Jeb Bush
Governor of Florida
Jeb Bush
John Ellis "Jeb" Bush is an American politician who served as the 43rd Governor of Florida from 1999 to 2007. He is a prominent member of the Bush family: the second son of former President George H. W. Bush and former First Lady Barbara Bush; the younger brother of former President and former Governor of Texas George W. Bush; and the older brother of Neil Bush, Marvin Bush, and Dorothy Bush Koch.
Jeb Bush's personal information overview.
News abour Jeb Bush from around the web
What's next for Joe Biden?
Yahoo News - 6 days
Joe Biden has been elected to chair the Philadelphia National Constitution Center’s board of trustees, his most significant appointment since the unusually popular former vice president left the White House early this year. Mr. Biden, who has left the door ajar to bigger appointments such as an unlikely third tilt at the presidency in 2020, was named by the center on Wednesday to succeed former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush. “The National Constitution Center’s mission to teach all Americans about the great document of human freedom that unites us has never been more timely, urgently needed, and inspiring,” Biden said in a statement.
Article Link:
Yahoo News article
Why I Hate President Trump
Huffington Post - 6 days
For the record, I don’t hate Donald Trump the person. I hate Donald Trump the president. I wish I didn’t. But I do. Here’s why: He’s a pathological liar, according to Republican Ted Cruz. He’s a fake, a fraud, and a con-man, according to Republican Mitt Romney. He convinced 81 percent of white evangelical Christian voters to throw Jesus under the bus to vote for a man who bragged about grabbing women “by the pussy.” He fired the acting Attorney General in a Monday Night Massacre because she determined that the president’s executive order on immigration was constitutionally indefensible. He’s created an environment in which a southern white man can shut down a northeastern white woman while she’s reading from the floor of the Senate the cautionary words of a heroic southern black woman about a southern white man, Jefferson Beauregard Sessions, who was deemed too racist to be a federal judge in 1986. He disrespects duly-appointed, Senate-confirmed federal magistra ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Nevada's Voucher Fail
Huffington Post - 12 days
Back in 2015, Nevada decided to go all-in on vouchers, establishing the voucheriest of voucher programs-- the education savings account. With ESA's the state just hands every parent a check or a debit card (in Nevada's case, $5,700 for poor families and $5,100 for not-so-poor families) and families can spend that money on private school tuition, tutors, homeschool supplies, a case of Lisa Frank trapper-keepers-- whatever trips their educational triggers. It's worth paying attention to, because this is the sort of system favored by Betsy DeVos, newly installed Secretary of Education. An ESA system is supposed to unleash the magical power of the free market and therefor cause All The Excellence to come busting out of a robusting out charter school sector. The sponsor of the bill, Senator Scott Hammond, was quoted in the Washington Post laying out his simple theory of action: Nothing works better than competition.  Let me quote from my own response at the time. There are so m ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Journalists Shouldn't Hold Trump To 'Special Standards,' Says Bloomberg Editor-In-Chief
Huffington Post - 23 days
LONDON ― John Micklethwait is the editor-in-chief of Bloomberg News. Previously, he served as the editor-in-chief of The Economist. Micklethwait, who I spoke to recently in London, has an extraordinary platform of observation on what’s happening in the world. In the following interview, he gives his personal impression of Russian President Vladimir Putin and answers questions on topics ranging from the freedom of the press under the new Trump presidency to the implications of the new era on economic and international relations.  What do you think at Bloomberg about the new President Trump’s aggressive attitude towards journalists and the press? Do you think the freedom of the press is in danger? I think the freedom of the press is enshrined in American life and we should measure the new president in the same way as we did the last one: by what he says and does. If he produces “alternative facts” that are not actually facts, then we should ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Trump's Likely SCOTUS Pick
Huffington Post - 27 days
A friend in DC emailed last night, predicting that Trump will nominate a particular judge from the list he circulated awhile back. That seems unlikely, and the list a mere distraction. To assume Trump will appoint a judge to the Supreme Court is to buy into tired old Beltway tropes. It's exactly the sort of conventional thinking that cost Clinton, Bush and the others their shot at the presidency. Trump wasn't elected to coddle elites who lord it over the rest of the country with their qualifications, education and experience. Even Nixon knew that stupid people deserve representation on the Court too, but Trump seems particularly determined the fill the government primarily with fools and vagabonds. Those who bemoan Trump's presidency should never forget how privileged we are: to live in the US, to live in an age of technological miracles and to live during the reign of what is likely to be the worst presidency in US history. That's historic, by definition. It's yuge. And ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
New York Jets Owner Woody Johnson Tapped As U.K. Ambassador
Huffington Post - about 1 month
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); Billionaire New York Jets owner Robert “Woody” Johnson will be America’s next ambassador to Britain. President-elect Donald Trump made the announcement at an inauguration luncheon, his transition team confirmed — after the press had been ushered out. Johnson, 69, is a longtime Trump friend and was his key campaign fundraiser and finance advisor. He previously served as Republican rival Jeb Bush’s campaign finance manager until Bush dropped out of the pr ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Twitter Gives Us A Priceless Window Into Donald Trump's Brain
Huffington Post - about 1 month
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); WASHINGTON ― Americans wondering what their next president is thinking can listen to his spokesman, who on Wednesday explained how much Donald Trump is “awed” by the country he is about to lead. Or they can read his official statements, one of which Tuesday morning had Trump effusively praising two relatively minor White House staff hires. Or they can go to his Twitter feed, on which he has over the last few days picked a fight with civil rights icon John L ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Trump’s EPA Pick Raised A Lot Of Money For Candidates That Never Reached Them
Huffington Post - about 1 month
Two election fundraising groups linked to Scott Pruitt, President-elect Donald Trump’s nominee to lead the Environmental Protection Agency, spent at least $637,034 since the start of 2015, even though he couldn’t run for re-election as Oklahoma attorney general. An average of roughly $26,543 per month was disbursed from two federal election-focused political action committees linked to Pruitt, both of which announced plans last week to shut down. Donations flooded in from fossil fuel companies, whose pollution Pruitt would be tasked with policing at the EPA. Staff overlap between the two political groups raises concerns, given that one is a super PAC and cannot legally coordinate with the other PAC under election rules. Most of the money, meant to bolster Pruitt’s national profile by raising funds for candidates seeking federal office, went to consultants and travel. The spending, documented in Federal Election Commission filings, could raise questions from senators at Pruitt’ ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
The Democratic Party: Evolution Or Extinction
Huffington Post - 2 months
In any election, victory has a thousand fathers but defeat is the Party's fault. Or so they say. The Democratic Party has begun the time-honored tradition of self-examination and self-immolation that comes with electoral defeat. As well it should. While believing in the righteousness of our cause, and the wrongness of our opponent, we failed to see, or simply refused to see, the voters. Voters lived in a different world and understandably, saw this country and the candidates differently than the national Democratic Party and its leadership. They lived in large swaths of the country where we never went. We missed the mark and we missed it badly. This loss hurts. We did not lose to a self-proclaimed conservative policy wonk like Jeb Bush, or a competent "economic" conservative like Mitt Romney. Instead the whole world saw us fall to a snake oil salesman, reality TV star who most grandmothers would call "all hat and no cattle." Every morning we judged his false Twitter views wh ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Candidates And Their Super PACs Sharing Vendors More Than Ever
Huffington Post - 2 months
Kellyanne Conway's firm, The Polling Company, is one of almost 400 vendors employed by both a candidate and the super PAC supporting that candidate. (Anthony Behar / Pool) BY: ASHLEY BALCERZAK For some 2016 candidates, there was a lot of sharing during the campaign season -- more than ever before. It wasn't due to an epidemic of altruism, though; in fact, it might have been quite the reverse. The sharing was between candidates and the super PACs devoted to promoting them. An OpenSecrets Blog analysis found that a total of 66 single-candidate super PACs hired the same vendors or staff as the candidates they backed. Common use of staff and services skyrocketed this year: There were at least 632 instances where a super PAC and the candidate it supported both hired the same person or company at some point during this cycle, compared to 86 in 2014 and 161 in 2012. Combined, the campaigns and outside groups paid these at least 393 overlapping merchants and employees more t ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Jeb Bush: Scott Pruitt is ready to turn around the EPA
CNN - 2 months
When Scott Pruitt and I assembled a Restoring Federalism Task Force last year, he headlined the plan: "Putting Washington In Its Place." Those five words sum up exactly what the American people were clamoring for in this election: a dramatic shift of power out of a broken Washington and back into the hands of the people.
Article Link:
CNN article
Polling On 2020 Is Meaningless. Don’t Look At It.
Huffington Post - 2 months
We have our first 2020 election polls. Democratic firm Public Policy Polling released a poll on Tuesday asking 400 Democrats nationwide whom they would vote for in a 2020 Democratic primary. In October, Morning Consult and Politico fielded a 2020 survey. Ignore these polls. They are utterly meaningless. I’m not even going to give you the links to them. Don’t look at any polls with the year 2020 mentioned. The political actors who will play a part in the next presidential election might not even be on our radar yet. The Trump administration that will change our country over the next four years is still taking shape.  Asking Americans whether they would vote for Vice President Joe Biden, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) or Vice President-elect Mike Pence in 2020 doesn’t mean anything for what will ultimately happen in that election. It’s ridiculous to think that Americans would have any clue whom they might vote for in a few years. Even polls two years ahead of the election still have ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Here Are 15 Examples Of Donald Trump Being Racist
Huffington Post - 2 months
function onPlayerReadyVidible(e){'undefined'!=typeof HPTrack&&HPTrack.Vid.Vidible_track(e)}!function(e,i){if(e.vdb_Player){if('object'==typeof commercial_video){var a='',o='m.fwsitesection='+commercial_video.site_and_category;if(a+=o,commercial_video['package']){var c='&m.fwkeyvalues=sponsorship%3D'+commercial_video['package'];a+=c}e.setAttribute('vdb_params',a)}i(e.vdb_Player)}else{var t=arguments.callee;setTimeout(function(){t(e,i)},0)}}(document.getElementById('vidible_1'),onPlayerReadyVidible); In the weeks following his victory, President-elect Donald Trump has not backed away from the racism upon which he built both his campaign and his real estate business. Throughout his campaign, The Huffington Post kept a running list of examples of Trump’s racism dating as far back as the 1970s. We’ll continue to document those incidents here as they happen. If his decisions as president-elect are any indication of what’s to come, we’ll be updating this list o ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Russia Stole The Presidency. The Electoral College Can Take It Back.
Huffington Post - 2 months
We now know that the American election was stolen by a loose affiliation of Russian infiltrators, American white supremacists, and FBI enablers -- with an assist from elected quislings like Mitch McConnell. Donald Trump, it turns out, is no more the duly elected president of the United States than I am the world's most decorated ballerina. Luckily, this can be rectified. You see, Donald Trump is by legal definition not the elected president. He is not even president-elect (a fictitious title, nowhere supported by the Constitution). He will not become president until the Electoral College votes him into office on December 19. And -- unless you sympathize with the notion of Vladimir Putin choosing the American Commander in Chief -- that must not happen. We have heard a great deal about how dissenting electors would somehow be traitorous; how they would subvert the will of the people; how they would be deeply un-American. It is time to dismiss this sophistry. First, we know w ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Vote Recount V. The Media Consensus
Huffington Post - 3 months
The impatience across much of the media is palpable. Recount? Oh, groan. That's not going to change the election results. The consensus "truth" writhing just below the surface of the mainstream, eyeball-rolling disapproval of Jill Stein's call for and financing of a presidential vote recount in Wisconsin (and perhaps in Pennsylvania and Michigan) is that the political and media consensus has already established who the next president is. Like it or not. And "election integrity" is apparently set in stone, here in America, the oldest democracy on the planet. We took care of that a long time ago. No matter that touch-screen voting is unverifiable and absurdly vulnerable to hacking and the struggle for power brings out the worst in people. No matter that the Republican Party -- the political party that lost the vote but won the election -- has a long history of passing voter suppression laws aimed at non-white Americans. The federal 4th Circuit Court of Appeals, striking down one ...
Article Link:
Huffington Post article
Florida Killings Increase After 'Stand Your Ground' Gun Law Passage, Study Finds
The Huffington Post - 3 months
Gun deaths have risen sharply since the passage of Florida’s controversial “stand your ground” gun law, a new study found. The report, published this month in JAMA Internal Medicine, analyzed data from 1999 to 2014 and discovered that homicides in Florida have increased 24.4 percent, while gun-related homicides are up 31.6 percent since the law was enacted in 2005 under then-Gov. Jeb Bush. More...
Article Link:
The Huffington Post article
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Jeb Bush
  • 2016
    Bush had been considered a potential candidate in the 2016 presidential election since the end of the 2012 election.
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  • 2015
    In November 2015, while campaigning in New Hampshire, Bush detailed Noelle's struggles with drug abuse.
    More Details Hide Details In 1995, Bush converted from Episcopalianism to Roman Catholicism. In 2004, he became a Fourth Degree Knight of Columbus. Bush, a member of Father Hugon Council 3521 in Tallahassee, has joined the Father Hugon Assembly.
    Bush condemned the July 2015 final nuclear agreement between Iran and the P5+1 world powers, calling it "appeasement."
    More Details Hide Details However, Bush stated that he would not seek to revoke the agreement on his first day in office. After losing a 1994 election for Governor of Florida against Lawton Chiles, Bush pursued policy and charitable interests. He "volunteered time to assist the Miami Children's Hospital, the United Way of Dade County and the Dade County Homeless Trust". Bush served from 2012 to 2015 as co-chair of the Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy. He has also worked with The James Madison Institute (JMI), a free market public policy think tank based in Tallahassee, Florida. He helped the institute in numerous ways and still has his think tank working in conjunction with it. In June 2008, Bush's Foundation for Excellence in Education partnered with JMI to hold a summit called Excellence in Action: A National Summit on Education Reform. In 1996, The Foundation For Florida's Future published a book that Bush had co-written, Profiles in Character (ISBN 0-9650912-0-1), a clear parallel to John F. Kennedy's 1955 book Profiles in Courage. The foundation also published and distributed policy papers, such as "A New Lease on Learning: Florida's First Charter School", which Bush co-wrote. Bush subsequently wrote the foreword to another book, published by the conservative Heritage Foundation and written by Nina Shokraii Rees, School Choice 2000: What's Happening in the States (ISBN 0-89195-089-3).
    Bush has called the April 2015 Iran nuclear deal framework a "horrific deal" and said he would likely terminate any final agreement should he become president.
    More Details Hide Details He has argued that the deal would put Iran into a position where it could intimidate the Middle East.
    In 2015, Bush said that he does not support a further major commitment of U.S. troops in Iraq to fight the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS or ISIL), saying that such a deployment is not needed to defeat ISIS.
    More Details Hide Details He has not, however, ruled out such a deployment in the future. Bush favors building a new U.S. base in Iraq's al-Anbar province, and has said that some U.S. troops ought to be embedded with Iraqi armed forces to help train them and identify targets as joint terminal attack controllers (JTACs). Bush has not commented on adding to the approximately 3,500 U.S. troops in Iraq now. In a speech, Bush said his brother, former President George W. Bush, was his main adviser on policy with the Middle East. Bush later clarified that he was referring to policy on Israel, rather than on the Middle East as a whole. Bush supports the continued collection of metadata of phone calls by the National Security Agency. He also supports the USA Patriot Act, and criticized efforts by Senator Rand Paul and others to stop its reauthorization. Bush stated that Paul was "wrong" about the Patriot Act and stated that: "The Patriot Act has kept us safe, plain and simple. The metadata program has kept us safe, plain and simple. There's been no violation of civil liberties."
    In May 2015, Bush stated that he would have ordered the 2003 invasion of Iraq had he been President at the time: “I would have the invasion, and so would have Hillary Clinton, just to remind everybody.
    More Details Hide Details And so would almost everybody that was confronted with the intelligence they got." He also indicated that the lack of focus on post-invasion security was a mistake. He later stated that "knowing what we know now, I would not have engaged". "I would not have gone into Iraq", he said. He also argued that the invasion—though perhaps inspired by faulty intelligence—had been beneficial, saying the world was "significantly safer" without Saddam Hussein in power.
    In July 2015, Bush said he supported lifting the military's ban on allowing transgender people to openly serve in the military, so long as "the military's comfortable with this" and it did not impact morale.
    More Details Hide Details Overall, Bush is for expanding gun owners' rights. Bush admitted smoking marijuana in his teenage years. "Forty years ago I smoked marijuana and I admitted it," said Bush. "I'm sure other people did it and didn't want to admit it in front of 40 million people." He also agreed that his decision to take marijuana was “stupid” and “wrong.” Bush believes each state should be allowed to decide whether it is appropriate to legalize marijuana or not. Bush opposes net neutrality. Bush supports a decrease in capital gains taxes and property taxes. He supports cutting taxes for all Americans and believes they do better with less government interference. Bush also is a supporter of welfare restrictions. He supports the following: a four-year limit of benefits, a requirement that able-bodied recipients participate in work-related activities in order to receive benefits, and limiting benefits given to recipients if they have additional children while on welfare.
    In 2015, Bush took the position that people in the United States illegally should have a path to legal status, but not a path to citizenship, and said that legal status and avoiding deportation should require immigrants to pay fines, get work permits, pay taxes, not receive government assistance, learn English, and not commit crimes.
    More Details Hide Details He supports tougher enforcement of immigration laws, including prosecution of businesses that try to hire illegal aliens. Bush, a supporter of traditional marriage, disagreed with the Obergefell v. Hodges Supreme Court decision and believes that the issue of same-sex marriage should be decided by the states rather than by the federal government and that it is not a constitutional right. He holds that businesses should have the right to refuse to provide services for same-sex couples on religious grounds.
    After the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the ACA in King v. Burwell in June 2015, Bush stated that the decision was "not the end of the fight" against the law.
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    Bush has addressed a myriad of political issues over the course of his career, many of them during his governorship as already described. In conjunction with his 2015 bid for the presidency, he has revisited many issues that he addressed before, as well as discussing many new ones.
    More Details Hide Details Bush believes abortions should only be legal in the case of rape or incest or if the life of the mother is in danger. He does not support public funding for abortion clinics. Bush has questioned the scientific opinion on climate change, while stating "I think global warming may be real", and "It is not unanimous among scientists that it is disproportionately manmade. What I get a little tired of on the left is this idea that somehow science has decided all this so you can't have a view." National Journal wrote that Bush "does not acknowledge the scientific consensus that human activity drives climate change". Bush supports offshore drilling outside of Florida. He says that he supports the Keystone XL oil pipeline as well as fracking. According to his spokeswoman, "As governor he worked to strike a balance between our nation's energy needs and the economic and environmental interests of Florida. He believes states should have a role in decisions that impact their coastline. Expanding domestic energy production is key to ensuring America's energy security."
    Bush announced his candidacy on June 15, 2015 at a multicultural campus of Miami Dade College.
    More Details Hide Details According to Reuters, Bush characterized himself as a moderate Republican who still has conservative principles; he promised immigration reform, spoke some fluent Spanish, mentioned his wife's Mexican origins, and criticized Hillary Clinton. David Yepsen, director of the Paul Simon Public Policy Institute, said: "It's pretty hard for Republicans to win the White House if current Hispanic voting trends continue. (Bush) has some unique abilities to appeal to those voters and he’s going to maximize them." After a series of poor results in Iowa and New Hampshire, Bush spent his remaining money and campaign effort on the South Carolina primary. He placed fourth with under 8% of the vote. That night, Bush suspended his campaign, ending his presidential bid. In an analysis of what went wrong, POLITICO argues that:
    Bush announced his presidential candidacy on June 15, 2015 but suspended his campaign on February 20, 2016, shortly after the South Carolina primary, and endorsed Senator Ted Cruz on March 23, 2016.
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    In February 2015, Bush released several thousand emails from his time as governor online.
    More Details Hide Details Most of the emails are in the public record under Florida's Sunshine Laws. However, Bush created controversy by releasing some emails that included some personal details such as social security numbers, names and addresses, as well as the contents of the messages. Bush's campaign team subsequently redacted the personal information. By extending the exploration mode of his potential candidacy to a six-month period (his scheduled announcement came one day short of six months into his exploratory phase), Bush used his time to get acquainted with the press, court donors, and prepare strategy. In doing this, he navigated several campaign finance laws which limit donations and prohibit coordination with Super PACs. In May 2015, it was reported that Bush had been raising money since January 2015, estimated to be close to 100 million, for his super PAC, Right to Rise.
  • 2014
    In the 2014 election, he was elected Commissioner of the Texas General Land Office.
    More Details Hide Details Jeb Bush, Jr., who attended Bolles School, works for a Miami, Florida, commercial real estate firm. Bush has four grandchildren, two through his elder son, and two through his younger son.
    On December 16, 2014, Bush announced via Facebook that he would be "actively exploring" a 2016 run to become President of the United States and at the end of the year resigned several corporate boards.
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    On October 2, 2014, George W. Bush said that his brother "wants to be President".
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    As of 2014, Bush had received more than 2 million from his work for Tenet, a company that expected to receive 100 million in new earnings in 2014 because of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) and that "aggressively encouraged Americans to sign up for insurance under the program."
    More Details Hide Details Bush has reportedly objected to the ACA at company meetings, but has kept his personal views separate from what is best for Tenet.
    In 2014, after Bush left office, the Florida Supreme Court ruled the damage cap - the "centerpiece" of the 2003 legislation that Bush had pushed for - to be a violation of the state Constitution's equal protection clause, discriminating against "those who are most grievously injured, those who sustain the greatest damage and loss, and multiple claimants."
    More Details Hide Details Bush passed a reform to Florida's Medicaid system that moved recipients into private managed care systems. Bush was involved in the Terri Schiavo case, involving a woman with massive brain damage, who was on a feeding tube for over 15 years, and whose husband and legal guardian, Michael Schiavo, wished to remove the tube. This move was opposed by Terri Schiavo's parents in the courts. Bush signed "Terri's Law", legislation passed by the Florida legislature that authorized him, as governor, to keep Schiavo on life support. The law was ruled unconstitutional by the Florida Supreme Court on September 23, 2004. That decision was appealed to the federal courts. On January 24, 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court declined to hear the case, thus allowing the Florida court's ruling to stand. While Governor of Florida, Bush was opposed to abortion. He supported a law requiring parental notification for teen abortions and requested that the courts appoint a guardian for the fetus of a mentally disabled woman who had been raped. Choose Life, a pro-life advocacy group based in Ocala, Florida, submitted a specialty license plate application—previously vetoed by Governor Lawton Chiles—which passed both houses and was signed into law by Bush on June 8, 1999.
  • 2007
    According to Fox Business, Bush earned nearly half of the 29 million he earned between 2007 and when he decided to run for Republican presidential nomination in December 2014, from Wall Street banks and companies.
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    In April 2007, Bush joined Tenet Healthcare's board of directors.
    More Details Hide Details The following August, Bush joined investment bank, Lehman Brothers, as an adviser in its private equity group. Bush has also served on the board of InnoVida, Swisher Hygiene, and Rayonier and has served as an adviser to Barclays. Bush would later return 270,000 in consultancy fees he had been paid by InnoVida after they declared bankruptcy.
  • 2006
    In response, Bush said on May 24, 2006 that "I'm Governor of the state of Florida and I intend to be Governor until I leave—which is January 2007."
    More Details Hide Details Roger Goodell eventually became the new NFL commissioner. In April 2013, Bush authored a cover story for Newsmax magazine, warning that America's entitlement system risked collapse unless there was a course correction in U.S. public policy. Bush touted a six-point plan that addressed taxes, education, immigration, energy, regulatory policy, and the family unit.
    In May 2006, Bush was approached to become the next commissioner of the National Football League.
    More Details Hide Details The outgoing commissioner, Paul Tagliabue, was searching for replacements.
  • 2004
    From 2004 to 2007, Bush served as a Board Member for the National Assessment Governing Board (NAGB).
    More Details Hide Details Created by Congress, the board's purpose is to establish policy on reports examining K-12 students' academic progress in America's public and private schools. Since then Bush's education foundation has advocated for the Common Core State Standards Initiative. In October 2013, referring to opponents of the standards, Bush said that while "criticisms and conspiracy theories are easy attention grabbers", he instead wanted to hear their solutions to the problems in American education.
  • 2003
    Bush's out-of-state campaign visits include Kentucky, where Republican challenger Ernie Fletcher appeared with Bush and won that state's governorship in 2003, ending a 32-year streak of Democratic governors.
    More Details Hide Details In the first few months of 2014, Bush campaigned for New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez, Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval, Sen. Lamar Alexander (Tenn.), and David Jolly who won a special congressional election in Florida. Bush has been criticized by some in the Tea Party as not being sufficiently conservative, as he supports positions on immigration and Common Core that are unpopular with some conservatives. Bush publicly criticized the national Republican party for its adherence to "an orthodoxy that doesn't allow for disagreement" on June 11, 2012. In comments shared with Bloomberg View, Bush suggested that former Republican Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush would "have had a hard time" finding support in the contemporary GOP. In October 2013, Bush called for passage of immigration reform. In April 2014, Bush said of illegal immigration: "It's an act of love. It's an act of commitment to your family. I honestly think that that is a different kind of crime. There should be a price paid, but it shouldn't rile people up that people are actually coming to this country to provide for their families."
  • 2002
    Bush won 44 percent of the state's Jewish vote in the 2002 race.
    More Details Hide Details Bush also won the white female vote in the swing-voting battleground of Central Florida's I-4 corridor. However, he was not able to replicate the same success with African American voters (like he had earlier in 1998), winning only 8 percent of the African American vote. He became the first Republican governor of Florida to win re-election. According to political scientist Susan MacManus from the University of South Florida, "In Florida, is still perceived as conservative, especially on fiscal issues and even on social issues." Outside of Florida, fellow Republican leaders throughout the country have sought Bush's aid both on and off the campaign trail.
    Bush was unopposed in the 2002 Republican gubernatorial primary, and in the general election he faced Democratic challenger Bill McBride.
    More Details Hide Details They met for two debates, in the most expensive Florida gubernatorial election yet. Voting went smoothly. Bush defeated McBride 56% to 43%, a greater margin of victory than in 1998.
  • 2001
    In 2001, Bush eliminated civil service protection for over 16,000 state jobs, which had the effect of making it easier to fire employees in those positions.
    More Details Hide Details In addition, he issued an executive order which removed racial preferences in state contracting. In 2004, Bush supported an unsuccessful bill to allow illegal immigrants to be issued drivers licenses by the state. Bush supported more than a dozen new protections for gun owners. In 2005, Bush signed into law Florida's stand-your-ground law, which was the first such state law in the United States. Bush is an advocate of capital punishment and 21 prisoners were executed during his term. After the execution of Ángel Nieves Díaz was seemingly botched – the execution took 37 minutes to complete, and required a second injection of the lethal chemicals – he suspended all executions in Florida on December 15, 2006. During Bush's tenure, the racial and gender diversity of the state's judicial bench increased. However, according to the Wall Street Journal, Democrats criticized some of Bush's judicial appointments as being "overtly partisan and political".
    A substantial amount of the tax savings in the higher estimate came from the phasing out of the federal estate tax law implemented in 2001 under President George W. Bush, for a total tax savings of 848 million per year; Jeb Bush did not push for a replacement with a state tax.
    More Details Hide Details The biggest reduction in taxes was due to the elimination of the state's Intangible Personal Property Tax, which applied to holdings of stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and money market funds. During Bush's tenure, the state also increased its reserves from 1.3 billion to 9.8 billion, which coincided with Florida receiving the highest possible bond rating for the first time. According to Kurt Wenner, VP of research at Florida Tax Watch, Bush was governor during one of the strongest revenue periods for the state of Florida, due in part to the boom in property values, so that revenue grew despite the tax cuts he implemented. Bush reduced the state's government workforce by 11 percent. In May 2006, as part of a 448.7-million line-item veto of state funding, he cut a total of 5.8 million in grants to public libraries, pilot projects for library homework help and web-based high-school texts, and funding for a joint-use library in Tampa.
  • 2000
    Bush signed legislation to restore the Everglades in 2000 as part of an 8 billion project in conjunction with the federal government.
    More Details Hide Details He also set aside over one million acres of land for conservation as part of a land purchase program.
    As Governor of Florida, Bush received grades of B in 2000, A in 2002, B in 2004, and C in 2006 from the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank, in their biennial Fiscal Policy Report Card on America's governors.
    More Details Hide Details Bush's administration emphasized public education reform. His "A+ Plan" established heightened standards, required testing of all students, and graded all Florida schools. From 1998 to 2005, reading scores of 4th grade students in Florida on the National Assessment of Educational Progress increased 11 points, compared to 2.5 points nationally, according to the Maine Heritage Policy Center, a conservative think tank which opposes standardized testing. Bush has been a proponent of school vouchers and charter schools, especially in areas of the state with failing public schools, although to date very few schools have received failing grades from the state. He established the McKay Scholarship Program which provides vouchers for students with learning disabilities to attend a school of their choice. He also established the A+ Opportunity Scholarship Program which provided vouchers to students. This program was struck down by the Florida Supreme Court in 2006.
  • 1999
    The high-speed rail project nearly came to fruition until Bush became governor in 1999 and ended the project his second day in office, stating that the venture posed too much risk and cost for Florida taxpayers.
    More Details Hide Details State legislators reacted by adding the project on the 2000 ballot as a constitutional amendment which was ultimately passed by voters. The amendment directed Bush and legislature to start building the railroad system by 2003. Bush vetoed funding for both the project and the board, and led a high-profile campaign to repeal the constitutional requirement that mandated the construction of the high-speed system. Voters repealed the constitutional amendment. Many who voted believed they were supporting the train, though in fact a "yes" vote was to approve the repeal. FDOT spokesperson Nazih Haddah commented that "the rhetoric was inflammatory and misleading. It was really exaggerating tactics that were used to defeat this. The financing and the project were sound. It really squandered a great opportunity for this state." Other public officials stated that Bush's underhanded tactics were emblematic of his willingness to protect moneyed interests – including developers, energy producers and highway builders – who opposed a shift toward mass transit and helped fund the repeal effort. "It's that arrogance of kind of the 1%," said Orlando transportation engineer Ian Lockwood.
  • 1998
    In the 1998 election, Bush garnered 61 percent of the Hispanic vote and 14 percent of the African American vote.
    More Details Hide Details While governor, Bush presided over a state government that reduced taxes by 19 billion and he vetoed 2 billion in new spending, according to The Wall Street Journal. An analysis conducted by economist Martin Sullivan, which eliminated the effects of the federal estate tax repeal (which did not require legislative action to go into effect) and inflation, estimated the cumulative reduction in taxes by the state at closer to 13 billion during Bush's tenure, resulting in tax savings by 2006 of 140 per person, per year.
    In 1998, Bush defeated his Democratic opponent, Lieutenant Governor Buddy MacKay, by over 418,000 votes (2,191,105; 55% to 1,773,054; 45%) to become Governor of Florida.
    More Details Hide Details He campaigned as a "consensus-building pragmatist". Simultaneously, his brother, George W. Bush won a re-election victory for a second term as Governor of Texas, and they became the first siblings to govern two states simultaneously since Nelson and Winthrop Rockefeller governed New York and Arkansas from 1967 to 1971.
    Bush ran again for governor in 1998, defeating Democrat Buddy MacKay, who was lieutenant governor.
    More Details Hide Details Bush ran for reelection in 2002 to become Florida's first two-term Republican governor. During his eight years as governor, Bush was credited with initiating environmental improvements, such as conservation in the Everglades, supporting caps for medical malpractice litigation, moving medicaid recipients to private systems, and instituting reforms to the state education system, including the issuance of vouchers and promoting school choice. Bush was governor when his brother George won an intensely fought election recount in Florida to become President. Bush recused himself from any official role in the recount.
  • 1994
    In 1994, Bush launched an unsuccessful bid for the Governor's office against incumbent Democratic Governor Lawton Chiles.
    More Details Hide Details Bush ran that year as a conservative. At one point, he was asked what he would do for African Americans, and Bush responded: "It’s time to strive for a society where there’s equality of opportunity, not equality of results. So I’m going to answer your question by saying: probably nothing." Bush lost the election by only 63,940 votes out of 4,206,076 that were cast for the major party candidates (2,135,008; 51% to 2,071,068; 49%). In the same election year, his older brother, George, was elected Governor of Texas. Following his election loss, Bush joined the board of the Heritage Foundation and continued to work with Codina Partners. Alongside T. William Fair, the president of the Urban League's Miami affiliate, Bush helped to establish Florida's first charter school.
    In 1994, Bush made his first run for office, losing the election for governor by less than two percentage points to the incumbent, Lawton Chiles.
    More Details Hide Details Bush ran again in 1998 and defeated Lieutenant Governor Buddy MacKay with 55 percent of the vote. He ran for reelection in 2002, defeating Bill McBride and winning with 56 percent, to become Florida's first two-term Republican governor. During his eight years as governor, Bush pushed an ambitious Everglades conservation plan, supported caps for medical malpractice litigation, launched a Medicaid privatization pilot program, and instituted reforms to the state education system, including the issuance of vouchers and promoting school choice.
  • 1989
    In 1989, Bush was the campaign manager of Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, the first Cuban-American to serve in Congress.
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  • 1987
    He served in that role in 1987 and 1988, before resigning to work on his father's presidential campaign.
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  • 1981
    Bush frequently communicated with his father's staff from 1981 through 1992.
    More Details Hide Details The younger Bush recommended Dexter Lehtinen for the post of U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Florida and set up a meeting between the Bush Administration and Motorola. He also advocated for Cuban exiles living in South Florida, and supported the Cuban embargo. In 1990, Bush urged his father to pardon Orlando Bosch, a Cuban exile who had been convicted of firing a rocket into a Polish ship which was on passage to Cuba. Bosch was released from prison and granted residency in the U.S.
  • 1980
    During the 1980 campaign, Bush worked as an unpaid volunteer, and expressed great admiration for his father. In the mid-1980s, Bush got his start in Florida politics as the Chairman of the Dade County Republican Party. Dade County played an important role in the 1986 election of Bob Martinez to the Governor's office.
    More Details Hide Details In return, Martinez appointed Bush as Florida's Secretary of Commerce.
    Bush volunteered for his father's campaigns in 1980 and 1988.
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    Following the 1980 presidential election, Bush and his family moved to Miami-Dade County, Florida.
    More Details Hide Details He took a job in real estate with Armando Codina, a 32-year-old Cuban immigrant and self-made millionaire. Codina had made a fortune in a computer business, and then formed a new company, The Codina Group, to pursue opportunities in real estate. During his time with the company, Bush focused on finding tenants for commercial developments. Codina eventually made Bush his partner in a new development business, which quickly became one of South Florida's leading real estate development firms. As a partner, Bush received 40% of the firm's profits. In 1983, Bush said of his move from Houston to Miami: "On the personal side, my mother-in-law and sister-in-law were already living here", and on the professional side, "I want to be very wealthy, and I'll be glad to tell you when I've accomplished that goal." During Bush's years in Miami, he was involved in many different entrepreneurial pursuits, including working for a mobile phone company, serving on the board of a Norwegian-owned company that sold fire equipment to the Alaska oil pipeline, becoming a minority owner of the Jacksonville Jaguars, buying a shoe company that sold footwear in Panama, and getting involved in a project selling water pumps in Nigeria. Miguel Recarey, who ran International Medical Centres (IMC), employed Bush as a real estate consultant and paid him a 75,000 fee for finding the company a new location, although the move never took place.
  • 1977
    In November 1977, he was sent to Caracas, the capital of Venezuela, to open a new operation for the bank, where he served as branch manager and vice president.
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  • 1974
    They were married on February 23, 1974, in Austin, Texas.
    More Details Hide Details As of 2014, the family residence is in Coral Gables, Florida. Bush is fluent in Spanish. The Bushes have three children: George Prescott, Noelle, and Jeb Jr. George (born April 24, 1976, in Texas), went to Gulliver Preparatory School, studied at Rice University, and earned a Juris Doctor degree from the University of Texas School of Law.
    In 1974, Bush went to work in an entry-level position in the international division of Texas Commerce Bank, which was founded by the family of James Baker.
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  • 1973
    He played on the Texas Longhorns varsity tennis team in 1973.
    More Details Hide Details He graduated Phi Beta Kappa and magna cum laude from the University of Texas at Austin with a B.A. in Latin American studies. He completed his coursework in two and a half years.
  • 1971
    Though many in his family had attended Yale University, Bush chose to attend the University of Texas at Austin, beginning in September 1971.
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    Bush, who had largely avoided criticizing or supporting the Vietnam War, registered for the draft after his graduation from high school in 1971.
    More Details Hide Details In the fourth and final draft lottery drawing, on February 2, 1972, for men born in 1953 and to be inducted during 1973, Bush received a draft number of 26 on a calendar-based scale that went to 365. But no new draft orders were issued after 1972, because the U.S. changed to an all-volunteer military beginning in 1973.
  • 1967
    Following in the footsteps of his father and older brother George, at the age of 14 years in late 1967, Bush began attending high school at the Andover, Massachusetts boarding school Phillips Academy, Andover.
    More Details Hide Details Even though he received poor grades at first, he made the honor roll by the end of his senior year and served as captain of the tennis team. At the age of 17, Bush taught English as a second language and assisted in the building of a school in Ibarrilla, a small village outside of León, Guanajuato, Mexico, as part of Andover's student exchange summer program. While in Mexico, he met his future wife, Columba Garnica Gallo.
  • 1953
    Jeb Bush was born on February 11, 1953 in Midland, Texas.
    More Details Hide Details When he was six years old, the family relocated to the Tanglewood neighborhood of Houston, Texas. The nickname "Jeb" is composed of his initials J.E.B. (John Ellis Bush). He grew up with two younger brothers, Neil and Marvin, one younger sister, Dorothy, and one older brother, George, who is seven years older. Jeb Bush initially attended Grady Elementary School in Houston.
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