Jean Talon
Intendent of New France
Jean Talon
Jean Talon, Comte d'Orsainville was the first Intendant of New France after Louis Robert (who was Intendant from 1663 to 1665 but never came to New France). Talon was appointed by King Louis XIV and his minister, Jean-Baptiste Colbert to serve as the Intendant of Justice, Public Order and Finances in Canada, Acadia and Newfoundland for two terms: 1665 to 1668 and 1669 to 1672.
Biography
Jean Talon's personal information overview.
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News
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Letter of the day: Transformed by a summer spent rediscovering Montreal - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
English and French, pures laines and new immigrants, rich and poor, young and old are represented throughout the city's many inclusive cultural icons, such as la Grande Bibliothèque, the Jean Talon Market, the Quartier des Spectacles, the Canadian
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Additional Que. mammography tests to be re-screened - Vancouver Sun
Google News - over 5 years
Two doctors on the investigation panel recommended adding the new scans after reviewing the first batch of 18000 X-rays, mostly mammograms, done at Radiologie Fabreville in Laval, and at Radiologie Jean-Talon Belanger and Radiologie Domus Medica in
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Côte des Neiges en fête - The Suburban
Google News - over 5 years
11, from noon to 5 pm Two square kilometres of Côte des Neiges Road, from Queen Mary to Jean Talon, will be blocked off, and the event will coincide with the CDN sidewalk sale, which will take place from Sept. 8 to 11. The scheduled events include an
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Minister inspecting hospitals himself - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
The hospitals - Notre Dame, Lakeshore, Jean Talon, Sacré Coeur and Jewish General - can expect a visit in the coming months. The visits happen with little advance notice and are not open to the media, press attaché Natacha Joncas-Boudreau explained
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DEATHS - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
Funeral service from Paperman & Sons, 3888 Jean Talon St. W., on Tuesday, August 16 at 12 noon. Burial at Congregation Shaar Hashomayim Cemetery, 1250 Ch. de la Fort. Shiva to be announced. Published in the Montreal Gazette on 8/16/2011 BARITEAU,
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Elderly woman in hospital after car slams into bus shelter - CTV.ca
Google News - over 5 years
A 79-year-old woman is in critical condition after being struck by a car while waiting in a bus shelter on the corner Jean-Talon and Lacordaire.(Aphrodite Salas) MONTREAL — A 79-year-old woman is in critical condition after being struck by a car while
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Beer, burgers and beyond - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
If there is one thing that has been missing from Jean Talon Market (besides a little more accountability with regard to the source of some of its produce), it is somewhere to drink
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Saint-Leonard: Across Jean-Talon Street East - Hour.ca
Google News - over 5 years
"The residents already know the shops and restaurants, but we have a lot to satisfy all Montrealers," explains Société de Développement Commercial de la rue Jean-Talon à St-Léonard (SDC Jean-Talon) executive director Jérôme Maurice
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Montreal Italian Week begins Friday - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
A retrospective of Italian cinema at the Casa d'Italia, 505 Jean Talon St. E., Friday to Aug. 13 at 7:30 pm (514-271-2524); The one-man show Cu'Fu?, starring Charly Chiarelli, at the Casa d'Italia, Aug. 11 and 12 at 7:30 pm; Juno award-winning singer
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Today takes on Montreal - canadiens.com
Google News - over 5 years
... look for the best bagels Montreal has to offer, go for a stroll through the Jean Talon Market, sample some poutine, tour the suite where John Lennon and Yoko Ono stayed at the Queen Elizabeth Hotel and take in the view from the top of Mount Royal
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U2 ready to rock, city ready to tow - CTV.ca
Google News - over 5 years
MONTREAL — U2 fans from far and wide spent Friday streaming into the area around Jean Talon and Decarie and the transportation challenge is being taken seriously by authorities. Evenko has added extra seats to deal with demand but around 2000
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U2 ready to rock racetrack - CTV.ca
Google News - over 5 years
MONTREAL — Seats are in place, lights ready to be flicked on and turnstiles poised to rotate for 160000 U2 fans Friday and Saturday nights at the former Blue Bonnets racetrack at Decarie and Jean Talon. A 47-metre high (150-foot) contraption called
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Chefs come to markets near you - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
It's the fourth year that both Jean Talon and Atwater markets will offer this free service from 10 am to 4 pm Chef Nicole-Anne Gagnon will again be in charge of a team of chefs. The chefs at Jean Talon Market will be stationed near the Première Moisson
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Man struck by taxi in Villeray - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
According to Montreal police Constable Daniel Lacoursière, the man was attempting to cross the street at the intersection of Jean Talon and d'Iberville Sts. about 12:10 am when he stumbled in the roadway. According to witnesses, the man appeared to be
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Strike culinary gold in Montreal - Ottawa Citizen
Google News - over 5 years
Their first was Kitchen Galerie, near the Jean Talon Market. It opened in 2007 and became an instant favourite - it's imbued with a dinner-party vibe, where the hosts just happen to be gifted chefs. I ate at KG shortly after Cloutier, with St-Denis
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Oct. 2004: Armed with knife, man shot by police - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
A knife-wielding 42-year-old man was in stable condition in a hospital after being shot by Montreal police inside a Jean Talon St. cafe-bar on Saturday. When police arrived, the man sought refuge inside the Veroli cafe-bar on Jean Talon E.,
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Won't be easy getting to the U2 shows this summer - CJAD
Google News - over 5 years
The MTC will have some 200 extra buses running to and from the site, metro service at the Namur, Jean-Talon and de la Savane stations will run every four minutes and there will be shuttle service to and from the West Island
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Jean Talon
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1694
    Age 67
    After a time, he became premier valet de la garde-robe du roi (first valet of the king’s wardrobe). Finally, he attained the coveted office of secretary of the king’s cabinet. Jean Talon died on November 24, 1694, at the age of sixty-eight.
    More Details Hide Details Several sites and landmarks were named to honour Jean Talon. They include:
  • FORTIES
  • 1672
    Age 45
    Jean Talon left Canada in November 1672.
    More Details Hide Details The king had made a barony of his estate in recognition of his services and created him Baron des Islets. Later on he became Comte d’Orsainville and was appointed Captain of the Mariemont Castle.
  • 1670
    Age 43
    During his second term as the intendant of new France, he focused on external affairs of the colony. He wanted to extend French influence to the north, south and west. On October 10, 1670, he wrote to the king: "Since my arrival, I have sent resolute men to explore farther than has ever been done in Canada, some to the west, and north-west, others to the south-west and south."
    More Details Hide Details His policy of exploration and discovery was directed towards increasing France's reputation, developing trade; and therefore, preparing the way for the future greatness of Canada. Furthermore, through promotion of the development of Acadia, he tried to strengthen Canada on the border with New England and the alliance with the northern tribes opened up trade opportunities with the wide area extending from Lake St. John to Lake Mistassini and to Hudson Bay. Under authority of a decree of the King’s Council of State, Talon gave large number of seigneuries as grants. From October 10 to November 8 he granted about sixty seigneuries to officers and others settlements. On November 3 alone, he made 31 grants. It is true, seigneurial grants had been made in Canada before, but it was made without any preconceived plan or well-defined object. Talon organized the system of seigneuries with a well-defined object, which was to protect and to colonize the country.
  • 1669
    Age 42
    On May 10, 1669, the king signed Talon’s new commission to return to Canada.
    More Details Hide Details On August 18, after an absence from New France for a year and nine months, he landed once more at Quebec.
  • 1668
    Age 41
    Talon left Quebec in November 1668.
    More Details Hide Details Back in France, Jean Talon continued to support the Canadian colony. The king and Colbert readily approved his plans for strengthening the Canadian colony. Troops, laborers, women, settlers, and supplies were sent in response to Talon's requests. Talon's stay in France was only brief.
  • 1667
    Age 40
    In 1667, the Sovereign Council inspired by Talon discussed the formation of a company of Canadians to secure the exclusive privilege of trading.
    More Details Hide Details The charter granted the commercial monopoly to the West India Company. In 1668, the council sent a letter asking for freedom of trade to Colbert. The colonists had suffered from high prices and lack of availability in necessary goods. This was detrimental to the colony. The sale of liquor to the Native Americans had always been prohibited in the colony. In 1657, the prohibition had been renewed and ratified under a decree of the King’s State Council. In 1663, the Sovereign Council established a law prohibiting indirect or direct selling or giving of brandy to Native Americans. Jean Talon supported the Sovereign Council's decisions in the beginning. However, he was becoming more and more impressed by the material benefits and less convinced of its moral danger. He came to consider prohibition of the liquor traffic as a mistake, damaging to the trade and progress of the colony and to French influence over the Native Americans tribes. His earnest desire for the prosperity of the colony misled him to make the wrong judgment and brandy trafficking was accepted and approved.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1665
    Age 38
    During the years 1665-68, 6000 livres were used to support the marriage of young gentlewomen without means, and another 6000 livres for settlement and marriage of four captains, three lieutenants, five ensigns and a few minor officers.
    More Details Hide Details Furthermore, family having ten children in their household were entitled to a pension of three hundred livres annually and four hundred livres were given to family with twelve children. To balance the number of men and women living in the colony and to promote further marriage, girls were carefully selected from France to be taken to Canada. Some of them were orphans, who grew up under the king's protection in charitable institutions. They were called les filles du roi. The rest of the girls belonged to honest families, whose parents were willing to send them to a new country where they would be well provided for. When these young women arrived in Canada, they immediately married or were placed for a time in good families. Strenuous efforts of Talon gave great impulse to population. In 1665, there were 3,215 settlers, and 533 families. After three years, the population composed of 6,282 settlers and 1,139 families. Jean Talon was hard at work in laying the foundation of an economic and political system and making commercial, industrial progresses.
    Now that peace was restored, Talon could carry out his works of colonization. In 1665, he had taken back the land granted to the Jesuits to establish about forty dwellings in preparation for new settlers, who would arrive the following year.
    More Details Hide Details These dwellings were to be grouped in three adjacent villages named Bourg-Royal, Bourg-la-Reine, and Bour-Talon. One of the most important historical document of this period was carried out by Talon. A general census of the colony was taken during the winter of 1666-67 to gather information of the colony of New France. The census is the first Canadian census, of which we have any record. It did not include the king’s troops, which formed a body of 1200 men. Talon was highly organized in his establishment of settlements. New villages were established as close as possible to the capital and the settlers were grouped around a central point to encourage mutual help and defense. Proper dwellings were made ready to receive the new-comers. Talon proceeded to fill these dwellings with settlers, trying to have some skilled artisans, such as carpenters, shoemakers, and masons in each village.
    Talon's commission is dated March 23, 1665.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1663
    Age 36
    Louis and his minister decided in 1663 to give New France a new constitution.
    More Details Hide Details The charter of the Company of One Hundred Associates was cancelled and the old Council of Quebec, which was formed in 1647, reorganized and became the Sovereign Council. The Sovereign Council was composed of the governor, the bishop, the intendant, an attorney-general, a secretary, and five councilors. Its functions included general jurisdiction for the administration of justice in civil and criminal matters, and the questions of police, roads, finance, and trade. In 1665, the King sent a regiment of trained soldiers, a viceroy, a new governor, a new intendant, settlers and labourers, and supplies to New France. On September 12, 1665, the ship Saint Sebastien arrived in New France with Prouville de Tracy, the commander-in-chief of the troops, Sieur de Courcelle, the governor, and Jean Talon, the Intendant of justice, police and finance.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1626
    Born
    He was baptized on August 1, 1626.
    More Details Hide Details His family was related to the Parisian Talons, who held in succession the high office of attorney-general of France. After studying at the Jesuits' College of Clermont, Talon was employed in a commissariat. His abilities soon became apparent and when he was thirty, he was promoted to the position of Intendant for the province of Hainault. When an Intendant was needed for the task of bringing the dying New France back to life, Colbert, an administrator of France, thought immediately of Jean Talon and recommended him to the king.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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