda Also Awaits Justice
NYTimes - over 8 years
The arrest of Radovan Karadzic brings one of the most-wanted war criminals of the 1990's within reach of an international tribunal. But a year before one of the most serious crimes he is charged with -- the massacre of 8,000 Muslims in Srebrenica -- however, a horrible slaughter was unfolding in another part of the world, where the wheels of
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NYTimes article
THE WORLD; Living in Exile Isn't What It Used to Be
NYTimes - over 9 years
CARACAS, Venezuela JUST last year, Gen. Romeo Lucas García's quiet death in exile here caught the attention of few people outside Guatemala, where he had presided over a ruthless period of civil war in which 37 people were burned to death during a siege at Spain's embassy. Spain tried to extradite him in 2005 on human rights charges, but had
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NYTimes article
THE STRUGGLE FOR IRAQ; Hussein's Case Won't Bolster International Human Rights Law, Experts Fear
NYTimes - about 10 years
Saddam Hussein is one of the few modern leaders to have been tried and executed for his crimes and other abuses of power. Most dictators of the past century have died of natural causes at home or in comfortable exile -- or at the hands of assassins. But with trials of former leaders becoming more common in the past decade, there are other
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NYTimes article
A Woman's Work
NYTimes - over 14 years
Slaughter, and then worse, came to Butare, a sleepy, sun-bleached Rwandan town, in the spring of 1994. Hutu death squads armed with machetes and nail-studded clubs had deployed throughout the countryside, killing, looting and burning. Roadblocks had been set up to cull fleeing Tutsis. By the third week of April, as the Rwanda genocide was reaching
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NYTimes article
The Other War Crimes Tribunal
NYTimes - over 15 years
Now that Slobodan Milosevic is in custody of the war crimes tribunal in The Hague, the proceedings of another international war crimes court should be coming under stricter scrutiny. The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, based in Arusha, Tanzania, has been making only fitful progress in bringing to justice officials responsible for the
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NYTimes article
Long-Range Justice Raises Fears for Sovereignty
NYTimes - over 15 years
From Augusto Pinochet to Slobodan Milosevic, the arm of the law is growing longer and the world smaller for national leaders and others accused of atrocities. What is dawning, human rights lawyers say, is an age of justice without borders -- and not everyone is happy about it. The trend, while celebrated by human rights advocates, is being viewed
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NYTimes article
War Crimes Court Rejects Rwandan's Appeal of Life Sentence
NYTimes - over 16 years
Six years after 500,000 civilians were killed in a mass frenzy in Rwanda, the country's former prime minister learned today that he would spend life in prison for the crime of genocide after a United Nations tribunal rejected his appeal. The former Rwandan leader, Jean Kambanda, who was convicted of the massacres of Tutsis in 1994, appeared before
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NYTimes article
World Briefing
NYTimes - over 16 years
EUROPE NORTHERN IRELAND: TROOP BUILDUP Some 2,000 British troops are being flown in to increase security levels after the Parades Commission ruled that members of the militant Protestant Orange Order cannot follow a march path through a Catholic neighborhood after services at Drumcree parish next month. Similar increases were made in recent years
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Jean Kambanda
    FIFTIES
  • 2006
    Age 50
    In 2006 he testified for the defence of Colonel Theoneste Bagosora in the 'Military 1' trial of senior military leaders.
    More Details Hide Details That testimony was the former Prime Minister's first and only public testimony on the 1994 events in Rwanda and in which he said that he had never found a plan to commit genocide. The decisions of the ICTR re Kambanda have been subject to criticism. In his appeal, Kambanda said that his confession had been in error, due to poor or misunderstood counsel. He said that his objective was not to plead guilty but to tell the truth. According to the ICTR appeal: As a head of government convicted by an international court, Kambanda is an important figure, with the verdict against him forming a precedent against the legal principle of State Immunity (which was used to reject an extradition order for Augusto Pinochet, for example).
  • FORTIES
  • 2000
    Age 44
    This verdict was upheld by the ICTR Appeal Chamber on October 19, 2000, and Kambanda is currently jailed in Koulikoro Prison in Mali.
    More Details Hide Details Although Kambanda pleaded guilty after receiving legal counsel, his lawyer argued that the prime minister was a "puppet" of the military, who had dragged him from his bank, after killing the previous prime minister, to legitimize their control of their country. He asked the ICTR for a sentence of two years because he acted "under duress with limited responsibility". The court concluded that this defense against a charge of genocide was irrelevant.
  • 1998
    Age 42
    On September 4, 1998, the ICTR condemned Jean Kambanda to life imprisonment for:
    More Details Hide Details Joy Mukanyange, the Rwandan Ambassador to Tanzania was the only Rwandan official who attended the sentencing of her former prime minister. She thought if fair that Kambanda received a life sentence and his crimes had been recognised by the international community. She noted that Rwanda was "not looking for revenge".
  • 1997
    Age 41
    Kambanda was arrested in Nairobi on July 18, 1997, after a seven-week multinational stakeout and transferred to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda.
    More Details Hide Details The court accused him of distributing small arms and ammunition in Butare and Gitarama with the knowledge that they would be used to massacre civilians. He was found guilty after pleading guilty, a plea he later rescinded, but which rescission the Court did not accept.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1994
    Age 38
    He remained in the post for the hundred days of the genocide until July 19, 1994.
    More Details Hide Details After leaving office he fled the country.
    He was sworn in as prime minister on April 9, 1994 after the President, Juvénal Habyarimana, and former Prime Minister, Agathe Uwilingiyimana, were assassinated.
    More Details Hide Details The opposition MDR had been promised the prime ministerial post in the transitional government established by the Arusha accords, but Kambanda leapfrogged several levels in the party's hierarchy to take the job from the initial choice, Faustin Twagiramungu.
    Kambanda holds a degree in commercial engineering and began his career as a low-level United Popular BPR banker, rising as a technocrat to become the chair of the bank. At the time of the April 1994 crisis he was vice president of the Butare section of the opposition Republican Democratic Movement (MDR).
    More Details Hide Details
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1955
    Born
    Born on October 19, 1955.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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