Jeffrey Archer
English politician and author
Jeffrey Archer
Jeffrey Howard Archer, Baron Archer of Weston-super-Mare is an English author and former politician whose political career ended with his conviction and subsequent imprisonment (2001–03) for perjury and perverting the course of justice. Alongside his literary work, Archer was a Member of Parliament (1969–74), and deputy chairman of the Conservative Party (1985–86). He was made a life peer in 1992.
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7 Ways Every Holidayer Can Freak Out in Mallorca
Huffington Post - about 1 year
It's the holiday season again. If you are like me, you might have a hard time choosing between the splendor of history, the beckoning of the beach, the call of the quaint quiet life watching the magnificent sunset, or the craving for adventure, exploring peaks and trenches and yet, suffer from fear of missing out on city life - you could hit a sweet spot on this lovely island of Spain - Mallorca. This lovely group of islands sitting on the Mediterranean Sea offers you a great mix of everything on a platter, and will still leave you craving for more.  The Lonely Planet declares Mallorca a top European summer destination with a marked history. The destination is such a favourite among the Europeans that they have a whole new name for the island - Majorca - with reference to it being the largest island in the Balearic Islands archipelago. To the natives and rest of the world, it is Mallorca.  It comes as no surprise that many from the rich and famous tribe like Claudia Schiffer, Boris ...
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Huffington Post article
Publishers Weekly Bestsellers: The Week's Hottest Reads
Huffington Post - about 3 years
Best-Selling Books Week Ended Feb. 2nd. FICTION 1. "The Fault in Our Stars" by John Green (Dutton Books) 2. "Insurgent" by Veronica Roth (Katherine Tegan Books) 3. "Allegiant" by Veronica Roth (Katherine Tegen Books) 4. "Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Hard Luck" by Jeff Kinney (Amulet Books) 5. "The Invention of Wings" by Sue Monk Kidd (Viking Adult) 6. "Hollow City" by Ranson Riggs (Quirk Books) 7. "The Goldfinch" by Donna Tartt (Little, Brown) 8. "First Love" by James Patterson and Emily Raymond (Little, Brown) 9. "Still Life with Bread Crumbs" by Anna Quindlen (Random House) 10. "Love Monster" by Rachel Bright (Farrar Straus Giroux) NONFICTION 1. "Duty" by Robert M. Gates (Knopf) 2. "Jesus Calling" by Sarah Young (Thomas Nelson) 3. "The Love Playbook" by La La Anthony (Penguin) 4. "Super Shred" by Ian K. Smith (St. Martin's Press) 5. "Killing Jesus: A History" by Bill O'Reilly & Martin Dugard (Henry Holt & Co) 6. "Things That Matter" by Charles Krauth ...
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Huffington Post article
UT regent investigation off to a slow start
Houston Chronicle - over 3 years
The House Select Committee on Transparency in State Agency on Operations postponed hearings on the possible impeachment of University of Texas regent Wallace Hall until August to allow time to hire an attorney and investigators. The committee met Monday to receive advice from Jeff Archer, executive director of the Texas Legislative Council, who presented some  Read More
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Houston Chronicle article
The Week's Hottest Reads
Huffington Post - over 3 years
-- Week ending May 26th, 2013, powered by Nielsen BookScan. Copyright 2013 The Nielsen Company. HARDCOVER FICTION 1. "Inferno" by Dan Brown (Doubleday) 2. "And the Mountains Echoed" by Khaled Hosseini (Riverhear) 3. "12th of Never" by James Patterson, Maxine Paetro (Little, Brown) 4. "Dead Ever After: A Sookie Stackhouse Novel" by Charlaine Harris (Ace) 5. "Silken Prey" by John Sandford (Putnam) 6. "The Hit" by David Baldacci (Grand Central Publishing) 7. "A Chain of Thunder" by Jeff Shaara (Ballantine) 8. "Whiskey Beach" by Nora Roberts (Putnam) 9. "Gone Girl" by Gillian Flynn (Crown) 10. "Vader's Little Princess" by Jeffrey Brown (Chronicle) 11. "A Delicate Truth: A Novel" by John le Carre (Viking) 12. "Storm Front" by Richard Castle (Hyperion) 13. "Best Kept Secret" by Jeffrey Archer (St. Martin's Press) 14. "Paris" by Edward Rutherford (Doubleday) 15. "Daddy's Gone a Hunting" by Mary Higgins Clark (Simon & Schuste ...
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Huffington Post article
The Week's Hottest Reads
Huffington Post - almost 4 years
-- Week ending May 19th, 2013, powered by Nielsen BookScan. Copyright 2013 The Nielsen Company. HARDCOVER FICTION 1. "Inferno" by Dan Brown (Doubleday) 2. "12th of Never" by James Patterson, Maxine Paetro (Little, Brown) 3. "Dead Ever After: A Sookie Stackhouse Novel" by Charlaine Harris (Ace) 4. "Silken Prey" by John Sandford (Putnam) 5. "The Hit" by David Baldacci (Grand Central Publishing) 6. "Whiskey Beach" by Nora Roberts (Putnam) 7. "Daddy's Gone a Hunting" by Mary Higgins Clark (Simon & Schuster) 8. "Gone Girl" by Gillian Flynn (Crown) 9. "A Delicate Truth: A Novel" by John le Carre (Viking) 10. "A Step of Faith: A Novel (Walk)" by Richard Paul Evans (Simon & Schuster) 11. "Best Kept Secret" by Jeffrey Archer (St. Martin's Press) 12. "Paris" by Edward Rutherford (Doubleday) 13. "Fly Away" by Kristin Hannah (St. Martin's Press) 14. "Robert B. Parker's Wonderland (Spenser) by Ace Atkins (Putnam) 15. "Vader's ...
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Huffington Post article
Who's At Margaret Thatcher's Funeral
Popeater - almost 4 years
LONDON — More than 2,300 guests attended the funeral of former British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher at St. Paul's Cathedral on Wednesday. In all, 11 serving prime ministers and dignitaries representing 170 countries accepted invitations to the solemn event, Downing Street said. Here's a look at some of the prominent figures on the guest list: ROYALS Queen Elizabeth II and her husband, Prince Philip Greece's Crown Prince Pavlos and Princess Marie-Chantal of the Hellenes WORLD DIGNITARIES AND PUBLIC FIGURES Former U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney Former U.S. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger U.K. Prime Minister David Cameron Former U.K. Prime Ministers Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and John Major German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu F.W. de Klerk, the last apartheid-era South African president U.S. presidential delegation, led by former secretaries of state George Schultz and James Bak ...
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Popeater article
Peter Stringfellow: My Tribute to Baroness Thatcher
Huffington Post - almost 4 years
I first met Baroness Thatcher at Stringfellows, for a Conservative fundraiser I hosted in 2005. It was a Sunday night and none of our dancers were performing. I had been told by the organisers that it would be a good idea not to have the dancers there. But Lady Thatcher had a surprise in store. In the middle of the evening, she looked me directly in the eye and asked: "Where are your girls?" I replied: "Ma'am, they are not here tonight as it is a special, fundraising evening." She replied: "What a pity." We fell about laughing. Even though her health was beginning to fade, she managed to speak to all of the 360 guests. At the end of the night when all of the politicians and celebrities were heading home, she was leaving up the stairs with her entourage and I wished her a very good evening. She smiled and blew me a kiss! And as far as I'm concerned, the only thing that beats that is if I tell you I shook hands with Sir Winston Churchill which, of cour ...
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Huffington Post article
Neil Wallis: How a By-Election Proves State Regulation of the Press is WRONG
Huffington Post - over 4 years
The irony is almost too rich to bear. On Thursday, the same day that Lord Justice Leveson delivers his long-awaited report into regulation of the British press, there is a parliamentary by-election in Rotherham. It has been caused by the forced resignation of Labour MP Denis McShane (a fervent press regulator, incidentally) after he was exposed by national newspapers for stealing many thousands of pounds from the taxpayer... Consider these names too: Stephen Dorrell, Eric Ilsley, John Prescott, Eric Joyce, David Chaytor, Margaret Moran, Jeffrey Archer, Lord Hanningfield, Elliot Morley, Jim Devine, Baroness Udin, Lord Taylor, Mark Oaten, Lord Paul, David Laws - trust me, I could go on and on and on. They are all MPs or politicians who - if it wasn't for exposure by a free press - would have had the right to vote on whether or not to take away 317 years of press freedom and impose State Regulation of the press. I say "would have", because most of them are now disgrace ...
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Huffington Post article
Alan Bennett takes swipe at National Trust in new play
Guardian (UK) - over 4 years
Playwright's piece laments nation turned into 'captive market' where public life exhibits a 'diminution of magnanimity' Plays by Alan Bennett are an event: sold out months ahead and their subjects kept a closely guarded secret until the lights go up on the first performance. But ahead of the first preview of his latest work for the National Theatre the author has revealed that the play emerged as a result of disquiet at one of Middle England's most revered institutions: the National Trust. The work became a lament for a country that is becoming "less and less … a nation and more and more just a captive market to be exploited". The immediate prompt to write People, according to Bennett, in an essay for the London Review of Books, was his sense of unease when visiting National Trust houses, and his dislike of being "informed about the room" by the resident guide. "I have learned," he writes, "not to show too much interest as this invariably fetches the guide over." The play, starri ...
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Guardian (UK) article
Newspaper Considers Legal Action Against Armstrong
Huffington Post - over 4 years
By Mark Hosenball WASHINGTON Oct 12 (Reuters) - London's Sunday Times said it may take legal action against cyclist Lance Armstrong, including pursuing him for alleged fraud over a libel settlement, in the wake of the United States Anti-Doping Agency's report labeling him a drug cheat. The newspaper, which is owned by Rupert Murdoch's News Corp , is "considering taking action to recover the money spent on a libel case he (Armstrong) brought and to pursue him for fraud," said a Sunday Times spokeswoman. Armstrong sued the Sunday Times and two of its journalists over an article that appeared in the newspaper in 2004 concerning the doping allegations. After a series of rulings in Armstrong's favor in the UK courts, the two sides reached a settlement, the size of which was not disclosed. The newspaper also issued an apology to Armstrong. One senior source at the newspaper said that the case cost it about $1 million. ...
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Huffington Post article
Phone-hacking: Hugh Grant and others file high court claims
Guardian (UK) - over 4 years
Charlotte Church's priest and Chris Tarrant among those seeking damages from News International Hugh Grant, a leading celebrity campaigner against press intrusion into private lives, has joined the ranks of those seeking damages from News International over alleged News of the World phone-hacking and has vowed to give any money he gets to helping fellow victims. Grant's claim was lodged at the high court on Thursday, 24 hours ahead of the 14 September deadline for further civil damages claims, set by the judge presiding over cases already filed by dozens of celebrities and public figures including Cherie Blair and Wayne Rooney. Grant has been at the vanguard of calls to stop invasion of privacy by paparazzi and reporters . Last month he became a director of a new not-for-profit company set up by Hacked Off, the group that campaigns against press intrusion, after being a leading supporter for more than a year. While the Four Weddings and a Funeral star played a leading and early ...
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Guardian (UK) article
Ramsay ex helps out mistresses
Calgary Sun - over 4 years
Sarah Symonds knows she wasted too many years as a mistress to married men, including Chef Gordon Ramsay and Lord Jeffrey Archer. It makes her both sad and angry now.
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Calgary Sun article
Video: Jeffrey Archer opens new Louth Museum exhibition
Louth Leader - almost 5 years
NOVELIST and former Louth MP Lord Archer was in town today (Saturday).
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Louth Leader article
Opinion: Lib Dems should not fear a Lords reform referendum
Liberal Democrat Voice - almost 5 years
We got battered last year. So it would only be natural if we were to be a little wary of plunging headlong into another referendum for changing our political system so soon after the public rejected our proposal for AV for the Commons by such a wide margin. There are now rumblings from Conservative MPs and also the Labour leadership that any change to the Lords should be subject to a referendum. Nick Clegg has strongly argued that this is not necessary as all three main parties were committed to reform in their manifestos and it is also in the coalition agreement. I’m with Nick on this one. I do not think a referendum is needed. However I am also a political realist. And if enough Tory MPs and the Labour party are determined to force a referendum on the issue then we may have no choice but to allow one to go ahead. If that were to happen though I think there are plenty of grounds for thinking that it need not go the same way as AV did. I am sure a putative No campaign is alread ...
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Liberal Democrat Voice article
Peek Into the Lives of Writers, Architects, Mountain Climbers in These Books
Burnsville Patch - almost 5 years
Go back to Jazz-Age Paris or to the top of Mount Everest while looking into fictional accounts of the lives of real historical figures. Dakota County staff member Marsha Redman recommends: The Paris Wife by Paula McLain In the 1920s, 20-year-old Ernest Hemingway met and married his first wife, Hadley Richardson.  After a quick courtship and marriage, the two sailed to Paris and became part of the “Lost Generation” along with literary figures such as Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald, Gertrude Stein, Ezra Pound and others notables from this era. Through Hadley’s voice, The Paris Wife tells the story of the great love, ambition, betrayal and eventual unraveling of Hemingway’s first marriage and provides a fascinating glimpse into Jazz Age Paris. Paths of Glory by Jeffrey Archer In 1921 George Mallory resigned his post as a teacher at England’s Charterhouse school  in  order to pursue his greatest ambition—to be first to reach the summit of Mt. Everest.  In 1924, after two failed att ...
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Burnsville Patch article
Agony for Imogen Stubbs' new lover - Daily Mail
Google News - over 5 years
He asked if I knew this Jeffrey Archer bloke. I said everyone in Oxford was trying to work out who he was. 'Ringo said: “He strikes me as a nice enough fella, but he's the kind of bloke who would bottle your p-- and sell it.” ' Surely not
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Google News article
Come on Jeffrey Archer, tell us some stories - The Guardian
Google News - over 5 years
While the Boris Johnsons of this world (@MayorOfLondon) make waves across the Twittersphere you, Jeffrey Archer (@jeffreyarcher), have been quietly getting on with business to a far more select group (4000 at the last count). Sadly, a stream of mainly
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Google News article
Jeffrey Archer's 5 favorite short-story collections - The Week Magazine
Google News - over 5 years
Jeffrey Archer, a former member of British Parliament, is the author of "Only Time Will Tell" and a fan of short stories by O. Henry. The Collected Short Stories of Saki (Wordsworth, $6). You only have to read "Sredni Vashtar," the story of a loathsome
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Google News article
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Jeffrey Archer
  • 2013
    Age 72
    He underwent a successful operation to remove the prostate in December 2013 at Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, and subsequently made a full recovery.
    More Details Hide Details In 2010, his wife, Mary, had been diagnosed with bladder cancer, from which she appears to have made a full recovery. Archer was satirically portrayed as a misunderstood secret agent, saviour of Britain and mankind and "overall thoroughly good chap", by actor Damian Lewis in the BBC drama Jeffrey Archer: The Truth (2002), which received strong reviews. Script writer Guy Jenkin explained that "my Jeffrey Archer is the man who has frequently saved Britain over the last 30 years. He's beloved of all women he comes across, all men, all dogs — he's a superhero."
    In late 2013, Archer was diagnosed with prostate cancer.
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  • 2011
    Age 70
    In 2011, Archer published the first of seven books in The Clifton Chronicles, which follow the life of Harry Clifton from his birth in 1920, through to the finale in 2020.
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  • 2006
    Age 65
    On 26 February 2006, on Andrew Marr's Sunday AM programme, Archer said he had no interest in returning to front-line politics and would pursue his writing instead.
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  • 2004
    Age 63
    In 2004, the government of Equatorial Guinea alleged that Archer was one of the financiers of the failed 2004 coup d'état attempt against them, citing bank details and telephone records as evidence.
    More Details Hide Details In 2009, Archer said: “I am completely relaxed about it. Mr Mann English mercenary leader of the coup has made clear that it's nothing to do with me.’’ In 2011, Simon Mann, jailed in Equatorial Guinea but released on humanitarian grounds later, for his role in leading the failed 2004 coup d'état told The Daily Telegraph that his forthcoming book, Cry Havoc, would reveal "the financial involvement of a controversial and internationally famous member of the British House of Lords in the plot, backed up by banking records." He claimed documents from the bank accounts in Guernsey of two companies Mann used as vehicles for organising the coup, showed a 'J H Archer' paying $135,000 into one of the firms. Archer has been married to Mary Archer since July 1966. They met at Oxford University, where Mary Archer (née Weeden) was studying chemistry at St Anne's College, Oxford. She went on to specialise in solar power.
  • 2003
    Age 62
    On 21 July 2003, Archer was released on licence from Hollesley Bay after serving half of his sentence.
    More Details Hide Details Archer remained a peer, there being no legal provision through which it could be removed other than passing a new Act of Parliament. He also retained membership of the House of Lords, which did not then have the power to expel members; however, Archer has not taken an active part in the proceedings of the House. Politically he is a non-affiliated member. While in prison, Archer wrote the three-volume memoir A Prison Diary, with volumes fashioned after Dante's Divine Comedy and named after the first three prisons in which he was kept. His prison term also served as inspiration for nine of the twelve short stories in the collection, Cat O' Nine Tales.
  • 2002
    Age 61
    In October 2002, Archer repaid the Daily Star the £500,000 damages he had received in 1987, as well as legal costs and interest of £1.3 million.
    More Details Hide Details That month, he was suspended from Marylebone Cricket Club for seven years.
    Media reports claimed he had been abusing this privilege by attending lunches with friends, including former Education Secretary Gillian Shephard. In September 2002 he was transferred to a Category "B" prison, Lincoln.
    More Details Hide Details After three weeks, he was moved to the Category "D" HM Prison Hollesley Bay in Suffolk. During his imprisonment, Archer was visited by a number of high-profile friends, including actor Donald Sinden and performer Barry Humphries (better known as Dame Edna Everage).
  • 2001
    Age 60
    In July 2001, shortly after Archer was jailed for perjury, Scotland Yard began investigating allegations that millions of pounds had disappeared from his Kurdish charity.
    More Details Hide Details In 1991, Archer had claimed to have raised £57,042,000. In 1992, the Kurdish Disaster Fund had written to Archer, complaining: "You must be concerned that the Kurdish refugees have seen hardly any of the huge sums raised in the west in their name." Kurdish groups claimed little more than £250,000 had been received by groups in Iraq. A British Red Cross-commissioned KPMG audit of the cash showed no donations were handled by Archer and any misappropriation was "unlikely", however KPMG also could find no evidence to support Archer's claims to have raised £31.5 million from overseas governments. The police said they would launch a "preliminary assessment of the facts" from the audit but were not investigating the Simple Truth fund.
    He was then transferred to HM Prison North Sea Camp, an open prison, in October 2001.
    More Details Hide Details From there he was let out to work at the Theatre Royal in Lincoln, and allowed occasional home visits.
    Archer was initially sent to Belmarsh Prison, a Category "A" prison, but was moved to Wayland Prison, a Category "C" prison in Norfolk, on 9 August 2001.
    More Details Hide Details Despite automatically qualifying as a category "D" prisoner given it was a first conviction and he did not pose serious risk of harm to the public, his status as such was suspended pending a police investigation into allegations about his Kurdish charity.
    On 19 July 2001, Archer was found guilty of perjury and perverting the course of justice at the 1987 trial.
    More Details Hide Details He was sentenced to four years' imprisonment by Mr Justice Potts. Francis was found not guilty. Prominent journalists admitted to having accepted Archer's hospitality after he was convicted. Archer's mother had died shortly before he was sentenced and he was released for the day to attend her funeral.
  • 2000
    Age 59
    On 26 September 2000, Archer was charged with perjury and perverting the course of justice during the 1987 libel trial.
    More Details Hide Details Ted Francis was charged with perverting the course of justice. Simultaneously, Archer starred in a production of his own courtroom play The Accused, staged at London's Theatre Royal Haymarket. The play concerned the court trial of an alleged murderer and assigned the role of jury to the audience, which would vote on the guilt of Archer's character at the end of each performance. The perjury trial began on 30 May 2001, a month after Monica Coghlan's death in a road traffic accident. Ted Francis claimed that Archer had asked him to provide a false alibi for the night Archer was alleged to have been with Monica Coghlan. Angela Peppiatt, Archer's former personal assistant, also claimed Archer had fabricated an alibi in the 1987 trial. Peppiatt had kept a diary of Archer's movements, which contradicted evidence given during the 1987 trial. Andrina Colquhoun, Archer's former mistress, confirmed that they had been having an affair in the 1980s, thus contradicting the claim that he and Mary Archer had been “happily married” at the time of the trial.
    On 4 February 2000, Archer was expelled from the party for five years.
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  • 1999
    Age 58
    However, on 21 November 1999 the News of the World published allegations made by Ted Francis, a former friend of Archer’s, that Archer had committed perjury in his 1987 libel case.
    More Details Hide Details Archer withdrew his candidacy the following day. After the allegations, Archer was disowned by his party. Conservative leader William Hague explained: "This is the end of politics for Jeffrey Archer. I will not tolerate such behaviour in my party."
    In 1999, Archer had been selected by the Conservative Party as candidate for the London mayoral election of 2000, with the support of two former Prime Ministers, Lady Thatcher and John Major.
    More Details Hide Details Eight Conservative ex-Cabinet Ministers who had been in office during the Thatcher and Major governments wrote to The Daily Telegraph in support of Archer's candidacy.
  • 1994
    Age 53
    In January 1994, Mary Archer, then a director of Anglia Television, attended a directors' meeting at which an impending takeover of Anglia Television by MAI, which owned Meridian Broadcasting, was discussed.
    More Details Hide Details The following day, Jeffrey Archer bought 50,000 shares in Anglia Television, acting on behalf of a friend, Broosk Saib. Shortly after this, it was announced publicly that Anglia Television would be taken over by MAI. As a result, the shares jumped in value, whereupon Archer sold them on behalf of his friend for a profit of £77,219. The arrangements he made with the stockbrokers meant he did not have to pay at the time of buying the shares. An inquiry was launched by the Stock Exchange into possible insider trading. The Department of Trade and Industry, headed by Michael Heseltine, announced that Archer would not be prosecuted due to insufficient evidence. His solicitors admitted that he had made a mistake, but Archer later said that he had been exonerated.
    On Question Time on 20 January 1994, Archer stated that 18 should be the age of consent for homosexuality, as opposed to 21, which it was at the time.
    More Details Hide Details Archer though was opposed to the age of consent for gay men being 16. Historian David Starkey was on the same edition, and said of Archer: "Englishmen like you enjoy sitting on the fence so much because you enjoy the sensation." Archer has also consistently been an opponent of a return to capital punishment.
  • 1993
    Age 52
    In a speech at the 1993 Conservative conference, Archer urged then Home Secretary Michael Howard, to "Stand and deliver," saying: "Michael, I am sick and tired of being told by old people that they are frightened to open the door, they're frightened to go out at night, frightened to use the parks and byways where their parents and grandparents walked with freedom...
    More Details Hide Details We say to you: stand and deliver!". He then attacked violent films and urged tougher prison conditions to prevent criminals from re-offending. He criticised the role of "do-gooders" and finished off the speech by denouncing the opposition party's law and order policies. This was a time when Archer was actively seeking another front-line political role.
  • 1992
    Age 51
    Having been previously rejected, Archer was made a life peer on 27 July 1992 as Baron Archer of Weston-super-Mare, of Mark in the County of Somerset.
    More Details Hide Details Prime Minister John Major recommended him largely because of Archer's role in aid to the Kurds. Archer and Major had been friends for a number of years.
  • 1991
    Age 50
    In May 1991, Archer organised a charity pop concert, starring Rod Stewart, Paul Simon, Sting and Gloria Estefan, who all performed for free.
    More Details Hide Details Archer claimed that his charity had raised £57,042,000, though it was later revealed that only £3 million came from the Simple Truth concert and appeal, the rest from aid projects sponsored by the British and other governments, with significant amounts pledged before the concert. The charity would later result in further controversy.
    When Saddam Hussein suppressed Kurdish uprisings in 1991, Archer, with the Red Cross, set up the charity Simple Truth, a fundraising campaign on behalf of the Kurds.
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  • 1986
    Age 45
    Archer resigned as deputy chairman in October 1986 due to a scandal caused by an article in The News of the World, which led on the story "Tory boss Archer pays vice-girl" and claimed Archer had paid Monica Coghlan, a prostitute, £2,000 through an intermediary at Victoria Station to go abroad.
    More Details Hide Details Shortly after The News of the World story broke, rival tabloid the Daily Star ran a story alleging Archer had paid for sex with Coghlan, something The News of the World had been careful to avoid stating directly. Archer responded by suing the Daily Star. The case came to court in July 1987. Explaining the payment to Coghlan as the action of a philanthropist rather than that of a guilty man, Archer won the case and was awarded £500,000 damages. Archer stated he would donate the money to charity. However, this case would ultimately result in Archer's final exit from front-line politics some years later. The description the judge (Mr Justice Caulfield) gave of Mrs Archer in his jury instructions included: "Remember Mary Archer in the witness-box. Your vision of her probably will never disappear. Has she elegance? Has she fragrance? Would she have, without the strain of this trial, radiance? How would she appeal? Has she had a happy married life? Has she been able to enjoy, rather than endure, her husband Jeffrey?" The judge then went on to say of Jeffrey Archer, "Is he in need of cold, unloving, rubber-insulated sex in a seedy hotel round about quarter to one on a Tuesday morning after an evening at the Caprice?"
  • 1985
    Age 44
    He was appointed deputy chairman of the Conservative Party by Margaret Thatcher in September 1985.
    More Details Hide Details Norman Tebbit, party chairman, had misgivings over the appointment, as did other prominent members of the party, including William Whitelaw and Ted Heath. During his tenure as deputy chairman, Archer was responsible for a number of embarrassing moments, including his statement, made during a live radio interview, that many young, unemployed people were simply unwilling to find work. At the time of Archer's comment, unemployment in the UK stood at a record 3.4 million. Archer was later forced to apologise for the remark, saying that his words had been "taken out of context".
  • 1974
    Age 33
    Archer wrote his first book, Not a Penny More, Not a Penny Less, in the autumn of 1974, as a means of avoiding bankruptcy.
    More Details Hide Details The book was picked up by the literary agent Deborah Owen and published first in the US, then eventually in Britain in the autumn of 1976. A BBC Television adaptation of the book was broadcast in 1990, and a radio adaptation was aired on BBC Radio 4 in the early 1980s. Kane and Abel (1979) proved to be his best-selling work, reaching number one on The New York Times bestsellers list. Like most of his early work it was edited by Richard Cohen, the Olympic fencing gold-medallist. It was made into a television mini-series by CBS in 1985, starring Peter Strauss and Sam Neill. The following year, Granada TV screened a ten-part adaptation of another Archer bestseller, First Among Equals, which told the story of four men and their quest to become Prime Minister. In the U.S. edition of the novel, the character of Andrew Fraser was eliminated, reducing the number of protagonists to three.
    Fearing imminent bankruptcy, he stood down as an MP at the October 1974 general election.
    More Details Hide Details By this time the Archers were living in a large five-bedroomed house in The Boltons, an exclusive street in South Kensington. As a result of the Aquablast affair, they were forced to sell the house and move into more modest accommodation for a time. While he was a witness in the Aquablast case in Toronto in 1975, Archer was accused of taking three suits from a department store. Archer denied the accusation for many years, but in the late 1990s he finally acknowledged that he had indeed taken the suits, although he claimed that at the time he had not realised he had left the shop. No charges were ever brought.
    In 1974 Archer was a casualty of a fraudulent investment scheme involving a Canadian company called Aquablast.
    More Details Hide Details The debacle lost him his first fortune and left him almost £500,000 in debt.
  • 1971
    Age 30
    In 1971, he employed David Mellor, then needing money for his bar finals, to deal with his correspondence.
    More Details Hide Details He tipped Mellor to reach the cabinet. In an interview Archer said, "I hope we don't return to extremes. I'm what you might call centre-right but I've always disliked the right wing as much as I've disliked the left wing."
  • 1970
    Age 29
    He took part in the "Kennedy Memorial Test" in 1970, a 50-mile running/walking race from Louth to Skegness and back.
    More Details Hide Details In Parliament, Archer was on the left of the Conservative Party, rebelling against some of his party's policies. He urged free TV licences for the elderly and was against museum charges. Archer voted against restoring capital punishment, saying it was barbaric and obscene.
  • 1969
    Age 28
    At 29, Archer was elected Member of Parliament (MP) for the Lincolnshire constituency of Louth, holding the seat for the Conservative Party in a by-election on 4 December 1969.
    More Details Hide Details Archer beat Ian Gow to the selection after winning over a substantial proportion of younger members at the selection meeting. The national party had concerns about Archer's selection, specifically relating to the UNA expenses allegations made by Humphry Berkeley, himself a former Conservative MP. Berkeley tried to persuade Conservative Central Office that Archer was unsuitable as a parliamentary candidate. However, Archer brought a defamation action against Berkeley and the story was kept out of the press (though a truncated version of the story did appear in The Times). The case was eventually settled out of court, with Archer agreeing to pay the legal costs of around £30,000. Louth constituency had three key areas: Louth, Cleethorpes, and Immingham. During his time as a Member of Parliament, Archer was a regular at the Immingham Conservative Club in the most working-class part of the constituency.
    Archer set up his own fundraising and public relations company, Arrow Enterprises, in 1969.
    More Details Hide Details That same year he opened an art gallery, the Archer Gallery, in Mayfair. The gallery specialised in modern art, including pieces by the sculptor and painter Leon Underwood. The gallery ultimately lost money, however, and Archer sold it two years later.
  • 1964
    Age 23
    Whilst at Oxford Archer was successful in athletics, competing in sprinting and hurdling, later becoming president of the Oxford University Athletics Club. Television coverage survives of him making false starts in a 1964 sprint race, but he was not disqualified.
    More Details Hide Details He gained a blue in athletics and went on to run for England, and once successfully competed for Great Britain. Even as a student Jeffrey Archer was plagued with rumours of financial wrongdoing — fellow undergraduates were amazed that he owned houses and cars with personalised number plates while working part time as an Oxfam fund raiser. Archer raised money for the charity Oxfam, obtaining the support of The Beatles in a charity fundraising drive. The band accepted his invitation to visit the Principal's lodge at Brasenose College, where they were photographed with Archer and dons of the college, although they did not play there. The critic Sheridan Morley, then a student at Merton, was present and recalled the occasion: After leaving Oxford, Archer continued as a charity fundraiser, initially working for the National Birthday Trust, a medical charity that promoted safe childbirth, before joining the United Nations Association (UNA) as its chief fundraiser. The then chairman of the UNA, Humphry Berkeley, alleged that there were numerous discrepancies in Archer's expense claims whilst he worked at the UNA.
  • 1963
    Age 22
    In 1963 Archer was offered a place at the Oxford University Department for Continuing Education to study for a Diploma of Education.
    More Details Hide Details The course was based in the Department, and Archer became a member of Brasenose College. There have been claims that Archer provided false evidence of his academic qualifications to Brasenose College: for instance, the apparent citing of an American institution which was actually a bodybuilding club, in gaining admission to the course. It has also been alleged Archer provided false statements about three non-existent A-level passes and a U.S. university degree. Although the Diploma course only lasted a year, Archer spent a total of three years at Oxford.
  • 1951
    Age 10
    In 1951, Archer won a scholarship to Wellington School, in Somerset, not Wellington College in Berkshire, as he was inclined to claim in the past.
    More Details Hide Details At this time his mother, Lola, was employed as a journalist on Weston's local newspaper, the Weston Mercury. She wrote a weekly column entitled "Over the Teacups", and frequently wrote about Jeffrey, calling him 'Tuppence'. Although Archer enjoyed the local fame this brought him, it also caused him to be the victim of bullying while at Wellington School. Archer left school with O-levels in English Literature, Art, and History. He then spent a few years in a variety of different jobs, including training with the army and a short period with the Metropolitan Police Service. He later worked as a physical education teacher, first at Vicar's Hill, a preparatory school in Hampshire, and later at Dover College in Kent.
  • 1940
    Born on April 15, 1940.
    More Details Hide Details
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